1. The Laws of New York
  2. Consolidated Laws
  3. Real Property
  4. Article 14: Property Condition Disclosure In the Sale of Residential Real Property


Section 462 Property condition disclosure statement

Real Property (RPP)

1. Except as is provided in section four hundred sixty-three of this article, every seller of residential real property pursuant to a real estate purchase contract shall complete and sign a property condition disclosure statement as prescribed by subdivision two of this section and cause it, or a copy thereof, to be delivered to a buyer or buyer's agent prior to the signing by the buyer of a binding contract of sale. A copy of the property condition disclosure statement containing the signatures of both seller and buyer shall be attached to the real estate purchase contract. Nothing contained in this article or this disclosure statement is intended to prevent the parties to a contract of sale from entering into agreements of any kind or nature with respect to the physical condition of the property to be sold, including, but not limited to, agreements for the sale of real property "as is".

  2. The following shall be the disclosure form:

   PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT NAME OF SELLER OR SELLERS: PROPERTY ADDRESS:

  THE PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE ACT REQUIRES THE SELLER OF RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY TO CAUSE THIS DISCLOSURE STATEMENT OR A COPY THEREOF TO BE DELIVERED TO A BUYER OR BUYER'S AGENT PRIOR TO THE SIGNING BY THE BUYER OF A BINDING CONTRACT OF SALE.

  PURPOSE OF STATEMENT: THIS IS A STATEMENT OF CERTAIN CONDITIONS AND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE PROPERTY KNOWN TO THE SELLER. THIS DISCLOSURE STATEMENT IS NOT A WARRANTY OF ANY KIND BY THE SELLER OR BY ANY AGENT REPRESENTING THE SELLER IN THIS TRANSACTION. IT IS NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR ANY INSPECTIONS OR TESTS AND THE BUYER IS ENCOURAGED TO OBTAIN HIS OR HER OWN INDEPENDENT PROFESSIONAL INSPECTIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL TESTS AND ALSO IS ENCOURAGED TO CHECK PUBLIC RECORDS PERTAINING TO THE PROPERTY.

  A KNOWINGLY FALSE OR INCOMPLETE STATEMENT BY THE SELLER ON THIS FORM MAY SUBJECT THE SELLER TO CLAIMS BY THE BUYER PRIOR TO OR AFTER THE TRANSFER OF TITLE. IN THE EVENT A SELLER FAILS TO PERFORM THE DUTY PRESCRIBED IN THIS ARTICLE TO DELIVER A DISCLOSURE STATEMENT PRIOR TO THE SIGNING BY THE BUYER OF A BINDING CONTRACT OF SALE, THE BUYER SHALL RECEIVE UPON THE TRANSFER OF TITLE A CREDIT OF FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS AGAINST THE AGREED UPON PURCHASE PRICE OF THE RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY.

  "RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY" MEANS REAL PROPERTY IMPROVED BY A ONE TO FOUR FAMILY DWELLING USED OR OCCUPIED, OR INTENDED TO BE USED OR OCCUPIED, WHOLLY OR PARTLY, AS THE HOME OR RESIDENCE OF ONE OR MORE PERSONS, BUT SHALL NOT REFER TO (A) UNIMPROVED REAL PROPERTY UPON WHICH SUCH DWELLINGS ARE TO BE CONSTRUCTED OR (B) CONDOMINIUM UNITS OR COOPERATIVE APARTMENTS OR (C) PROPERTY ON A HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATION THAT IS NOT OWNED IN FEE SIMPLE BY THE SELLER. INSTRUCTIONS TO THE SELLER:

  (a) ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS BASED UPON YOUR ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE.

  (b) ATTACH ADDITIONAL PAGES WITH YOUR SIGNATURE IF ADDITIONAL SPACE IS REQUIRED.

  (c) COMPLETE THIS FORM YOURSELF.

  (d) IF SOME ITEMS DO NOT APPLY TO YOUR PROPERTY, CHECK "NA" (NON-APPLICABLE). IF YOU DO NOT KNOW THE ANSWER CHECK "UNKN" (UNKNOWN).

  SELLER'S STATEMENT: THE SELLER MAKES THE FOLLOWING REPRESENTATIONS TO THE BUYER BASED UPON THE SELLER'S ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE AT THE TIME OF SIGNING THIS DOCUMENT. THE SELLER AUTHORIZES HIS OR HER AGENT, IF ANY, TO PROVIDE A COPY OF THIS STATEMENT TO A PROSPECTIVE BUYER OF THE RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY. THE FOLLOWING ARE REPRESENTATIONS MADE BY THE SELLER AND ARE NOT THE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE SELLER'S AGENT. GENERAL INFORMATION

  1. HOW LONG HAVE YOU OWNED THE PROPERTY?

  2. HOW LONG HAVE YOU OCCUPIED THE PROPERTY?

  3. WHAT IS THE AGE OF THE STRUCTURE OR STRUCTURES? NOTE TO BUYER--IF

   THE STRUCTURE WAS BUILT BEFORE 1978 YOU ARE ENCOURAGED TO

   INVESTIGATE FOR THE PRESENCE OF LEAD BASED PAINT.

  4. DOES ANYBODY OTHER THAN YOURSELF HAVE A LEASE, EASEMENT OR ANY

   OTHER RIGHT TO USE OR OCCUPY ANY PART OF YOUR PROPERTY OTHER THAN

   THOSE STATED IN DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE IN THE PUBLIC RECORD, SUCH AS

   RIGHTS TO USE A ROAD OR PATH OR CUT TREES OR CROPS. YES NO UNKN NA

  5. DOES ANYBODY ELSE CLAIM TO OWN ANY PART OF YOUR PROPERTY? YES NO

   UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  6. HAS ANYONE DENIED YOU ACCESS TO THE PROPERTY OR MADE A FORMAL LEGAL

   CLAIM CHALLENGING YOUR TITLE TO THE PROPERTY? YES NO UNKN NA (IF

   YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  7. ARE THERE ANY FEATURES OF THE PROPERTY SHARED IN COMMON WITH

   ADJOINING LAND OWNERS OR A HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION, SUCH AS WALLS,

   FENCES OR DRIVEWAYS? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES DESCRIBE BELOW)

  8. ARE THERE ANY ELECTRIC OR GAS UTILITY SURCHARGES FOR LINE

   EXTENSIONS, SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS OR HOMEOWNER OR OTHER ASSOCIATION

   FEES THAT APPLY TO THE PROPERTY? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN

   BELOW)

  9. ARE THERE CERTIFICATES OF OCCUPANCY RELATED TO THE PROPERTY? YES

   NO UNKN NA (IF NO, EXPLAIN BELOW) ENVIRONMENTAL

  NOTE TO SELLER - IN THIS SECTION, YOU WILL BE ASKED QUESTIONS REGARDING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES THAT YOU KNOW TO HAVE BEEN SPILLED, LEAKED OR OTHERWISE BEEN RELEASED ON THE PROPERTY OR FROM THE PROPERTY ONTO ANY OTHER PROPERTY. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS MAY INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO, GASOLINE, DIESEL FUEL, HOME HEATING FUEL, AND LUBRICANTS. HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES ARE PRODUCTS THAT COULD POSE SHORT- OR LONG-TERM DANGER TO PERSONAL HEALTH OR THE ENVIRONMENT IF THEY ARE NOT PROPERLY DISPOSED OF, APPLIED OR STORED. THESE INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO, FERTILIZERS, PESTICIDES AND INSECTICIDES, PAINT INCLUDING PAINT THINNER, VARNISH REMOVER AND WOOD PRESERVATIVES, TREATED WOOD, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS SUCH AS ASPHALT AND ROOFING MATERIALS, ANTIFREEZE AND OTHER AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS, BATTERIES, CLEANING SOLVENTS INCLUDING SEPTIC TANK CLEANERS, HOUSEHOLD CLEANERS AND POOL CHEMICALS AND PRODUCTS CONTAINING MERCURY AND LEAD.

  NOTE TO BUYER - IF CONTAMINATION OF THIS PROPERTY FROM PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND/OR HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES IS A CONCERN TO YOU, YOU ARE URGED TO CONSIDER SOIL AND GROUNDWATER TESTING OF THIS PROPERTY.

  10. IS ANY OR ALL OF THE PROPERTY LOCATED IN A DESIGNATED FLOODPLAIN?

   YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  11. IS ANY OR ALL OF THE PROPERTY LOCATED IN A DESIGNATED WETLAND?

   YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  12. IS THE PROPERTY LOCATED IN AN AGRICULTURAL DISTRICT? YES NO

   UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  13. WAS THE PROPERTY EVER THE SITE OF A LANDFILL? YES NO UNKN NA

   (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  14. ARE THERE OR HAVE THERE EVER BEEN FUEL STORAGE TANKS ABOVE OR

   BELOW THE GROUND ON THE PROPERTY? YES NO UNKN NA IF YES, ARE

   THEY CURRENTLY IN USE? YES NO UNKN NA LOCATION(S) ARE THEY LEAKING

   OR HAVE THEY EVER LEAKED? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  15. IS THERE ASBESTOS IN THE STRUCTURE? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, STATE

   LOCATION OR LOCATIONS BELOW)

  16. IS LEAD PLUMBING PRESENT? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, STATE LOCATION

   OR LOCATIONS BELOW)

  17. HAS A RADON TEST BEEN DONE? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, ATTACH A COPY

   OF THE REPORT)

  18. HAS MOTOR FUEL, MOTOR OIL, HOME HEATING FUEL, LUBRICATING OIL OR

   ANY OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCT, METHANE GAS, OR ANY HAZARDOUS OR

   TOXIC SUBSTANCE SPILLED, LEAKED OR OTHERWISE BEEN RELEASED ON THE

   PROPERTY OR FROM THE PROPERTY ONTO ANY OTHER PROPERTY? YES NO

   UNKN NA (IF YES, DESCRIBE BELOW)

  19. HAS THE PROPERTY BEEN TESTED FOR THE PRESENCE OF MOTOR FUEL, MOTOR

   OIL, HOME HEATING FUEL, LUBRICATING OIL, OR ANY OTHER PETROLEUM

   PRODUCT, METHANE GAS, OR ANY HAZARDOUS OR TOXIC SUBSTANCE? YES NO

   UNKN NA (IF YES, ATTACH REPORT(S)) STRUCTURAL

  20. IS THERE ANY ROT OR WATER DAMAGE TO THE STRUCTURE OR STRUCTURES?

   YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  21. IS THERE ANY FIRE OR SMOKE DAMAGE TO THE STRUCTURE OR STRUCTURES?

   YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  22. IS THERE ANY TERMITE, INSECT, RODENT OR PEST INFESTATION OR

   DAMAGE? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  23. HAS THE PROPERTY BEEN TESTED FOR TERMITE, INSECT, RODENT OR PEST

   INFESTATION OR DAMAGE? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, PLEASE ATTACH

   REPORT(S))

  24. WHAT IS THE TYPE OF ROOF/ROOF COVERING (SLATE, ASPHALT, OTHER.)?

   ANY KNOWN MATERIAL DEFECTS? HOW OLD IS THE ROOF? IS THERE A

   TRANSFERABLE WARRANTEE ON THE ROOF IN EFFECT NOW? YES NO UNKN NA

   (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  25. ARE THERE ANY KNOWN MATERIAL DEFECTS IN ANY OF THE FOLLOWING

   STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS: FOOTINGS, BEAMS, GIRDERS, LINTELS, COLUMNS OR

   PARTITIONS. YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW) MECHANICAL SYSTEMS & SERVICES

  26. WHAT IS THE WATER SOURCE (CIRCLE ALL THAT APPLY - WELL, PRIVATE,

   MUNICIPAL, OTHER)? IF MUNICIPAL, IS IT METERED? YES NO UNKN NA

  27. HAS THE WATER QUALITY AND/OR FLOW RATE BEEN TESTED? YES NO UNKN NA

   (IF YES, DESCRIBE BELOW)

  28. WHAT IS THE TYPE OF SEWAGE SYSTEM (CIRCLE ALL THAT APPLY - PUBLIC

   SEWER, PRIVATE SEWER, SEPTIC OR CESSPOOL)? IF SEPTIC OR CESSPOOL,

   AGE? ________ DATE LAST PUMPED? ________ FREQUENCY OF PUMPING?

   ________ ANY KNOWN MATERIAL DEFECTS? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES,

   EXPLAIN BELOW)

  29. WHO IS YOUR ELECTRIC SERVICE PROVIDER? ________ WHAT IS THE

   AMPERAGE? ________ DOES IT HAVE CIRCUIT BREAKERS OR FUSES?

   ________ PRIVATE OR PUBLIC POLES? ________ ANY KNOWN MATERIAL

   DEFECTS? YES NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW)

  30. ARE THERE ANY FLOODING, DRAINAGE OR GRADING PROBLEMS THAT RESULTED

   IN STANDING WATER ON ANY PORTION OF THE PROPERTY? YES NO UNKN NA

   (IF YES, STATE LOCATIONS AND EXPLAIN BELOW)

  31. DOES THE BASEMENT HAVE SEEPAGE THAT RESULTS IN STANDING WATER? YES

   NO UNKN NA (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW) ARE THERE ANY KNOWN MATERIAL DEFECTS IN ANY OF THE FOLLOWING (IF YES, EXPLAIN BELOW. USE ADDITIONAL SHEETS IF NECESSARY.):

  32. PLUMBING SYSTEM? YES NO UNKN NA

  33. SECURITY SYSTEM? YES NO UNKN NA

  34. CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR? YES NO UNKN NA

  35. SMOKE DETECTOR? YES NO UNKN NA

  36. FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM? YES NO UNKN NA

  37. SUMP PUMP? YES NO UNKN NA

  38. FOUNDATION/SLAB? YES NO UNKN NA

  39. INTERIOR WALLS/CEILINGS? YES NO UNKN NA

  40. EXTERIOR WALLS OR SIDING? YES NO UNKN NA

  41. FLOORS? YES NO UNKN NA

  42. CHIMNEY/FIREPLACE OR STOVE? YES NO UNKN NA

  43. PATIO/DECK? YES NO UNKN NA

  44. DRIVEWAY? YES NO UNKN NA

  45. AIR CONDITIONER? YES NO UNKN NA

  46. HEATING SYSTEM? YES NO UNKN NA

  47. HOT WATER HEATER? YES NO UNKN NA

  48. THE PROPERTY IS LOCATED IN THE

   FOLLOWING SCHOOL DISTRICT UNKN

  NOTE: BUYER IS ENCOURAGED TO CHECK PUBLIC RECORDS CONCERNING THE PROPERTY (E.G. TAX RECORDS AND WETLAND AND FLOOD PLAIN MAPS)

  THE SELLER SHOULD USE THIS AREA TO FURTHER EXPLAIN ANY ITEM ABOVE. IF NECESSARY, ATTACH ADDITIONAL PAGES AND INDICATE HERE THE NUMBER OF ADDITIONAL PAGES ATTACHED.

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  SELLER'S CERTIFICATION: SELLER CERTIFIES THAT THE INFORMATION IN THIS PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT IS TRUE AND COMPLETE TO THE SELLER'S ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE AS OF THE DATE SIGNED BY THE SELLER. IF A SELLER OF RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY ACQUIRES KNOWLEDGE WHICH RENDERS MATERIALLY INACCURATE A PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT PROVIDED PREVIOUSLY, THE SELLER SHALL DELIVER A REVISED PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT TO THE BUYER AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE. IN NO EVENT, HOWEVER, SHALL A SELLER BE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE A REVISED PROPERTY CONDITION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT AFTER THE TRANSFER OF TITLE FROM THE SELLER TO THE BUYER OR OCCUPANCY BY THE BUYER, WHICHEVER IS EARLIER.

  SELLER _______________________________________ DATE ________________

  SELLER _______________________________________ DATE ________________

  BUYER'S ACKNOWLEDGMENT: BUYER ACKNOWLEDGES RECEIPT OF A COPY OF THIS STATEMENT AND BUYER UNDERSTANDS THAT THIS INFORMATION IS A STATEMENT OF CERTAIN CONDITIONS AND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE PROPERTY KNOWN TO THE SELLER. IT IS NOT A WARRANTY OF ANY KIND BY THE SELLER OR SELLER'S AGENT AND IS NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR ANY HOME, PEST, RADON OR OTHER INSPECTIONS OR TESTING OF THE PROPERTY OR INSPECTION OF THE PUBLIC RECORDS.

  BUYER _______________________________________ DATE ________________

  BUYER _______________________________________ DATE ________________

  3. Nothing in this article shall require a seller to undertake or provide for any investigation or inspection of his or her residential real property or to check any public records.