Senator Patrick M. Gallivan (R-C-I, Elma) joined Senator Patty Ritchie, (R-C, Heuvelton) Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee, and members of the Senate Republican Conference to unveil their 2016 “Planting Seeds” legislative plan to support New York’s family farmers and boost the agriculture economy. Planting Seeds recognizes the economic impact of the 100,000 people who currently make up New York’s agricultural workforce and includes proposals to help ensure that the state’s leading industry continues to grow.
“Agriculture is a $5-billion industry in New York and the Senate is committed to supporting hard working farmers across the state,” Gallivan said. “These initiatives will benefit new and existing family farms, protect thousands of agriculture-related jobs, secure a safe and healthy food supply and further grow this vital sector of our economy.”
“New York farms—and New York farmers—are the backbone of our rural communities and economies,” Ritchie said. “We’re planting seeds to support the hard work of our farm families and grow the future of agriculture in New York State.”
The Senate’s new Planting Seeds initiatives would: provide research, education, and marketing assistance; create new tax and regulatory relief; advance initiatives to expand markets, promote quality, and increase food safety; and create job opportunities for veterans and others interested in farming. Planting Seeds’ initiatives include:
Restoring Funding Cuts
• Since 2011, Senate Republicans have succeeded in restoring more than $32 million in budget cuts for agriculture funding. The 2016-17 Executive Budget proposes to cut funding for 42 different programs in the largest single-year reduction in agriculture funding in five years. Senate Republicans will prioritize full restoration of these cuts, and work to achieve record levels of funding to support family farmers.
Strengthening Farmers’ Bottom Lines
• Estate Tax Reform – speed up the full phase-in of the estate tax reform enacted in 2014 as part of the Senate’s Young Farmers initiative to allow farmers to claim the federal exclusion amount; and
• Farmer Personal Income Tax (PIT) Exemption – reduce taxes on family farmers by raising the PIT exemption for small and mid-sized family farms from the current 5 percent to 20 percent, and making even more farmers eligible for the exemption.
• Restore cuts to Cornell University’s important agriculture-related research and study programs to keep it as the nation’s premier center for agricultural learning and research; and
• Increase state funding for Cornell’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences to meet the growing demand from students for agriculture and veterinary instruction programs. Increasing support for these education programs will help hold the line on rising college costs and student debt.
“I am so pleased to learn of the Senator Majority’s initiative to help grow the agricultural community in New York,” said Julie Suarez, Assistant Dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University. “We are poised for incredible growth in farming and food production if we can simply take advantage of the sometimes insurmountable opportunities that exist today. By providing support for the critical partnership between New York State and the Land Grant mission at Cornell's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, the Senate is showing incredible leadership for the research based knowledge that gives New York’s farm families an economic advantage in today’s marketplace.”
Protecting Food and Human Health
• The Senate supports programs that aim to detect and prevent the spread of diseases in plants and animals and will seek to increase funding for cutting edge research into the prevention and spread of avian disease (“bird flu”), and Salmonella Dublin, a virus that affects dairy cows and has sickened humans who drink raw milk. Additional funding would expand Cornell’s research into the recent honeybee die-off, which is critical to crop pollination, and expand programs that encourage farmers to reduce pesticide use;
• Support the replacement of aging and outdated lab facilities. State funds would help leverage additional USDA support for a new lab to continue Cornell’s cutting-edge food safety and research programs; and
• Increase funding to efforts that stop the spread of wildlife rabies from Canada and across New York State, and to provide reimbursement to local public health services for costly human post-exposure rabies preventive treatments.
• Restore budget funding for a third round of Beginning Farmer grants, created as part of the Senate’s 2014 Young Farmers initiative to encourage interest in agriculture and help protect the future of family farming. Already, nearly two dozen farms from across the state are benefitting from the first round of $15,000 -$50,000 grants to help young farmers purchase seed, equipment and supplies to. A second round of grants will be announced in the near future to help even more new businesses grow;
• Provide new funding for established farmers to help them install innovative new technology to make their farms more efficient and profitable;
• Increase funding for local cooperative extensions, which are often the first point of contact for experienced and beginning farmers in finding solutions to problems and challenges on the farm;
• Increase investment in FarmNet, which provides services and assistance to farmers, including business and farm transition planning; and
• Help dairy farmers who are dealing with price volatility by increasing funding for programs that help find ways to improve profits.
Supporting Agriculture Education
• Extend the Beginning Farmer Student Loan Forgiveness Program to include students who are pursuing degrees in agriculture education. The program was a part of the Senate’s 2014 Young Farmers initiative to provide loan forgiveness for beginning farmers to encourage more young people to consider careers in agriculture;
• Continued support for the high-school based FFA programs (formerly known as “Future Farmers of America”);
• Create a new North Country Ag Academy. Modeled on a similar program in Western New York, the Ag Academy would provide hands-on learning experiences for aspiring young farmers to learn and practice the agricultural arts, and prepare them for future careers; and
• Establish an agriculture management program at SUNY’s Canton College, which can serve as a lower-cost alternative to four-year agriculture degree programs. Originally founded as the School of Agriculture at St. Lawrence, the college eliminated most agriculture-related degrees in the 1990s. The Senate would support the provision of staff to provide courses and real work experience allowing students to study marketing, technology, and other practical skills necessary to survive and thrive in the farming industry.
Assisting Our Veterans
• New funding for an innovative proposal by Cornell’s Small Farms Program to help establish up to five veteran-owned small farms through a first-in-the-nation pilot program. Returning veterans and those seeking a career change could be encouraged to try agriculture, utilizing benefits they’ve earned under the GI Bill to gain training and expertise to begin their own successful small business. In turn, these sites would be available to train additional veteran-farmers in future years.
Planting Seeds builds upon key elements of the successful Young Farmers and Grown in New York programs that have been enacted over the last five years. In addition to reductions in broad based tax rates and a statewide property tax cap that is reining in school and municipal taxes, an initiative to limit increases in agricultural land assessments has already saved farmers more than $11 million in its very first year. Other measures have reduced the estate tax to help preserve the tradition of family farming, connected young farmers with grants to help them start a new business, and reduced educational costs for those interested in beginning a farming career.