BILL NUMBER: S42
TITLE OF BILL :
An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to mandatory
seat belt use
Provides that no person sixteen years of age or over shall be a
passenger in the back seat of a motor vehicle unless such person is
retrained by a safety belt.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS :
Section one amends the section 1229-c of the vehicle and traffic law
by requiring all passengers in the back seat(s) of a vehicle to wear a
EXISTING LAW :
Existing law only requires passengers under the age of 16 to be
restrained by a safety belt.
In 2003, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) traffic crashes were the number one cause of
death for people 4 to 35 years old. From 1975 to 2002, safety belts
prevented an estimated 164,753 fatalities. According to NHTSA's The
Economic Impact o.(Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000, the use of safety belts
saved society $585 billion in medical care, lost productivity, and
other injury-related economic costs (since 1975). Ejection from the
vehicle is one of the most harmful events that can happen to a person
in a crash. In passenger vehicle crashes in which someone died in
2002, 73 percent of occupants who were completely ejected were killed.
Safety belts are effective in preventing total ejections. In 2002, in
crashes in which someone was killed, only 1 percent of the occupants
reported to have been using restraints were totally ejected, compared
with 30 percent of unrestrained occupants (in passenger vehicles).
Currently, 18 other states (Arkansas, California, Delaware, Indiana,
Kentucky, Maine, Massachusettes, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregan,
Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconson
and Wyoming) and the District of Columbia have laws which require all
passengers in a vehicle to wear a seat restraint. In states that use
restraints for all passengers the number of deaths and injuries caused
by ejection and side-impact have been reduced.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY :
2008: Referred to Transportation (S.5689/A.9594)
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS :
LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS :
EFFECTIVE DATE :
This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeeding the
date on which it shall have become law.
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