senate Bill S5560

Amended

Requires DNA testing of all persons convicted of certain misdemeanors and felonies

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 01 / Jun / 2011
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 07 / Jun / 2011
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
  • 07 / Jun / 2011
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.1111
  • 13 / Jun / 2011
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 14 / Jun / 2011
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 16 / Jun / 2011
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 16 / Jun / 2011
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 16 / Jun / 2011
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 18 / Jan / 2012
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
  • 26 / Jan / 2012
    • AMEND (T) AND RECOMMIT TO FINANCE
  • 26 / Jan / 2012
    • PRINT NUMBER 5560A
  • 30 / Jan / 2012
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
  • 30 / Jan / 2012
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.128
  • 31 / Jan / 2012
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 31 / Jan / 2012
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 31 / Jan / 2012
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Requires DNA testing of all persons convicted of misdemeanors and felonies.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8547
Versions:
S5560
S5560A
Legislative Cycle:
2011-2012
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Executive Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§995 & 995-c, Exec L

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S5560

TITLE OF BILL:
An act to amend the executive law, in relation to DNA testing

PURPOSE:
To require that every person convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor as
defined in the Penal Law must provide a DNA sample.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 of the bill would amend Executive Law § 995(7) to require
that every individual convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor as
defined in the Penal Law must provide a DNA sample.

JUSTIFICATION:
In 2010, Curtis Tucker was arrested and arraigned on the 2004
attempted murder and attempted rape of a 14-year-old girl in her
Harlem apartment building. Tucker choked his young victim to
unconsciousness several times and violently seized her money and
student Metrocard. The victim fought back, falling with her assailant
down three flights of stairs. At the bottom of the stairs, he
attempted to rape her. Finally, he ran away, leaving her with
permanent injuries to her face. Tucker subsequently was convicted of
two misdemeanor crimes, and, more recently of felony burglary against
a 74-year-old man who was afflicted with Parkinson's disease. Until
the burglary conviction, none of Tucker's prior criminal convictions
were eligible for DNA collection upon conviction. If DNA was required
upon conviction for all crimes, law enforcement would have solved the
2004 rape much earlier and potentially prevented the 2010 burglary of
an elderly man.

In 2006, New York recognized the importance of DNA as a crime fighting
tool by adding all remaining felonies, some attempted felonies and 18
misdemeanors to the list of qualifying offenses for the DNA Index.
The result: hits resulting from samples taken on those expanded
offenses led to 1,595 convictions in the three years immediately
following the expansion. This dramatic success illustrate the value of
taking DNA from people associated with low-level and non-violent
offenses; of the new qualifying offenses, very few were violent or
sexual in nature; they included such crimes as bribery of a public
servant, possession of a forged instrument, and falsification of
business records.

Yet despite the fact that DNA is a proven tool that solves cold cases
and can prevent crime, only 46% of Penal Law crimes are eligible for
DNA collection.

There is no cost to adding all Penal Law misdemeanors to the list of
DNA eligible offenses. Laboratories have the capacity to handle this
expansion in real time.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
This is a new bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.


EFFECTIVE DATE:
The first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have
become law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  5560

                       2011-2012 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                              June 1, 2011
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  SALAND -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the executive law, in relation to DNA testing

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Subdivision  7  of  section  995 of the executive law, as
amended by chapter 2 of the laws of 2006, paragraph  (a)  as  separately
amended  by chapter 320 of the laws of 2006 and paragraph (f) as amended
by chapter 405 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows:
  7. "Designated offender" means a person convicted of and sentenced for
any [one or more of the  following  provisions  of  the  penal  law  (a)
sections  120.05,  120.10,  and  120.11,  relating  to assault; sections
125.15 through 125.27 relating to  homicide;  sections  130.25,  130.30,
130.35,  130.40,  130.45, 130.50, 130.65, 130.67 and 130.70, relating to
sex offenses; sections 205.10, 205.15, 205.17 and  205.19,  relating  to
escape  and other offenses, where the offender has been convicted within
the previous five years of one of the other felonies specified  in  this
subdivision;  or sections 255.25, 255.26 and 255.27, relating to incest,
a violent felony offense as defined in subdivision one of section  70.02
of  the  penal  law, attempted murder in the first degree, as defined in
section 110.00 and section 125.27 of the penal law,  kidnapping  in  the
first  degree,  as  defined in section 135.25 of the penal law, arson in
the first degree, as  defined  in  section  150.20  of  the  penal  law,
burglary  in the third degree, as defined in section 140.20 of the penal
law, attempted burglary in the  third  degree,  as  defined  in  section
110.00  and section 140.20 of the penal law, a felony defined in article
four hundred ninety of the  penal  law  relating  to  terrorism  or  any
attempt to commit an offense defined in such article relating to terror-
ism  which  is  a  felony;  or  (b)  criminal possession of a controlled
substance in the first degree, as defined in section 220.21 of the penal
law; criminal possession of a controlled substance in the second degree,

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD11912-01-1

S. 5560                             2

as defined in section 220.18 of  the  penal  law;  criminal  sale  of  a
controlled  substance,  as  defined  in article 220 of the penal law; or
grand larceny in the fourth degree, as defined in  subdivision  five  of
section  155.30  of  the  penal  law;  or  (c) any misdemeanor or felony
defined as a sex offense or sexually violent offense pursuant  to  para-
graph (a), (b) or (c) of subdivision two or paragraph (a) of subdivision
three of section one hundred sixty-eight-a of the correction law; or (d)
any  of the following felonies, or an attempt thereof where such attempt
is a felony offense:
  aggravated assault upon a  person  less  than  eleven  years  old,  as
defined  in  section  120.12  of  the  penal  law; menacing in the first
degree, as defined in section 120.13 of the penal law;  reckless  endan-
germent  in  the first degree, as defined in section 120.25 of the penal
law; stalking in the second degree, as defined in section 120.55 of  the
penal  law;  criminally negligent homicide, as defined in section 125.10
of the penal law;  vehicular  manslaughter  in  the  second  degree,  as
defined  in  section  125.12 of the penal law; vehicular manslaughter in
the first degree, as  defined  in  section  125.13  of  the  penal  law;
persistent  sexual abuse, as defined in section 130.53 of the penal law;
aggravated sexual abuse in the fourth  degree,  as  defined  in  section
130.65-a  of  the  penal  law;  female genital mutilation, as defined in
section 130.85 of the penal law;  facilitating  a  sex  offense  with  a
controlled  substance,  as  defined  in section 130.90 of the penal law;
unlawful imprisonment in the first degree, as defined in section  135.10
of the penal law; custodial interference in the first degree, as defined
in  section  135.50  of  the  penal  law; criminal trespass in the first
degree, as defined in section 140.17 of the penal law; criminal  tamper-
ing  in the first degree, as defined in section 145.20 of the penal law;
tampering with a consumer product in the first  degree,  as  defined  in
section  145.45 of the penal law; robbery in the third degree as defined
in section 160.05 of the penal law; identity theft in the second degree,
as defined in section 190.79 of the penal law;  identity  theft  in  the
first  degree,  as defined in section 190.80 of the penal law; promoting
prison contraband in the first degree, as defined in section  205.25  of
the  penal law; tampering with a witness in the third degree, as defined
in section 215.11 of the penal law; tampering  with  a  witness  in  the
second  degree, as defined in section 215.12 of the penal law; tampering
with a witness in the first degree, as defined in section 215.13 of  the
penal law; criminal contempt in the first degree, as defined in subdivi-
sions  (b),  (c)  and (d) of section 215.51 of the penal law; aggravated
criminal contempt, as defined in section 215.52 of the penal  law;  bail
jumping  in the second degree, as defined in section 215.56 of the penal
law; bail jumping in the first degree, as defined in section  215.57  of
the penal law; patronizing a prostitute in the second degree, as defined
in  section  230.05  of  the  penal law; patronizing a prostitute in the
first degree, as defined in section 230.06 of the penal  law;  promoting
prostitution  in  the second degree, as defined in section 230.30 of the
penal law; promoting prostitution in the first  degree,  as  defined  in
section  230.32 of the penal law; compelling prostitution, as defined in
section 230.33 of the penal law;  disseminating  indecent  materials  to
minors  in  the second degree, as defined in section 235.21 of the penal
law; disseminating indecent materials to minors in the first degree,  as
defined in section 235.22 of the penal law; riot in the first degree, as
defined in section 240.06 of the penal law; criminal anarchy, as defined
in section 240.15 of the penal law; aggravated harassment of an employee
by  an  inmate,  as defined in section 240.32 of the penal law; unlawful

S. 5560                             3

surveillance in the second degree, as defined in section 250.45  of  the
penal  law;  unlawful  surveillance  in  the first degree, as defined in
section 250.50 of the penal law; endangering the welfare of a vulnerable
elderly person in the second degree, as defined in section 260.32 of the
penal law; endangering the welfare of a vulnerable elderly person in the
first  degree,  as  defined in section 260.34 of the penal law; use of a
child in a sexual performance, as defined in section 263.05 of the penal
law; promoting an obscene sexual performance by a child, as  defined  in
section  263.10  of the penal law; possessing an obscene sexual perform-
ance by a child, as defined in section 263.11 of the penal law;  promot-
ing a sexual performance by a child, as defined in section 263.15 of the
penal  law;  possessing  a  sexual performance by a child, as defined in
section 263.16 of the penal law; criminal possession of a weapon in  the
third  degree,  as  defined in section 265.02 of the penal law; criminal
sale of a firearm in the third degree, as defined in section  265.11  of
the  penal  law;  criminal  sale  of a firearm to a minor, as defined in
section 265.16 of the penal law; unlawful wearing of  a  body  vest,  as
defined  in  section  270.20 of the penal law; hate crimes as defined in
section 485.05 of the penal law; and crime of terrorism, as  defined  in
section  490.25  of  the penal law; or (e) a felony defined in the penal
law or an attempt thereof where such attempt is a felony; or (f) any  of
the  following  misdemeanors:  assault in the third degree as defined in
section 120.00 of the penal law; attempted  aggravated  assault  upon  a
person  less  than  eleven  years  old, as defined in section 110.00 and
section 120.12 of the penal law; attempted menacing in the first degree,
as defined in section 110.00 and section 120.13 of the penal law; menac-
ing in the second degree as defined in section 120.14 of the penal  law;
menacing  in  the third degree as defined in section 120.15 of the penal
law; reckless endangerment in the second degree as  defined  in  section
120.20  of  the  penal  law; stalking in the fourth degree as defined in
section 120.45 of the penal law; stalking in the third degree as defined
in section 120.50 of the penal law; attempted  stalking  in  the  second
degree,  as  defined  in  section 110.00 and section 120.55 of the penal
law; criminal obstruction of breathing or blood circulation  as  defined
in  section  121.11  of  the  penal law; forcible touching as defined in
section 130.52 of the penal law regardless of the  age  of  the  victim;
sexual  abuse  in  the  third degree as defined in section 130.55 of the
penal law regardless of the age of the victim; unlawful imprisonment  in
the  second degree as defined in section 135.05 of the penal law regard-
less of the age of the victim; attempted unlawful  imprisonment  in  the
first  degree,  as  defined  in section 110.00 and section 135.10 of the
penal law regardless of the age of the victim; criminal trespass in  the
second  degree as defined in section 140.15 of the penal law; possession
of burglar's tools as defined in section 140.35 of the penal law;  petit
larceny  as  defined in section 155.25 of the penal law; endangering the
welfare of a child as defined in section 260.10 of the penal law; endan-
gering the welfare of an incompetent or physically  disabled  person  as
defined  in  section  260.25  of  the  penal  law] FELONY OR MISDEMEANOR
DEFINED IN THE PENAL LAW.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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