1. The Laws of New York
  2. Consolidated Laws
  3. Environmental Conservation
  4. Article 27: Collection, Treatment and Disposal of Refuse and Other Solid Waste
  5. Title 26: Electronic Equipment Recycling and Reuse


Section 27-2601 Definitions

Environmental Conservation (ENV)

  As used in this title:

  1. "Cathode ray tube" means a vacuum tube or picture tube used to convert an electronic signal into a visual image.

  2. "Computer" means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical or other high-speed data processing device performing a logical, arithmetic or storage function, including a laptop computer and desktop computer, and includes any cable, cord, or wiring permanently affixed to or incorporated into such product, and may include both a computer central processing unit and a monitor; but such term shall not include an automated typewriter or typesetter, a portable hand-held calculator, a portable digital assistant, server, or other similar device.

  3. "Computer peripheral" means a monitor; electronic keyboard; electronic mouse or similar pointing device; facsimile machine, document scanner, or printer intended for use with a computer; and includes any cable, cord, or wiring permanently affixed to or incorporated into any such product. Computer peripheral shall not include any document scanner or printer which weighs one hundred pounds or more.

  4. "Consumer" means a person located in the state who owns or uses covered electronic equipment, including but not limited to an individual, a business, corporation, limited partnership, not-for-profit corporation, the state, a public corporation, public school, school district, private or parochial school or board of cooperative educational services or governmental entity, but does not include an entity involved in a wholesale transaction between a distributor and retailer.

  5. "Covered electronic equipment" means: a computer; computer peripheral; small electronic equipment; small-scale server; cathode ray tube; or television, as defined in this section. "Covered electronic equipment" does not include any motor vehicle or any part thereof; camera or video camera; portable or stationary radio; household appliances such as clothes washers, clothes dryers, refrigerators, freezers, microwave ovens, ovens, ranges or dishwashers; equipment that is functionally or physically part of a larger piece of equipment intended for use in an industrial, research and development or commercial setting; security or anti-terrorism equipment; monitoring and control instrument or system; thermostat; hand-held transceiver; telephone of any type; portable digital assistant or similar device; calculator; global positioning system (GPS) receiver or similar navigation device; a server other than a small-scale server; a cash register or retail self checkout system; a stand-alone storage product intended for use in industrial, research and development or commercial settings; commercial medical equipment that contains within it a cathode ray tube, a flat panel display or similar video display device, and is not separate from the larger piece of equipment; or other medical devices as that term is defined under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

  6. "Electronic waste" means covered electronic equipment that has been discarded or is no longer wanted by its owner, or for any other reason enters the waste collection, recovery, treatment, processing, or recycling system. For purposes of section 27-2611 of this title, "electronic waste" does not include the case, shell, or other enclosure of covered electronic equipment from which incorporated assemblies, sub-assemblies, components, materials, wiring, circuitry and commodities have been removed.

  7. "Electronic waste collection site" means a facility at a fixed or temporary site at which electronic waste is accepted from consumers and temporarily stored for more than five days in a calendar year before such waste is transported to an electronic waste consolidation facility or electronic waste recycling facility. Electronic waste collection sites include, but are not limited to, dedicated sites and facilities for the acceptance of electronic waste, and retail stores and outlets, municipal or private electronic waste collection sites and not-for-profit donation sites that have agreed to accept electronic waste.

  8. "Electronic waste consolidation facility" means a facility that receives and stores electronic waste for the purpose of organizing, categorizing or consolidating items of electronic waste before such waste is transported to an electronic waste recycling facility. Electronic waste consolidation facilities include, but are not limited to, facilities of brokers acting as intermediaries between electronic waste buyers and sellers, and regional centers at which electronic waste is organized, categorized or consolidated after being transported to such centers from electronic waste collection sites or other electronic waste consolidation facilities.

  9. "Electronic waste recycling facility" means a facility at which electronic waste is recycled.

  10. "Label" means a marker on the surface of covered electronic equipment conveying information; for the purposes of this title, labels must be permanent and can be attached, printed, engraved or incorporated in any other permanent way that is obvious and visible to users of the product.

  11. "Manufacturer" means a person who: (a) assembles or substantially assembles covered electronic equipment for sale in the state; (b) manufactures covered electronic equipment under its own brand name or under any other brand name for sale in the state; (c) sells, under its own brand name, covered electronic equipment sold in the state; (d) owns a brand name that it licenses to another person for use on covered electronic equipment sold in the state; (e) imports covered electronic equipment for sale in the state; or (f) manufactures covered electronic equipment for sale in the state without affixing a brand name. "Manufacturer" does not mean a person who assembles or substantially assembles, and sells less than one thousand units of covered electronic equipment annually in this state, or whose primary business is the sale of covered electronic equipment which is comprised primarily of rebuilt, refurbished or used components. If more than one person is a manufacturer of a brand of covered electronic equipment, any such person may assume responsibility for obligations of a manufacturer of that brand under this title. If none of those persons assumes responsibility for the obligations of a manufacturer under this title, any and all such persons jointly and severally may be considered to be the responsible manufacturer of that brand for purposes of this title.

  12. "Manufacturer's brands" means a manufacturer's name, brand name or brand label, and all manufacturer's names, brand names and brand labels for which the manufacturer has a legal right or interest, including those names, brand names, and brand labels of companies that have been acquired by the manufacturer or in which the manufacturer asserts a legal interest such as trademark, license, service mark, or patent.

  13. "Monitor" means a separate visual display component of a computer, whether sold separately or together with a computer central processing unit, and includes a cathode ray tube, liquid crystal display, gas plasma, digital light processing or other image projection technology, greater than four inches when measured diagonally, and its case, interior wires and circuitry, and any cable cord or wiring permanently affixed thereto or incorporated into such product.

  14. "Person" means any individual, business entity, partnership, company, corporation, not-for-profit corporation, association, governmental entity, public benefit corporation, public authority, firm, organization, or any other group of individuals, or any officer or employee or agent thereof.

  15. "Recycle" means to separate, dismantle or process the materials, components or commodities contained in electronic waste for the purpose of preparing the materials, components or commodities for use or reuse in new products or components thereof, but not for energy recovery or energy generation by means of combustion, gasification, pyrolysis or other means. Recycling includes the manual and mechanical separation of electronic waste to recover materials, components or commodities contained therein for the purpose of reuse or recycling, and changing the physical or chemical composition of electronic waste to segregate components for purposes of recycling those components.

  16. "Retailer" means a person who sells covered electronic equipment to a person in the state through any means, including, but not limited to, transactions conducted through retail sales outlets, mail, catalogs, the telephone or the internet, or any electronic means. "Retailer" does not include a person who sells or offers for sale fewer than ten items of covered electronic equipment during a calendar year.

  17. "Reuse" means the use of electronic waste that is tested and certified to be in good working order and which was removed from the waste stream for use for the same purpose for which it was manufactured, including the continued use of whole systems or components.

  18. "Sell" or "sale" means any transfer for consideration of title or the right to use, from a manufacturer or retailer to a person, including, but not limited to, transactions conducted through retail sales outlets, catalogs, mail, the telephone, the internet, or any electronic means; this includes transfer of new products or used products that may have been refurbished by their manufacturer or manufacturer-approved party and that are offered for sale by a manufacturer or retailer, but does not include consumer-to-consumer second-hand transfer. "Sell or sale" does not include: (a) the transfer of used covered electronic equipment or a lease of covered electronic equipment; or (b) wholesale transactions among a manufacturer, wholesaler and retailer.

  19. "Small electronic equipment" means any portable digital music player that has memory capability and is battery-powered, video cassette recorder, a digital video disc player, digital video recorder, digital converter box, cable or satellite receiver, or electronic or video game console, and includes any cable, cord, or wiring permanently affixed to or incorporated into any such product.

  20. "Small-scale server" means a computer that typically uses desktop components in a desktop form factor, but is designed primarily to be a storage host for other computers. To be considered a small-scale server, a computer must have the following characteristics: designed in a pedestal, tower, or other form factor similar to those of desktop computers such that all data processing, storage, and network interfacing is contained within one box or product; intended to be operational twenty-four hours per day and seven days a week, and unscheduled downtime is extremely low, such as on the order of hours per year; is capable of operating in a simultaneous multi-user environment serving several users through networked client units; and designed for an industry accepted operating system for home or low-end server applications.

  21. "Television" means a display system containing a cathode ray tube or any other type of display primarily intended to receive video programming via broadcast, cable or satellite transmission, having a viewable area greater than four inches when measured diagonally.