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This entry was published on 2014-09-22
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SECTION 40
Contract for equipment, maintenance and operation
Rapid Transit (RAT) CHAPTER 48-A, ARTICLE 5
§ 40. Contract for equipment, maintenance and operation. a. Subject
to the approval of the board of estimate and of the mayor, the board of
transportation shall have full power and authority to provide for the
maintenance, supervision, care and operation of any railroad and also of
the subsurface structures and all other devices and appurtenances,
constructed or to be constructed for and at the expense of such city
pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. With like approval, such
board of transportation may enter into a contract with any person, who
in the opinion of such board shall be best qualified to fulfill and
carry out such contract, for the equipment, or any part thereof not
provided for pursuant to section thirty-one of this chapter, of a
railroad, at his own cost and expense, and for the maintenance and
operation of such road for a term of years to be specified in such
contract and not to exceed twenty years. In lieu of such definite term
of twenty years the contract may be for a longer period to be fixed
therein and in such case it shall provide that the city upon giving a
specified notice shall have the right to terminate the contract for the
equipment, maintenance and operation of such road as to all and if
deemed advisable as to any specified portion thereof at any time after
the expiration of ten years from the date when operation of any part of
such road or of such specified portion thereof shall actually begin, but
such right of termination shall be upon condition as follows:

1. If the title to the equipment of such railroad shall not be vested
in the city then that the equipment of such railroad or portion thereof
suitable to and used for purposes of such contract shall be purchased
and taken by the city at an amount which shall be ascertained as
provided in the contract, but which shall not be greater than the actual
cost thereof, plus fifteen per centum thereof. Such equipment shall upon
such termination of such contract become and be the property of the city
on paying to the contractor such amount, or in case the title to the
equipment of such railroad shall be vested in the city then that the
city shall pay to the contractor an amount for his investment in the
equipment of such railroad, or portion thereof, which shall not exceed
the actual cost to the contractor of the equipment of such railroad or
portion thereof, plus fifteen per centum thereof, and shall decrease
under the provisions of the contract as the term thereof continues so
that at the end of the full term of the contract no such amount shall be
paid. If additional equipment shall be required and supplied after the
railroad, or portion thereof, shall have been put in operation, and if
the contract shall provide that title to such additional equipment shall
vest in the city when supplied, then the city shall pay an amount for
the investment of the contractor in such additional equipment which
amount shall not exceed the actual cost to the contractor of such
additional equipment plus fifteen per centum thereof, and shall diminish
so that at the end of the full term of the contract the city shall be
required to pay for such investment in additional equipment only such
amount as shall be provided in such contract, and

2. Upon the further condition if such railroad shall be constructed
wholly or in part at the cost of the contractor that the city shall also
pay to the contractor an amount for his investment in the construction
of such road or portion thereof which shall not exceed the actual cost
to the contractor of constructing such road or portion, plus fifteen per
centum thereof, and shall decrease under provisions of the contract as
the term thereof continues so that at the end of the full term of the
contract no such amount shall be paid. If betterments, additions or
improvements shall be required by the board of transportation or
approved by such board prior to the construction thereof and be
constructed wholly or in part at the cost of the contractor, then that
the city shall pay an amount for the investment of the contractor in
such betterments, additions or improvements which shall not exceed the
actual cost to the contractor of constructing such betterments,
additions or improvements plus fifteen per centum thereof and which
amount shall diminish so that at the end of the full term of the
contract the city shall be required to pay for such investment in
betterments, additions or improvements only such amount as shall be
provided in the contract.

b. The contract shall provide a method of ascertaining the amount to
be paid for such equipment and for such investment of the contractor in
the construction of such road upon termination by the city of any such
contract and for the equipment of such railroad at the end of the full
term of the contract. The contract may provide for determining from time
to time in default of agreement by arbitration or by the court a
valuation of such investment of the contractor in the construction of
such road and of the equipment or any part or portion of either thereof
for any purpose under such contract. The contract may provide that the
title to the equipment as well as to such road, shall vest in the city
from the beginning and that the amount to be paid by the city for the
investment of the contractor in such equipment shall decrease as the
term of the contract continues, so that at the end of the full term of
the contract no amount shall be payable therefore except for additional
equipment as aforesaid.

c. The contract shall provide that upon the expiration of a period
fixed in the contract, the term of such contract shall end without
compensation to the contractor except as provided in the contract, for
betterments, additions or improvements to any such railroad required to
be made or approved by the board of transporation prior to the
construction thereof during the term of any such contract, and, if the
title to the equipment be not vested in the city, for equipment suitable
to and used for the purposes of such contract to the amount, if any,
ascertained as provided in the contract, and that in such event such
equipment shall become the property of the city upon payment to the
contractor of such amount or, if the title to the equipment be vested in
the city, then an amount for the investment of the contractor in
additional equipment for any such railroad to be ascertained as provided
in the contract. The contract may also provide that the city in
exercising the right so to terminate any contract shall for such
compensation as may be reasonable and which shall be determined pursuant
to the contract permit the contractor whose contract is so terminated or
the assignee or lessor of the contractor to use the tracks, structure
and line equipment of a portion of such road when necessary or
convenient to reach terminals, yards or other facilities of the
contractor or such assignee or lessor then located thereon. The contract
may also provide for assuring that in case a new contract under this
section for equipment and for maintenance and operation of such railroad
is made after such termination pursuant to notice or after the
expiration of the full term of the contract that the title to and
possession of the equipment so taken and the right to the possession of
the railroad so constructed may be transferred directly to the new
contractor upon his paying the amount so required.

d. If such contract be made with a railroad corporation organized for
the purpose of maintaining and operating a railroad, including the
equipment or any part thereof, constructed pursuant to the provisions of
this chapter, and which has entered into a contract for the maintenance
and operation of a railroad theretofore constructed in whole or in part
at the expense of the city as provided in this chapter, and is engaged
in the maintenance and operation thereof within such city, and if such
contract shall make provision for the equipment, maintenance and
operation of such road of the city in connection with such railroad
theretofore constructed as aforesaid at the expense of the city, and for
a single fare, such corporation and the city may in such contract or by
modification of an existing contract provide that the original term of
any contract for operation of such railroad theretofore constructed in
whole or in part at the expense of the city, may be extended or reduced
and any right to a renewal thereof may be abrogated or waived so that
such term as extended or reduced shall become and be co-terminous with
the term for equipment, maintenance and operation of such road of the
city to be fixed in and by any such contract; and that if the city shall
elect to terminate the contract for equipment, maintenance and operation
of such road as to any line or portion thereof, which with a connecting
line or portion of such railroad theretofore constructed and then
operated by such corporation shall make a continuous line, then the city
may when so terminating such contract as to any such line or portion
thereof, take over such connecting line or portion thereof theretofore
constructed in whole or in part at the public expense and then operated
by such railroad corporation and terminate the contract of such
corporation as to the same, provided that in lieu of such connecting
line or portion thereof so taken over such corporation shall for the
then unexpired term of the contract for operation of the railroad
theretofore constructed have the right to maintain and operate without
right of recapture by the city another line of road or portion thereof
specified in such contract which with such lines of the railroad
theretofore constructed shall make a continuous line. The contract shall
in such case provide for adjustment between the city and the corporation
of the difference in the value of the right to operate the lines or
portions thereof so exchanged by agreement or arbitration or by the
court and for payment of such difference between them. The city and the
corporation, in such contract, may also provide that if the city, under
any provision of law, shall terminate the contract for the maintenance
and operation of such road of the city after the expiration of ten years
from the date when operation of any part of such road shall actually
begin, the city, at any time after thirty-five years from such date, may
terminate such contract for the maintenance and operation of the
railroad theretofore constructed at the public expense, and take over
any such railroad upon payment to such company of a sum not exceeding
the then present worth of the unexpired portion of the term of such
contract to be ascertained as provided in such contract, which may
provide that in default of agreement such sum may be determined by
arbitration or by the court.

e. The contract between the city and such corporation may also provide
that in consideration of the operation of any such railroad as provided
for in such contract and any such railroad theretofore constructed in
whole or in part at public expense in connection with each other for a
single fare, and of the payment by such company of moneys to be applied
as authorized by this chapter to or toward the construction by the city
of the road to be maintained and operated under such contract. In
further consideration of any covenants or agreements by the company to
modify the term of any of its leases or to waive or modify any of the
other provisions of any of its contracts, the gross receipts of the
operation of any such railroad theretofore constructed and of such road
of the city to be maintained and operated under such contract may be
combined during the term of such contract, and that the city shall
receive for the use of such additional road at intervals named a
specified part or proportion of the income, earnings or profits of the
railroads whose receipts are so combined. In such case the contract may
apportion out of the amount so to be received by the city and specify a
portion thereof which shall be deemed to be the rental for the use of
each of the roads of the city maintained, equipped and operated under
such contract. Any such contract shall provide for determining the
amount of income, earnings or profits of the railroads whose gross
earnings are so combined, and for such considerations may authorize the
retention by such railroad corporation for each year of the term of such
contract, prior to the payment of any sums or of any part or portion of
the income, earnings or profits to the city as rental for the use of the
roads specified or provided for in such contract, of:

1. A specified sum of money, which sum may represent the average
annual income from operation of such railroad theretofore constructed
and operated by such corporation for any two or more years;

2. A sum not exceeding six per centum per annum for each year upon the
investment of such company, including brokerage charges not exceeding
three per centum, in the construction and equipment of such road of the
city to be maintained and operated under such contract; and

3. A sum not exceeding the annual expense or cost to the contractor
plus one per centum per annum on account of the investment of the
contractor in betterments or improvements upon or additions to such road
and equipment.
Such contract may also provide that such annual payments shall be
cumulative, and that any deficiency with respect thereto shall be paid
off and discharged annually out of such gross receipts before any
payments by way of rental or compensation for the use of such roads
shall be made to the city.
f. Every such contract shall contain such terms and conditions as to
the rates of fare to be charged and the character of services to be
furnished and otherwise as the board of transportation shall deem to be
best suited to the public interests, and subject to such public
supervision and to such conditions, regulations and requirements as may
be determined upon by such board, with like approval. In case different
parts of a road shall be constructed at different times or at intervals
of time, or if the contract shall provide for the use by the contractor
of an existing railroad as part of a continuous route as aforesaid, then
and in any such case the board of transportation, in its discretion, may
prescribe periods for the operation of the different parts of such road
so that at one period of time in the future the board may be enabled to
make a single operating contract or lease of the entire road. Such
board, in its discretion, as one of the terms and conditions of any such
contract, may provide that as a consideration for the making of such
contract the contractor in addition to any sums to be paid as provided
by this chapter by way of rental or otherwise for the use of such road
shall contribute a part of the cost of construction of such road which
shall be contributed and disbursed by such method, in such manner and at
such times as may be provided for in any such contract. Such
contribution shall be deemed to be an investment by the contractor in
the construction of such road or to be part of the cost to the
contractor of constructing such road within the meaning of subdivision a
of this section providing for termination of such contract by the city.
Any such contract may provide for the construction during the term of
such contract of any branches or extensions of such road and the
construction of additional lines and for the equipment and operation
thereof by the contractor in connection with such road and may make
separate provision for apportioning the receipts of such road and of
such branches, extensions or additional lines and as to the compensation
to be paid to the city for the use of any such branches, extensions or
additional lines. The city may enter into a contract for the equipment,
maintenance and operation of any such road before any contract for
construction of such road or any portion thereof shall have been made,
and in such case the contract may provide that the city may construct or
complete such road or additions thereto or betterments thereof from time
to time at the expense of the city, or partly at the expense of the city
and partly at the cost or through contribution of the contractor as
aforesaid in such proportion as may be agreed upon between the city and
the contractor. Such contract for the equipment, maintenance and
operation of such road or any portion thereof may be made and entered
into as provided in this chapter before the consents shall have been
obtained for any such road or for any portion thereof as provided in
section twenty-one of this chapter, and before the detailed plans and
specifications shall have been prepared as provided in section
twenty-two of this chapter. In such case such contract for equipment,
maintenance and operation of such road or any portion thereof shall be
upon condition that such contract shall not become operative or go into
effect as to such road or such portion thereof unless and until the city
shall acquire the right to construct such road or portion thereof by
obtaining such consents. The board of transportation in any contract
may reserve the right, upon conditions and for compensation to the
contractor, as provided in the contract, to permit other persons and the
municipality itself to use the tracks, structure and line equipment of
the railroad, or any portions thereof.

g. Every such contract shall further provide that the person so
contracting to equip, maintain and operate such road annually or at
specified intervals, shall pay into the treasury of such city, such
rental for the use of such road, as shall be prescribed therein. The
rental may be either a specified sum of money or a specified part or
proportion of income, earnings or profits of such road, or both a sum of
money and a part or proportion of income, earnings or profits, as such
board shall deem best suited to the public interest and the board of
estimate and the mayor shall approve. Every such contract may further
provide that the amount and character of such rental may be readjusted
at the expiration of a prescribed period of not more than twenty years,
and be readjusted from time to time in the future at intervals each of
not more than twenty years, and may prescribe a method of determining by
arbitration or by the court the amount to be paid upon any readjustment
thereof. If such contract be made with a person owning or actually
operating or agreeing to operate a railroad wholly or in part within the
limits of the city and shall make provision for the equipment,
maintenance and operation of such road of the city in connection with
such railroad and for a single fare, the contract may provide that the
gross receipts from the operation of such railroad within the limits of
the city and from the operation of such road of the city may be combined
during the term of such contract and that the city shall receive for the
use of such road at intervals named a specified part or proportion of
the income, earnings or profits of the railroads whose receipts are so
combined and the contract, in such case, may apportion out of the amount
so to be received by the city and specify a portion thereof which shall
be deemed to be the rental for the use of each of the roads of the city
maintained, equipped and operated under such contract. In any such case
the contract shall provide for determining the amount of the income,
earnings or profits of the railroads whose gross earnings are so
combined, and may authorize the retention, prior to the payment of any
sums to the city for or on account of the investment of the city in the
construction of such road or for the use of the same, of:

1. A specified sum of money, which may represent the average annual
income from operation of such railroad theretofore constructed during a
period specified in such contract;

2. A sum not exceeding six per centum per annum for each year upon the
investment of the contractor, including brokerage charges not exceeding
three per centum, in the construction and equipment of such road of the
city to be maintained and operated under such contract, and in the
construction and equipment of extensions of any railroads and tracks not
owned by the city thereafter constructed and to be operated under such
contract; and

3. A sum not exceeding the annual expense or cost to the contractor,
plus one per centum per annum, on account of the investment of the
contractor in betterments or improvements upon, or additions to such
road of the city, and upon or to any railroads not owned by the city and
operated under such contract, and upon or to the equipment thereof.

Such contract may also provide that such payments shall be cumulative,
and that any deficiency with respect thereto shall be paid off and
discharged annually out of such gross receipts before any payments by
way of rental or compensation for the use of such roads shall be made to
the city. The contract may provide for a readjustment at specified
intervals of the part or proportion of such income, earnings or profits
of the railroads, which the city shall receive, or of the portion of the
amount received by the city which shall be deemed to be the rental of
each such road owned by the city, and may prescribe a method of
determining by arbitration or by the court the amount which the city
shall receive as its part or proportion of such income, earnings or
profits or as such rental upon any such readjustment thereof.

h. Such rental and the term for the operation of the railroad included
in any such contract shall begin, as to such road, or any section
thereof, at such time as may be provided in the contract. The aforesaid
rental shall be paid at such times during each year or at such intervals
as the board of transportation shall require. If a contract to equip,
maintain and operate such road be made with the person having or to have
the contract to construct the same and such contract shall provide that
such road shall be constructed wholly or in part at the cost of such
person such road, however, to be the property of the city in the same
manner and to the same extent as if constructed wholly with public
money, then the contract may provide as an alternative in lieu of the
rental above provided for that any and all income and increase derived
by the contractor or on his behalf in any manner from the enterprise of
constructing, equipping, maintaining and operating such road, after
deducting operating expenses, taxes, payments to reserve and
amortization funds as provided for in the contract, and not exceeding
six per centum interest per annum payable quarterly upon the actual cost
to the contractor of construction and equipment of such road, shall be
divided share and share alike between the contractor and the city. The
rental and any sums payable under such contract, except any sum of money
that may be contributed toward the construction of any road by the
contractor having the contract for the equipment and operation of such
road, shall be applied first to the payment of the interest upon
obligations issued by such city for the construction and equipment of
such road, as the same shall accrue and fall due. The remainder of such
rental and moneys not required for the payment of such interest shall be
kept separate and apart from any and all other moneys of such city and
shall be securely invested and, with the annual accretions of interest
thereon, shall constitute a sinking fund for the payment and redemption
at maturity of the aforesaid obligations. Such rental, moneys and
accumulations of such fund over and above so much as may be required for
payment of interest and principal of such obligations, shall be paid
into the rapid transit fund provided in section thirty-four of this
chapter.

i. Any such contract also may provide for a renewal or renewals not to
exceed twenty years in the aggregate of the lease of such road upon the
expiration of an original term of not more than twenty years upon such
terms and conditions, to be approved by the board of estimate and the
mayor, as to the board of transportation may seem just and proper. Such
contract also may contain provisions for the valuation of the whole or a
part of the property of such contractor employed in and about the
equipment, maintenance and operation of such road, and for the purchase
thereof by the city, at such valuation, or a percentage thereof, should
such lease not be so renewed at any time, or should it be terminated or
expire as aforesaid. Such contract also shall state the date on which
the operation of the road, or any section thereof, shall commence.

j. In case the title to the equipment of such road shall not be vested
in the city, the city also shall have a first lien upon the rolling
stock and other property of such contractor, constituting the equipment
of such road and used or intended for use in the maintenance and
operation thereof, as further security for the faithful performance by
such contractor of the covenants, conditions and agreements of such
contract, on his part to be fulfilled and performed. In case of the
breach of any such covenant, condition and agreement such lien shall be
subject to foreclosure by action, at the suit of such city, in the same
manner, as far as may be, as is then provided by law in the case of
foreclosure by action of mortgages on real estate. The board of
transportation, however, from time to time, may relieve from such lien
any of the property to which it may attach, upon receiving additional
security, which may be deemed by such board to be the equivalent of that
which it is proposed to release and otherwise upon such terms as to such
board shall seem just.

k. The contract shall further provide that in case of the failure or
neglect on the part of such contractor, after such notice as the
contract may prescribe, faithfully to observe, keep and fulfill the
conditions, obligations and requirements of such contract, the city, by
the board of transportation, may either terminate the contract or take
possession of such road and the equipment thereof, and as the agent of
such contractor, either maintain and operate such road, or enter into a
contract with some other person, for the maintenance and operation
thereof. Such contract shall contain such terms, conditions and
provisions in relation thereto as such board shall deem necessary or
desirable for adequately safeguarding and protecting the rights and
interests of the city. Such contract shall also contain appropriate
terms, conditions and provisions for accomplishing such termination or
taking possession.

l. Any existing railroad corporation owning or actually operating a
railroad wholly or in part within the limits of the city and approved by
the board of transportation, shall be competent and is hereby authorized
to enter into any contract for the equipment, maintenance and operation
of any railroad pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or, after
such a contract shall have been made, shall be competent and is hereby
authorized, with the approval of such board, to contract with the
original contractor or his assignee or assignees for the maintenance and
operation (including the equipment or any part thereof) of any railroad
constructed or in process of construction or to be constructed pursuant
to the provisions of this chapter, and shall have all the powers
necessary to the due performance of such contract. A corporation may be
organized under the railroad law, for the purpose of constructing,
equipping, maintaining and operating a railroad pursuant to the
provisions of this chapter or for the purpose of maintaining and
operating a railroad, including the equipment or any part thereof,
already constructed, in process of construction or to be constructed
pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. Any corporation so
organized, upon the approval in writing of the board of transportation,
in addition to the powers conferred by the general act under which such
corporation is organized, shall be empowered, and is hereby authorized
to enter into any contract permitted by law for the maintenance and
operation when constructed, including the equipment or any part thereof
if desired, as the case may be, of any such railroad owned or to be
owned by the city, constructed or to be constructed at the expense of
the city or of such corporation or both as provided by this chapter. The
certificate of such approval shall be filed in the office of the
secretary of state, and a copy thereof certified to be a true copy by
the secretary of state or his deputy, shall be evidence of the fact
therein stated. A corporation so organized shall not be required to
procure the consent of the public service commission as provided for in
section nine of the railroad law.

m. Where in this section or in section thirty-one of this chapter the
consents referred to in section twenty-one of this chapter are
mentioned, they shall be construed to include any consent given by the
commissioners appointed by the appellate division of the supreme court,
and confirmed by such appellate division in lieu of the consent of
property owners as provided in this section.