senate Bill S844

Amended

Requires mandatory jail time for repeat violators of orders of protection

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • COMMITTEE DISCHARGED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.1524
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 21 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
  • 27 / Jan / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
  • 27 / Jan / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 844A
  • 26 / Feb / 2014
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
  • 26 / Feb / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO FINANCE
  • 26 / Feb / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 844B
  • 13 / May / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.708
  • 14 / May / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 19 / May / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • REFERRED TO JUDICIARY

Summary

Requires mandatory jail time of no less than thirty days for repeat violators of orders of protection.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S844
S844A
S844B
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Judiciary
Law Section:
Domestic Relations Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§240 & 252, Dom Rel L; amd §846-a, Fam Ct Act; amd §§530.12 & 530.13, CP L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S2441
2009-2010: S2580

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S844

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the domestic relations law, the family court act and the
criminal procedure law, in relation to requiring mandatory prison
sentences for repeat violators of orders of protection

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
To require mandatory prison sentences for individuals who continue to
violate orders of protection.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Sections 1 and 2 amend the Domestic Relations Law to require no less
than thirty days imprisonment for an individual who violates an
order of protection on more than one occasion.

Sections 3 through 5 amend the Family Court Act and the Criminal
Procedure Law to make conforming changes.

Section 6 This act shall take effect on November 1 succeeding the date
on which it shall have become law.

JUSTIFICATION:
Domestic violence is an insidious social ill that affects far too many
families in our state. Many victims turn to our court system for
relief and seek orders of protection to stop the violence. Orders of
protection, however, often provide a false sense of security because
abusers who violate them do not face mandatory jail time. In fact,
many abusers do not take orders of protection seriously and violate
them repeatedly, such as the recently-publicized case about a former
Troy police officer who was arrested six times for violating an order
of protection.

An order of protection may cause the victim to let down her guard,
putting her at greater risk and too often resulting in tragedy. In
some cases the orders exacerbate the violence by goading the
perpetrator into retaliating against the victim There are many highly
publicized cases of domestic violence victims being maimed or killed
by abusers who flagrantly violated orders of protection, Often t,he
abuser had a long history of violating such orders.

Violators must be held accountable. Mandatory jail times sends a
strong message that orders of protection must be obeyed and that
violations will not be tolerated in our state. This legislation will
empower domestic violence victims and their families and give them
greater peace of mind.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2011-12: S.2441/A.6188 - Died in Children & Families
A.6084/S.2580 - 2009/2010 - Referred to Children & Families
A.5314/S.2947 2007/2008 - Held in Judiciary
A.6407/S.3673 - 2005/2006 - Held in Judiciary
A.3518/S.1593 - 2003/2004 - Held in Judiciary
A.7771-A/S.5163-A - 2001/2002 - Held in Judiciary


FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
Local governments may experience some increased costs associated with
additional jail time for violators at an average statewide cost of
$100 a day.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
The first day of November next succeeding the date on which it shall
have become a law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   844

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  PARKER -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Children and Families

AN ACT to amend the domestic relations law, the family court act and the
  criminal procedure law, in  relation  to  requiring  mandatory  prison
  sentences for repeat violators of orders of protection

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The closing paragraph of subdivision 3 of  section  240  of
the domestic relations law, as added by chapter 606 of the laws of 1999,
is amended to read as follows:
  Upon  issuance  of  an  order  of  protection  or  temporary  order of
protection or upon a violation of such order,  the  court  may  make  an
order in accordance with section eight hundred forty-two-a of the family
court  act directing the surrender of firearms, revoking or suspending a
party's firearms license, and/or directing that such party be ineligible
to receive a firearms license. Upon issuance of an order  of  protection
pursuant  to  this section or upon a finding of a violation thereof, the
court also may direct payment of restitution in an amount not to  exceed
ten thousand dollars in accordance with subdivision (e) of section eight
hundred  forty-one of such act; provided, however, that in no case shall
an order of restitution be issued where the court  determines  that  the
party against whom the order would be issued has already compensated the
injured  party  or  where  such  compensation is incorporated in a final
judgment or settlement of the action.  IF THE PERSON  SO  VIOLATING  THE
ORDER  HAS BEEN FOUND TO HAVE VIOLATED SUCH ORDER ON MORE THAN ONE OCCA-
SION, AND THIS VIOLATION CONSISTED OF COMMITTING  A  FAMILY  OFFENSE  AS
DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHT HUNDRED TWELVE OF THE FAMILY
COURT ACT OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 530.12 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
LAW,  THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF NO

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02881-01-3

S. 844                              2

LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS, WHICH MAY BE SERVED UPON CERTAIN  SPECIFIED  DAYS
OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S  2.  Subdivision  9 of section 252 of the domestic relations law, as
added by chapter 606   of the laws  of  1999,  is  amended  to  read  as
follows:
  9.  Upon  issuance  of  an  order  of protection or temporary order of
protection or upon a violation of such order, the court may [take]  MAKE
an  order  in  accordance  with section eight hundred forty-two-a of the
family court act  directing  the  surrender  of  firearms,  revoking  or
suspending  a party's firearms license, and/or directing that such party
be ineligible to receive a firearms license. Upon issuance of  an  order
of  protection pursuant to this section or upon a finding of a violation
thereof, the court also may direct payment of restitution in  an  amount
not to exceed ten thousand dollars in accordance with subdivision (e) of
section  eight hundred forty-one of such act; provided, however, that in
no case shall an order of restitution be issued where the  court  deter-
mines  that the party against whom the order would be issued has already
compensated the injured party or where such compensation is incorporated
in a final [judgement] JUDGMENT or settlement of the  action.    IF  THE
PERSON SO VIOLATING THE ORDER HAS BEEN FOUND TO HAVE VIOLATED SUCH ORDER
ON  MORE THAN ONE OCCASION, AND THIS VIOLATION CONSISTED OF COMMITTING A
FAMILY OFFENSE AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF  SECTION  EIGHT  HUNDRED
TWELVE  OF  THE FAMILY COURT ACT OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 530.12 OF
THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO A TERM
OF IMPRISONMENT OF NO LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS, WHICH MAY  BE  SERVED  UPON
CERTAIN SPECIFIED DAYS OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S  3. Section 846-a of the family court act, as amended by chapter 597
of the laws of 1998, is amended to read as follows:
  S 846-a. Powers on failure to obey order. If a respondent  is  brought
before  the court for failure to obey any lawful order issued under this
article or an order of protection issued by a court of competent  juris-
diction  of  another  state,  territorial  or  tribal  jurisdiction in a
proceeding and if, after hearing, the court is  satisfied  by  competent
proof  that  the respondent has willfully failed to obey any such order,
the court may modify an existing order to add reasonable  conditions  of
behavior  to  the  existing  order  of  protection,  make a new order of
protection in accordance with section eight hundred  forty-two  OF  THIS
PART, may order the forfeiture of bail in a manner consistent with arti-
cle  five  hundred  forty of the criminal procedure law if bail has been
ordered pursuant to this act,  may  order  the  respondent  to  pay  the
petitioner's  reasonable  and  necessary counsel fees in connection with
the violation petition where the court finds that the violation  of  its
order  was willful, and may commit the respondent to jail for a term not
to exceed six months.  IF THE RESPONDENT HAS  BEEN  FOUND  BY  COMPETENT
PROOF  TO HAVE WILLFULLY FAILED TO OBEY SUCH ORDER OF PROTECTION ON MORE
THAN ONE OCCASION, AND THIS WILLFUL FAILURE CONSISTED  OF  COMMITTING  A
FAMILY  OFFENSE  AS  DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHT HUNDRED
TWELVE OF THIS ARTICLE OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 530.12 OF THE CRIM-
INAL PROCEDURE LAW, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH  PERSON  TO  A  TERM  OF
IMPRISONMENT OF NOT LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS. Such commitment may be served
upon  certain  specified  days or parts of days as the court may direct,
and the court may, at any time within the term of such sentence,  revoke
such  suspension  and  commit  the  respondent  for the remainder of the
original sentence, or suspend the remainder of  such  sentence.  If  the
court  determines  that  the willful failure to obey such order involves
violent behavior constituting the crimes of menacing, reckless endanger-

S. 844                              3

ment, assault or attempted assault and if such a respondent is  licensed
to  carry,  possess,  repair and dispose of firearms pursuant to section
400.00 of the penal law, the court  may  also  immediately  revoke  such
license  and may arrange for the immediate surrender and disposal of any
firearm such respondent owns or possesses.   If the willful  failure  to
obey  such  order  involves the infliction of serious physical injury as
defined in subdivision ten of section 10.00 of the penal law or the  use
or  threatened  use of a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument, as those
terms are defined in subdivisions twelve and thirteen of  section  10.00
of  the  penal law, such revocation and immediate surrender and disposal
of any firearm owned or possessed  by  respondent  shall  be  mandatory,
pursuant to subdivision eleven of section 400.00 of the penal law.
  S  4.  Subdivision 11 of section 530.12 of the criminal procedure law,
as amended by chapter 498 of the laws of 1993, the opening paragraph  as
amended  by chapter 597 of the laws of 1998, paragraph (a) as amended by
chapter 222 of the laws of 1994 and paragraph (d) as amended by  chapter
644 of the laws of 1996, is amended to read as follows:
  11.    If  a defendant is brought before the court for failure to obey
any lawful order issued under this section, or an  order  of  protection
issued  by  a court of competent jurisdiction in another state, territo-
rial or tribal jurisdiction, and if, after hearing, the court is  satis-
fied  by competent proof that the defendant has willfully failed to obey
any such order, (A) the court may:
  [(a)] (I) revoke an order of recognizance or revoke an order  of  bail
or order forfeiture of such bail and commit the defendant to custody; or
  [(b)]  (II)  restore  the  case to the calendar when there has been an
adjournment in contemplation of dismissal and commit  the  defendant  to
custody; or
  [(c)]  (III) revoke a conditional discharge in accordance with section
410.70 of this chapter and impose  probation  supervision  or  impose  a
sentence  of  imprisonment in accordance with the penal law based on the
original conviction; or
  [(d)] (IV) revoke probation in accordance with section 410.70 of  this
chapter  and  impose  a  sentence of imprisonment in accordance with the
penal law based on the original conviction.  In  addition,  if  the  act
which  constitutes the violation of the order of protection or temporary
order of protection is a crime or  a  violation  the  defendant  may  be
charged with and tried for that crime or violation; AND
  (B) IF THE COURT FINDS THAT THE DEFENDANT HAS WILLFULLY FAILED TO OBEY
SUCH  ORDER  OF  PROTECTION  ON  MORE THAN ONE OCCASION AND THIS WILLFUL
FAILURE CONSISTED OF COMMITTING A FAMILY OFFENSE AS DEFINED IN  SUBDIVI-
SION  ONE  OF  THIS  SECTION OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHT HUNDRED
TWELVE OF THE FAMILY COURT ACT, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO  A
TERM  OF  IMPRISONMENT OF NOT LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS, WHICH MAY BE SERVED
UPON CERTAIN SPECIFIED DAYS OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S 5. Subdivision 8 of section 530.13 of the criminal procedure law, as
added by chapter 388 of the laws of 1984, is amended to read as follows:
  8. If a defendant is brought before the court for failure to obey  any
lawful  order issued under this section and if, after hearing, the court
is satisfied by competent proof that the defendant has willfully  failed
to obey any such order, (A) the court may:
  [(a)]  (I)  revoke  an  order  of  recognizance or bail and commit the
defendant to custody; or
  [(b)] (II) restore the case to the calendar when  there  has  been  an
adjournment  in  contemplation  of dismissal and commit the defendant to

S. 844                              4

custody or impose or increase bail pending a trial of the original crime
or violation; or
  [(c)]  (III) revoke a conditional discharge in accordance with section
410.70 of this chapter and impose  probation  supervision  or  impose  a
sentence  of  imprisonment in accordance with the penal law based on the
original conviction; or
  [(d)] (IV) revoke probation in accordance with section 410.70 of  this
chapter  and  impose  a  sentence of imprisonment in accordance with the
penal law based on the original conviction.  In  addition,  if  the  act
which  constitutes the violation of the order of protection or temporary
order of protection is a crime or  a  violation  the  defendant  may  be
charged with and tried for that crime or violation; AND
  (B) IF THE COURT FINDS THAT THE DEFENDANT HAS WILLFULLY FAILED TO OBEY
SUCH  ORDER  OF  PROTECTION  ON  MORE THAN ONE OCCASION AND THIS WILLFUL
FAILURE CONSISTED OF COMMITTING A FAMILY OFFENSE AS DEFINED IN  SUBDIVI-
SION ONE OF SECTION 530.12 OF THIS ARTICLE OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION
EIGHT  HUNDRED  TWELVE  OF  THE FAMILY COURT ACT, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT
SUCH PERSON TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF  NOT  LESS  THAN  THIRTY  DAYS,
WHICH  MAY BE SERVED UPON CERTAIN SPECIFIED DAYS OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE
COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S 6. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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