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SECTION 9-1301
White pine blister rust and currant rust
Environmental Conservation (ENV) CHAPTER 43-B, ARTICLE 9, TITLE 13
§ 9-1301. White pine blister rust and currant rust.

For the purpose of suppressing and controlling white pine blister rust
and currant rust (Cronartium ribicola), the following provisions shall
apply:

1. Certain cultivars of black currant declared a public nuisance.
Unless otherwise provided for by this section, the planting, growing,
propagating, cultivating, or selling plants, roots, or cuttings of any
species of cultivated black currants (Ribes nigrum) other than cultivars
that are immune or resistant to white pine blister rust or currant rust
is hereby prohibited in this state; provided, however, that the
planting, growing, propagating, cultivating, or selling plants, roots or
cuttings of any species of cultivated black currants is authorized in
all fruiting currant districts or potentially fruiting currant
districts. Such unauthorized bushes, roots, cuttings, or plants may be
destroyed by the agents of the department.

2. Fruiting currant districts and potential fruiting currant districts
defined. Districts where the growing of all species of currants,
including black currants, for the production of fruit is carried on and
is a commercial enterprise or a potentially important commercial
enterprise shall be determined and designated as "fruiting currant
districts" or "potential fruiting currant districts", and in such
districts the provisions of subdivision three of this section shall
apply. The location and extent of such districts shall be determined by
the department and the state department of agriculture and markets.

3. No measures for the control of white pine blister rust shall be
undertaken by the department within the boundaries of designated
fruiting currant districts or potential fruiting currant districts.

4. Control measures outside of fruiting currant districts or potential
fruiting currant districts. Whenever such action is desirable as a means
of controlling white pine blister rust or currant rust, the department
or its duly authorized agents may eradicate any unauthorized plants of
the genus Ribes (currants and gooseberries), either wild or cultivated,
except within nurseries which are annually certified by the state
department of agriculture and markets to be free from disease. Owners
shall remove from their lands, subject to the direction and the approval
of the duly authorized agents of the department, the plants of the genus
Ribes within a distance of not more than 900 feet of the white pine on
the land of adjoining owners who have protected their white pine from
white pine blister rust. If any owner, upon not less than thirty days'
notice in writing, fails to destroy unauthorized Ribes on his or her
property as provided in this subdivision, the commissioner may cause
such plants to be destroyed, and the expense of such work shall be a
charge against the owner, which shall constitute a lien upon the land.

5. Quarantine regulations. The department shall have the authority, by
order, to establish quarantine districts in any part or parts of the
state. In such districts, it may prohibit the possession of any
five-leafed pine trees or plants of the genus Ribes (currants and
gooseberries), or so much thereof as is deemed necessary. It may also
prohibit the transportation of any plants, roots, or cuttings of the
genus Ribes (currants and gooseberries) from or to any quarantine
district within the state, or from any diseased area or locality in
which the disease exists outside of the state to any point within the
state. Such prohibitions shall be effective on and after the tenth day
from the date of the order made with respect thereto. On the making of
such order, the department shall cause a certified copy of the same to
be filed in the office of the clerk of each county affected by such
quarantine and shall give such other notice thereof as it may deem
necessary. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to
undiseased cultivated plants or to the fruit of diseased plants of the
genus Ribes (currants and gooseberries) included within fruiting currant
districts or potential fruiting currant districts or to the merchantable
contents of any pine trees; provided that any diseased part thereof is
first destroyed.

6. Diseased trees or plants defined. A plant of the genus Ribes which
is visibly infected by Cronartium ribicola or any five-leafed pines upon
which white pine blister rust has been found growing shall be construed
to be and be, within the meaning of this section only, a diseased plant,
and, as such, may be destroyed without compensation under the provisions
of this section.

7. Authority to eradicate and compensation. Agents or employees of the
department may enter upon any land to carry out the provisions of this
section if proper precautionary measures are taken by them to prevent
the spread of this disease, and no action for trespass shall lie
therefor. Fair compensation shall be allowed for all undiseased trees or
undiseased cultivated Ribes destroyed, except for prohibited varieties
of cultivated black currants (Ribes nigrum) located outside of a
fruiting currant district or potential fruiting currant district. No
compensation shall be paid by the state for any species of Ribes
destroyed in connection with the establishment of a Ribes-free zone
around commercial nurseries, but fair compensation for such Ribes must
be paid by the person owning or operating the nursery protected by such
destruction of bushes. The rate of fair compensation shall be determined
by the commissioner of agriculture and markets or a committee appointed
by him or her. If the commissioner of agriculture and markets determines
to appoint a committee for the purpose of making such determination,
such committee shall be appointed prior to May 1 in each year.