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This entry was published on 2014-09-22
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SECTION 2
Definitions
Municipal Home Rule (MHR) CHAPTER 36-A, ARTICLE 1
§ 2. Definitions. As used in this chapter the following terms shall
mean or include:

1. "Charter." A state statute or a local law which establishes or
continues a specific county, city or village as a municipal corporation
or body politic and includes the fundamental provisions defining,
extending or limiting its corporate powers or affecting the framework of
its government.

2. "Charter amendment." A new charter or any change in an existing
charter presented as such under authority of this chapter or any state
statute or charter. A charter amendment may be of any extent and may
deal with any number of subjects.

3. "Clerk." The clerk of the board of supervisors of a county, the
clerk of a city, town or village or, if there be no officer so
designated, an officer exercising corresponding duties.

4. "Elective chief executive officer." The chief executive officer of
a county elected on a county-wide basis or if there be none the chairman
of the board of supervisors, the mayor of a city or village or the
supervisor of a town, where such officer is vested with power to approve
or veto local laws or ordinances.

5. "General law." A state statute which in terms and in effect applies
alike to all counties, all counties other than those wholly included
within a city, all cities, all towns or all villages.

6. "Law." A state statute, charter or local law.

7. "Legislative body." The board of supervisors, board of aldermen,
common council, council, commission, town board, board of trustees or
other elective governing board or body now or hereafter vested by state
statute, charter or other law with jurisdiction to initiate and adopt
local laws or ordinances, whether or not such local laws or ordinances
require the approval of the elective chief executive officer or other
official or body to become effective.

8. "Local government." A county, city, town or village.

9. "Local law." A law (a) adopted pursuant to this chapter or to other
authorization of a state statute or charter by the legislative body of a
local government, or (b) proposed by a charter commission or by
petition, and ratified by popular vote, as provided in article four of
this chapter or as provided in a state statute, charter or local law;
but shall not mean or include an ordinance, resolution or other similar
act of the legislative body or of any other board or body.

10. "New charter." A charter which supersedes or repeals an existing
charter in its entirety or in the manner provided in subdivision four or
subdivision five of section thirty-six of this chapter.

11. "Public corporation." A municipal corporation, a district
corporation or a public benefit corporation as defined in section three
of the general corporation law.

12. "Special law." A state statute which in terms and in effect
applies to one or more, but not all, counties, counties other than those
wholly included within a city, cities, towns or villages.