1. The Laws of New York
  2. Consolidated Laws
  3. Penal
  4. Part 3: Specific Offenses
  5. Title K: Offenses Involving Fraud
  6. Article 170: Forgery and Related Offenses


Section 170.45 Criminal simulation

Penal (PEN)

  A person is guilty of criminal simulation when:

  1. With intent to defraud, he makes or alters any object in such manner that it appears to have an antiquity, rarity, source or authorship which it does not in fact possess; or

  2. With knowledge of its true character and with intent to defraud, he utters or possesses an object so simulated.

  Criminal simulation is a class A misdemeanor.