senate Bill S5171

Amended

Restricts the disclosure of personal information by businesses

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 13 / May / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CONSUMER PROTECTION
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CONSUMER PROTECTION
  • 07 / Apr / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO CONSUMER PROTECTION
  • 07 / Apr / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 5171A

Summary

Restricts the disclosure of personal information by businesses.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S5171
S5171A
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Consumer Protection
Law Section:
General Business Law
Laws Affected:
Amd Art 39-F Art Head, add ยง899-bb, Gen Bus L

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S5171

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the general business law, in relation
to restricting the disclosure of personal information by businesses

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section One states that this Act shall be known and cited as the
"Right to Know Act 2013"

Section Two states the legislative intent

Section Three changes the article heading of article 39-F of the
General Business Law from "Notification of Unauthorized Acquisition of
Private Information" to "Acquisition and Use of Private Information."

Section Four of the bill amends the General Business Law to add a new
section 899-bb which states that a business that retains a customer's
personal information shall make available to the customer free of
charge access to, or copies of, all of the customer's personal
information retained by the business.

A business that discloses a customer's personal information to a third
party shall make the following information available to the customer
free of charge:

* All categories of the customer's personal information that were
disclosed; and

* The names and contact information of all third parties that received
the customer's personal information from the business, including the
third party's designated request address or addresses if available.

A business required to comply with this Act shall make the required
information available by one or more of the following means:

* By providing a designated request address and, upon receipt of a
request, providing the customer within thirty days with the required
information for all disclosures occurring in the prior twelve months,
provided that:

> If the business has an online privacy policy, that policy includes a
description of a customer's right, accompanied by one or more
designated request addresses;-provided that a business with multiple
online privacy policies must include this information in the policy of
each product or service that collects personal information that may be
disclosed to a third party;

> The business ensures that all persons responsible for handling
customer inquires about the business' privacy practices or the
business' compliance with this section are informed of all designated
request addresses; and

> The business provides information pertaining to the specific
customer if that information is reasonably available to the business,
and provides information in standardized format if information
pertaining to the specific customer is not reasonably available.


For information required to be provided under this Act, the business
must provide the customer with notice including the required
information prior to or immediately following a disclosure.

A business is not obligated to provide more than one notice to the
same customer in a twelve-month period about the disclosure of the
same personal information to the same third party and in not obligated
to respond to a request by the same customer more than once within a
twelve-month period.

A business in not obligated to provide information to the customer if
the business cannot reasonably verify that the individual making the
request is the customer.

"Categories of information" is defined as:

* Identity information including, but not limited to, real name,
alias, nickname or user name;

* Address information, including but not limited to, postal address or
email;

* Telephone number;

* Account name;

* Social Security number or other government-issues identification
number, including but not limited to, social security number, driver's
license number, identification card number and passport number;

* Birthdate or age;

* Physical characteristic information, including but not limited to
height and weight;

* Sexual information, including, but not limited to, sexual
orientation, sex, gender status, gender identity or expression;

* Race or ethnicity;

* Religious affiliation or activity;

* Political affiliation or activity;

* Professional or employment-related information;

* Educational information;

* Medical information, including but not limited to, medical
conditions or drugs, therapies, mental health or medical products or
equipment used;

* Financial information, including but not limited to, credit, debit,
or account numbers account balances, payment history or information
related to assets, liabilities or general creditworthiness;


* Commercial information, including but not limited to, records of
property, products or services provided, obtained or considered or
other purchasing or consuming histories or tendencies;

* Location information;

* Internet or mobile activity information, including, but not limited
to, Internet protocol addresses or information concerning the access
or use of any Internet or mobile-based site or service;

* Content, including text, photographs, audio or visual recordings or
other material generated or provided by the customer.

The legislation further provides a definitional section.

A violation of the Act constitutes a right to a civil action to
recover penalties by the customer, the Attorney General, a District
Attorney, a City Attorney, or a City Prosecutor in a court of
competent jurisdiction.

EXISTING LAW: New law

JUSTIFICATION: The Right to Know Act will modernize current privacy
law and give New York consumers an effective tool to monitor how their
personal information, including information about their health,
finances, location, politics, religious, sexual orientation, buying
habits, and more, is being collected and disclosed in unexpected and
possibly harmful ways.

Many websites incorporate scores of tracking tools that collect
information about visitors like age, gender, race, income, health
concerns and recent purchases for advertising and marketing companies.

Many mobile applications (apps) share location, age, gender, phone
numbers, and other personal details of both adults and children with
third party companies - which can lead to potential danger for the
consumer involved in the transaction. And Facebook apps used by a
consumer's "friend" can often access sensitive information about that
consumer, including religious, political, and sexual preferences.

There are numerous examples of companies that collect information
about consumer activities inadvertently exposing sensitive personal
information such as pregnancy status or sexual orientation. Data
brokers are engaged in the Widespread buying, selling, and trading of
personal information obtained from mobile phones, banks, social media
sites, and stores creating a secondary market for confidential
consumer data. When this information is incorrect, it can impact
credit scores, hurting an individual at their place of employment or
being denied credit. Moreover, scanners are using data broker lists to
target vulnerable populations, such as senior citizens

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New bill

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Minimal

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.


view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  5171

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                              May 13, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. HOYLMAN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Consumer Protection

AN ACT to amend the general business law, in relation to restricting the
  disclosure of personal information by businesses

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  This act shall be known and may be cited as the "right to
know act of 2013".
  S 2. The legislature hereby finds  and  declares  that  the  right  to
privacy  is  a  personal  and  fundamental right protected by the United
States Constitution. All individuals have a right of privacy in informa-
tion pertaining to them.
  This state recognizes the importance of providing consumers with tran-
sparency about how their personal information has been shared  by  busi-
nesses.  For  free  market  forces to have a role in shaping the privacy
practices and for "opt-in"  and  "opt-out"  remedies  to  be  effective,
consumers must be more than vaguely informed that a business might share
personal  information  with  third  parties.  Consumers  must  be better
informed about what kinds of personal information are purchased by busi-
nesses for direct marketing purposes. With  these  specifics,  consumers
can knowledgeably choose to opt-in or opt-out or choose among businesses
that disclose information to third parties for direct marketing purposes
on the basis of how protective the business is of consumers' privacy.
  Businesses  are  now  collecting  personal information and sharing and
selling it in ways not contemplated or properly covered by  the  current
law. Some web sites are installing up to one hundred tracking tools when
consumers  visit web pages and sending very personal information such as
age, gender, race, income, health  concerns,  and  recent  purchases  to
third-party advertising and marketing companies. Third-party data broker
companies are buying, selling, and trading personal information obtained

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD10249-01-3

S. 5171                             2

from  mobile  phones,  financial  institutions,  social media sites, and
other online and brick and mortar companies.
  Some  mobile  applications  are  sharing personal information, such as
location information, unique  phone  identification  numbers,  and  age,
gender, and other personal details with third-party companies.
  Consumers  need  to  know  the ways that their personal information is
being collected by companies and then shared or sold to third parties in
order to properly protect their privacy, personal safety, and  financial
security.
  S  3. The article heading of article 39-F of the general business law,
as added by chapter 442 of the laws of  2005,  is  amended  to  read  as
follows:
           [NOTIFICATION OF UNAUTHORIZED] ACQUISITION AND USE
                         OF PRIVATE INFORMATION
  S  4. The general business law is amended by adding a new section 899-
bb to read as follows:
  S 899-BB. DISCLOSURE OF A CUSTOMER'S PERSONAL INFORMATION TO  A  THIRD
PARTY.  1. (A) A BUSINESS THAT RETAINS A CUSTOMER'S PERSONAL INFORMATION
SHALL MAKE AVAILABLE TO THE CUSTOMER FREE OF CHARGE ACCESS TO, OR COPIES
OF, ALL OF THE CUSTOMER'S PERSONAL INFORMATION RETAINED BY THE BUSINESS.
  (B) A BUSINESS THAT DISCLOSES A CUSTOMER'S PERSONAL INFORMATION  TO  A
THIRD  PARTY  SHALL  MAKE  THE  FOLLOWING  INFORMATION  AVAILABLE TO THE
CUSTOMER FREE OF CHARGE:
  (1) ALL CATEGORIES OF THE CUSTOMER'S PERSONAL  INFORMATION  THAT  WERE
DISCLOSED, INCLUDING THE CATEGORIES SET FORTH IN PARAGRAPH (A) OF SUBDI-
VISION FOUR OF THIS SECTION.
  (2) THE NAMES AND CONTACT INFORMATION OF ALL OF THE THIRD PARTIES THAT
RECEIVED  THE CUSTOMER'S PERSONAL INFORMATION FROM THE BUSINESS, INCLUD-
ING THE THIRD PARTY'S DESIGNATED REQUEST ADDRESS OR ADDRESSES IF  AVAIL-
ABLE.
  2.  A BUSINESS REQUIRED TO COMPLY WITH SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION
SHALL MAKE THE REQUIRED INFORMATION AVAILABLE BY  ONE  OR  MORE  OF  THE
FOLLOWING MEANS:
  (A)  BY  PROVIDING A DESIGNATED REQUEST ADDRESS AND, UPON RECEIPT OF A
REQUEST UNDER THIS SECTION TO THE DESIGNATED REQUEST ADDRESS,  PROVIDING
THE  CUSTOMER  WITHIN  THIRTY DAYS WITH THE REQUIRED INFORMATION FOR ALL
DISCLOSURES OCCURRING IN THE PRIOR TWELVE MONTHS, PROVIDED THAT:
  (1) IF THE BUSINESS HAS AN ONLINE PRIVACY POLICY, THAT POLICY INCLUDES
A DESCRIPTION OF A CUSTOMER'S RIGHTS PURSUANT TO THIS  SECTION  ACCOMPA-
NIED  BY ONE OR MORE DESIGNATED REQUEST ADDRESSES; PROVIDED THAT A BUSI-
NESS WITH MULTIPLE ONLINE PRIVACY POLICIES MUST INCLUDE THIS INFORMATION
IN THE POLICY OF EACH PRODUCT OR SERVICE THAT COLLECTS PERSONAL INFORMA-
TION THAT MAY BE DISCLOSED TO A THIRD PARTY;
  (2) THE BUSINESS ENSURES THAT ALL  PERSONS  RESPONSIBLE  FOR  HANDLING
CUSTOMER  INQUIRIES  ABOUT  THE BUSINESS' PRIVACY PRACTICES OR THE BUSI-
NESS' COMPLIANCE WITH  THIS  SECTION  ARE  INFORMED  OF  ALL  DESIGNATED
REQUEST ADDRESSES; AND
  (3)  THE  BUSINESS  PROVIDES  INFORMATION  PERTAINING  TO THE SPECIFIC
CUSTOMER IF THAT INFORMATION IS REASONABLY AVAILABLE  TO  THE  BUSINESS,
AND  PROVIDES INFORMATION IN STANDARDIZED FORMAT IF INFORMATION PERTAIN-
ING TO THE SPECIFIC CUSTOMER IS NOT REASONABLY AVAILABLE.
  (B) FOR INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE PROVIDED BY PARAGRAPH (B) OF SUBDI-
VISION ONE OF THIS  SECTION,  BY  PROVIDING  THE  CUSTOMER  WITH  NOTICE
INCLUDING  THE  REQUIRED INFORMATION PRIOR TO OR IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING A
DISCLOSURE.

S. 5171                             3

  (C) BY PROVIDING THE CUSTOMER THE DISCLOSURE REQUIRED BY SECTION  6803
OF  TITLE  15 OF THE UNITED STATES CODE, BUT ONLY IF THE DISCLOSURE ALSO
COMPLIES WITH THIS SECTION.
  3.  (A)  A  BUSINESS  IS NOT OBLIGATED TO PROVIDE MORE THAN ONE NOTICE
UNDER PARAGRAPH (B) OF SUBDIVISION TWO  OF  THIS  SECTION  TO  THE  SAME
CUSTOMER  IN  A  TWELVE-MONTH  PERIOD  ABOUT  THE DISCLOSURE OF THE SAME
PERSONAL INFORMATION TO THE SAME THIRD PARTY AND IS NOT OBLIGATED  UNDER
PARAGRAPH (A) OF SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION TO RESPOND TO A REQUEST
BY THE SAME CUSTOMER MORE THAN ONCE WITHIN A GIVEN TWELVE-MONTH PERIOD.
  (B) A BUSINESS IS NOT OBLIGATED TO PROVIDE INFORMATION TO THE CUSTOMER
PURSUANT  TO  SUBDIVISION  ONE  OF  THIS  SECTION IF THE BUSINESS CANNOT
REASONABLY VERIFY THAT THE INDIVIDUAL MAKING THE REQUEST IS THE  CUSTOM-
ER.
  4.  FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE FOLLOWING TERMS HAVE THE FOLLOW-
ING MEANINGS:
  (A) "CATEGORIES OF PERSONAL INFORMATION" INCLUDES, BUT IS NOT  LIMITED
TO, THE FOLLOWING:
  (1)  IDENTITY  INFORMATION  INCLUDING,  BUT NOT LIMITED TO, REAL NAME,
ALIAS, NICKNAME, AND USER NAME.
  (2) ADDRESS INFORMATION, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, POSTAL ADDRESS
OR E-MAIL.
  (3) TELEPHONE NUMBER.
  (4) ACCOUNT NAME.
  (5) SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER OR OTHER  GOVERNMENT-ISSUED  IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER,  INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER, DRIVER'S
LICENSE NUMBER, IDENTIFICATION CARD NUMBER, AND PASSPORT NUMBER.
  (6) BIRTHDATE OR AGE.
  (7) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTIC INFORMATION, INCLUDING,  BUT  NOT  LIMITED
TO, HEIGHT AND WEIGHT.
  (8)  SEXUAL  INFORMATION, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, SEXUAL ORIEN-
TATION, SEX, GENDER STATUS, GENDER IDENTITY, AND GENDER EXPRESSION.
  (9) RACE OR ETHNICITY.
  (10) RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION OR ACTIVITY.
  (11) POLITICAL AFFILIATION OR ACTIVITY.
  (12) PROFESSIONAL OR EMPLOYMENT-RELATED INFORMATION.
  (13) EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION.
  (14) MEDICAL INFORMATION,  INCLUDING,  BUT  NOT  LIMITED  TO,  MEDICAL
CONDITIONS  OR  DRUGS,  THERAPIES, MENTAL HEALTH, OR MEDICAL PRODUCTS OR
EQUIPMENT USED.
  (15) FINANCIAL INFORMATION, INCLUDING, BUT  NOT  LIMITED  TO,  CREDIT,
DEBIT,  OR ACCOUNT NUMBERS, ACCOUNT BALANCES, PAYMENT HISTORY, OR INFOR-
MATION RELATED TO ASSETS, LIABILITIES, OR GENERAL CREDITWORTHINESS.
  (16) COMMERCIAL INFORMATION, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, RECORDS OF
PROPERTY, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES PROVIDED,  OBTAINED,  OR  CONSIDERED,  OR
OTHER PURCHASING OR CONSUMING HISTORIES OR TENDENCIES.
  (17) LOCATION INFORMATION.
  (18)  INTERNET  OR  MOBILE  ACTIVITY  INFORMATION,  INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, INTERNET PROTOCOL ADDRESSES OR  INFORMATION  CONCERNING  THE
ACCESS OR USE OF ANY INTERNET OR MOBILE-BASED SITE OR SERVICE.
  (19)  CONTENT, INCLUDING TEXT, PHOTOGRAPHS, AUDIO OR VIDEO RECORDINGS,
OR OTHER MATERIAL GENERATED BY OR PROVIDED BY THE CUSTOMER.
  (20) ANY OF THE ABOVE CATEGORIES OF INFORMATION AS THEY PERTAIN TO THE
CHILDREN OF THE CUSTOMER.
  (B) (1) "CUSTOMER" MEANS AN INDIVIDUAL WHO IS A RESIDENT OF  NEW  YORK
STATE  WHO  PROVIDES PERSONAL INFORMATION TO A BUSINESS, WITH OR WITHOUT
AN EXCHANGE OF CONSIDERATION, IN  THE  COURSE  OF  PURCHASING,  VIEWING,

S. 5171                             4

ACCESSING, RENTING, LEASING, OR OTHERWISE USING REAL OR PERSONAL PROPER-
TY,  OR ANY INTEREST THEREIN, OR OBTAINING A PRODUCT OR SERVICE FROM THE
BUSINESS INCLUDING ADVERTISING OR ANY OTHER CONTENT.
  (2)  AN INDIVIDUAL IS ALSO THE CUSTOMER OF A BUSINESS IF THAT BUSINESS
OBTAINED THE PERSONAL INFORMATION OF  THAT  INDIVIDUAL  FROM  ANY  OTHER
BUSINESS.
  (C)  "DESIGNATED  REQUEST  ADDRESS"  MEANS  A  MAILING ADDRESS, E-MAIL
ADDRESS, WEB PAGE,  TOLL-FREE  TELEPHONE  NUMBER,  OR  OTHER  APPLICABLE
CONTACT  INFORMATION, WHEREBY CUSTOMERS MAY REQUEST OR OBTAIN THE INFOR-
MATION REQUIRED TO BE PROVIDED UNDER SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION.
  (D) (1)  "DISCLOSE"  MEANS  TO  DISCLOSE,  RELEASE,  SHARE,  TRANSFER,
DISSEMINATE,  MAKE  AVAILABLE, OR OTHERWISE COMMUNICATE ORALLY, IN WRIT-
ING, OR BY ELECTRONIC OR ANY OTHER MEANS TO ANY THIRD PARTY  AS  DEFINED
IN THIS SECTION.
  (2) "DISCLOSE" DOES NOT INCLUDE:
  (A)  DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION BY A BUSINESS TO A THIRD PARTY
PURSUANT TO A WRITTEN CONTRACT AUTHORIZING THE THIRD  PARTY  TO  UTILIZE
THE  PERSONAL INFORMATION TO PERFORM SERVICES ON BEHALF OF THE BUSINESS,
INCLUDING MAINTAINING OR SERVICING ACCOUNTS, PROVIDING CUSTOMER SERVICE,
PROCESSING OR FULFILLING ORDERS  AND  TRANSACTIONS,  VERIFYING  CUSTOMER
INFORMATION,   PROCESSING  PAYMENTS,  PROVIDING  FINANCING,  OR  SIMILAR
SERVICES, BUT ONLY IF (I) THE CONTRACT PROHIBITS THE  THIRD  PARTY  FROM
USING  THE PERSONAL INFORMATION FOR ANY REASON OTHER THAN PERFORMING THE
SPECIFIED SERVICE OR  SERVICES  ON  BEHALF  OF  THE  BUSINESS  AND  FROM
DISCLOSING ANY SUCH PERSONAL INFORMATION TO ADDITIONAL THIRD PARTIES AND
(II) THE BUSINESS EFFECTIVELY ENFORCES THESE PROHIBITIONS.
  (B)  DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION BY A BUSINESS TO A THIRD PARTY
BASED ON A GOOD-FAITH BELIEF THAT DISCLOSURE IS REQUIRED TO COMPLY  WITH
APPLICABLE LAW, REGULATION, LEGAL PROCESS, OR COURT ORDER.
  (C)  DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION BY A BUSINESS TO A THIRD PARTY
THAT IS REASONABLY NECESSARY TO ADDRESS FRAUD,  SECURITY,  OR  TECHNICAL
ISSUES;  TO  PROTECT  THE DISCLOSING BUSINESS' RIGHTS OR PROPERTY; OR TO
PROTECT CUSTOMERS OR THE PUBLIC FROM ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES AS  REQUIRED  OR
PERMITTED BY LAW.
  (D)  DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION BY A BUSINESS TO A THIRD PARTY
THAT IS OTHERWISE LAWFULLY AVAILABLE TO  THE  GENERAL  PUBLIC,  PROVIDED
THAT  THE BUSINESS DID NOT DIRECT THE THIRD PARTY TO THE PERSONAL INFOR-
MATION.
  (E) "PERSONAL INFORMATION" MEANS:
  (1) ANY INFORMATION THAT IDENTIFIES OR REFERENCES A  PARTICULAR  INDI-
VIDUAL OR ELECTRONIC DEVICE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, A REAL NAME,
ALIAS, POSTAL ADDRESS, TELEPHONE NUMBER, ELECTRONIC MAIL ADDRESS, INTER-
NET  PROTOCOL  ADDRESS,  ACCOUNT  NAME, SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER, DRIVER'S
LICENSE NUMBER, PASSPORT NUMBER, OR ANY  OTHER  IDENTIFIER  INTENDED  OR
ABLE TO BE UNIQUELY ASSOCIATED WITH A PARTICULAR INDIVIDUAL OR DEVICE.
  (2) ANY INFORMATION THAT RELATES TO OR DESCRIBES AN INDIVIDUAL IF SUCH
INFORMATION IS DISCLOSED IN CONNECTION WITH ANY IDENTIFYING OR REFERENC-
ING INFORMATION AS DEFINED IN SUBPARAGRAPH ONE OF THIS PARAGRAPH.
  (F) (1) "RETAINS" MEANS TO STORE OR OTHERWISE HOLD INFORMATION, WHETH-
ER THE INFORMATION IS COLLECTED OR OBTAINED DIRECTLY FROM THE SUBJECT OF
THE INFORMATION OR FROM ANY THIRD PARTY.
  (2) "RETAINS" DOES NOT INCLUDE INFORMATION THAT IS STORED OR OTHERWISE
HELD  SOLELY  FOR  ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING PURPOSES, SO LONG AS THE
INFORMATION IS DELETED AS SOON AS IT  IS  NO  LONGER  NEEDED  FOR  THOSE
PURPOSES:

S. 5171                             5

  (A)  TO PERFORM A SERVICE OR COMPLETE A TRANSACTION INITIATED BY OR ON
BEHALF OF THE CUSTOMER, INCLUDING  MAINTAINING  OR  SERVICING  ACCOUNTS,
PROVIDING  CUSTOMER  SERVICE, PROCESSING OR FULFILLING ORDERS AND TRANS-
ACTIONS, VERIFYING CUSTOMER INFORMATION, PROCESSING PAYMENTS,  PROVIDING
FINANCING, OR SIMILAR SERVICES.
  (B)  TO  ADDRESS  FRAUD, SECURITY, OR TECHNICAL ISSUES; TO PROTECT THE
DISCLOSING BUSINESS' RIGHTS OR PROPERTY; OR TO PROTECT CUSTOMERS OR  THE
PUBLIC FROM ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES AS REQUIRED OR PERMITTED BY LAW.
  (C)  TO COMPLY WITH APPLICABLE LAW OR REGULATION OR WITH A COURT ORDER
OR OTHER LEGAL PROCESS WHERE THE BUSINESS HAS A GOOD-FAITH  BELIEF  THAT
THE LAW, REGULATION, COURT ORDER, OR LEGAL PROCESS REQUIRES THE INFORMA-
TION TO BE STORED OR HELD.
  (G)  "THIRD PARTY" OR "THIRD PARTIES" MEANS ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOW-
ING:
  (1) A BUSINESS THAT IS A SEPARATE LEGAL ENTITY FROM THE BUSINESS  THAT
HAS DISCLOSED PERSONAL INFORMATION.
  (2)  A  BUSINESS THAT DOES NOT SHARE COMMON OWNERSHIP OR COMMON CORPO-
RATE CONTROL WITH THE BUSINESS THAT HAS DISCLOSED PERSONAL INFORMATION.
  (3) A BUSINESS THAT DOES NOT SHARE A BRAND  NAME  OR  COMMON  BRANDING
WITH  THE BUSINESS THAT HAS DISCLOSED PERSONAL INFORMATION SUCH THAT THE
AFFILIATE RELATIONSHIP IS CLEAR TO THE CUSTOMER.
  5. THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION ARE SEVERABLE. IF ANY  PROVISION  OF
THIS  SECTION  OR ITS APPLICATION IS HELD INVALID, THAT INVALIDITY SHALL
NOT AFFECT OTHER PROVISIONS OR APPLICATIONS THAT  CAN  BE  GIVEN  EFFECT
WITHOUT THE INVALID PROVISION OR APPLICATION.
  6. A VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION CONSTITUTES AN INJURY TO A CUSTOMER.  A
CIVIL  ACTION  TO  RECOVER  PENALTIES  MAY BE BROUGHT BY A CUSTOMER, THE
ATTORNEY GENERAL, A DISTRICT ATTORNEY, A CITY ATTORNEY, OR A CITY PROSE-
CUTOR, IN A COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION.
  S 5. This act shall take effect immediately.

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