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The criminal courts; enumeration and definitions
Criminal Procedure (CPL) CHAPTER 11-A, PART 1, TITLE B, ARTICLE 10
§ 10.10 The criminal courts; enumeration and definitions.

1. The "criminal courts" of this state are comprised of the superior
courts and the local criminal courts.

2. "Superior court" means:

(a) The supreme court; or

(b) A county court.

3. "Local criminal court" means:

(a) A district court; or

(b) The New York City criminal court; or

(c) A city court; or

(d) A town court; or

(e) A village court; or

(f) A supreme court justice sitting as a local criminal court; or

(g) A county judge sitting as a local criminal court.

4. "City court" means any court for a city, other than New York City,
having trial jurisdiction of offenses of less than felony grade only
committed within such city, whether such court is entitled a city court,
a municipal court, a police court, a recorder's court or is known by any
other name or title.

5. "Town court." A "town court" is comprised of all the town justices
of a town.

6. "Village court." A "village court" is comprised of the justice of a
village, or all the justices thereof if there be more than one, or, at a
time when he or they are absent, an associate justice of a village who
is authorized to perform the functions of a village justice during his

7. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a court
specified herein which possesses civil as well as criminal jurisdiction
does not act as a criminal court when acting solely in the exercise of
its civil jurisdiction, and an order or determination made by such a
court in its civil capacity is not an order or determination of a
criminal court even though it may terminate or otherwise control or
affect a criminal action or proceeding.