senate Bill S725A

Increases the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 11 / Jan / 2013
    • TO ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR OPINION
  • 06 / Feb / 2013
    • OPINION REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 13 / Jan / 2014
    • TO ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR OPINION
  • 19 / Feb / 2014
    • OPINION REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 21 / Feb / 2014
    • OPINION REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 11 / Mar / 2014
    • COMMITTEE DISCHARGED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
  • 11 / Mar / 2014
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.276
  • 02 / Jun / 2014
    • AMENDED ON THIRD READING 725A
  • 11 / Jun / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 11 / Jun / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 11 / Jun / 2014
    • REFERRED TO GOVERNMENTAL OPERATIONS

Summary

Increases the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years; provided that in all legislative terms that commence immediately following a decennial census year, the terms shall be two years.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S725
S725A
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Constitution, Concurrent Resolutions to Amend
Laws Affected:
Amd Art 3 ยง2, Constn
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Cycle:
S3299

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S725A

TITLE OF BILL: CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY
proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the constitution,
in relation to increasing the terms of office of members of the
legislature to four years

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

To create a legislative term of 4 years, provided that in all
legislative terms that commence immediately following a decennial
census year, the term shall be two years.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 amends section 2 of article 3 of the constitution to
increase the current legislative term from 2 years to four years
commencing in 2016.

JUSTIFICATION:

The purpose of this bill is to lessen the difficulties placed on the
legislative process by the electoral pressures exerted by the existing
two-year legislative terms. The current two-year terms were introduced
at a time when people interested in serving in the legislature were
not required to marshal anywhere near the amount of resources required
today to run for a legislative office. They were also instituted when
the role of government in society was not nearly as extensive as it is
today.

By instituting four-year terms, this bill would create the space
wherein the inherent tension created by needing to balance legislative
imperatives with electoral imperatives would lessen significantly. It
would thereby allow the legislature to deal with each issue before it
in a more deliberate and measured manner.

In addition, such a change will save the tax payers significant sums
as a result of not having to fund an election every two years for the
state legislature.

It should be noted that provisions have been made in the legislation
to deal with the issue of decennial redistricting which follows the
decennial census. The legislation specifically provides for a
four-year legislative term, except that in all legislative terms that
commence immediately following a decennial census year the term will
be shortened to two years. This provision addresses those situations
where an elected official's term could be interrupted with district
changes in the midst of a term as a result of redistricting.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None


EFFECTIVE DATE:

These amendments shall apply only to terms of office commencing after
such amendments shall have been adopted pursuant to section 1 of
article 19 of the constitution. Such amendments will be referred to
the first regular legislative session convening after the next
succeeding general election of the members of the assembly, and, in
conformity with section 1 of article 19 of the constitution, be
published for three months previous to the time of such election.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 725--A
    Cal. No. 276

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens. AVELLA, KRUEGER -- read twice and ordered printed,
  and when printed to be committed to  the  Committee  on  Judiciary  --
  recommitted  to  the  Committee on Judiciary in accordance with Senate
  Rule 6, sec. 8 -- committee discharged and said bill committed to  the
  Committee  on Rules -- ordered to a third reading, amended and ordered
  reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading

            CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY

proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the constitution, in
  relation to increasing the terms of office of members of the  legisla-
  ture to four years

  Section  1. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That section 2 of arti-
cle 3 of the constitution be amended to read as follows:
  S 2. The senate shall consist of fifty members, except as  hereinafter
provided.  The  senators [elected in the year one thousand eight hundred
and ninety-five shall hold their offices  for  three  years,  and  their
successors]  shall be [chosen] ELECTED for TERMS OF two years; PROVIDED,
THAT SENATORS ELECTED IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND SIXTEEN AND IN SUBSEQUENT
YEARS THEREAFTER SHALL HOLD THEIR  OFFICES  FOR  FOUR  YEARS;  PROVIDED,
FURTHER, THAT IN ALL LEGISLATIVE TERMS THAT COMMENCE IMMEDIATELY FOLLOW-
ING  A  DECENNIAL CENSUS YEAR, THE TERM SHALL BE TWO YEARS. The assembly
shall consist of one hundred and fifty  members.  The  assembly  members
[elected  in  the  year  one thousand nine hundred and thirty-eight, and
their successors,] shall be [chosen] ELECTED for  TERMS  OF  two  years;
PROVIDED, THAT ASSEMBLY MEMBERS ELECTED IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND SIXTEEN
AND  IN  SUBSEQUENT  YEARS  THEREAFTER SHALL HOLD THEIR OFFICES FOR FOUR
YEARS; PROVIDED, FURTHER, THAT IN ALL LEGISLATIVE  TERMS  THAT  COMMENCE
IMMEDIATELY  FOLLOWING  A  DECENNIAL  CENSUS YEAR, THE TERM SHALL BE TWO
YEARS.
  S 2. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That  the  provisions  of  the
foregoing  amendments  shall  apply  only  to terms of office commencing

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD89042-02-4

S. 725--A                           2

after such amendments shall have been adopted pursuant to section  1  of
article 19 of the constitution.
  S  3. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That the foregoing amendments
be referred to the first regular legislative session convening after the
next succeeding general election of the members of the assembly, and, in
conformity with  section  1  of  article  19  of  the  constitution,  be
published for three months previous to the time of such election.

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