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This entry was published on 2014-09-22
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SECTION 27-1701
Lead-acid battery recycling
Environmental Conservation (ENV) CHAPTER 43-B, ARTICLE 27, TITLE 17
§ 27-1701. Lead-acid battery recycling.

1. Legislative findings. The legislature hereby finds that the
improper disposal of lead-acid batteries is a direct threat to the
health and safety of the citizens of this state. Further, the
legislature finds that the disposal of these batteries constitutes a
waste of recyclable materials. Therefore, the legislature finds and
declares it to be in the public interest to facilitate the collection
and recycling of lead-acid batteries in this state by prohibiting the
improper disposal of lead-acid batteries, establishing a financial
incentive for the return of used batteries, and requiring lead-acid
battery retailers and distributors to accept used batteries free of
charge from the public.

2. Definitions. When used in this section:

a. "Authorized hazardous waste facility" means any hazardous waste
treatment, storage and disposal facility permitted pursuant to section
27-0913 of this article which is authorized to accept lead-acid
batteries.

b. "Collector" means any person who accepts lead-acid batteries in
order to transfer them to a recycling facility, an authorized hazardous
waste facility or another collector.

c. "Consumer" means any person who purchases a lead-acid battery for
use other than resale, provided however, that consumer does not mean a
person who purchases a new or used vehicle containing a lead-acid
battery.

d. "Dispose" or "disposal" means the abandonment, discharge, deposit,
injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any substance so
that such substance or any related constituent thereof may enter the
environment. Disposal also means the thermal destruction of waste or
hazardous waste and the burning of such wastes as fuel for the purpose
of recovering useable energy.

e. "Distributor" means any person who sells lead-acid batteries to a
retailer in this state, including any manufacturer who sells to
retailers in the state.

f. "Lead-acid battery" means any battery with a capacity of six or
more volts which contains lead and sulfuric acid and which is used as a
power source in a vehicle.

g. "Manufacturer" means any person who manufactures lead-acid
batteries.

h. "Mixed municipal solid waste" means any material managed at a solid
waste management facility as defined in section 27-0701 of this article.

i. "Recycling facility" means any person who processes lead-acid
batteries and/or parts thereof in order to recover the materials
contained therein for later use.

j. "Retailer" means any person in this state who sells new lead-acid
batteries to consumers.

k. "Return incentive payment" means a payment pursuant to subdivision
five of this section to a retailer from a consumer who does not return a
used lead-acid battery at the time of purchasing a new lead-acid battery
from such retailer.

l. "Vehicle" means any motor powered device which is self-propelled
and designed for carrying persons or property or which is used for the
transportation of persons, including, but not limited to, automobiles,
buses, trucks, boats, motorcycles, snowmobiles and lawn and garden
equipment.

3. Lead-acid battery disposal prohibitions. a. No person shall dispose
of a lead-acid battery in mixed municipal solid waste or otherwise
dispose of a lead-acid battery except by delivery to a retailer,
distributor, collector, recycling facility or as a method of last resort
to an authorized hazardous waste facility.

b. No retailer shall dispose of a lead-acid battery except by delivery
to a distributor, collector, recycling facility or as a method of last
resort to an authorized hazardous waste facility.

c. No distributor shall dispose of a lead-acid battery except by
delivery to a collector, recycling facility or as a method of last
resort to an authorized hazardous waste facility.

d. No collector shall dispose of a lead-acid battery except by
delivery to a recycling facility, another collector, or as a method of
last resort to an authorized hazardous waste facility.

e. No recycling facility or authorized hazardous waste facility shall
store, recycle or dispose of a lead-acid battery except in accordance
with regulations promulgated pursuant to this chapter.

4. Lead-acid battery collection. a. Every retailer shall accept up to
two used lead-acid batteries per calendar month from any individual at
no charge to such individual.

b. Every distributor shall accept up to two used lead-acid batteries
per calendar month from any individual at no charge to such individual
and shall accept used lead-acid batteries from any retailer to which the
distributor sells lead-acid batteries at no charge to such retailer.

5. a. Any consumer purchasing a new lead-acid battery who does not
return a used lead-acid battery to the retailer at the time of such
purchase shall pay such retailer a return incentive payment of five
dollars per lead-acid battery sold.

b. A retailer shall refund to a consumer the five dollar return
incentive payment collected pursuant to this subdivision if, within
thirty days of the date of the purchase of a new lead-acid battery, the
consumer returns to such retailer a used lead-acid battery. Any return
incentive payment not refunded to the consumer pursuant to this
subdivision shall be retained by the retailer.

c. In collecting a return incentive payment pursuant to this
subdivision, the retailer shall inform the consumer of the retailer's
obligation to refund such return incentive payment to such consumer
should the consumer return a used lead-acid battery within thirty days.

6. Posting requirements. Every retailer and distributor shall post a
conspicuous sign, open to public view, displaying the universal
recycling symbol and stating: "IT IS ILLEGAL TO DISCARD VEHICLE
BATTERIES. STATE LAW REQUIRES US TO ACCEPT VEHICLE BATTERIES AT NO
CHARGE FOR RECYCLING."

7. Applicability of other laws. For the purposes of this section, any
retailer, distributor, or collector who complies with the requirements
set forth in this section shall be exempt from the provisions of titles
seven and nine of this article and article seventy-two of this chapter.

8. Any provision of any local law or ordinance, or any rule or
regulation promulgated thereto, governing the collection, return or
recycling of lead-acid batteries which is inconsistent with any
provision of this title shall upon the effective date of this title be
preempted, provided, however, that such preemption shall not extend to
any provision of a local law or ordinance prohibiting the illegal
disposal of lead-acid batteries.

9. The provisions of this title shall be severable and if any portion
thereof or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstances
shall be held invalid, the remainder of this title and the application
thereof shall not be affected thereby.