senate Bill S1521

Creates the crime of aggravated criminal conduct where an individual commits a misdemeanor and has been previously subjected to four or more qualifying misdemeanors

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 29 / May / 2013
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.775
  • 30 / May / 2013
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 03 / Jun / 2013
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 10 / Jun / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 10 / Jun / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 10 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 20 / May / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.898
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 28 / May / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 12 / Jun / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 12 / Jun / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 12 / Jun / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Creates the crime of aggravated criminal conduct where an individual commits a misdemeanor and has been previously subjected to four or more qualifying misdemeanor convictions within the preceding five years; in calculating the five year period, any period of time during which the defendant was incarcerated for any reason between the time of commission of any of the previous convictions and the time of commission of the present misdemeanor shall be excluded and such five year period shall be extended by a period or periods equal to the time served.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S1521
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Penal Law
Laws Affected:
Add ยง240.76, Pen L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Cycle:
S5096

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S1521

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the penal law, in relation to creating the crime of
aggravated criminal conduct where an
individual commits a misdemeanor and has been previously subjected to
four or more qualifying misdemeanor
convictions within the preceding five years

PURPOSE: This legislation would create the crime of
aggravated
criminal conduct where an individual commits a misdemeanor and has
been previously subjected to four or more qualifying misdemeanor
convictions within the preceding five years.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Adds a new section 240.76 to
the New York State
Penal Law to create the crime of aggravated criminal conduct where an
individual commits a misdemeanor and has been previously subjected to
four or more qualifying misdemeanor convictions within the preceding
five years.

Each conviction must have been a crime in New York State and be a
class A misdemeanor. In calculating the five year period, any period
of time during which the defendant was incarcerated for any reason
between the time of commission of any of the previous convictions and
the time of the present misdemeanor will be excluded for the five
year period timeframe.

Aggravated criminal conduct is a class E felony.

JUSTIFICATION: The New York State Division of
Criminal Justice
Services reports that 8,824 individuals had been convicted of five or
more misdemeanors within the three years that ended Dec. 31, 2010. Of
those more than 8,000 criminals, 1,600 of them had 10 or more
convictions in the same time frame, and a staggering 169 criminals
had 20 or more convictions.

Something must be done to remove these perpetual repeat offenders off
the streets of New York State and behind bars. This legislation would
create the crime of aggravated criminal conduct where an individual
commits a misdemeanor and has been previously subjected to four or
more qualifying misdemeanor convictions within the preceding five
years.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: S.5096 of 2011/12 (Passed Senate
2012)

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the one
hundred and
eightieth day after it shall have become a law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1521

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  MARCELLINO  -- read twice and ordered printed, and
  when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation  to  creating  the  crime  of
  aggravated  criminal conduct where an individual commits a misdemeanor
  and has been previously subjected to four or more qualifying misdemea-
  nor convictions within the preceding five years

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 240.76 to
read as follows:
S 240.76 AGGRAVATED CRIMINAL CONDUCT.
  1. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF AGGRAVATED CRIMINAL CONDUCT WHEN SUCH  PERSON
COMMITS  A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER AFTER HAVING BEEN
PREVIOUSLY SUBJECTED TO FOUR OR MORE QUALIFYING MISDEMEANOR  CONVICTIONS
WITHIN THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS.
  2.  THE  PROVISIONS  OF  SECTION  200.60 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW
SHALL APPLY TO ANY PROSECUTION UNDER THIS SECTION.
  3. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, IN DETERMINING WHETHER  A  PERSON
HAS  BEEN  PREVIOUSLY  SUBJECTED  TO FOUR OR MORE QUALIFYING MISDEMEANOR
CONVICTIONS WITHIN THE PRECEDING  FIVE  YEARS,  THE  FOLLOWING  CRITERIA
SHALL APPLY:
  (A)  EACH  CONVICTION  MUST  HAVE  BEEN IN THIS STATE AND BE A CLASS A
MISDEMEANOR AS DEFINED IN THIS CHAPTER, OR  OF  A  CRIME  IN  ANY  OTHER
JURISDICTION  FOR WHICH A SENTENCE TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF AT LEAST
ONE YEAR WAS AUTHORIZED AND IS A CRIME IN  THIS  STATE  IRRESPECTIVE  OF
WHETHER SUCH SENTENCE WAS IMPOSED;
  (B)  SENTENCE  UPON  EACH SUCH PRIOR CONVICTION MUST HAVE BEEN IMPOSED
BEFORE COMMISSION OF THE PRESENT MISDEMEANOR;
  (C) SUSPENDED SENTENCE, SUSPENDED EXECUTION OF SENTENCE,  SENTENCE  OF
PROBATION,  SENTENCE  OF PAROLE SUPERVISION, AND SENTENCE OF CONDITIONAL

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03296-01-3

S. 1521                             2

DISCHARGE OR  OF  UNCONDITIONAL  DISCHARGE  SHALL  BE  DEEMED  TO  BE  A
SENTENCE;
  (D)  EXCEPT  AS  PROVIDED  IN  PARAGRAPH (E) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, EACH
SENTENCE MUST HAVE BEEN IMPOSED NOT MORE THAN FIVE YEARS BEFORE  COMMIS-
SION OF THE PRESENT MISDEMEANOR;
  (E)  IN  CALCULATING  THE FIVE YEAR PERIOD UNDER PARAGRAPH (D) OF THIS
SUBDIVISION, ANY PERIOD OF TIME DURING WHICH THE DEFENDANT WAS INCARCER-
ATED FOR ANY REASON BETWEEN THE TIME OF COMMISSION OF ANY OF THE  PREVI-
OUS  CONVICTIONS  AND  THE TIME OF COMMISSION OF THE PRESENT MISDEMEANOR
SHALL BE EXCLUDED AND SUCH FIVE YEAR PERIOD SHALL BE EXTENDED BY A PERI-
OD OR PERIODS EQUAL TO THE TIME SERVED;
  (F) AN OFFENSE FOR WHICH THE DEFENDANT HAS BEEN PARDONED ON THE GROUND
OF INNOCENCE SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A PREVIOUS MISDEMEANOR CONVICTION;
  (G) WHEN MULTIPLE SENTENCES FOR TWO OR MORE CONVICTIONS  WERE  IMPOSED
AT THE SAME TIME, ALL CONVICTIONS SHALL BE DEEMED TO CONSTITUTE ONLY ONE
CONVICTION.
  4.  NOTHING CONTAINED IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO PRECLUDE A
PROSECUTION OR CONVICTION FOR ANY OTHER OFFENSE, A NECESSARY ELEMENT  OF
WHICH IS A PREVIOUS CONVICTION FOR AN OFFENSE.
  AGGRAVATED CRIMINAL CONDUCT IS A CLASS E FELONY.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
it shall have become a law.

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