senate Bill S5593

Establishes the residential open green space tax abatement for certain properties in a city of one million or more

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 23 / May / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CITIES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CITIES
  • 06 / May / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.546
  • 07 / May / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 12 / May / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • REFERRED TO REAL PROPERTY TAXATION

Summary

Establishes the residential open green space tax abatement for certain properties in a city of one million or more; provides an abatement for owners who remove an impermeable surface from a residential yard and replace it with soil and vegetation.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A2194
Versions:
S5593
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Real Property Tax Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 4 Title 4-D ยงยง499-aaaaa - 499-ggggg, RPT L

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S5593

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the real property tax law, in relation
to establishing the residential open green space tax abatement for
certain properties in a city of one million or more

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To ensure that land and space within
a densely populated urban environment is used responsibly and
efficiently for the benefit of all residents.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section one amends Article 4 of the
real property tax law by adding a new title 4-D.

Section two sets forth the effective date.

JUSTIFICATION: Across New York City, cemented, or otherwise
impermeably coated areas exist behind buildings, adjoining rear yards
or creating rear facades. These spaces account for a great deal of
unutilized areas within the city. Creating an incentive for home or
building owners to remove the existing impermeable materials and
replace them with a green space consisting of soil and vegetation will
benefit the city as a whole.

This action of "greening the city," will improve the quality of living
for all dwellers by enriching the community with more oxygen, reducing
the amount of climate changing pollutants in the air and generally
improving the city's aesthetic appeal. In addition, taxpayers will
benefit because adding vegetation to the landscape reduces storm water
runoff and takes pressure off of the sewer system.

In total, this will result in a more inviting community space,
healthier inhabitants and a reduced burden on, the city and the
taxpayers of New York.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Undetermined.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  5593

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                              May 23, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Cities

AN ACT to amend the real property tax law, in relation  to  establishing
  the  residential open green space tax abatement for certain properties
  in a city of one million or more

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Article 4 of the real property tax law is amended by adding
a new title 4-D to read as follows:
                                 TITLE 4-D
 RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE TAX ABATEMENT FOR CERTAIN PROPERTIES IN A
                                 CITY OF
                       ONE MILLION OR MORE PERSONS
SECTION 499-AAAAA. DEFINITIONS.
        499-BBBBB. REAL PROPERTY TAX ABATEMENT.
        499-CCCCC. APPLICATION FOR TAX ABATEMENT.
        499-DDDDD. CONTINUING REQUIREMENTS.
        499-EEEEE. REVOCATION OF TAX ABATEMENT.
        499-FFFFF. ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.
        499-GGGGG. TAX LIEN AND INTEREST.
  S 499-AAAAA. DEFINITIONS. WHEN USED IN THIS TITLE, THE FOLLOWING TERMS
SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING MEANINGS:
  1.  "APPLICANT"  SHALL  MEAN  (A) WITH RESPECT TO AN ELIGIBLE BUILDING
HELD IN THE COOPERATIVE OR CONDOMINIUM FORM OF OWNERSHIP, THE  BOARD  OF
MANAGERS  OF  A  CONDOMINIUM  OR THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF A COOPERATIVE
APARTMENT CORPORATION, OR (B) WITH RESPECT TO ANY OTHER ELIGIBLE  BUILD-
ING, THE OWNER OF SUCH BUILDING.
  2.  "APPLICATION  FOR  TAX  ABATEMENT" SHALL MEAN AN APPLICATION FOR A
RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE TAX  ABATEMENT  PURSUANT  TO  SECTION  FOUR
HUNDRED NINETY-NINE-CCCCC OF THIS TITLE.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD03600-01-3

S. 5593                             2

  3.  "COMPLIANCE  PERIOD" SHALL MEAN THE TAX YEAR IN WHICH A TAX ABATE-
MENT IS TAKEN.
  4.  "DEPARTMENT  OF FINANCE" SHALL MEAN THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE OF A
CITY HAVING A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE PERSONS.
  5. "DESIGNATED AGENCY" SHALL MEAN ONE OR MORE AGENCIES OR  DEPARTMENTS
OF  A  CITY  HAVING A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE PERSONS THAT ARE
DESIGNATED BY THE MAYOR OF SUCH CITY TO EXERCISE THE  FUNCTIONS,  POWERS
AND DUTIES OF A DESIGNATED AGENCY PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE.
  6.  "ELIGIBLE  BUILDING" SHALL MEAN RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY, LOCATED
WITHIN A CITY HAVING A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION  OR  MORE  PERSONS.  NO
BUILDING  SHALL  BE ELIGIBLE FOR MORE THAN ONE TAX ABATEMENT PURSUANT TO
THIS TITLE.
  7. "ELIGIBLE SPACE" SHALL MEAN  THE  TOTAL  SPACE  AVAILABLE  THAT  IS
COVERED WITH AN IMPERMEABLE SURFACE, TO SUPPORT A RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN
SPACE.
  8.  "RESIDENTIAL  OPEN GREEN SPACE" SHALL MEAN THE AREA OF RESIDENTIAL
YARDS, ADJOINING REAR YARDS AND REAR FACADES THAT HAS  BEEN  ALTERED  BY
REMOVING AN IMPERMEABLE SURFACE AND HAS BEEN COVERED WITH SOIL AND VEGE-
TATION.
  S  499-BBBBB.  REAL PROPERTY TAX ABATEMENT. AN ELIGIBLE BUILDING SHALL
RECEIVE AN ABATEMENT OF REAL PROPERTY TAXES AS PROVIDED  IN  THIS  TITLE
AND THE RULES PROMULGATED HEREUNDER.
  1.  THE  AMOUNT  OF SUCH TAX ABATEMENT SHALL BE FOUR DOLLARS AND FIFTY
CENTS PER SQUARE FOOT OF RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN  SPACE  PURSUANT  TO  AN
APPROVED  APPLICATION  FOR  TAX  ABATEMENT;  PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT THE
AMOUNT OF SUCH TAX ABATEMENT SHALL NOT EXCEED  THE  LESSER  OF  (A)  ONE
HUNDRED  THOUSAND  DOLLARS  OR  (B)  THE  TAX LIABILITY FOR THE ELIGIBLE
BUILDING IN THE TAX YEAR IN WHICH THE TAX ABATEMENT IS TAKEN.
  2. SUCH TAX ABATEMENT SHALL  COMMENCE  ON  JULY  FIRST  FOLLOWING  THE
APPROVAL OF AN APPLICATION FOR TAX ABATEMENT BY A DESIGNATED AGENCY, AND
SHALL NOT EXCEED ONE YEAR.
  3.  WITH RESPECT TO ANY ELIGIBLE BUILDING HELD IN THE CONDOMINIUM FORM
OF OWNERSHIP THAT RECEIVES A TAX ABATEMENT PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE,  SUCH
TAX ABATEMENT BENEFITS SHALL BE APPORTIONED AMONG ALL OF THE CONDOMINIUM
TAX LOTS WITHIN SUCH ELIGIBLE BUILDING.
  4.  IF,  AS  A  RESULT OF APPLICATION TO THE TAX COMMISSION OR A COURT
ORDER OR ACTION BY THE DEPARTMENT  OF  FINANCE,  THE  BILLABLE  ASSESSED
VALUE FOR THE FISCAL YEAR IN WHICH THE TAX ABATEMENT IS TAKEN IS REDUCED
AFTER THE ASSESSMENT ROLL BECOMES FINAL, THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE SHALL
RECALCULATE THE ABATEMENT SO THAT THE ABATEMENT GRANTED SHALL NOT EXCEED
THE  ANNUAL TAX LIABILITY AS SO REDUCED. THE AMOUNT EQUAL TO THE DIFFER-
ENCE BETWEEN THE ABATEMENT ORIGINALLY GRANTED AND THE  ABATEMENT  AS  SO
RECALCULATED  SHALL  BE  DEDUCTED  FROM  ANY REFUND OTHERWISE PAYABLE OR
REMISSION OTHERWISE DUE AS  A  RESULT  OF  SUCH  REDUCTION  IN  BILLABLE
ASSESSED VALUE.
  S  499-CCCCC. APPLICATION FOR TAX ABATEMENT. 1. TO OBTAIN A TAX ABATE-
MENT PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE, AN APPLICANT MUST FILE AN  APPLICATION  FOR
TAX  ABATEMENT,  WHICH MAY BE FILED ON OR AFTER JANUARY FIRST, TWO THOU-
SAND FOURTEEN, AND ON OR BEFORE MARCH FIFTEENTH, TWO THOUSAND EIGHTEEN.
  2. SUCH APPLICATION SHALL BE FILED WITH A DESIGNATED AGENCY  NO  LATER
THAN  THE MARCH FIFTEENTH BEFORE THE TAX YEAR, BEGINNING JULY FIRST, FOR
WHICH THE TAX ABATEMENT IS SOUGHT.
  3. SUCH APPLICATION SHALL CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING:
  (A) THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE APPLICANT  AND  THE  LOCATION  OF  THE
RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE.

S. 5593                             3

  (B)  PROOF  THAT  THE  APPLICANT RECEIVED ALL REQUIRED CERTIFICATIONS,
PERMITS AND OTHER APPROVALS TO  CONSTRUCT  THE  RESIDENTIAL  OPEN  GREEN
SPACE.
  (C)  AN AGREEMENT BY THE APPLICANT, WHICH INCLUDES A MAINTENANCE PLAN,
TO MAINTAIN THE RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE DURING THE COMPLIANCE PERI-
OD AND FOR A MINIMUM OF THREE YEARS THEREAFTER IN SUCH A MANNER THAT  IT
CONTINUOUSLY CONSTITUTES A RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE WITHIN THE MEAN-
ING OF THIS TITLE AND THE RULES PROMULGATED HEREUNDER.
  (D)  AN  AGREEMENT  TO  PERMIT  A DESIGNATED AGENCY OR ITS DESIGNEE TO
INSPECT THE RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE AND ANY RELATED STRUCTURES  AND
EQUIPMENT UPON REASONABLE NOTICE.
  (E)  ANY  OTHER INFORMATION OR CERTIFICATIONS REQUIRED BY A DESIGNATED
AGENCY PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE AND THE RULES PROMULGATED HEREUNDER.
  4. AN APPLICATION FOR TAX ABATEMENT SHALL BE IN ANY FORMAT  PRESCRIBED
BY A DESIGNATED AGENCY, INCLUDING ELECTRONIC FORM.
  5.  AN APPLICATION FOR TAX ABATEMENT SHALL BE APPROVED BY A DESIGNATED
AGENCY UPON DETERMINING THAT THE APPLICANT HAS SUBMITTED PROOF  ACCEPTA-
BLE  TO  SUCH AGENCY THAT THE REQUIREMENTS FOR OBTAINING A TAX ABATEMENT
PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE AND THE RULES  PROMULGATED  HEREUNDER  HAVE  BEEN
MET.  THE BURDEN OF PROOF SHALL BE ON THE APPLICANT TO SHOW BY CLEAR AND
CONVINCING EVIDENCE THAT THE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTING A  TAX  ABATEMENT
HAVE BEEN SATISFIED.
  6.  UPON NOTIFICATION FROM A DESIGNATED AGENCY THAT AN APPLICATION FOR
TAX ABATEMENT HAS BEEN APPROVED, THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  SHALL  APPLY
THE  TAX ABATEMENT, PROVIDED THERE ARE NO OUTSTANDING REAL ESTATE TAXES,
WATER AND SEWER CHARGES, PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF TAXES  OR  OTHER  MUNICIPAL
CHARGES WITH RESPECT TO THE ELIGIBLE BUILDING.
  S  499-DDDDD.  CONTINUING  REQUIREMENTS.  THE  TAX  ABATEMENT SHALL BE
CONDITIONED UPON:
  1. CONTINUING COMPLIANCE DURING THE COMPLIANCE PERIOD WITH ALL  APPLI-
CABLE   PROVISIONS  OF  LAW,  INCLUDING  WITHOUT  LIMITATION  THE  LOCAL
CONSTRUCTION AND FIRE CODES,  MAINTAINING  THE  RESIDENTIAL  OPEN  GREEN
SPACE  IN  SUCH  A MANNER THAT IT CONTINUOUSLY CONSTITUTES A RESIDENTIAL
OPEN GREEN SPACE WITHIN THE MEANING OF THIS TITLE AND THE RULES  PROMUL-
GATED  HEREUNDER,  AND PERMITTING A DESIGNATED AGENCY OR ITS DESIGNEE TO
INSPECT THE RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE AND ANY RELATED STRUCTURES  AND
EQUIPMENT UPON REASONABLE NOTICE; AND
  2.  REAL  ESTATE  TAXES,  WATER AND SEWER CHARGES, PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF
TAXES OR OTHER MUNICIPAL CHARGES WITH RESPECT TO  AN  ELIGIBLE  BUILDING
NOT  HAVING BEEN DUE AND OWING DURING THE COMPLIANCE PERIOD FOR A PERIOD
OF SIX MONTHS OR MORE.
  S 499-EEEEE. REVOCATION OF TAX ABATEMENT. 1. THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE
SHALL REVOKE, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, ANY TAX ABATEMENT GRANTED PURSUANT TO
THIS TITLE WHENEVER A DESIGNATED AGENCY HAS DETERMINED AND NOTIFIED  THE
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE THAT:
  (A) AN APPLICANT HAS FAILED TO COMPLY WITH A REQUIREMENT OF THIS TITLE
OR  ANY  RULE  PROMULGATED  HEREUNDER  AT ANY TIME DURING THE COMPLIANCE
PERIOD, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY OF THE CONTINUING  REQUIREMENTS
SET  FORTH  IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION FOUR HUNDRED NINETY-NINE-DDDDD
OF THIS TITLE;
  (B) AN ELIGIBLE BUILDING HAS NOT BEEN IN COMPLIANCE DURING ALL OR PART
OF THE COMPLIANCE PERIOD WITH ANY REQUIREMENT OF THIS TITLE OR ANY  RULE
PROMULGATED HEREUNDER;
  (C)  THE  RESIDENTIAL  OPEN  GREEN SPACE FOR WHICH A TAX ABATEMENT WAS
GRANTED HAS AT ANY TIME DURING THE COMPLIANCE PERIOD FAILED TO MEET  ANY

S. 5593                             4

REQUIREMENT FOR A RESIDENTIAL OPEN GREEN SPACE PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE OR
ANY RULE PROMULGATED HEREUNDER; OR
  (D)  AN APPLICATION, CERTIFICATION, REPORT OR OTHER DOCUMENT SUBMITTED
BY THE APPLICANT CONTAINS A FALSE OR MISLEADING STATEMENT AS TO A  MATE-
RIAL FACT OR OMITS TO STATE ANY MATERIAL FACT NECESSARY IN ORDER TO MAKE
THE STATEMENT THEREIN NOT FALSE OR MISLEADING.
  2.  THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE MAY REVOKE, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, ANY TAX
ABATEMENT GRANTED PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE WHENEVER IT HAS DETERMINED THAT
AN APPLICANT HAS FAILED TO COMPLY WITH THE  CONTINUING  REQUIREMENT  SET
FORTH  IN  SUBDIVISION  TWO OF SECTION FOUR HUNDRED NINETY-NINE-DDDDD OF
THIS TITLE.
  3. WHERE IT HAS BEEN DETERMINED BY A DESIGNATED AGENCY,  AFTER  NOTICE
TO  AND  AN  OPPORTUNITY  TO  BE  HEARD  BY THE ENTITY RECEIVING THE TAX
REBATE, THAT A SITUATION DESCRIBED IN ANY OF THE PROVISIONS OF  SUBDIVI-
SION  ONE  OF THIS SECTION HAS OCCURRED, SUCH DESIGNATED AGENCY SHALL SO
NOTIFY THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE NO LATER THAN THE NINETIETH  DAY  AFTER
THE LAST DAY OF THE COMPLIANCE PERIOD.
  4.  AN APPLICANT SHALL PAY, WITH INTEREST, SUCH PART OF ANY TAX ABATE-
MENT RECEIVED PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE THAT REPRESENTS THE PERIOD OF  NON-
COMPLIANCE  AS  DETERMINED BY THE DESIGNATED AGENCY OR THE DEPARTMENT OF
FINANCE, AS THE CASE MAY  BE.  IN  ADDITION,  A  DESIGNATED  AGENCY  MAY
DECLARE  ANY  APPLICANT  INELIGIBLE FOR FUTURE TAX ABATEMENT PURSUANT TO
THIS TITLE IF ANY APPLICATION, CERTIFICATION, REPORT OR  OTHER  DOCUMENT
SUBMITTED  BY  THE APPLICANT CONTAINS A FALSE OR MISLEADING STATEMENT AS
TO A MATERIAL FACT OR OMITS TO STATE  ANY  MATERIAL  FACT  NECESSARY  IN
ORDER TO MAKE THE STATEMENT THEREIN NOT FALSE OR MISLEADING.
  S  499-FFFFF.  ENFORCEMENT  AND  ADMINISTRATION.  1. THE DEPARTMENT OF
FINANCE SHALL HAVE, IN ADDITION  TO  ANY  OTHER  FUNCTIONS,  POWERS  AND
DUTIES  THAT  HAVE  BEEN OR MAY BE CONFERRED ON IT BY LAW, THE FOLLOWING
FUNCTIONS, POWERS AND DUTIES TO BE EXERCISED  IN  ACCORDANCE  WITH  THIS
TITLE:
  (A) TO APPLY A TAX ABATEMENT;
  (B) TO REVOKE ALL OR PART OF ANY SUCH TAX ABATEMENT;
  (C)  TO  MAKE  AND  PROMULGATE RULES TO CARRY OUT THE PURPOSES OF THIS
TITLE; AND
  (D) ANY OTHER FUNCTION, POWER OR  DUTY  NECESSARILY  IMPLIED  BY  THIS
TITLE.
  2. A DESIGNATED AGENCY SHALL HAVE, IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER FUNCTIONS,
POWERS  AND  DUTIES THAT HAVE BEEN OR MAY BE CONFERRED ON IT BY LAW, THE
FOLLOWING FUNCTIONS, POWERS AND DUTIES TO  BE  EXERCISED  IN  ACCORDANCE
WITH THIS TITLE:
  (A)  TO  RECEIVE, REVIEW, APPROVE AND DENY APPLICATIONS FOR TAX ABATE-
MENT;
  (B) TO INSPECT OPEN SPACES AND ANY RELATED STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENT;
  (C) TO PRESCRIBE FORMS AND MAKE AND PROMULGATE RULES TO CARRY OUT  THE
PURPOSES OF THIS TITLE;
  (D)  TO  MAKE THE DETERMINATIONS PROVIDED FOR IN SECTIONS FOUR HUNDRED
NINETY-NINE-CCCCC AND FOUR HUNDRED NINETY-NINE-EEEEE OF THIS  TITLE  AND
TO NOTIFY THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE OF SUCH DETERMINATIONS; AND
  (E)  ANY  OTHER  FUNCTION,  POWER  OR DUTY NECESSARILY IMPLIED BY THIS
TITLE.
  3. A DESIGNATED  AGENCY  MAY  PROVIDE  FOR  REASONABLE  ADMINISTRATIVE
CHARGES  OR  FEES  NECESSARY TO DEFRAY EXPENSES OF ADMINISTERING THE TAX
ABATEMENT PROGRAM ESTABLISHED BY THIS TITLE.
  4. A DESIGNATED AGENCY AND THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  SHALL  ESTABLISH
PROCEDURES  THAT ARE NECESSARY OR APPROPRIATE FOR (A) THE TIMELY NOTIFI-

S. 5593                             5

CATION TO THE DEPARTMENT  OF  FINANCE  BY  A  DESIGNATED  AGENCY  OF  AN
APPROVAL  OF  AN  APPLICATION  FOR TAX ABATEMENT OR OF ANY NONCOMPLIANCE
PURSUANT TO SECTION FOUR HUNDRED NINETY-NINE-EEEEE OF THIS TITLE AND (B)
ANY  OTHER  INTERAGENCY  COORDINATION TO FACILITATE THE PURPOSES OF THIS
TITLE.
  S 499-GGGGG. TAX LIEN AND INTEREST. ALL TAXES, WITH INTEREST, REQUIRED
TO BE PAID RETROACTIVELY PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE SHALL CONSTITUTE  A  TAX
LIEN  AS  OF THE DATE IT IS DETERMINED SUCH TAXES AND INTEREST ARE OWED.
ALL INTEREST SHALL BE CALCULATED FROM THE DATE THE TAXES WOULD HAVE BEEN
DUE BUT FOR THE TAX ABATEMENT GRANTED PURSUANT  TO  THIS  TITLE  AT  THE
APPLICABLE  RATE  OR RATES OF INTEREST IMPOSED GENERALLY FOR NON-PAYMENT
OF REAL PROPERTY TAX WITH RESPECT TO THE ELIGIBLE BUILDING FOR THE PERI-
OD IN QUESTION.
  S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

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