senate Bill S251

Establishes pilot grant program to enable overage, under-credit youth to obtain high school diploma or equivalent

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO EDUCATION
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO EDUCATION

Summary

Establishes pilot grant program to enable overage, under-credit youth to obtain high school diploma or equivalent.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A1353
Versions:
S251
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Education
Law Section:
Education Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 100 ยงยง4950 - 4955, Ed L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S1700, A2373
2009-2010: S146, A3621, S146
2007-2008: A9257A

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S251

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the education law, in relation to establishing a pilot program
for overage, under-credit students to prepare these students for post
secondary education or training and providing for the repeal of such
provisions upon expiration thereof

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 establishes a new article 100 in the
education law which creates a pilot program for overage,
under-credited students as follows:

*Section 4950 *

1. Legislative Intent

2. The program is directed at ages 12 to 22, overage, under-credited
youth in grades seven to twelve, with continuous Support after
graduation or GED attainment. Eligible youth typically will have one
or more research-based risk factors.

*Section 4951 *

Creates a pilot program to support a research-driven, comprehensive
program for overage, under-credited youth in the Big Five City school
districts to obtain a high school diploma or equivalent, as well as
make an effective transition to employment or postsecondary level
training.
The program will be piloted with 1,200 students; 600 will be in New
York City, and 150 in each in Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, and
Yonkers.

*Section 4952 *

Each school district application must include a consortia of
community-based organizations, postsecondary institutions, businesses,
unions, adult education programs or other organizations to connect
neighborhood services with youth and families.

*Section 4953 *

Activities in the program shall include:

1. A full-time paid advocate

2. Academic and after-school support

3. Wrap-around support services

4. Part-time paid, year-round employment and scholarships

5. Workplace supervisor and mentor

6. A clear pathway to postsecondary education or career


7. Family engagement and strengthening

*Section 4954 * Cost of the program:

-$2,500 per pupil for advocacy, scholarships, work experience and
mentoring
- $3,500 per pupil for wrap-around support services,
academic support, and family engagement

-$700 per parent to participate in adult education

-Employment preparation education state aid for eligible parents over
age 21 used as a match

-$500,000 for outcome evaluation

* Section 4955 *

Anticipated Results:

1. All students graduate high school or obtain a GED

2. Students are prepared for the workforce

3. Increased number of students successfully transitioning to
postsecondary education

4. Reduces turnover costs for employers

5. Keeps New York State talent in New York State

6. Stabilizes families

7. Lowers the incarceration rate

Section 2 appropriates the sum of $8,450,000.

Section 3 states the effective date (immediately) and provides that
the act be repealed 5 years from the effective date.

JUSTIFICATION:
Overage, under-credited students are concentrated in
schools and communities with the greatest challenges in improving
student achievement. In fact, according to the NYC Department of
Education's Office of Multiple pathways, there are approximately
140,000 under-credited students between the ages of 16-21 in New York
City alone. These students represent 20% of all high school students
enrolled in city schools. In the state's Big Five School Districts,
nearly 70% of minority and limited English proficient 7th graders
fail to graduate by the 12th grade.

The vast majority of over-aged, under-credited students end up
dropping out of school, going to jail, or aging out of the system
without earning a high school diploma or GED. In fact, 75% of all
state prison inmates have not completed high school and individuals
without a high school diploma are 60% more likely to use TANF, 80%
more likely to use food stamps, and more likely to use public housing


than are high school graduates. In addition, for each cohort of 18
year-olds that do not complete high school, the U.S. loses $192
billion dollars (1.6% of the GDP) in
tax revenues alone. This puts an enormous burden not only on these
students and their families but on their communities, the state, and
the nation as well.

This bill is an outgrowth of continual discussions I have had with the
NYS Department of Education to address over-aged, under-credited
students. This bill establishes a comprehensive program targeting
high risk, over-aged, under-credited students ages 12-22 in the Big
Five City School Districts. The program will provide academic and
after-school support; community based social, health, and career
services; employment and workplace mentoring; and family engagement
to support students and ensure they graduate from high school and are
prepared for postsecondary education or the workforce.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
S.7494 of 2008
04/08/08 REFERRED TO EDUCATION
01/11/11 REFERRED TO EDUCATION
01/04/12 REFERRED TO EDUCATION

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:
The State
Education Department estimates the cost of this program to be $8.54
million.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
Immediately and shall expire and be deemed repealed 5
years after such effective date.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   251

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. SAMPSON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Education

AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to establishing  a  pilot
  program  for  overage, under-credit students to prepare these students
  for post secondary education or training and providing for the  repeal
  of such provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  Legislative  intent.  The  legislature  hereby  finds  and
declares  it  necessary  to  increase the graduation rate in this state,
particularly New York City, Yonkers, Buffalo, Rochester,  and  Syracuse,
where the drop-out rate is exceptionally high particularly with minority
and limited English proficient students. To do so, the legislature finds
it necessary to create a research-based pilot program to assist overage,
under-credit  students,  who  are  typically  at risk of not graduating,
obtain a high school diploma or general equivalency diploma  (GED),  and
to  prepare these students for post-secondary education or training. The
legislature recognizes that  a  variety  of  individual,  familial,  and
community-based  factors may contribute to a student's failure to gradu-
ate, including, but not limited to, the student's poor academic perform-
ance or attendance, parents' academic history, alcohol and/or  substance
abuse  in  the  home,  upbringing  in  a single parent household or teen
parent  household,  neglect  and/or  abuse  in  the  home,  insufficient
parental  interest  or involvement in students' academic performance, or
otherwise, limited English proficiency in the home,  limited  access  to
health  care,  or  limited economic means, poverty or parental unemploy-
ment.
  The pilot program will examine the relationship between the  aforemen-
tioned  risk  factors and the students' academic progress as well as the
influence of the program's academic and after school support services on

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02199-01-3

S. 251                              2

the student's academic progress, post-secondary education  or  training,
and  employability. The pilot program is expected to engage one thousand
two hundred eligible students in academic and after-school services. The
pilot  program  will provide assistance and support to selected students
to assist them to obtain a high school diploma or  GED  and  to  prepare
them  for post-secondary education or training. The program will further
provide assistance and support to the students for two years  after  the
students'  attainment  of  such  a  diploma.  This  research-based pilot
program will provide a comprehensive look at the needs  of  and  adverse
influences  on  overage, under-credit students and provide a fundamental
plan for remediation.
  S 2. The education law is amended by adding a new article 100 to  read
as follows:
                                ARTICLE 100
                    OVERAGE AND UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS
SECTION 4950. DEFINITIONS.
        4951. PILOT  PROGRAM  FOR OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS; ESTAB-
                LISHED.
        4952. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY.
        4953. PURPOSE OF PROGRAM.
        4954. REPORTS AND EVALUATION OF THE PILOT PROGRAM.
        4955. PROGRAM COSTS.
  S 4950. DEFINITIONS. THE FOLLOWING TERM SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING MEAN-
ING WHEN USED IN THIS ARTICLE:   "OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT  STUDENT"  SHALL
MEAN  A STUDENT WHO IS AT LEAST TWO YEARS BEHIND STANDARD PROGRESS RELA-
TIVE TO THE EXPECTED AGE AND CREDIT ACCUMULATION FOR EARNING A DIPLOMA.
  S 4951. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS; ESTABLISHED.
1. THERE IS HEREBY ESTABLISHED  UNDER  THE  EXERCISE  OF  AUTHORITY  AND
CONTROL  OF  THE  COMMISSIONER  A RESEARCH-BASED PILOT PROGRAM NAMED AND
REFERRED TO AS THE PILOT PROGRAM  FOR  OVERAGE,  UNDER-CREDIT  STUDENTS.
THIS  RESEARCH-BASED  PILOT PROGRAM SHALL SERVE ONE THOUSAND TWO HUNDRED
STUDENTS WHO ARE ELIGIBLE  FOR  THE  PROGRAM  UNDER  SECTION  FORTY-NINE
HUNDRED  FIFTY-TWO  OF THIS ARTICLE. SIX HUNDRED OF THESE STUDENTS SHALL
BE ENROLLED IN THE NEW YORK CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT AND ONE  HUNDRED  FIFTY
STUDENTS  SHALL  BE  ENROLLED IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SCHOOL DISTRICTS:
YONKERS, BUFFALO, ROCHESTER, AND SYRACUSE.
  2. THE PURPOSE OF THE  PILOT  PROGRAM  SHALL  BE  TO  ASSIST  OVERAGE,
UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS ATTAIN A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR GENERAL EQUIVALEN-
CY  DIPLOMA (GED), EFFECTIVELY PREPARE FOR AND TRANSITION INTO POST-SEC-
ONDARY EDUCATION OR TRAINING, AND/OR OBTAIN  EMPLOYMENT  OR  OTHER  SUCH
MEANINGFUL POST-SECONDARY OPPORTUNITIES. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL PROVIDE
ASSISTANCE  AND  SUPPORT  TO SUCH STUDENTS FOR TWO YEARS SUCCEEDING EACH
STUDENT'S ATTAINMENT OF SUCH A DIPLOMA.
  3. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL EXAMINE THE NEEDS OF OVERAGE,  UNDER-CREDIT
STUDENTS  AND  ANALYZE  THE  FACTORS  WHICH  CAUSE  OR CONTRIBUTE TO THE
STUDENTS' FAILURE TO GRADUATE OR WHICH ADVERSELY INFLUENCE THEIR ACADEM-
IC PROGRESS. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL FURTHER ANALYZE THE EFFECT  OF  THE
PILOT   PROGRAM  ON  THE  STUDENT'S  ACADEMIC  PROGRESS,  COMPLETION  OF
POST-SECONDARY COURSES OR TRAINING, AND THE STUDENTS' EMPLOYABILITY.
  S 4952. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY. 1. STUDENTS MAY BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE PILOT
PROGRAM ESTABLISHED IN SECTION  FORTY-NINE  HUNDRED  FIFTY-ONE  OF  THIS
ARTICLE  IF  THEY ARE (A) ENROLLED IN A PUBLIC SCHOOL WITHIN AN ELIGIBLE
SCHOOL DISTRICT, (B) OF THE AGE  OF  TWELVE  TO  TWENTY-ONE  YEARS,  (C)
ENROLLED  IN  ANY  OF THE GRADES SEVEN THROUGH TWELVE, OR IF ENROLLED IN
THE SCHOOL DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK,  ENROLLED  IN  ANY  OF  THE
GRADES  NINE THROUGH TWELVE, AND (D) IDENTIFIED WITH AT LEAST ONE OF THE

S. 251                              3

FOLLOWING RISK FACTORS, INCLUDING, BUT NEED  NOT  BE  LIMITED  TO,  POOR
ACADEMIC  PERFORMANCE  OR  ATTENDANCE,  PARENT'S  POOR ACADEMIC HISTORY,
ALCOHOL AND/OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN THE HOME, SINGLE PARENT  HOUSEHOLD  OR
TEEN  PARENT  HOUSEHOLD,  NEGLECT AND/OR ABUSE IN THE HOME, INSUFFICIENT
PARENTAL INTEREST OR INVOLVEMENT IN STUDENT'S ACADEMIC  PERFORMANCE,  OR
OTHERWISE, LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY IN THE HOME, LIMITED ACCESS OR NO
ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE, LIMITED ECONOMIC MEANS, POVERTY OR PARENTAL UNEM-
PLOYMENT.
  2.  AN  ELIGIBLE  SCHOOL  DISTRICT SHALL APPLY TO THE DEPARTMENT FOR A
GRANT AWARD UNDER THE PILOT PROGRAM ON AN APPLICATION PRESCRIBED BY  THE
COMMISSIONER,  WHICH  SHALL  INCLUDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S COMPREHENSIVE
PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PILOT PROGRAM,  WHICH  MAY  INCLUDE,  BUT
NEED NOT BE LIMITED TO, THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS:
  (A)  LIST  OF  COMMUNITY-BASED  ORGANIZATIONS  TO FACILITATE EFFECTIVE
PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIPS  OR  PARENT-TEACHER  RELATIONSHIPS,  SUCH  AS
PARENTING CLASSES OR ANGER MANAGEMENT CLASSES;
  (B)  LIST  OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE OFFICES OR ORGANIZATIONS THROUGH WHICH
TO OBTAIN PUBLIC ASSISTANCE BENEFITS, INCLUDING  CASH  ASSISTANCE,  FOOD
STAMPS,  MEDICAID  OR CHILD HEALTH INSURANCE, OR EARNED-INCOME TAX CRED-
ITS, OR WHICH TO FACILITATE PARENTAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY AND STABILITY;
  (C) ADULT  EDUCATIONAL  PROGRAMS,  INCLUDING  THOSE  FOR  LITERACY  OR
INSTRUCTION IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE OR FOR FINANCIAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY OR
STABILITY;
  (D)  POST-SECONDARY  EDUCATION  AND  TRAINING  RESOURCES AND CONTACTS,
INCLUDING BUSINESSES OR UNIONS;
  (E)  WORKFORCE  OR  LABOR  TRAINING  PROGRAMS  AND  CAREER  COUNSELING
SERVICES;
  (F)  OTHER  LOCAL  ORGANIZATIONS  USED  TO  ENCOURAGE, FACILITATE, AND
DEVELOP RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE PILOT  PROGRAM  AND  THE  STUDENT  AND
STUDENT'S FAMILY.
  S  4953.  PURPOSE  OF  PROGRAM.  THE  PILOT  PROGRAM SHALL PROVIDE THE
FOLLOWING SERVICES TO ELIGIBLE OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS:
  1. SUPPORT AND ADVOCACY SERVICES IN THE HOME, SCHOOL AND/OR WORK ENVI-
RONMENT WHICH SHALL BE PROVIDED BY  ONE  FULL-TIME  ADVOCATE  PER  EVERY
THIRTY ELIGIBLE STUDENTS;
  2. REMEDIATION SERVICES, INCLUDING TUTORIAL SERVICES;
  3. MENTORING SERVICES;
  4. ACADEMIC SUPPORT SERVICES, WHICH SHALL BE AGE AND CULTURALLY APPRO-
PRIATE;
  5.    WRAP-AROUND-SUPPORT    SERVICES    THROUGH    PARTNERSHIP   WITH
COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND THE SCHOOL DISTRICT,  INCLUDING  YOUTH
DEVELOPMENT,  JOB  READINESS TRAINING, CAREER EXPLORATION AND HEALTH AND
MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES;
  6. PART-TIME PAID, YEAR-ROUND EMPLOYMENT AND  SCHOLARSHIPS  AS  INCEN-
TIVES  TO HELP STUDENTS SUCCEED IN SCHOOL AND PREPARE FOR THE WORKFORCE.
SUCH INCENTIVES WOULD INCLUDE FUNDING FOR EMPLOYER INCENTIVES FOR  BUSI-
NESS AND ORGANIZATIONS WHICH DO NOT TRADITIONALLY HIRE YOUTH;
  7. POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION AND CAREER COUNSELING SERVICES;
  8. LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS AND SERVICE LEARNING.
  S  4954.  REPORTS  AND  EVALUATION  OF  THE  PILOT  PROGRAM.  UPON THE
COMPLETION OF TWO YEARS OF OPERATION, AND ON AN ANNUAL BASIS THEREAFTER,
THE COMMISSIONER SHALL EVALUATE AND ASSESS  THE  RESULTS  OF  THE  PILOT
PROGRAM TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE FOLLOWING FACTORS:
  1.  THE GRADUATION RATE AND PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS WHO ATTAIN A DIPLO-
MA, INCLUDING A REGENTS DIPLOMA OR A GENERAL EQUIVALENCY DIPLOMA (GED);
  2. RATE OF ADMISSION TO POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION OR TRAINING PROGRAMS;

S. 251                              4

  3. ACADEMIC PROGRESS IN COMPLETING POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION OR  TRAIN-
ING;
  4. EMPLOYABILITY OF STUDENTS;
  5.  RATE OF EMPLOYMENT, AND RATE OF EMPLOYMENT OF STUDENTS IN NEW YORK
STATE;
  6. REDUCTION IN TURNOVER COSTS  FOR  EMPLOYERS  PARTICIPATING  IN  THE
PROGRAM;
  7.  PERCENTAGE  OF STUDENTS INCARCERATED DURING OR AFTER PARTICIPATION
IN THE PROGRAM;
  8. LEVEL OF PARENTAL PARTICIPATION IN THE PROGRAM AND  INVOLVEMENT  IN
STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OR POST-SECONDARY OPPORTUNITIES;
  9. PARENTAL LITERACY OR ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY;
  10.  PARENTAL  IMPROVEMENT, INCLUDING EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, ACCESS TO
HEALTH CARE, AND RECEIPT OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE BENEFITS.
  S 4955. PROGRAM COSTS. TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS PER PUPIL PER  YEAR
SHALL  BE  ALLOCATED  FOR  ADVOCACY,  SCHOLARSHIPS,  WORK EXPERIENCE AND
MENTORING PROGRAMS OR SERVICES. THIRTY-FIVE HUNDRED  DOLLARS  PER  PUPIL
PER  YEAR  SHALL BE ALLOCATED FOR WRAP-AROUND SUPPORT SERVICES, ACADEMIC
SUPPORT, AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT. AID IN AN AMOUNT EQUAL TO SEVEN  HUNDRED
DOLLARS  PER  PARENT  OF  EACH  PUPIL  SHALL BE ALLOCATED, ANNUALLY, FOR
EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR PARENTS TO ASSIST PARENTS  TO  ACHIEVE  FINANCIAL
STABILIZATION, WHICH SHALL INCLUDE SERVICES TO FACILITATE AND/OR PROVIDE
ACCESS  TO  A  FULL  RANGE  OF  BENEFITS  AS  SPECIFIED IN THIS ARTICLE.
EMPLOYMENT PREPARATION EDUCATION STATE AID MUST BE GENERATED FOR  ELIGI-
BLE  PARENTS AGE TWENTY-ONE AND OVER AND USED AS A MATCH. PRIORITY SHALL
BE GIVEN TO LEVERAGING MULTIPLE SERVICES  AND  FUNDING  STREAMS.    FIVE
HUNDRED  THOUSAND  DOLLARS  SHALL  BE SPENT FOR OUTCOME EVALUATION BY AN
INDEPENDENT RESEARCHER.
  S 3. This act shall take effect immediately and shall  expire  and  be
deemed repealed 5 years after such effective date.

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