S T A T E O F N E W Y O R K
I N A S S E M B L Y
February 19, 2014
Introduced by M. of A. SWEENEY, WEISENBERG, LIFTON, O'DONNELL, STEC,
GUNTHER, JAFFEE, KAVANAGH, SCHIMEL, TITONE, FAHY, ROZIC, OTIS, GOTT-
FRIED, COOK, ENGLEBRIGHT, DINOWITZ, MILLMAN, CAHILL, ROBINSON, ROSEN-
THAL, BROOK-KRASNY, BRAUNSTEIN, CORWIN, MOSLEY, CYMBROWITZ, MARKEY,
ZEBROWSKI, GALEF, HEVESI, SKOUFIS, MILLER, LAVINE, TEDISCO, ORTIZ,
BARRETT, STECK, WEPRIN, PEOPLES-STOKES, RAIA, BENEDETTO, PERRY --
Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. ABINANTI, BRENNAN, CERETTO, CURRAN,
GLICK, HENNESSEY, LUPARDO, LUPINACCI, MALLIOTAKIS, MAYER, PAULIN,
PRETLOW, RIVERA, SCARBOROUGH, SKARTADOS -- read once and referred to
the Committee on Environmental Conservation -- reported and referred
to the Committee on Codes -- committee discharged, bill amended,
ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee
AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to
prohibiting the purchase and sale of ivory articles and rhinoceros
horns and increasing the penalties for the illegal sale of such arti-
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:
Section 1. The environmental conservation law is amended by adding a
new section 11-0535-a to read as follows:
S 11-0535-A. ILLEGAL IVORY ARTICLES AND RHINOCEROS HORNS.
1. AS USED IN THIS SECTION:
A. "DISTRIBUTE" MEANS A TRANSFER OR CHANGE IN POSSESSION WITH AN
ACCOMPANYING CHANGE IN LEGAL OWNERSHIP.
B. "IVORY ARTICLE" MEANS ANY ITEM CONTAINING WORKED OR RAW IVORY FROM
ANY SPECIES OF ELEPHANT OR MAMMOTH.
C. "RAW IVORY" MEANS ANY ELEPHANT OR MAMMOTH TUSK, AND ANY PIECE
THEREOF, THE SURFACE OF WHICH, POLISHED, OR UNPOLISHED, IS UNALTERED OR
D. "WORKED IVORY" MEANS ANY ELEPHANT OR MAMMOTH TUSK, AND ANY PIECE
THEREOF, WHICH IS NOT RAW IVORY.
2. EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION THREE OF THIS SECTION,
NO PERSON SHALL SELL, OFFER FOR SALE, PURCHASE, TRADE, BARTER OR
DISTRIBUTE AN IVORY ARTICLE OR RHINOCEROS HORN.
EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
[ ] is old law to be omitted.
A. 8824--A 2
3. UNLESS SUCH ACTIVITY IS PROHIBITED BY FEDERAL LAW, RULE OR REGU-
LATION, THE COMMISSIONER MAY ISSUE LICENSES OR PERMITS FOR THE SALE,
OFFERING FOR SALE, PURCHASE, TRADING, BARTERING OR DISTRIBUTION OF IVORY
ARTICLES OR RHINOCEROS HORNS, PROVIDED THAT:
A. THE IVORY ARTICLE OR RHINOCEROS HORN IS PART OF A BONA FIDE ANTIQUE
AND IS LESS THAN TWENTY PERCENT BY VOLUME OF SUCH ANTIQUE, AND THE
ANTIQUE STATUS OF SUCH ANTIQUE IS ESTABLISHED BY THE OWNER OR SELLER
THEREOF WITH HISTORICAL DOCUMENTATION EVIDENCING PROVENANCE AND SHOWING
THE ANTIQUE TO BE NOT LESS THEN ONE HUNDRED YEARS OLD;
B. THE DISTRIBUTION OR CHANGE OF POSSESSION OF THE IVORY ARTICLE OR
RHINOCEROS HORN IS FOR BONA FIDE EDUCATIONAL OR SCIENTIFIC PURPOSES; OR
C. THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE IVORY ARTICLE OR RHINOCEROS HORN IS TO A
LEGAL BENEFICIARY OF A TRUST OR TO AN HEIR OR DISTRIBUTEE OF AN ESTATE.
S 2. Section 71-0925 of the environmental conservation law is amended
by adding a new subdivision 16 to read as follows:
16. IF THE VIOLATION WAS AN ACT PROHIBITED BY SECTION 11-0535-A OF
THIS CHAPTER, NOT MORE THAN THREE THOUSAND DOLLARS OR NOT MORE THAN TWO
TIMES THE VALUE OF THE ARTICLE INVOLVED, WHICHEVER IS GREATER. IF THE
VIOLATION IS A SECOND OR SUBSEQUENT VIOLATION OF SUCH SECTION 11-0535-A,
NOT MORE THAN SIX THOUSAND DOLLARS OR NOT MORE THAN THREE TIMES THE
VALUE OF THE ARTICLE INVOLVED, WHICHEVER IS GREATER.
S 3. Within 30 days of the effective date of this act, the department
of environmental conservation shall maintain on its website information
regarding the prohibition on the sale and purchase of ivory articles and
rhinoceros horns in the state.
S 4. Severability. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, section or part
of this act shall be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to
be invalid and after exhaustion of all further judicial review, the
judgment shall not affect, impair or invalidate the remainder thereof,
but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, para-
graph, section or part of this act directly involved in the controversy
in which the judgment shall have been rendered.
S 5. No later than January 1, 2020, the department of environmental
conservation shall prepare a report outlining enforcement activities and
recommendations regarding any necessary changes, including but not
limited to the extension or repeal of this act.
S 6. This act shall take effect immediately; provided, however, any
person who has been issued a license or permit allowing the sale of
elephant ivory articles or rhinoceros horns prior to the effective date
of this act may sell such articles listed on such license or permit
until such license or permit has expired.