senate Bill S844B

Requires mandatory jail time for repeat violators of orders of protection

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • COMMITTEE DISCHARGED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.1524
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 20 / Jun / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 21 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
  • 27 / Jan / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
  • 27 / Jan / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 844A
  • 26 / Feb / 2014
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
  • 26 / Feb / 2014
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO FINANCE
  • 26 / Feb / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 844B
  • 13 / May / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.708
  • 14 / May / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 19 / May / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • REFERRED TO JUDICIARY

Summary

Requires mandatory jail time of no less than thirty days for repeat violators of orders of protection.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S844
S844A
S844B
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Judiciary
Law Section:
Domestic Relations Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §§240 & 252, Dom Rel L; amd §846-a, Fam Ct Act; amd §§530.12 & 530.13, CP L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S2441
2009-2010: S2580

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S844B

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the domestic relations law, the family
court act and the criminal procedure law, in relation to requiring
mandatory prison sentences for repeat violators of orders of
protection

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

To require mandatory prison sentences for individuals who continue to
violate orders of protection.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Sections 1 and 2 amend the Domestic Relations Law to require no less
than thirty days imprisonment for an individual who violates an order
of Protection on more than one occasion.

Sections 3 through 5 amend the Family Court Act and the Criminal
Procedure Law to make conforming changes.

Section 6 This act shall take effect on November 1 succeeding the date
on which it shall have become law.

JUSTIFICATION:

Domestic violence is an insidious social ill that affects far too many
families in our state. any victims turn to our court system for relief
and seek orders of protection to stop the violence. Orders of
protection, however, often provide a false sense of security because
abusers who violate them do not face mandatory jail time. In fact,
many abusers do not take orders of protection seriously and violate
them repeatedly, such as the recently-publicized case about a former
Troy police officer who was arrested six times for violating an order
of protection.

An order of protection may cause the victim to let down her guard,
putting her at greater risk and too often resulting in tragedy. In
some cases the orders exacerbate the violence by goading the
perpetrator into retaliating against the victim There are many highly
publicized cases of domestic violence victims being maimed or killed
by abusers who flagrantly violated orders of protection, Often the
abuser had a long history of violating such orders.

Violators must be held accountable. Mandatory jail times sends a
strong message that orders of protection must be obeyed and that
violations will not be tolerated in our state. This legislation will
empower domestic violence victims and their families and give them
greater peace of mind.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

2011-12: S.2441/A.6188 - Died in Children & Families
A.6084/S.2580 - 2009/2010 - Referred to Children & Families
A.5314/S.2947 - 2007/2007 - Held in Judiciary
A.6407/S.3673 - 2005/2006 - Held in Judiciary
A.3518/S.1593 - 2003/2004 - Held in Judiciary


A.7771-A/S.5163-A - 2001/2002 - Held in Judiciary

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

Local governments may experience some increased costs associated with
additional jail time for violators at an average statewide cost of
$100 a day.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

The first day of November next succeeding the date on which it shall
have become a law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 844--B

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens. PARKER, TKACZYK -- read twice and ordered printed,
  and when printed to be committed to  the  Committee  on  Children  and
  Families  --  recommitted to the Committee on Children and Families in
  accordance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 --  committee  discharged,  bill
  amended,  ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit-
  tee -- reported favorably from said committee  and  committed  to  the
  Committee  on  Finance  -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered
  reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the domestic relations law, the family court act and the
  criminal procedure law, in  relation  to  requiring  mandatory  prison
  sentences for repeat violators of orders of protection

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Paragraph h of subdivision 3 of section 240 of the domestic
relations law, as amended by chapter 1 of the laws of 2013,  is  amended
to read as follows:
  h.  Upon  issuance  of  an  order  of protection or temporary order of
protection or upon a violation of such order, the  court  shall  make  a
determination  regarding  the  suspension and revocation of a license to
carry, possess, repair or dispose of a firearm or firearms,  ineligibil-
ity  for such a license and the surrender of firearms in accordance with
sections eight hundred forty-two-a and eight hundred forty-six-a of  the
family court act, as applicable. Upon issuance of an order of protection
pursuant  to  this section or upon a finding of a violation thereof, the
court also may direct payment of restitution in an amount not to  exceed
ten thousand dollars in accordance with subdivision (e) of section eight
hundred  forty-one of such act; provided, however, that in no case shall
an order of restitution be issued where the court  determines  that  the
party against whom the order would be issued has already compensated the
injured  party  or  where  such  compensation is incorporated in a final

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02881-03-4

S. 844--B                           2

judgment or settlement of the action.  IF THE PERSON  SO  VIOLATING  THE
ORDER  HAS BEEN FOUND TO HAVE VIOLATED SUCH ORDER ON MORE THAN ONE OCCA-
SION, AND THIS VIOLATION CONSISTED OF COMMITTING  A  FAMILY  OFFENSE  AS
DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHT HUNDRED TWELVE OF THE FAMILY
COURT ACT OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 530.11 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
LAW,  THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF NO
LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS, WHICH MAY BE SERVED UPON CERTAIN  SPECIFIED  DAYS
OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S  2.  Subdivision  9 of section 252 of the domestic relations law, as
amended by chapter 1   of the laws  of  2013,  is  amended  to  read  as
follows:
  9.  Upon  issuance  of  an  order  of protection or temporary order of
protection or upon a violation of such order, the  court  shall  make  a
determination  regarding  the  suspension and revocation of a license to
carry, possess, repair or dispose of a firearm or firearms,  ineligibil-
ity  for such a license and the surrender of firearms in accordance with
sections eight hundred forty-two-a and eight hundred forty-six-a of  the
family court act, as applicable. Upon issuance of an order of protection
pursuant  to  this section or upon a finding of a violation thereof, the
court also may direct payment of restitution in an amount not to  exceed
ten thousand dollars in accordance with subdivision (e) of section eight
hundred  forty-one of such act; provided, however, that in no case shall
an order of restitution be issued where the court  determines  that  the
party against whom the order would be issued has already compensated the
injured  party  or  where  such  compensation is incorporated in a final
judgment or settlement of the action.  IF THE PERSON  SO  VIOLATING  THE
ORDER  HAS BEEN FOUND TO HAVE VIOLATED SUCH ORDER ON MORE THAN ONE OCCA-
SION, AND THIS VIOLATION CONSISTED OF COMMITTING  A  FAMILY  OFFENSE  AS
DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHT HUNDRED TWELVE OF THE FAMILY
COURT ACT OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 530.11 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
LAW,  THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF NO
LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS, WHICH MAY BE SERVED UPON CERTAIN  SPECIFIED  DAYS
OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S 3. Section 846-a of the family court act, as amended by chapter 1 of
the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows:
  S  846-a.  Powers on failure to obey order. If a respondent is brought
before the court for failure to obey any lawful order issued under  this
article  or  an  order  of  protection  or temporary order of protection
issued pursuant to this act or issued by a court of competent  jurisdic-
tion  of another state, territorial or tribal jurisdiction and if, after
hearing, the court is satisfied by competent proof that  the  respondent
has  willfully  failed  to  obey any such order, the court may modify an
existing order or temporary order of protection to add reasonable condi-
tions of behavior to the existing order, make a new order of  protection
in  accordance  with  section  eight hundred forty-two of this part, may
order the forfeiture of bail in a manner consistent  with  article  five
hundred  forty  of  the  criminal procedure law if bail has been ordered
pursuant to this act, may order the respondent to pay  the  petitioner's
reasonable  and  necessary counsel fees in connection with the violation
petition where the court finds that the violation of its order was will-
ful, and may commit the respondent to jail for a term not to exceed  six
months.    IF  THE  RESPONDENT HAS BEEN FOUND BY COMPETENT PROOF TO HAVE
WILLFULLY FAILED TO OBEY SUCH ORDER OF PROTECTION ON MORE THAN ONE OCCA-
SION, AND THIS WILLFUL FAILURE CONSISTED OF COMMITTING A FAMILY  OFFENSE
AS  DEFINED  IN  SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION EIGHT HUNDRED TWELVE OF THIS
ARTICLE OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 530.11 OF THE  CRIMINAL  PROCEDURE

S. 844--B                           3

LAW, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF NOT
LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS. Such commitment may be served upon certain speci-
fied  days  or parts of days as the court may direct, and the court may,
at any time within the term of such sentence, revoke such suspension and
commit  the  respondent  for  the remainder of the original sentence, or
suspend the remainder of such sentence. If the court determines that the
willful failure to obey such order involves violent behavior  constitut-
ing  the crimes of menacing, reckless endangerment, assault or attempted
assault and if such a respondent is licensed to carry,  possess,  repair
and dispose of firearms pursuant to section 400.00 of the penal law, the
court  may  also immediately revoke such license and may arrange for the
immediate surrender pursuant to subparagraph (f)  of  paragraph  one  of
subdivision a of section 265.20 and subdivision six of section 400.05 of
the  penal  law,  and  disposal  of  any firearm such respondent owns or
possesses. If the willful  failure  to  obey  such  order  involves  the
infliction  of physical injury as defined in subdivision nine of section
10.00 of the penal law or the use or threatened use of a  deadly  weapon
or  dangerous  instrument,  as  those  terms are defined in subdivisions
twelve and thirteen of section 10.00 of the penal law,  such  revocation
and immediate surrender pursuant to subparagraph (f) of paragraph one of
subdivision a of section 265.20 and subdivision six of section 400.05 of
the  penal  law  [six] and disposal of any firearm owned or possessed by
respondent shall be mandatory, pursuant to subdivision eleven of section
400.00 of the penal law.
  S 4. Subdivision 11 of section 530.12 of the criminal  procedure  law,
as  amended by chapter 498 of the laws of 1993, the opening paragraph as
amended by chapter 597 of the laws of 1998, paragraph (a) as amended  by
chapter  222 of the laws of 1994 and paragraph (d) as amended by chapter
644 of the laws of 1996, is amended to read as follows:
  11.  If a defendant is brought before the court for  failure  to  obey
any  lawful  order  issued under this section, or an order of protection
issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in another  state,  territo-
rial  or tribal jurisdiction, and if, after hearing, the court is satis-
fied by competent proof that the defendant has willfully failed to  obey
any such order, (A) the court may:
  [(a)]  (I)  revoke an order of recognizance or revoke an order of bail
or order forfeiture of such bail and commit the defendant to custody; or
  [(b)] (II) restore the case to the calendar when  there  has  been  an
adjournment  in  contemplation  of dismissal and commit the defendant to
custody; or
  [(c)] (III) revoke a conditional discharge in accordance with  section
410.70  of  this  chapter  and  impose probation supervision or impose a
sentence of imprisonment in accordance with the penal law based  on  the
original conviction; or
  [(d)]  (IV) revoke probation in accordance with section 410.70 of this
chapter and impose a sentence of imprisonment  in  accordance  with  the
penal  law  based  on  the  original conviction. In addition, if the act
which constitutes the violation of the order of protection or  temporary
order  of  protection  is  a  crime  or a violation the defendant may be
charged with and tried for that crime or violation; AND
  (B) IF THE COURT FINDS THAT THE DEFENDANT HAS WILLFULLY FAILED TO OBEY
SUCH ORDER OF PROTECTION ON MORE THAN  ONE  OCCASION  AND  THIS  WILLFUL
FAILURE  CONSISTED OF COMMITTING A FAMILY OFFENSE AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVI-
SION ONE OF THIS SECTION OR SUBDIVISION ONE  OF  SECTION  EIGHT  HUNDRED
TWELVE  OF THE FAMILY COURT ACT, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT SUCH PERSON TO A

S. 844--B                           4

TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF NOT LESS THAN THIRTY DAYS, WHICH MAY  BE  SERVED
UPON CERTAIN SPECIFIED DAYS OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S 5. Subdivision 8 of section 530.13 of the criminal procedure law, as
added by chapter 388 of the laws of 1984, is amended to read as follows:
  8.  If a defendant is brought before the court for failure to obey any
lawful order issued under this section and if, after hearing, the  court
is  satisfied by competent proof that the defendant has willfully failed
to obey any such order, (A) the court may:
  [(a)] (I) revoke an order of  recognizance  or  bail  and  commit  the
defendant to custody; or
  [(b)]  (II)  restore  the  case to the calendar when there has been an
adjournment in contemplation of dismissal and commit  the  defendant  to
custody or impose or increase bail pending a trial of the original crime
or violation; or
  [(c)]  (III) revoke a conditional discharge in accordance with section
410.70 of this chapter and impose  probation  supervision  or  impose  a
sentence  of  imprisonment in accordance with the penal law based on the
original conviction; or
  [(d)] (IV) revoke probation in accordance with section 410.70 of  this
chapter  and  impose  a  sentence of imprisonment in accordance with the
penal law based on the original conviction.  In  addition,  if  the  act
which  constitutes the violation of the order of protection or temporary
order of protection is a crime or  a  violation  the  defendant  may  be
charged with and tried for that crime or violation; AND
  (B) IF THE COURT FINDS THAT THE DEFENDANT HAS WILLFULLY FAILED TO OBEY
SUCH  ORDER  OF  PROTECTION  ON  MORE THAN ONE OCCASION AND THIS WILLFUL
FAILURE CONSISTED OF COMMITTING A FAMILY OFFENSE AS DEFINED IN  SUBDIVI-
SION ONE OF SECTION 530.11 OF THIS ARTICLE OR SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION
EIGHT  HUNDRED  TWELVE  OF  THE FAMILY COURT ACT, THE COURT SHALL COMMIT
SUCH PERSON TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF  NOT  LESS  THAN  THIRTY  DAYS,
WHICH  MAY BE SERVED UPON CERTAIN SPECIFIED DAYS OR PARTS OF DAYS AS THE
COURT MAY DIRECT.
  S 6. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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