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This entry was published on 2020-01-10
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SECTION 530.60
Certain modifications of a securing order
Criminal Procedure (CPL) CHAPTER 11-A, PART 3, TITLE P, ARTICLE 530
§ 530.60 Certain modifications of a securing order.

1. Whenever in the course of a criminal action or proceeding a
defendant is at liberty as a result of an order of recognizance, release
under non-monetary conditions or bail issued pursuant to this chapter,
and the court considers it necessary to review such order, whether due
to a motion by the people or otherwise, the court may, and except as
provided in subdivision two of section 510.50 of this title concerning a
failure to appear in court, by a bench warrant if necessary, require the
defendant to appear before the court. Upon such appearance, the court,
for good cause shown, may revoke the order of recognizance, release
under non-monetary conditions, or bail. If the defendant is entitled to
recognizance, release under non-monetary conditions, or bail as a matter
of right, the court must issue another such order. If the defendant is
not, the court may either issue such an order or commit the defendant to
the custody of the sheriff in accordance with this section.

Where the defendant is committed to the custody of the sheriff and is
held on a felony complaint, a new period as provided in section 180.80
of this chapter shall commence to run from the time of the defendant's
commitment under this subdivision.

2. (a) Whenever in the course of a criminal action or proceeding a
defendant charged with the commission of a felony is at liberty as a
result of an order of recognizance, release under non-monetary
conditions or bail issued pursuant to this article it shall be grounds
for revoking such order that the court finds reasonable cause to believe
the defendant committed one or more specified class A or violent felony
offenses or intimidated a victim or witness in violation of section
215.15, 215.16 or 215.17 of the penal law while at liberty.

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of this subdivision or any
other law, whenever in the course of a criminal action or proceeding a
defendant charged with the commission of an offense is at liberty as a
result of an order of recognizance, release under non-monetary
conditions or bail issued pursuant to this article it shall be grounds
for revoking such order and fixing bail in such criminal action or
proceeding when the court has found, by clear and convincing evidence,
that the defendant:

(i) persistently and willfully failed to appear after notice of
scheduled appearances in the case before the court; or

(ii) violated an order of protection in the manner prohibited by
subdivision (b), (c) or (d) of section 215.51 of the penal law while at
liberty; or

(iii) stands charged in such criminal action or proceeding with a
misdemeanor or violation and, after being so charged, intimidated a
victim or witness in violation of section 215.15, 215.16 or 215.17 of
the penal law or tampered with a witness in violation of section 215.11,
215.12 or 215.13 of the penal law, law while at liberty; or

(iv) stands charged in such action or proceeding with a felony and,
after being so charged, committed a felony while at liberty.

(c) Before revoking an order of recognizance, release under
non-monetary conditions, or bail pursuant to this subdivision, the court
must hold a hearing and shall receive any relevant, admissible evidence
not legally privileged. The defendant may cross-examine witnesses and
may present relevant, admissible evidence on his own behalf. Such
hearing may be consolidated with, and conducted at the same time as, a
felony hearing conducted pursuant to article one hundred eighty of this
chapter. A transcript of testimony taken before the grand jury upon
presentation of the subsequent offense shall be admissible as evidence
during the hearing. The district attorney may move to introduce grand
jury testimony of a witness in lieu of that witness' appearance at the
hearing.

(d) Revocation of an order of recognizance, release under non-monetary
conditions or bail and a new securing order fixing bail or commitment,
as specified in this paragraph and pursuant to this subdivision shall be
for the following periods:

(i) Under paragraph (a) of this subdivision, revocation of the order
of recognizance, release under non-monetary conditions or, as the case
may be, bail, and a new securing order fixing bail or committing the
defendant to the custody of the sheriff shall be as follows:

(A) For a period not to exceed ninety days exclusive of any periods of
adjournment requested by the defendant; or

(B) Until the charges contained within the accusatory instrument have
been reduced or dismissed such that no count remains which charges the
defendant with commission of a felony; or

(C) Until reduction or dismissal of the charges contained within the
accusatory instrument charging the subsequent offense such that no count
remains which charges the defendant with commission of a class A or
violent felony offense.

Upon expiration of any of the three periods specified within this
subparagraph, whichever is shortest, the court may grant or deny release
upon an order of bail or recognizance in accordance with the provisions
of this article. Upon conviction to an offense the provisions of article
five hundred thirty of this chapter shall apply; and

(ii) Under paragraph (b) of this subdivision, revocation of the order
of recognizance, release under non-monetary conditions or, as the case
may be, bail shall result in the issuance of a new securing order which
may, if otherwise authorized by law, permit the principal's release on
recognizance or release under non-monetary conditions, but shall also
render the defendant eligible for an order fixing bail provided,
however, that in accordance with the principles in this title the court
must select the least restrictive alternative and condition or
conditions that will reasonably assure the principal's return to court.
Nothing in this subparagraph shall be interpreted as shortening the
period of detention, or requiring or authorizing any less restrictive
form of a securing order, which may be imposed pursuant to any other
law.

(e) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) or (b) of this
subdivision a defendant, against whom a felony complaint has been filed
which charges the defendant with commission of a class A or violent
felony offense or violation of section 215.15, 215.16 or 215.17 of the
penal law committed while he was at liberty as specified therein, may be
committed to the custody of the sheriff pending a revocation hearing for
a period not to exceed seventy-two hours. An additional period not to
exceed seventy-two hours may be granted by the court upon application of
the district attorney upon a showing of good cause or where the failure
to commence the hearing was due to the defendant's request or occurred
with his consent. Such good cause must consist of some compelling fact
or circumstance which precluded conducting the hearing within the
initial prescribed period.