S T A T E O F N E W Y O R K
2011-2012 Regular Sessions
I N S E N A T E
January 6, 2011
Introduced by Sen. ADDABBO -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
printed to be committed to the Committee on Environmental Conservation
AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to
enacting the "monk parakeet protection act"
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:
Section 1. Legislative intent. The legislature finds that the monk
parakeet has been existing in a wild, undomesticated state in New York
since the late 1960s. The ancestors of the current flocks are believed
to have been imported legally into the United States from their native
land in Argentina. Since then, monk parakeets have established colonies
in parts of New York city and lower Westchester county. Their colonies
are small, and the population of monk parakeets seems to be rather
stabilized over the past 20 years. It is estimated that there are less
than 1,000 wild monk parakeets in the state of New York. Reports of
poaching and less than humane regard for nesting sites have led to the
need for formal protection of this species, which is recognized as non-
native, but not currently categorized as invasive, according to the
report Regulatory System for Non-native Species (New York Invasive
Species Council, 2010). The purpose of this act is to protect the wild
monk parakeet (a/k/a Quaker parakeet), the parrot species Myiopsitta
monachus, living in a wild state in various parts of the state of New
York. This act shall also provide humane methods of relocation or
removal, especially where threat to human life, private or public prop-
erty, or agricultural concerns, are imminent.
S 2. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "monk parakeet
S 3. Article 11 of the environmental conservation law is amended by
adding a new title 27 to read as follows:
MONK PARAKEET PROTECTION ACT
EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
[ ] is old law to be omitted.
S. 1246 2
SECTION 11-2701. DEFINITIONS.
11-2703. MONK PARAKEETS; PROTECTION.
S 11-2701. DEFINITIONS.
FOR PURPOSES OF THIS TITLE, THE FOLLOWING TERMS SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOW-
1. "QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL" SHALL MEAN A PERSON OR PERSONS WITH EITHER A
DEGREE IN EARTH, BIOLOGICAL OR NATURAL SCIENCES, INCLUDING GEOLOGY,
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, BIOLOGY, ZOOLOGY, OR A SPECIALIZATION IN ORNI-
2. "WILD MONK PARAKEET" SHALL MEAN A MONK PARAKEET THAT WAS BORN IN A
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT WITHOUT HUMAN AID OR INTERVENTION, AND RAISED BY ITS
OWN PARENTS. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS TITLE SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY MONK
PARAKEET THAT IS BANDED BY A BREEDER AND PREVIOUSLY EXISTED IN A DOMES-
TIC SITUATION AS A PET;
3. "QUALIFIED DESIGNATED AGENT OR AUTHORITY" SHALL MEAN EITHER A STATE
AGENCY WITH QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS, OR AN ORGANIZATION WITH MEMBERS WHO
HAVE A MINIMUM OF FIVE YEARS EXPERIENCE IN THE RESCUE AND REHABILITATION
OF PARROTS OR WILD BIRDS, AND HAVE AT LEAST TWO QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS AS
DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION. THE QUALIFIED DESIGNATED
AGENT OR AUTHORITY SHALL BE AFFILIATED WITH ONE OR MORE AVIAN VETERINA-
4. "BREEDING SEASON" SHALL MEAN THE PERIOD OF TIME BEGINNING APRIL
FIRST AND ENDING OCTOBER FIRST OF A CALENDAR YEAR.
S 11-2703. MONK PARAKEETS; PROTECTION.
1. NO PERSON SHALL CAPTURE OR HARM A MONK PARAKEET CHICK, FLEDGLING,
OR ADULT, OR TAKE OR SELL ITS EGGS, TO ANY RETAIL OR PRIVATE ESTABLISH-
MENT OR CONCERN.
2. NO PERSON SHALL REMOVE THE NEST OF A MONK PARAKEET, UNLESS THERE IS
A DOCUMENTED AND IMMEDIATE THREAT TO HUMAN LIFE OR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
3. THE COLLECTION OF EGGS, CHICKS, FLEDGLINGS, OR ADULT MONK PARAKEETS
SHALL BE DONE ONLY UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF A DESIGNATED AND QUALIFIED
INDIVIDUAL OR EXPERT.
4. THE REMOVAL OF THE NEST OF A MONK PARAKEET, IF NECESSARY, SHALL
OCCUR OUTSIDE OF BREEDING SEASON, UNLESS THERE IS A DOCUMENTED AND IMME-
DIATE THREAT TO HUMAN LIFE OR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROPERTY.
5. THE STATE OR A QUALIFIED DESIGNATED AGENT OR AUTHORITY SHALL BE
NOTIFIED AT LEAST FIVE DAYS IN ADVANCE OF ANY PROPOSAL TO REMOVE THE
NEST OF A MONK PARAKEET. THE DESIGNATED AGENT OR AUTHORITY SHALL PROPOSE
ALTERNATIVE ACTIONS, AND SHALL SUPERVISE ANY NEST REMOVALS IF AN ALTER-
NATIVE PLAN IS NOT POSSIBLE.
6. PRIVATE COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS, UTILITY COMPANIES, AND GOVERN-
MENTAL AGENCIES, SHALL MAKE EVERY EFFORT TO SUPPLY AND ERECT ALTERNATIVE
NESTING PLATFORMS WHERE REASONABLY POSSIBLE, IF CURRENT MONK PARAKEET
NESTING SITES HAVE BEEN DEMONSTRATED TO BE A THREAT TO HUMAN LIFE,
PRIVATE OR PUBLIC PROPERTY, OR AGRICULTURAL CONCERNS. EXAMPLE PLANS AND
DRAWINGS FOR NESTING PLATFORMS SHALL BE MADE AVAILABLE TO THE PUBLIC ON
THE OFFICIAL WEBPAGE OF THE DEPARTMENT.
7. IF AN EFFORT TO PROVIDE MONK PARAKEETS WITH ALTERNATIVE NESTING
PLATFORMS FAILS OR PROVES TO BE UNSUCCESSFUL, AN ENTITY MAY EMPLOY
HUMANE MEANS TO REMOVE AND EUTHANIZE MONK PARAKEETS, ONLY AS A LAST
RESORT. ALL OTHER METHODS TO PROVIDE ALTERNATIVE NESTING OPTIONS SHALL
BE FIRST EXHAUSTED. SUCH ENTITY SHALL DEMONSTRATE IN WRITING AND
DOCUMENTATION THAT ALL EFFORTS TO PROVIDE ALTERNATIVES HAVE FAILED, AND
SHALL OUTLINE THE METHOD BY WHICH EUTHANASIA SHALL BE APPLIED. SUCH
S. 1246 3
ENTITY SHALL ALSO DEMONSTRATE THAT THERE IS A DOCUMENTED AND IMMEDIATE
THREAT TO HUMAN LIFE OR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROPERTY.
8. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS TITLE:
A. THE USE OF CARBON MONOXIDE OR ANY OTHER GAS OR VAPOR AS A METHOD OF
EUTHANASIA IS PROHIBITED;
B. THE ONLY ACCEPTABLE FORM OF EUTHANASIA SHALL BE BY INJECTION OF AN
ANESTHETIC OR ANESTHETIC MIXTURE WHICH CAUSES IMMEDIATE AND PAINLESS
CESSATION OF PULMONARY AND CORONARY FUNCTION; AND
C. ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION OF THE EUTHANASIA PROCEDURE SHALL BE
DONE BY A LICENSED VETERINARIAN, VETERINARY ASSISTANT OR VETERINARY
9. THE DEPARTMENT MAY DESIGNATE A QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION TO CARRY OUT
THE GENERAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS TITLE.
10. A QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION DESIGNATED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION NINE
OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE ENTITLED TO REASONABLE REIMBURSEMENT FOR
EXPENSES IN ASSOCIATION WITH NEST REMOVAL, FROM ANY ENTITY SO REQUESTING
THE SERVICES OF SUCH QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION. THE REQUESTING ENTITY SHALL
PROVIDE, AND OPERATE, ALL NECESSARY HEAVY EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING BUCKET
LIFTS OR TRUCKS. IN ADDITION, ALL EXPENSES AND COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE
USE OF VETERINARY SERVICES FOR EUTHANASIA SHALL BE IMMEDIATELY REIM-
BURSED TO THE ATTENDING VETERINARIAN BY THE REQUESTING ENTITY.
11. ANY VIOLATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS TITLE SHALL BE A MISDEMEA-
S 4. This act shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it shall
have become a law.