Information on Avoiding Summer Time Health Problems
West Nile Virus (WNV) & Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) information provided by the New York State Health Department:. Mosquitoes usually are considered a nuisance pest, but occasionally they can transmit viruses to people and some animals. These viruses can cause illness and even death. While your chances of being infected with a disease through a mosquito bite are very rare, there are simple
of mosquito-borne disease may develop fever, headache, body aches and occasionally a skin rash or swollen glands (lymph nodes).
fever, neck stiffness, muscle weakness, altered mental status, tremors, convulsions, paralysis, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) or the membranes of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) or coma.
infections. Patients are treated for their symptoms and provided supportive therapy.
People with mild cases of EEE and WNV usually recover completely. In cases of severe disease, supportive therapy may include hospitalization, respiratory support, IV fluids and treatment of other infections that develop. About one third of patients who develop EEE die and many of those who survive have mild to severe brain damage
Prevention of mosquito bites is the most important way to reduce your risk of mosquito borne diseases.
• Cover your skin as completely as possible when outside when mosquitoes are present and active. Wear long sleeves, pants and socks.
• Use insect repellent on exposed skin and follow label directions.
• Make sure there are screens in your home's windows and doors. Make sure the screens are free of rips, tears and holes.
• Eliminate all standing water around your home and property where mosquitoes can breed.
These ticks are found throughout New York State, inhabiting woods, brush and fields.
• Staying to the center of trails and paths and not brushing against vegetation if you can help it.
• Wearing long pants and long sleeved shirts. Also, tucking the legs of your pants into socks or boots. All this helps prevent ticks from reaching your skin.
• Wearing light colored or tightly woven clothing so it’s easier to see ticks.
• Using an insect repellent, but sparingly and with caution, especially regarding repellents containing DEET. Follow all label instructions carefully.
• Checking yourself, your children and your pets frequently, as the tick’s bite isn’t painful and the tick in most cases dorps off before anyone notices its presence.
People are at a low risk of a tick bite from November to March; a moderate risk during