S T A T E O F N E W Y O R K
2013-2014 Regular Sessions
I N S E N A T E
January 9, 2013
Introduced by Sen. DeFRANCISCO -- read twice and ordered printed, and
when printed to be committed to the Committee on Judiciary
CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY
proposing an amendment to section 7 of article 1 of the constitution, in
relation to the taking of private property; and repealing section 7 of
article 1 of the constitution relating to just compensation for taking
Section 1. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That section 7 of arti-
cle 1 of the constitution is REPEALED and a new section 7 of article 1
is added to read as follows:
S 7. (A) WITH JUST COMPENSATION PAID, PRIVATE PROPERTY MAY BE TAKEN
ONLY WHEN NECESSARY FOR THE POSSESSION, OCCUPATION, AND ENJOYMENT OF
LAND BY THE PUBLIC AT LARGE, OR BY PUBLIC AGENCIES.
(B) EXCEPT FOR PRIVATELY OWNED COMMON CARRIERS AND PUBLIC UTILITIES,
PRIVATE PROPERTY SHALL NOT BE TAKEN FOR USE BY PRIVATE COMMERCIAL ENTER-
PRISE, FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, OR FOR ANY OTHER PRIVATE USE, EXCEPT
WITH THE CONSENT OF THE OWNER. PROPERTY SHALL NOT BE TAKEN FROM ONE
OWNER AND TRANSFERRED TO ANOTHER, ON THE GROUNDS THAT THE PUBLIC WILL
BENEFIT FROM A MORE PROFITABLE PRIVATE USE.
(C) WHENEVER AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO TAKE PRIVATE PROPERTY FOR A USE
ALLEGED TO BE PUBLIC, THE QUESTION WHETHER THE CONTEMPLATED USE BE REAL-
LY PUBLIC SHALL BE A JUDICIAL QUESTION, AND DETERMINED AS SUCH WITHOUT
REGARD TO ANY LEGISLATIVE ASSERTION THAT THE USE IS PUBLIC.
S 2. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That the foregoing amendment
be referred to the first regular legislative session convening after the
next succeeding general election of members of the assembly, and, in
conformity with section 1 of article 19 of the constitution, be
published for 3 months previous to the time of such election.
EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
[ ] is old law to be omitted.