1. The Laws of New York
  2. Court Acts
  3. Family Court
  4. Article 7: Proceedings Concerning Whether a Person Is In Need of Supervision
  5. Part 7: Compliance With Orders


Section 779-A Declaration of delinquency concerning juvenile delinquents and persons in need of supervision

Family Court (FCT)

Declaration of delinquency concerning juvenile delinquents and persons in need of supervision. If, at any time during the period of a disposition of probation, the court has reasonable cause to believe the respondent has violated a condition of the disposition, it may declare the respondent delinquent and file a written declaration of delinquency. Upon such filing, the respondent shall be declared delinquent of his disposition of probation and such disposition shall be tolled. The court then must promptly take reasonable and appropriate action to cause the respondent to appear before it for the purpose of enabling the court to make a final determination with respect to the alleged delinquency. The time for prompt court action shall not be construed against the probation service when the respondent has absconded from probation supervision and the respondent's whereabouts are unknown. The court must be notified promptly of the circumstances of any such probationers.

  * NB Effective until February 18, 2016

  * § 779-a. Petition and hearing on violation of order of probation or suspended judgment. (a) If, at any time during the period of probation, the petitioner, probation service or appropriate presentment agency has reasonable cause to believe the respondent has violated a condition of the disposition, the petitioner, probation service or appropriate presentment agency may file a violation petition.

  (b) The petition must be verified and subscribed by the petitioner, probation service or the appropriate presentment agency. The petition must specify the condition or conditions of the order violated and a reasonable description of the date, time, place and specific manner in which the violation occurred. Non-hearsay allegations of the factual part of the petition or of any supporting depositions must establish, if true, every violation charged.

  (c) Upon the filing of a violation petition, the court must promptly take reasonable and appropriate action to cause the respondent to appear before it for the purpose of enabling the court to make a final determination with respect to the alleged delinquency. Where the respondent is on probation pursuant to section seven hundred fifty-seven of this article, the time for prompt court action shall not be construed against the probation service when the respondent has absconded from probation supervision and the respondent's whereabouts are unknown. The court must be notified promptly of the circumstances of any such probationers.

  (d) If a petition is filed under subdivision (a) of this section and the petition satisfies the requirements of subdivision (b) of this section, the period of probation or suspended judgment prescribed by section seven hundred fifty-five or seven hundred fifty-seven of this article shall be interrupted as of the date of the filing of the petition. Such interruption shall continue until a final determination of the petition or until such time as the respondent reaches the maximum age of acceptance into placement with the commissioner of social services. If the court dismisses the violation petition, the period of interruption shall be credited to the period of probation or suspended judgment.

  (e) Hearing on violation. (i) The court may not revoke an order of probation or suspended judgment unless the court has found by competent proof that the respondent has violated a condition of such order in an important respect and without just cause and that the respondent has had an opportunity to be heard. The respondent is entitled to a hearing promptly after a violation petition has been filed. The respondent is entitled to counsel at all stages of the proceeding and may not waive representation by counsel except as provided in section two hundred forty-nine-a of this act.

  (ii) At the time of the respondent's first appearance following the filing of a violation petition, the court must:

  (A) advise the respondent of the contents of the petition and furnish a copy to the respondent;

  (B) advise the respondent that he or she is entitled to counsel at all stages of a proceeding under this section and appoint an attorney pursuant to section two hundred forty-nine of this act if independent legal representation is not available to the respondent. If practicable, the court shall appoint the same attorney who represented the respondent in the original proceedings under this article; and

  (C) determine whether the respondent should be released or detained pursuant to section seven hundred twenty of this article.

  (iii) Upon request, the court shall grant a reasonable adjournment to the respondent to prepare for the hearing.

  (iv) At the hearing, the court may receive any evidence that is relevant, competent and material. The respondent may cross-examine witnesses and present evidence on his or her own behalf. The court's determination must be based upon competent evidence.

  (v) At the conclusion of the hearing, the court may adjourn the matter for a new dispositional hearing in accordance with subdivision (b) or (c) of section seven hundred forty-nine of this article. The court may revoke, continue or modify the order of probation or suspended judgment. If the court revokes the order, it shall order a different disposition pursuant to subdivision one of section seven hundred fifty-four of this article and shall make findings in accordance with subdivision two of such section. If the court continues the order of probation or suspended judgment, it shall dismiss the petition of violation.

  * NB Effective February 18, 2016