senate Bill S6496A

Amended

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and at not less than twenty miles per hour on certain designated highways

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 29 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CITIES
  • 04 / Mar / 2014
    • AMEND (T) AND RECOMMIT TO CITIES
  • 04 / Mar / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 6496A
  • 14 / May / 2014
    • AMEND (T) AND RECOMMIT TO CITIES
  • 14 / May / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 6496B

Summary

Authorizes the city of New York to establish speed limits throughout the city at not less than twenty-five miles per hour and not less than twenty miles per hour on or along certain designated highways.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S6496
S6496A
S6496B
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Cities
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §1642, V & T L; amd §19-177, NYC Ad Cd

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S6496A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the
administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to reducing
the speed limit in the city of New York to twenty miles per hour

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

This bill would protect pedestrians by reducing the speed limit in New
York City to twenty miles per hour.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section one of the bill would amend the administrative code of the
city of New York, subdivision a of section 19-177, which sets the
official speed limit for a vehicle in the city of New York. Under
current law, the official speed limit is thirty miles per hour. This
bill would reduce the official speed limit to twenty miles per hour
except where the City Council determines a different speed limit is
appropriate and an official sign indicates that a different speed
limit is in effect.

JUSTIFICATION:

In New York City in 2013, nearly as many people died in traffic
accidents as were murdered. The speed at which a motorist is driving
correlates strongly with the likelihood that an accident with a
pedestrian will be fatal. In fact, at speeds of twenty miles per hour,
the likelihood that a pedestrian hit by a motorist will die is only
five percent, but at just thirty miles per hour that likelihood jumps
to forty five percent. Thus, by reducing the speed limit by ten miles
per hour, and by empowering the City Council to make additional speed
limit changes as it deems appropriate, this bill would have a
significant effect on pedestrian safety.

Early numbers from this year suggest that there is a critical need for
this legislation. In the first two weeks of 2014 there have been seven
pedestrian fatalities in NYC from traffic accidents involving motor
vehicles. On one day alone, on Manhattan's Upper West Side, there were
two such fatalities - one child and one senior citizen, both crossing
streets in crosswalks. This bill, by reducing the speed Limit on city
streets, will protect all of New York City's pedestrians.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

Minimal.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 6496--A

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 29, 2014
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens. DILAN, DIAZ, HOYLMAN, MONTGOMERY -- read twice and
  ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee  on
  Cities  --  committee  discharged,  bill amended, ordered reprinted as
  amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the administrative  code
  of  the  city  of New York, in relation to reducing the speed limit in
  the city of New York to twenty miles per hour

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Paragraph  26  of  subdivision (a) of section 1642 of the
vehicle and traffic law is renumbered paragraph 27 and a  new  paragraph
26 is added to read as follows:
  26.  WITH  RESPECT  TO  HIGHWAYS  (WHICH TERM FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS
PARAGRAPH SHALL INCLUDE PRIVATE ROADS OPEN TO PUBLIC MOTOR VEHICLE TRAF-
FIC) IN SUCH CITY, OTHER THAN STATE HIGHWAYS MAINTAINED BY THE STATE  ON
WHICH  THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SHALL HAVE ESTABLISHED HIGHER OR
LOWER SPEED LIMITS THAN THE STATUTORY FIFTY-FIVE MILES  PER  HOUR  SPEED
LIMIT AS PROVIDED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY OF THIS TITLE, OR ON
WHICH  THE  DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SHALL HAVE DESIGNATED THAT SUCH
CITY SHALL NOT ESTABLISH ANY MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT AS PROVIDED IN  SECTION
SIXTEEN  HUNDRED  TWENTY-FOUR  OF THIS TITLE, SUBJECT TO THE LIMITATIONS
IMPOSED BY SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-FOUR OF THIS TITLE,  ESTABLISH
MAXIMUM  SPEED  LIMITS AT WHICH VEHICLES MAY PROCEED WITHIN SUCH CITY OR
WITHIN DESIGNATED AREAS OF SUCH CITY HIGHER OR LOWER THAN THE FIFTY-FIVE
MILES PER HOUR MAXIMUM STATUTORY LIMIT. NO SUCH SPEED  LIMIT  APPLICABLE
THROUGHOUT  SUCH  CITY  OR WITHIN DESIGNATED AREAS OF SUCH CITY SHALL BE
ESTABLISHED AT LESS THAN TWENTY MILES PER HOUR.
  S 2. Paragraph 27 of subdivision (a) of section 1642  of  the  vehicle
and  traffic  law,  as  added  by chapter 499 of the laws of 1999 and as
renumbered by section one of this act, is amended to read as follows:
  27. (a) Establishment of  maximum  speed  limits  below  [twenty-five]
TWENTY  miles  per  hour at which motor vehicles may proceed on or along
designated highways within such city for the explicit purpose of  imple-
menting  traffic  calming  measures  as  such  term  is  defined herein;

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13595-05-4

S. 6496--A                          2

provided, however, that no speed limit shall be set below fifteen  miles
per  hour  nor  shall  such speed limit be established where the traffic
calming measure to be implemented consists solely of a  traffic  control
sign.    Establishment of such a speed limit shall, where applicable, be
in compliance with the provisions of sections  sixteen  hundred  twenty-
four  and sixteen hundred eighty-four of this chapter. Nothing contained
herein shall be deemed to alter or affect the  establishment  of  school
speed  limits  pursuant  to  the  provisions  of section sixteen hundred
forty-three of this article. For the purposes of this paragraph,  "traf-
fic  calming  measures"  shall  mean any physical engineering measure or
measures that reduce the negative effects of motor  vehicle  use,  alter
driver  behavior  and  improve conditions for non-motorized street users
such as pedestrians and bicyclists.
  (b) Any city establishing maximum  speed  limits  below  [twenty-five]
TWENTY  miles per hour pursuant to clause (i) of this subparagraph shall
submit a report to the governor, the temporary president of  the  senate
and  the  speaker of the assembly on or before March first, two thousand
[two] FIFTEEN AND BIANNUALLY THEREAFTER on the results of using  traffic
calming  measures and speed limits lower than [twenty-five] TWENTY miles
per hour as authorized by this paragraph. Such report shall include, but
not be limited to the following:
  (i) a description of the designated  highways  where  traffic  calming
measures and a lower speed limit were established and
  (ii)  a  description of the specific traffic calming measures used and
the maximum speed limit established.
  S 3. Subdivision a of section 19-177 of the administrative code of the
city of New York, as added by local law number 6 of the city of New York
for the year 1996, is amended to read as follows:
  a. The official speed limit for a vehicle in  the  city  of  New  York
shall  be [thirty] TWENTY miles per hour [except where] UNLESS SUCH CITY
BY LAW DETERMINES A DIFFERENT OFFICIAL SPEED LIMIT IS APPROPRIATE OR  an
official sign indicates that a different speed limit is in effect.
  S  4.  This  act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall
have become a law.

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