senate Bill S2434D

Prohibits an employer or educational institution from requesting that an employee or applicant disclose any means for accessing an electronic personal account or service

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
view actions

actions

  • 17 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO LABOR
  • 19 / Mar / 2013
    • AMEND (T) AND RECOMMIT TO LABOR
  • 19 / Mar / 2013
    • PRINT NUMBER 2434A
  • 04 / Jun / 2013
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO LABOR
  • 04 / Jun / 2013
    • PRINT NUMBER 2434B
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO LABOR
  • 12 / Mar / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO LABOR
  • 12 / Mar / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 2434C
  • 30 / Apr / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO LABOR
  • 30 / Apr / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 2434D
  • 03 / Jun / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.1189
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 10 / Jun / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 20 / Jun / 2014
    • COMMITTED TO RULES

Summary

Prohibits an employer or educational institution from requesting or requiring that an employee, applicant or student disclose any user name, password, or other means for accessing a personal account or service through specified electronic communications devices.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A443D
Versions:
S2434
S2434A
S2434B
S2434C
S2434D
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Rules
Law Section:
Labor Law
Laws Affected:
Add §201-g, Lab L; add §115, Ed L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Cycle:
A9654, S6831, A9654

Votes

11
1
11
Aye
1
Nay
3
aye with reservations
1
absent
0
excused
0
abstained
show Labor committee vote details

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S2434D

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the labor law and the education law,
in relation to prohibiting an employer or educational institution from
requesting or requiring that an employee, applicant or student
disclose any user name, password, or other means for accessing a
personal account or service through specified electronic
communications devices

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

This bill would prohibit employers and educational institutions from
requesting or requiring user name and login information including
passwords as a condition of hiring, employment status, for use in
disciplinary actions, as well as admission decision or enrollment
status.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section 1 amends the labor law by adding a new section, 201-g that
would prohibit employers from requesting or requiring access to
personal electronic communication accounts of prospective or current
employees. This section also allows for specific exemptions to the law
when employers would be allowed to request the information.

Section 2 amends the labor law by adding a new section 115 which would
prohibit educational institutions as defined by the section, from
requesting or requiring access to personal electronic communication
accounts of prospective of current students. This section also allows
for specific exemptions to the law when educational institutions would
be allowed to request the information.

Section 3 sets the effective date.

JUSTIFICATION:

Employers and educational institutions, universities in particular,
are beginning to use various types of new tools in decisions dealing
with the hiring, admittance and acceptance, and disciplinary actions
regarding prospective and current employees and students. Recently,
there have been reports of employers demanding login information,
including username and password information to popular social media
websites such as Facebook, Twitter as well as login information to
email accounts and other extremely personal accounts. This information
is being used as a condition of hiring or acceptance to a college, as
well as promotions, lateral movement within companies and in matters
relating to disciplinary action including, but not limited to, firing
of individuals.

This type of request can lead to issues of unfair and discriminatory
hiring and admissions practices and constitutes a serious invasion of
privacy on the behalf of the employer or school. Employees have the
right to make this information either public or private through the
websites and they should have every right to maintain this privacy
when it comes their work place, classroom, or during an interview or
admissions process. In these economic times many people do not have
the option to walk away from a job and are forced to submit to this


request for fear they will not be hired otherwise. This bill would
remedy this issue and leave consumers with their right to privacy and
reduce the risk of unfair and discriminatory hiring and admissions
practices.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

2011-12- A.9654- Passed Assembly/S.6831- Referred to Labor

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None to the State.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on the 180th day after it shall have become
law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 2434--D

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 17, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  KLEIN, CARLUCCI, ROBACH -- read twice and ordered
  printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Labor --
  committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as  amended  and
  recommitted  to  said committee -- committee discharged, bill amended,
  ordered reprinted as amended and  recommitted  to  said  committee  --
  recommitted  to  the Committee on Labor in accordance with Senate Rule
  6, sec. 8 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted  as
  amended  and  recommitted  to  said committee -- committee discharged,
  bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended  and  recommitted  to  said
  committee

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  labor law and the education law, in relation to
  prohibiting an employer or educational institution from requesting  or
  requiring  that  an  employee,  applicant or student disclose any user
  name, password, or other means for accessing  a  personal  account  or
  service through specified electronic communications devices

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  The labor law is amended by adding a new section 201-g  to
read as follows:
  S 201-G. REQUEST FOR ACCESS TO PERSONAL ACCOUNTS OR SERVICES PROHIBIT-
ED.  1. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE FOLLOWING WORDS SHALL HAVE THE
FOLLOWING MEANINGS:
  (A) "APPLICANT" MEANS AN APPLICANT FOR EMPLOYMENT.
  (B) "ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE"  MEANS  ANY  DEVICE  THAT  USES
ELECTRONIC SIGNALS TO CREATE, TRANSMIT, AND RECEIVE INFORMATION, INCLUD-
ING,  BUT NOT LIMITED TO COMPUTERS, TELEPHONES, PERSONAL DIGITAL ASSIST-
ANTS AND OTHER SIMILAR DEVICES.
  (C) "EMPLOYER" MEANS (I) A PERSON OR ENTITY  ENGAGED  IN  A  BUSINESS,
INDUSTRY,  PROFESSION, TRADE OR OTHER ENTERPRISE IN THE STATE; OR (II) A
UNIT OF STATE OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT; AND (III)  SHALL  INCLUDE  AN  AGENT,
REPRESENTATIVE OR DESIGNEE OF THE EMPLOYER.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03108-10-4

S. 2434--D                          2

  2.  (A)  EXCEPT  AS  PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, IT
SHALL BE UNLAWFUL FOR ANY EMPLOYER TO REQUEST OR REQUIRE ANY EMPLOYEE OR
APPLICANT FOR EMPLOYMENT TO DISCLOSE ANY USER NAME,  PASSWORD  OR  OTHER
MEANS  FOR ACCESSING A PERSONAL ACCOUNT OR SERVICE THROUGH AN ELECTRONIC
COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE.
  (B)  AN  EMPLOYER  MAY  REQUIRE AN EMPLOYEE TO DISCLOSE ANY USER NAME,
PASSWORD OR OTHER MEANS FOR ACCESSING NONPERSONAL ACCOUNTS  OR  SERVICES
THAT  PROVIDE  ACCESS TO THE EMPLOYER'S INTERNAL COMPUTER OR INFORMATION
SYSTEMS.
  (C) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "ACCESS" SHALL  NOT  INCLUDE  AN
EMPLOYEE OR APPLICANT VOLUNTARILY ADDING AN EMPLOYER OR EMPLOYMENT AGEN-
CY  TO  THEIR  LIST  OF  CONTACTS  ASSOCIATED  WITH  A PERSONAL INTERNET
ACCOUNT.
  3. AN EMPLOYER MAY NOT:
  (A) DISCHARGE,  DISCIPLINE,  OR  OTHERWISE  PENALIZE  OR  THREATEN  TO
DISCHARGE,  DISCIPLINE, OR OTHERWISE PENALIZE AN EMPLOYEE FOR AN EMPLOY-
EE'S REFUSAL TO DISCLOSE ANY INFORMATION SPECIFIED IN PARAGRAPH  (A)  OF
SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION; OR
  (B)  FAIL  OR  REFUSE  TO HIRE ANY APPLICANT AS A RESULT OF THE APPLI-
CANT'S REFUSAL TO DISCLOSE ANY INFORMATION SPECIFIED IN PARAGRAPH (A) OF
SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION.
  4. IT SHALL BE AN AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE TO AN ACTION UNDER THIS  SECTION
THAT  THE EMPLOYER ACTED TO COMPLY WITH REQUIREMENTS OF A FEDERAL LAW OR
A LAW OF THIS STATE.
  5. (A) NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL PROHIBIT AN EMPLOYER FROM:
  (I) REQUESTING OR REQUIRING AN EMPLOYEE TO DISCLOSE ACCESS INFORMATION
TO AN ACCOUNT, SERVICE, OR NETWORK PROVIDED BY THE EMPLOYER  WHERE  SUCH
ACCOUNT,  SERVICE,  OR  NETWORK  IS  USED  FOR BUSINESS PURPOSES AND THE
EMPLOYEE WAS PROVIDED PRIOR NOTICE OF THE EMPLOYER'S RIGHT TO REQUEST OR
REQUIRE SUCH ACCESS INFORMATION;
  (II) ACCESSING AN ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE PAID FOR  IN  WHOLE
OR  IN  PART  BY THE EMPLOYER WHERE THE PROVISION OF OR PAYMENT FOR SUCH
ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE WAS CONDITIONED ON THE EMPLOYER'S RIGHT
TO ACCESS SUCH DEVICE AND THE EMPLOYEE WAS PROVIDED PRIOR NOTICE OF  AND
EXPLICITLY  AGREED TO SUCH CONDITIONS. HOWEVER, NOTHING IN THIS SUBPARA-
GRAPH SHALL PERMIT AN  EMPLOYER  TO  ACCESS  ANY  PERSONAL  ACCOUNTS  OR
SERVICES ON SUCH DEVICE;
  (III)  COMPLYING WITH A COURT ORDER IN OBTAINING OR PROVIDING INFORMA-
TION FROM, OR ACCESS TO, AN EMPLOYEE'S  ACCOUNTS  OR  SERVICES  AS  SUCH
COURT ORDER MAY REQUIRE;
  (IV)  RESTRICTING  OR  PROHIBITING  AN  EMPLOYEE'S  ACCESS  TO CERTAIN
WEBSITES WHILE USING AN EMPLOYER'S NETWORK OR WHILE USING AN  ELECTRONIC
COMMUNICATIONS  DEVICE  PAID  FOR IN WHOLE OR PART BY THE EMPLOYER WHERE
THE PROVISION OF OR PAYMENT FOR SUCH ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS    DEVICE
WAS  CONDITIONED ON THE EMPLOYER'S RIGHT TO RESTRICT SUCH ACCESS AND THE
EMPLOYEE WAS PROVIDED PRIOR NOTICE OF  AND  EXPLICITLY  AGREED  TO  SUCH
CONDITIONS.
  (B)  THIS  SECTION  DOES  NOT  PROHIBIT  OR  RESTRICT AN EMPLOYER FROM
COMPLYING WITH A DUTY TO SCREEN EMPLOYEES OR APPLICANTS PRIOR TO  HIRING
OR  TO  MONITOR  OR  RETAIN  EMPLOYEE COMMUNICATIONS THAT IS ESTABLISHED
UNDER FEDERAL LAW OR BY A SELF REGULATORY ORGANIZATION,  AS  DEFINED  IN
SECTION  3(A)(26)  OF  THE  SECURITIES  AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, 15 USC
78C(A)(26).
  (C) THIS SECTION DOES NOT PROHIBIT OR RESTRICT AN EMPLOYER FROM  VIEW-
ING,  ACCESSING, OR UTILIZING INFORMATION ABOUT AN EMPLOYEE OR APPLICANT

S. 2434--D                          3

THAT CAN BE OBTAINED WITHOUT ANY REQUIRED ACCESS INFORMATION OR THAT  IS
AVAILABLE IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
  S  2. The education law is amended by adding a new section 115 to read
as follows:
  S 115. REQUEST FOR ACCESS TO PERSONAL ACCOUNTS OR SERVICES PROHIBITED.
1. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE  FOLLOWING  WORDS  SHALL  HAVE  THE
FOLLOWING MEANINGS:
  (A)  "EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTION"  MEANS A PUBLIC OR PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL
INSTITUTION OR SEPARATE SCHOOL OR DEPARTMENT  OF  A  PUBLIC  OR  PRIVATE
EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTION, AND INCLUDES AN ACADEMY; ELEMENTARY OR SECOND-
ARY SCHOOL;  EXTENSION  COURSE;  KINDERGARTEN;  NURSERY  SCHOOL;  SCHOOL
SYSTEM;  SCHOOL  DISTRICT; INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL DISTRICT; BUSINESS, NURS-
ING, PROFESSIONAL, SECRETARIAL, TECHNICAL, OR VOCATIONAL SCHOOL;  PUBLIC
OR PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE OR ADMINISTRATOR; AND AN AGENT OF
AN  EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTION. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED
BROADLY TO INCLUDE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS OF  HIGHER  EDUCATION
TO THE GREATEST EXTENT CONSISTENT WITH CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITATIONS.
  (B)  "ELECTRONIC  COMMUNICATIONS  DEVICE"  MEANS  ANY DEVICE THAT USES
ELECTRONIC SIGNALS TO CREATE, TRANSMIT, AND RECEIVE INFORMATION, INCLUD-
ING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO COMPUTERS, TELEPHONES, PERSONAL DIGITAL  ASSIST-
ANTS AND OTHER SIMILAR DEVICES.
  2. IT SHALL BE UNLAWFUL FOR ANY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION TO:
  (A)  REQUEST OR REQUIRE ANY STUDENT OR PROSPECTIVE STUDENT TO DISCLOSE
ANY USER NAME, PASSWORD OR OTHER MEANS FOR ACCESSING A PERSONAL  ACCOUNT
OR SERVICE THROUGH AN ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE; OR
  (B)  EXPEL, DISCIPLINE, FAIL TO ADMIT, OR OTHERWISE PENALIZE A STUDENT
OR PROSPECTIVE STUDENT FOR FAILURE TO GRANT ACCESS TO, ALLOW OBSERVATION
OF, OR DISCLOSE INFORMATION THAT ALLOWS ACCESS TO OR OBSERVATION OF  THE
STUDENT'S OR PROSPECTIVE STUDENT'S PERSONAL INTERNET ACCOUNT.
  (C)  FOR  THE  PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "ACCESS" SHALL NOT INCLUDE AN
EMPLOYEE OR APPLICANT VOLUNTARILY ADDING AN EMPLOYER OR EMPLOYMENT AGEN-
CY TO THEIR  LIST  OF  CONTACTS  ASSOCIATED  WITH  A  PERSONAL  INTERNET
ACCOUNT.
  3. NOTHING IN THIS SECTION PROHIBITS AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION FROM:
  (A) ACCESSING AN ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE PAID FOR IN WHOLE OR
IN PART BY THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION WHERE THE PROVISION OF OR PAYMENT
FOR  SUCH ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE WAS CONDITIONED ON THE EDUCA-
TIONAL INSTITUTION'S RIGHT TO ACCESS SUCH DEVICE  AND  THE  STUDENT  WAS
PROVIDED  PRIOR  NOTICE  OF  AND  EXPLICITLY  AGREED TO SUCH CONDITIONS.
HOWEVER, NOTHING IN THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL PERMIT AN EDUCATIONAL  INSTITU-
TION TO ACCESS ANY PERSONAL ACCOUNTS OR SERVICES ON SUCH DEVICE; OR
  (B)  REQUESTING  OR REQUIRING A STUDENT TO DISCLOSE ACCESS INFORMATION
TO AN ACCOUNT OR SERVICE PROVIDED BY THE EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTION  WHERE
SUCH ACCOUNT OR SERVICE IS USED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES AND THE STUDENT
WAS  PROVIDED  PRIOR  NOTICE  OF  THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION'S RIGHT TO
REQUEST OR REQUIRE SUCH ACCESS INFORMATION.
  4. THIS SECTION SHALL NOT PROHIBIT OR RESTRICT AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITU-
TION FROM VIEWING, ACCESSING, OR UTILIZING INFORMATION ABOUT  A  STUDENT
OR  APPLICANT  THAT CAN BE OBTAINED WITHOUT ANY REQUIRED ACCESS INFORMA-
TION OR THAT IS AVAILABLE IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
  5. IT IS AN AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE TO AN ACTION UNDER THIS  SECTION  THAT
THE  EDUCATIONAL  INSTITUTION  ACTED  TO  COMPLY  WITH REQUIREMENTS OF A
FEDERAL LAW OR A LAW OF THIS STATE.
  S 3. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
it shall have become a law.

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