senate Bill S2024

Creates a provision requiring court review of domestic violence bail applications

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Requires court review of domestic violence bail applications.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A1439
Versions:
S2024
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Codes
Law Section:
Criminal Procedure Law
Laws Affected:
Add ยง510.25, CP L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S829, A2216
2009-2010: S8018A, A10736A

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S2024

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation
to requiring court review of domestic violence bail applications

PURPOSE OF THE BILL: This act shall be known as the Isol Cotto Act.
This bill will create a provision requiring domestic violence defendants
to appear before a judge prior to release on bail.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 2 of the bill creates section 510.25 in the criminal procedure
law that mandates an individual arrested for a domestic violence offense
shall not be released on bail until they have appeared before a judge.

The court shall assess the risk to the victim in the review of the bail
application. If there is no appearance before a judge within 12 hours of
the arrest then the accused shall be released on bail.

JUSTIFICATION: This bill requires that an individual arrested for
certain domestic violence offenses appear before a judge prior to being
released on bail. The intimacy involved in domestic violence makes it
different than other crimes. Often times the victim and the accused live
together, therefore, when a person is released on bail they immediately
come into contact with the victim. The victim may now be at a higher
risk for abuse just for reporting the crime.

To lessen this risk a judge should be required to review the circum-
stances of the case before setting bail. In the case that the accused is
unable to appear before the judge then they will be released after 12
hours. The 12 hour period gives both the victim and the accused time
apart before they come into contact again. We must ensure that an indi-
vidual arrested for domestic abuse is safe to return home and not a risk
to the victim.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: Previously introduced.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  2024

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sen. STAVISKY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes

AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law,  in  relation  to  requiring
  court review of domestic violence bail applications

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Isol Cotto
Act".
  S 2. The criminal procedure law is amended by  adding  a  new  section
510.25 to read as follows:
S 510.25 APPLICATION  FOR  RECOGNIZANCE  OR  BAIL;  WHERE  DEFENDANT  IS
           ACCUSED OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OR VIOLATING AN  EXISTING  ORDER
           OF PROTECTION.
  1.  ANY  INDIVIDUAL  ARRESTED FOR AN OFFENSE RELATING TO: (A) DOMESTIC
VIOLENCE, AS DEFINED IN SECTION FOUR HUNDRED FIFTY-NINE-A OF THE  SOCIAL
SERVICES  LAW;  (B)  VIOLATING  AN  EXISTING  ORDER OF PROTECTION ISSUED
PURSUANT TO THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS OF LAW:  SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION
530.11, SUBPARAGRAPH (I) OR (II) OF PARAGRAPH (O) OF SUBDIVISION ONE  OF
SECTION  330.20,  SECTION 530.12 OF THIS CHAPTER, ORDERS ISSUED PURSUANT
TO SECTIONS TWO HUNDRED FORTY AND TWO HUNDRED FIFTY-TWO OF THE  DOMESTIC
RELATIONS  LAW,  ARTICLES  FOUR, FIVE, SIX AND EIGHT OF THE FAMILY COURT
ACT, AND AN ORDER OF PROTECTION ISSUED BY COURTS OF COMPETENT  JURISDIC-
TION  IN  ANOTHER  STATE,  TERRITORIAL  OR  TRIBAL  JURISDICTION; OR (C)
COMMITTING A FAMILY OFFENSE AS DEFINED IN  SUBDIVISION  ONE  OF  SECTION
EIGHT  HUNDRED  TWELVE  OF THE FAMILY COURT ACT SHALL NOT BE RELEASED ON
BAIL UNTIL THEY HAVE APPEARED BEFORE A JUDGE OF THE COURT.
  2. THE COURT'S REVIEW OF BAIL, AS PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION,  SHALL
INCLUDE  BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO: (A) A REVIEW OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE
ARREST; (B) ANY PRIOR VIOLENT  OFFENSES;  AND  (C)  THE  RISK  THAT  THE
ACCUSED  POSES  TO  THE  VICTIM IF RELEASED. SUCH APPEARANCE SHALL OCCUR
WITHIN TWELVE HOURS OF ARREST AND IN NO INSTANCE MAY THE ACCUSED BE HELD
UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION FOR MORE THAN TWELVE HOURS.
  S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00493-01-3

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