Housing Stability and Tenant Protection Act of 2019
Information Provided by Legal Services of the Hudson Valley
New Rights for Tenants
- Landlords cannot reject tenants because they had been in a court case with a prior landlord. The courts cannot sell eviction court data. Records of evictions that were the result of a foreclosure are sealed.
- Landlords must give tenants the opportunity for a walk-through before they move in and before they move out, and return the security deposit within fourteen days with an itemized list of any deductions.
- Landlords cannot evict or otherwise penalize tenants who complain about conditions.
- Landlords must give receipts (on request for personal checks) within specific time frames and notice by certified mail when rent is not received.
- Landlords cannot charge late fees until rent is five days late and the late fee cannot be more than $50 or 5% of the monthly rent, whichever is less.
- A landlord must make reasonable efforts to re-rent an apartment before they can charge a former tenant who left before the end of the lease for the rent for the rest of the lease.
- Starting in October 2019, landlords must give 30, 60, or 90 days’ notice of lease termination or a rent increase of 5% or more, depending on how long the tenant has lived there.
- “Self-help” eviction is a crime.
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New Rights in Eviction Court
- Rent demands must be in writing and served fourteen days before the landlord can start a court case for non-payment.
- Court papers have to be served at least 10 days before the court date.
- The landlord cannot get any non-rent charges in a non-payment proceeding.
- A non-payment proceeding stops if a tenant pays all the rent before the first court date.
- Tenants who raise defenses have a right to a fourteen-day adjournment before trial.
- A warrant of eviction must be served at least fourteen days before the tenant can be evicted.
- A tenant in a non-payment proceeding can pay all the rent due before the eviction and end the proceeding.
- If a court finds that a tenant breached their lease, the court must give the tenant thirty days to correct the problem.
- Under certain circumstances, the court can give a tenant up to a year to relocate as long as the tenant stays up to date with rent.