1. The Laws of New York
  2. Court Acts
  3. New York City Civil Court
  4. Article 18: Small Claims


Section 1811 Notice of small claims judgments and indexing of unpaid claims

New York City Civil Court (CCA)

Notice of small claims judgments and indexing of unpaid claims.

  (a) Notice of judgment sent to judgment debtor shall specify that a failure to satisfy a judgment may subject the debtor to any one or combination of the following actions:

  1. garnishment of wage;

  2. garnishment of bank account;

  3. a lien on personal property;

  4. seizure and sale of real property;

  5. seizure and sale of personal property, including automobiles;

  6. suspension of motor vehicle license and registration, if claim is based on defendant's ownership or operation of a motor vehicle;

  7. revocation, suspension, or denial of renewal of any applicable business license or permit;

  8. investigation and prosecution by the attorney general for fraudulent or illegal business practices; and

  9. a penalty equal to three times the amount of the unsatisfied judgment plus attorney's fees, if there are other unpaid claims.

  (b) Notice of judgment sent to judgment creditor shall contain but not be limited to the following information:

  1. the claimant's right to payment within thirty days following the debtor's receipt of the judgment notice;

  2. the procedures for use of section eighteen hundred twelve of this article concerning the identification of assets of the judgment debtor, including the use of information subpoenas, access to consumer credit reports and the role of sheriffs and marshals, and actions to collect three times the judgment award and attorney's fees if there are two other unsatisfied claims against the debtor;

  3. the claimant's right to initiate actions to recover the unpaid judgment through the sale of the debtor's real property, or personal property;

  4. the claimant's right to initiate actions to recover the unpaid judgment through suspension of debtor's motor vehicle license and registration, if claim is based on defendant's ownership or operation of a motor vehicle;

  5. the claimant's right to notify the appropriate state or local licensing or certifying authority of an unsatisfied judgment as a basis for possible revocation, suspension, or denial of renewal of business license; and

  6. a statement that upon satisfying the judgment, the judgment debtor shall present appropriate proof thereof to the court; and

  7. the claimant's right to notify the attorney general if the debtor is a business and appears to be engaged in fraudulent or illegal business practices.

  (c) Notice of judgment sent to each party shall include the following statement: "An appeal from this judgment must be taken no later than the earliest of the following dates: (i) thirty days after receipt in court of a copy of the judgment by the appealing party, (ii) thirty days after personal delivery of a copy of the judgment by another party to the action to the appealing party (or by the appealing party to another party), or (iii) thirty-five days after the mailing of a copy of the judgment to the appealing party by the clerk of the court or by another party to the action."

  (d) All wholly or partially unsatisfied small claims court judgments shall be indexed alphabetically and chronologically under the name of the judgment debtor. Upon satisfying the judgment, the judgment debtor shall present appropriate proof to the court and the court shall indicate such in the records.