senate Bill S1685

Relates to crime of staging a motor vehicle accident

download pdf

Sponsor

Co-Sponsors

view all co-sponsors

Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
view actions

actions

  • 11 / Jan / 2011
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 01 / Feb / 2011
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.63
  • 07 / Feb / 2011
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 08 / Feb / 2011
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 22 / Mar / 2011
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 22 / Mar / 2011
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 22 / Mar / 2011
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 23 / Jan / 2012
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.100
  • 24 / Jan / 2012
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 30 / Jan / 2012
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 22 / Mar / 2012
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 22 / Mar / 2012
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 22 / Mar / 2012
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Creates the crimes of staging a motor vehicle accident in the first, second and third degrees; prohibits acting as a passenger or an operator of a motor vehicle with intent to defraud; by means of planning and execution of an accident; provides crime is a class B felony if an uninvolved party is injured.

do you support this bill?

Bill Details

Versions:
S1685
Legislative Cycle:
2011-2012
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Penal Law
Laws Affected:
Add ยงยง176.75, 176.80 & 176.85, Pen L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2009-2010: S6450
2007-2008: S2634

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S1685

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the penal law, in relation to staging a motor vehicle accident

PURPOSE:
To impose tough criminal penalties on those who engage in
staged accidents.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
This bill would establish a new crime of
staging a motor vehicle accident. A person who operates a motor
vehicle and intentionally causes a collision with intent to commit
insurance fraud or arranges to have another person intentionally
cause such a collision shall be guilty of staging a motor vehicle
accident in the third degree which would be punishable as a class D
felony.

A person would be guilty of staging a motor vehicle accident in the
second degree, punishable as a class C felony, if he or she commits
the offense of staging a motor vehicle accident in the third degree
and has been previously convicted of an insurance fraud crime within
the preceding five years. A person would be guilty of staging in the
first degree, punishable as a class B felony, if a person commits the
offense of staging in the third degree and causes serious personal
injury or death to another person other than a participant in such
offense.

JUSTIFICATION:
On March 22, 2003, Alice Ross, a 71 year old
grandmother, was killed as the result of a staged auto accident.
These "accidents" are arranged and intentionally committed by
criminals who then file fraudulent insurance claims for fake crash
injuries and rob insurance companies and their policyholders. While
the economic cost of such activity is staggering with no-fault
insurance fraud estimated to cost insurance companies and their
policyholders $1 billion per year, staged accidents also pose a
serious public safety risk, as is demonstrated by the untimely death
of Alice Ross. Women and elderly drivers are in particular danger
because they are often targeted for these accidents because they are
less likely to be confrontational after an accident, thereby making
it easier for criminals to engage in this activity.

This bill would impose tough penalties on those who stage accidents,
thereby deterring individuals from engaging in this dangerous crime.
Not only would this help to contain no-fault fraud and reduce
insurance premiums, but it will make us all safer. New York State
drivers should not have to drive down the road wondering whether
someone might purposefully drive into them for the purpose of
engaging in insurance fraud.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
S.6450 of 2010; S.2634 of 2007-08

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:


None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
This act shall take effect on the first of November
next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1685

                       2011-2012 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 11, 2011
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  SEWARD -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to staging  a  motor  vehicle
  accident

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as "Alice's Law".
  S 2. The penal law is amended by adding  three  new  sections  176.75,
176.80 and 176.85 to read as follows:
S 176.75 STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE THIRD DEGREE.
  A  PERSON  IS  GUILTY OF STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE THIRD
DEGREE WHEN, WITH INTENT TO COMMIT A FRAUDULENT  INSURANCE  ACT,  HE  OR
SHE:
  (1)  OPERATES  A MOTOR VEHICLE AND INTENTIONALLY CAUSES OR ATTEMPTS TO
CAUSE A COLLISION INVOLVING A MOTOR VEHICLE; OR
  (2) SOLICITS, REQUESTS, COMMANDS, IMPORTUNES OR OTHERWISE ATTEMPTS  TO
CAUSE  ANOTHER  PERSON  TO  INTENTIONALLY  CAUSE A COLLISION INVOLVING A
MOTOR VEHICLE.
  STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE THIRD  DEGREE  IS  A  CLASS  D
FELONY.
S 176.80 STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE SECOND DEGREE.
  A  PERSON  IS GUILTY OF STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE SECOND
DEGREE WHEN HE OR SHE COMMITS THE OFFENSE OF  STAGING  A  MOTOR  VEHICLE
ACCIDENT  IN  THE THIRD DEGREE, AND HAS BEEN PREVIOUSLY CONVICTED WITHIN
THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS OF ANY CRIME DEFINED IN THIS ARTICLE.
  STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE SECOND DEGREE  IS  A  CLASS  C
FELONY.
S 176.85 STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE FIRST DEGREE.
  A  PERSON  IS  GUILTY OF STAGING A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT IN THE FIRST
DEGREE WHEN HE OR SHE COMMITS THE OFFENSE OF  STAGING  A  MOTOR  VEHICLE

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD05841-01-1

S. 1685                             2

ACCIDENT IN THE THIRD DEGREE AND CAUSES SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH
TO ANOTHER PERSON, OTHER THAN A PARTICIPANT IN SUCH OFFENSE.
  STAGING  A  MOTOR  VEHICLE  ACCIDENT  IN THE FIRST DEGREE IS A CLASS B
FELONY.
  S 3. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

Comments

Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the nysenate.gov domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.