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This entry was published on 2014-09-22
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SECTION 27-0501
Environmental Conservation (ENV) CHAPTER 43-B, ARTICLE 27, TITLE 5
§ 27-0501. Definitions.

1. "Collection system development program" means a comprehensive
review of existing solid waste collection practices and the development
of designs for efficient and cost-effective systems for the systematic
collection of solid waste of one or more municipalities or any portion

2. "Preparation of contract documents" means the preparation of
documents for entering into contracts for (a) the design, construction,
operation, financing, ownership or maintenance of a solid waste
management facility; (b) a system of collection and disposal of
municipal solid waste through resource recovery; and (c) the marketing
of materials and energy recovered from solid waste. Such documents may
include detailed construction plans and specifications, bid
advertisements, requests for proposals and reports evaluating bids and

3. "Implementation feasibility project" means the investigation and
evaluation of any one or more of the following: engineering, economic,
environmental, technological, administrative, institutional, social and
political factors affecting the acceptability of a solid waste
management facility or system of which the facility is part for the
purpose of determining the feasibility of constructing such proposed
facility or establishing such system.

4. "Municipality" means a village, town, city or county or any
designated agency thereof, or any two or more of the foregoing which are
acting jointly in connection with a solid waste management facility, a
solid waste management district, or a public benefit corporation having
power granted otherwise than under this article to construct, operate
and maintain a solid waste management facility, including a public
corporation created pursuant to agreement or compact with another state.

5. "Recycling center" means a community-based facility where separated
solid waste can be stored, assembled and prepared for sale or other

6. "Resource recovery" means the separation, extraction and recovery
of useable materials, energy or heat from solid waste through source
separation, recycling centers or other programs, projects or facilities.

7. "Solid waste" means all materials or substances discarded or
rejected as being spent, useless, worthless, or in excess to the owners
at the time of such discard or rejection, including but not limited to
garbage, refuse, industrial and commercial waste, sludges from air or
water pollution control facilities or water supply treatment facilities,
rubbish, ashes, contained gaseous material, incinerator residue,
demolition and construction debris and offal, but not including sewage
and other highly diluted water-carried materials or substances and those
in gaseous form.

8. "Solid waste management facility" means any facility employed
beyond the initial solid waste collection process, including but not
limited to recycling centers, transfer stations, baling facilities, rail
haul or barge haul facilities, processing systems, including resource
recovery facilities or other facilities for reducing solid waste volume,
sanitary landfills, plants and facilities for compacting, composting or
pyrolization of solid waste, incinerators and other solid waste
disposal, reduction or conversion facilities.

9. "Source separation" means the segregation of recyclable materials
from the solid waste stream at the point of generation for separate
collection, sale or other disposition.

10. "Secondary materials" means those commodities that have been
reclaimed for reuse and are used in place of a primary or raw material
in manufacturing a product.