1. The Laws of New York
  2. Consolidated Laws
  3. Energy
  4. Article 16: Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards


Section 16-102 Definitions

Energy (ENG)

As used in this article:

  1. "Active mode" means the condition in which the input of a power supply or consumer audio and video equipment is connected to the line voltage AC and the output is connected to a DC or an AC load, fulfilling one or more of its main functions and drawing a fraction of the power supply's nameplate power output greater than zero.

  2. "Authority" means the New York state energy research and development authority.

  3. "Automatic commercial ice-cube maker" means a factory-made assembly, not necessarily shipped in one package, consisting of a condensing unit and ice-making section operating as an integrated unit, with means for making and harvesting cube-type ice. It may also include means for storing or dispensing cube-type ice, or both.

  4. "Ballast" means a device used with an electric discharge lamp to obtain necessary circuit conditions (voltage, current, and waveform) for starting and operating the lamp.

  4-a. "Bottle-type water dispenser" means a water dispenser that uses a bottle or reservoir as the source of potable water.

  5. "Ceiling fan" means a non-portable device that is suspended from a ceiling for circulating air via the rotation of fan blades.

  6. "Ceiling fan light kit" means the equipment used to provide light from a ceiling fan. This equipment may be part of the unit such that the ceiling fan light kit is hardwired to the ceiling fan, or attachable such that the ceiling fan light kit is not, at the time of sale, physically attached to the fan. Attachable ceiling fan light kits may be included inside the ceiling fan package at the time of sale, or sold separately for subsequent attachment to the fan.

  6-a. "Commercial hot food holding cabinet" means a heated, fully enclosed compartment, with one or more solid or partial glass doors, that is designed to maintain the temperature of hot food that has been cooked in a separate appliance. "Commercial hot food holding cabinet" does not include heated glass merchandising cabinets, drawer warmers or cook-and-hold appliances.

  7. "Very large commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment" means air-cooled, water-cooled, evaporatively-cooled, or water source (not including ground water source) electrically operated, unitary central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps for commercial application rated at or above two hundred forty thousand BTU per hour and below seven hundred sixty thousand BTU per hour (cooling capacity).

  8. "Commercial pre-rinse spray valve" means a hand-held device designed to spray water on dishes, flatware and other food service items for the purpose of removing food residue prior to the placement of such items in a commercial automatic dishwasher.

  9. (a) "Commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer" means refrigeration equipment that:

  (i) is not a consumer product as defined by 42 USC 6291;

  (ii) is not designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific, or research purposes;

  (iii) operates at a chilled, frozen, combination chilled/frozen, or variable temperature;

  (iv) displays or stores merchandise and other perishable materials either horizontally, semivertically, or vertically;

  (v) has transparent or solid doors, sliding or hinged doors, a combination of hinged, sliding, transparent or solid doors;

  (vi) is designed for pull-down temperature applications or holding temperature applications; and

  (vii) is connected to a self-contained condensing unit.

  (b) The term "pull-down temperature application" means a commercial refrigerator with doors that, when fully loaded with twelve ounce beverage cans at ninety degrees Fahrenheit, can cool these beverages to an average stable temperature of thirty-eight degrees Fahrenheit in twelve hours or less.

  (c) The term "holding temperature application" means a use of commercial refrigeration equipment other than a pull-down temperature application, excluding a blast chiller or freezer.

  (d) The term "self-contained condensing unit" means a factory-made assembly of refrigerating components designed to compress and liquefy a specific refrigerant that is an integral part of the refrigerated equipment and consists of one or more refrigerant compressors, refrigerant condensers, condenser fans and motors, and factory supplied accessories.

  (e) The term "integrated average temperature" means the average temperature of all test package measurements taken during the test.

  (f) The term 'AV' means the adjusted volume (cubic feet) defined as 1.63 X frozen temperature compartment volume (cubic feet) + chilled temperature compartment volume (cubic feet) with compartment volumes measured in accordance with the association of home appliance manufacturers standard HRF1-1979.

  (g) The term 'V' means the chilled or frozen compartment volume (cubic feet) as defined in the association of home appliance manufacturers standard HRF1-1979.

  10. "Compact audio product", also known as a mini, mid, micro, or shelf audio system, means an integrated audio system encased in a single housing that includes an amplifier and radio tuner, attached or separable speakers, and can reproduce audio from one or more of the following media: magnetic tape, CD, DVD, or flash memory. "Compact audio product" does not include products that can be independently powered by internal batteries or that have a powered external satellite antenna, or that can provide a video output signal.

  11. "Consumer audio and video product" means televisions, compact audio products, digital versatile disc players, digital versatile disc recorders, and digital television adapters.

  12. "Digital television adapter" means a commercially available electronic product for which the sole purpose is the conversion of digital video terrestrial broadcast signals to analog NTSC video signals for use by a TV or VCR.

  13. "Digital versatile disk (DVD)" means a laser-encoded plastic medium capable of storing a large amount of digital audio, video, and computer data.

  14. "Digital versatile disc (DVD) player" means a commercially available electronic product encased in a single housing that includes an integral power supply and for which the sole purpose is the decoding of digitized video signals on a DVD.

  15. "Digital versatile disc (DVD) recorder" means a commercially available electronic product encased in a single housing that includes an integral power supply and for which the sole purpose is the production or recording of digitized audio and video signals on a DVD. "DVD recorder" does not include models that have an EPG function.

  16. "Digital video recorder (DVR)" means a device which can record video signals onto a hard disk drive or other device that can store the images digitally. "DVR" does not include models that have an EPG function.

  17. "Electronic programming guide (EPG)" means an application that provides an interactive, onscreen menu of TV listings, and that downloads program information from the vertical blanking interval of a regular TV signal.

  18. "Energy efficiency performance standards" means performance standards which prescribe a minimum level of energy efficiency determined in accordance with test procedures prescribed by the secretary in consultation with the president.

  19. "High-intensity discharge lamp" means a lamp in which light is produced by the passage of an electric current through a vapor or gas, and in which the light-producing arc is stabilized by bulb wall temperature and the arc tube has a bulb wall loading in excess of three watts per square centimeter.

  20. "Illuminated exit sign" means an internally-illuminated sign that is designed to be permanently fixed in place and used to identify an exit; a light source illuminates the sign or letters from within, and the background of the exit sign is not transparent.

  21. "Incandescent reflector lamp" means a lamp which is not colored or designed for rough or vibration service applications, that has an inner reflective coating on the outer bulb to direct the light, an E26 medium screw base, and a rated voltage or voltage range that lies at least partially within one hundred fifteen to one hundred thirty volts, and that falls into one of the following categories:

  (a) a bulged reflector or elliptical reflector bulb shape and which has a diameter which equals or exceeds 2.25 inches; or

  (b) a reflector, parabolic aluminized reflector, or similar bulb shape and which has a diameter of 2.25 to 2.75 inches.

  21-a. "Lamp" means an electrical appliance that includes a glass envelope and produces optical radiation for the purpose of visual illumination, designed to be installed into a light fixture by means of an integral lamp-holder or socket.

  21-b. "Light fixture" means a product designed to provide light that includes at least one lamp-holder or socket and parts to distribute the light, to position or protect one or more lamps and to connect one or more lamps to a power supply.

  22. "Metal halide lamp" means a high intensity discharge lamp in which the major portion of the light is produced by radiation of metal halides and their products of dissociation, possibly in combination with metallic vapors.

  23. "Metal halide lamp fixture" means a light fixture designed to be operated with a metal halide lamp and a ballast for a metal halide lamp.

  24. "No load mode" means the condition in which the input of a power supply is connected to an AC source consistent with the power supply's nameplate AC voltage, and the output is not connected to a product or any other load.

  25. "Pedestrian traffic signal module" means an electrically operated traffic control device composed of one or more indications which is erected for the exclusive purpose of directing pedestrian traffic at signalized locations. It consists of a light source, lens, and all parts necessary for operation.

  26. "Person" means any individual, trustee, agency, partnership, association, corporation, company, municipality, political subdivision, or other legal entity.

  27. "Point of deployment (POD)" means a card which enables a TV to have secure conditional access to a cable or satellite system.

  27-a. "Portable electric spa" means a factory-built electric spa or hot tub, supplied with equipment for heating and circulating water.

  27-b. "Portable light fixture" means a light fixture which has a flexible cord and an attachment plug for connection to a nominal one hundred twenty-volt, fifteen- or twenty-ampere branch circuit; which can be relocated by the user without any rewiring; and which is typically controlled with a switch located on the light fixture itself or on the power cord. "Portable light fixture" does not include direct plug-in nightlights; sun and heat lamps; aquarium lamps; medical and dental lights; portable electric hand lamps; signs and commercial advertising displays; photographic lamps; germicidal lamps; metal halide lamp fixtures; torchiere lighting fixtures; portable lamp fixtures for marine use or for use in hazardous locations as defined in the national electrical code, ANSI/NFPA 70; or decorative lighting outfits or electric candles and candelabras without lampshades that are covered by the standard for safety of seasonal and holiday decorative products, UL 588.

  28. "Power supply" means a single voltage external AC to DC or AC to AC power supply included with other retail products and single voltage external AC to DC or AC to AC power supply sold separately.

  29. "President" means the president of the New York state energy research and development authority.

  29-a. "Residential pool pump" means a product which is designed or used to circulate and filter residential swimming pool water in order to maintain clarity and sanitation and which consists in part of a motor and an impeller.

  30. "Secretary" means the secretary of state.

  31. "Single-voltage external AC to DC or AC to AC power supply" means a device that:

  (a) is designed to convert line voltage AC input into lower voltage DC or AC output;

  (b) is able to convert to only one DC or AC output voltage at a time;

  (c) is sold with, or intended to be used with, a separate end-use product that constitutes the primary load;

  (d) is contained within a separate physical enclosure from the end-use product;

  (e) is connected to the end-use product via a removable or hard-wired male/female electrical connection, cable, cord, or other wiring;

  (f) does not have batteries or battery packs that physically attach directly (including those that are removable) to the power supply unit;

  (g) does not have a battery chemistry or type selector switch and an indicator light; or does not have a battery chemistry or type selector switch and a state of charge meter;

  (h) has a nameplate output power less than or equal to two hundred fifty watts.

  32. "Standby-passive mode" means the condition in which a power supply or consumer audio and video product is connected to a power source, and does not fulfill its main function, and can be switched to active mode with the remote control unit or an internal signal.

  33. "Television (TV)" means a commercially available electronic product consisting of a tuner/receiver and a monitor encased in a single housing, which is designed to receive and display an analog or digital video television signal broadcast by an antenna, satellite, cable, or broadband source. "Television" does not include multifunction TVs which have VCR, DVD, DVR, or EPG functions.

  34. "Torchiere lighting fixture" means a portable electric lighting fixture with a reflective bowl that is designed to direct light upward onto a ceiling so as to produce indirect illumination on the surfaces below.

  35. "Unit heater" means a self-contained, vented fan-type commercial space heater that uses natural gas or propane, and that is designed to be installed without ducts within a heated space, except that such term does not include any products covered by federal standards established pursuant to 42 U.S. Code section 6291 and subsequent sections or any product that is a direct vent, forced flue heater with a sealed combustion burner.

  36. "Vehicular traffic signal module" means an electrically operated standard 8-inch (200mm) or 12-inch (300mm) round traffic control device composed of one or more indications which is erected for the exclusive purpose of directing vehicular traffic at signalized locations. It consists of a light source, lens, and all parts necessary for operation. It communicates traffic control messages through red, amber and green colors.

  37. "Video cassette recorder (VCR)" means a commercially available analog recording device that includes an integral power supply and which records television signals onto a tape medium for subsequent viewing.