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This entry was published on 2014-09-22
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Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) CHAPTER 38, ARTICLE 5
Section 5--102. Definitions.

(a) In this article:

(1) "Adviser" means a person who, at the request of the issuer, a

confirmer, or another adviser, notifies or requests another

adviser to notify the beneficiary that a letter of credit has

been issued, confirmed, or amended.

(2) "Applicant" means a person at whose request or for whose

account a letter of credit is issued. The term includes a

person who requests an issuer to issue a letter of credit on

behalf of another if the person making the request undertakes

an obligation to reimburse the issuer.

(3) "Beneficiary" means a person who under the terms of a letter

of credit is entitled to have its complying presentation

honored. The term includes a person to whom drawing rights

have been transferred under a transferable letter of credit.

(4) "Confirmer" means a nominated person who undertakes, at the

request or with the consent of the issuer, to honor a

presentation under a letter of credit issued by another.

(5) "Dishonor" of a letter of credit means failure to timely

honor or to take an interim action, such as acceptance of a

draft, that may be required by the letter of credit.

(6) "Document" means a draft or other demand, document of title,

investment security, certificate, invoice, or other record,

statement, or representation of fact, law, right, or opinion:

(i) which is presented in a written or other medium permitted

by the letter of credit or, unless prohibited by the

letter of credit, by the standard practice referred to in

subsection (e) of section 5--108; and

(ii) which is capable of being examined for compliance with

the terms and conditions of the letter of credit. A

document may not be oral.

(7) "Good faith" means honesty in fact in the conduct or

transaction concerned.

(8) "Honor" of a letter of credit means performance of the

issuer's undertaking in the letter of credit to pay or

deliver an item of value. Unless the letter of credit

otherwise provides, "honor" occurs:

(i) upon payment,

(ii) if the letter of credit provides for acceptance, upon

acceptance of a draft and, at maturity, its payment, or

(iii) if the letter of credit provides for incurring a deferred

obligation, upon incurring the obligation and, at

maturity, its performance.

(9) "Issuer" means a bank or other person that issues a letter of

credit, but does not include an individual who makes an

engagement for personal, family, or household purposes.

(10) "Letter of credit" means a definite undertaking that

satisfies the requirements of section 5--104 by an issuer to

a beneficiary at the request or for the account of an

applicant or, in the case of a financial institution, to

itself or for its own account, to honor a documentary

presentation by payment or delivery of an item of value.

(11) "Nominated person" means a person whom the issuer:

(i) designates or authorizes to pay, accept, negotiate, or

otherwise give value under a letter of credit, and

(ii) undertakes by agreement or custom and practice to


(12) "Presentation" means delivery of a document to an issuer or

nominated person for honor or giving of value under a letter

of credit.

(13) "Presenter" means a person making a presentation as or on

behalf of a beneficiary or nominated person.

(14) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible

medium, or that is stored in an electronic or other medium

and is retrievable in perceivable form.

(15) "Successor of a beneficiary" means a person who succeeds to

substantially all of the rights of a beneficiary by operation

of law, including a corporation with or into which the

beneficiary has been merged or consolidated, an

administrator, executor, personal representative, trustee in

bankruptcy, debtor in possession, liquidator, and receiver.

(b) Definitions in other articles applying to this article and the
sections in which they appear are:

"Accept" or "acceptance" Section 3--410

"Value" Sections 3--303, 4--209.

(c) Article 1 contains certain additional general definitions and
principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this