Regular Session - April 4, 2024


 1                NEW YORK STATE SENATE








 9                  ALBANY, NEW YORK

10                    April 4, 2024

11                     12:11 p.m.



14                   REGULAR SESSION




18  SENATOR SHELLEY B. MAYER, Acting President









 1                P R O C E E D I N G S

 2                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The Senate 

 3    will come to order.  

 4                 I ask everyone to please rise and 

 5    recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

 6                 (Whereupon, the assemblage recited 

 7    the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.) 

 8                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   In the 

 9    absence of clergy, let us bow our heads in a 

10    moment of silent reflection or prayer.

11                 (Whereupon, the assemblage respected 

12    a moment of silence.)

13                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Reading of 

14    the Journal.

15                 THE SECRETARY:   In Senate, 

16    Wednesday, April 3, 2024, the Senate met pursuant 

17    to adjournment.  The Journal of Tuesday, April 2, 

18    2024, was read and approved.  On motion, the 

19    Senate adjourned.

20                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Without 

21    objection, the Journal stands approved as read.

22                 Presentation of petitions.

23                 Messages from the Assembly.  

24                 Messages from the Governor.

25                 Reports of standing committees.


 1                 Reports of select committees.

 2                 Communications and reports from 

 3    state officers.

 4                 Motions and resolutions.

 5                 Senator Gianaris.

 6                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Good afternoon, 

 7    Madam President.  

 8                 On behalf of Senator Persaud, I wish 

 9    to call up Senate Print 932C, recalled from the 

10    Assembly, which is now at the desk.

11                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

12    Secretary will read.

13                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

14    111, Senate Print 932C, by Senator Persaud, an 

15    act to amend the General Business Law.

16                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   I now move to 

17    reconsider the vote by which this bill was 

18    passed.

19                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

20    Secretary will call the roll on reconsideration.  

21                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

22                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 53.

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

24    bill -- yes, Senator Gianaris.

25                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   I think you were 


 1    right.

 2                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

 3    is restored to its place on the Third Reading 

 4    Calendar.

 5                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Thank you.  I 

 6    now offer the following amendments.

 7                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

 8    amendments are received.

 9                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Okay.  At this 

10    time, Madam President, we're attempting to pass 

11    the extender to keep government funded as soon as 

12    possible in today's session.  So we will call an 

13    immediate meeting of the Rules Committee and 

14    stand at ease.

15                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   There will 

16    be an immediate meeting of the Rules Committee in 

17    Room 332.

18                 The Senate will stand at ease.

19                 (Whereupon, the Senate stood at ease 

20    at 12:13 p.m.)

21                 (Whereupon, the Senate reconvened at 

22    12:16 p.m.)

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The Senate 

24    will return to order.

25                 Senator Gianaris.


 1                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Madam President, 

 2    I believe there's a report of the Rules Committee 

 3    at the desk.  Can we take that up, please.

 4                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

 5    Secretary will read.

 6                 THE SECRETARY:   Senator 

 7    Stewart-Cousins, from the Committee on Rules, 

 8    reports the following bill:  

 9                 Senate Print 8970, by 

10    Senator Krueger, an act making appropriations for 

11    the support of government.

12                 The bill reports direct to third 

13    reading.

14                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Move to accept 

15    the report of the Rules Committee.

16                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   All those 

17    in favor of accepting the report of the 

18    Rules Committee signify by saying aye.

19                 (Response of "Aye.")

20                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Opposed, 

21    nay.

22                 (No response.)

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The report 

24    of the Rules Committee is accepted.

25                 Senator Gianaris.


 1                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Please take up 

 2    the supplemental calendar at this time.

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   There is a 

 4    substitution at the desk.

 5                 The Secretary will read.

 6                 THE SECRETARY:   Senator Krueger 

 7    moves to discharge, from the Committee on Rules, 

 8    Assembly Bill Number 9762 and substitute it for 

 9    the identical Senate Bill 8970, Third Reading 

10    Calendar 770.

11                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:  

12    Substitution so ordered.  

13                 The Secretary will read.

14                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

15    770, Assembly Print Number 9762, by 

16    Assemblymember Weinstein, an act making 

17    appropriations for the support of government.

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

19    last section.

20                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

21    act shall take effect immediately.

22                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

23    roll.

24                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

25                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Madam President, 


 1    I believe there's a message of necessity and 

 2    appropriation at the desk.

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   There is a 

 4    message of necessity and appropriation at the 

 5    desk.

 6                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Move to accept 

 7    the message.  

 8                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   All those 

 9    in favor of accepting the message please signify 

10    by saying aye.

11                 (Response of "Aye.")

12                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Opposed, 

13    nay.  

14                 (No response.)

15                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

16    message is accepted, and the bill is before the 

17    house.  

18                 Read the last section.

19                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

20    act shall take effect immediately.

21                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

22    roll.

23                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

24                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

25    Ashby to explain his vote.


 1                 SENATOR ASHBY:   Thank you, 

 2    Madam President.  

 3                 While I'm proud to support this 

 4    resolution and extender, and I note that there is 

 5    a piece of funding in here that extends for our 

 6    Homeless Veterans Pilot Program, I would also 

 7    like to point out that right now we have 

 8    tax checkoffs for veterans' programs -- to 

 9    include veterans remembrance and cemetery 

10    maintenance and operation, homeless veterans 

11    assistance, Veterans Home Assistance Fund, and 

12    military family relief -- that haven't been paid 

13    out in six years.  That's $3.4 million that 

14    haven't moved.  

15                 And while I applaud this body and 

16    our state for helping to fund this Homeless 

17    Veterans Pilot Program, I think we should all 

18    agree that six years is a little too long.  It's 

19    a little too long to start funding these programs 

20    that are already funded.  Excuse me, the money is 

21    already there.  We don't have to ask for it.  

22    It's sitting there.  And what are we doing about 

23    it?  We should be doing more.

24                 Thank you.

25                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 


 1    Ashby to be recorded in the affirmative.

 2                 Announce the results.

 3                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 58.

 4                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

 5    is passed.

 6                 Senator Gianaris.

 7                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Thank you, 

 8    Madam President.  

 9                 Returning to motions and 

10    resolutions, Madam President, can we take up 

11    previously adopted Resolution 2057, by 

12    Senator Scarcella-Spanton, read that resolution's 

13    title, and recognize Senator Scarcella-Spanton.

14                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

15    Secretary will read.

16                 THE SECRETARY:   Senate Resolution 

17    2057, by Senator Scarcella-Spanton, celebrating 

18    the courage and bravery of New York State's 

19    Korean War Veterans and recognizing the men and 

20    women who served with dignity and honor during 

21    this historic time period, at the Senate's Korean 

22    War Veteran Celebration on April 4, 2024.

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT PERSAUD:   Senator 

24    Scarcella-Spanton on the resolution.

25                 SENATOR SCARCELLA-SPANTON:   Thank 


 1    you, Madam President.  

 2                 And thank you to our amazing 

 3    Korean War veterans who are here with us today, 

 4    in passing this resolution honoring their 

 5    courage, bravery, to the State of New York and 

 6    this country overall.

 7                 Today we recognize the men and women 

 8    who served with dignity and honor during that 

 9    historic time at the Senate's Korean War Veterans 

10    Celebration.  As we honor our Korean War vets 

11    today, let us remember those who lost their lives 

12    in this war and the many others who were called 

13    home in the years that followed.

14                 Despite being referred to as "the 

15    forgotten war," the Korean War had a profound 

16    impact on the lives of every veteran here today 

17    and to every American who gets to enjoy their 

18    freedoms because of veterans like you.

19                 This year marks the 71st anniversary 

20    of the Korean Armistice Agreement that brought an 

21    end to the hostilities in Korea, and every one of 

22    you played a part in making that happen.  

23                 We stand here to honor your 

24    sacrifices and those of every Korean War 

25    veteran -- those who courageously defended our 


 1    freedoms and protected our nation.  We owe you a 

 2    debt of gratitude that can never truly be repaid.  

 3                 It was truly an honor to spend the 

 4    morning with you here today and now to honor you 

 5    on the floor of the Senate.  

 6                 Thank you so much, and I proudly 

 7    vote aye.

 8                 ACTING PRESIDENT PERSAUD:   Thank 

 9    you, Senator.

10                 Senator Harckham on the resolution.

11                 SENATOR HARCKHAM:   Thank you very 

12    much, Madam President.  

13                 First I wanted to thank 

14    Senator Scarcella-Spanton for bringing this 

15    resolution forward.  I want to thank the 

16    Majority Leader, and Senator Mayer for helping to 

17    arrange the wonderful reception we had for our 

18    brave heroes this morning and for all members who 

19    attended.

20                 I rise in support of this resolution 

21    because we can never say thank you enough.  

22                 You know, my father served in combat 

23    in World War II, was called back up in Korea, was 

24    not sent over to Korea -- he actually trained 

25    soldiers who went to Korea.  I don't know if any 


 1    of you were at Indiantown Gap, but that's where 

 2    he was stationed, so you may have run into him 

 3    during the Korean conflict.  

 4                 But when I spoke to him about his 

 5    experiences in World War II, he said the heroes 

 6    were the ones who never came back.  And that 

 7    always stuck with me.  

 8                 But I've learned over the years to 

 9    have a little different spin, because many heroes 

10    came back.  And, you know, when you talk to a 

11    veteran, they don't think of themselves as 

12    heroes.  But those of us who did not serve in the 

13    military do think of you as heroes.  

14                 And what we want you to know -- 

15    particularly as some of us get on in years, you 

16    know:  Did my life have meaning?  Did what I do 

17    matter?  And what you did mattered.  It mattered 

18    then.  It matters now.  It matters to world 

19    history.  It matters to American history.  And it 

20    matters to our children today.

21                 So to all of you who are here, both 

22    on the floor and in the gallery -- we have a 

23    couple of veterans from my district, Donald King 

24    and Dimitri Swick -- thank you for coming, and to 

25    all the veterans for coming.  But most 


 1    importantly, thank you for your service.  God 

 2    bless you.  You've made a difference.

 3                 I vote aye.

 4                 ACTING PRESIDENT PERSAUD:   Thank 

 5    you, Senator.

 6                 Senator Mayer on the resolution.

 7                 SENATOR MAYER:   Thank you, 

 8    Madam Speaker.  

 9                 I'm so proud to speak on behalf of 

10    this resolution and thank my colleague 

11    Senator Scarcella-Spanton for bringing it to the 

12    floor, and the Majority Leader.  

13                 And I want to give credit to the 

14    veterans, both Vietnam and Korean War veterans, 

15    of my Veterans Advisory Group that brought to my 

16    attention the fact that in this chamber we had 

17    not paid homage and recognition to Korean War 

18    veterans, and their time was now.  And that 

19    happened about two years ago.  Last year we 

20    started for the first time.  

21                 It's extremely important to all of 

22    us in this chamber, on both sides of the aisle, 

23    that we acknowledge and honor your service and 

24    ensure that you have a day, much as so many of 

25    our other veterans do, that you are acknowledged 


 1    and recognized by my colleagues.  

 2                 So today it's our honor to have you.  

 3    I want to especially thank Chet Edwards, a 

 4    Vietnam-era veteran of my group that helped make 

 5    this happen.  There's a number of veterans from 

 6    my district here.  All of you have changed the 

 7    face of this Senate by making sure that your 

 8    service is spoken about and that your service, 

 9    once you came home, was spoken about.  

10                 So many of you have paid an 

11    incredible amount of attention to the communities 

12    where you live.  You've engaged, you've been 

13    fully present.  And it's truly an honor and a 

14    pleasure to stand here in support of this 

15    resolution and to honor you for all you have 

16    done.  

17                 Thank you, Korean War veterans.  

18    Thank you, Vietnam-era veterans, for making sure 

19    that these folks are not forgotten.  And we are 

20    committed to this annually, to make sure that the 

21    Korean War veterans stand at the top of the list 

22    of those we recognize in this chamber.

23                 Thank you.

24                 ACTING PRESIDENT PERSAUD:   Thank 

25    you, Senator.


 1                 Senator Hinchey on the resolution.

 2                 SENATOR HINCHEY:   Thank you, 

 3    Madam President. 

 4                 I rise in strong support of this 

 5    resolution, and to say a heartfelt thank you to 

 6    our Korean War veterans who are here today.

 7                 But I rise specifically to 

 8    acknowledge and thank Charles Boughton, who was a 

 9    Korean War veteran who was here with us last year 

10    and tragically passed away just three weeks ago, 

11    on Saturday, March 9th.  I know he would have 

12    tried to be here today if he was still with us.  

13                 But I had the incredible opportunity 

14    to spend time with him on that Saturday night 

15    before he passed at the East Kingston 

16    Fire Department Banquet, where he was surrounded 

17    by friends and family and had an incredible 

18    evening.  

19                 He shared with me that night his 

20    remembrance of being here last year for this day, 

21    and shared that it was one of the best days of 

22    his life.  And how hearing his name in this 

23    chamber, recognizing him and his fellow veterans 

24    for their service, was something that he would 

25    treasure forever.


 1                 And I am so happy, I'm so honored, I 

 2    feel so proud that I was able to spend that time 

 3    with him on Saturday to hear that and to share 

 4    again our support for him and everything that he 

 5    had done.  

 6                 And so I thank the sponsor for this 

 7    resolution.  I thank my colleagues for continuing 

 8    this now for the second year.  And I want to 

 9    thank Charlie and his family for their sacrifice.  

10    And he will be forever remembered in this 

11    chamber.

12                 Thank you very much.

13                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

14    Senator Hinchey.  

15                 Senator Ashby on the resolution.

16                 SENATOR ASHBY:   Thank you, 

17    Madam President.  

18                 I want to thank our chairwoman for 

19    her efforts today and every day in this 

20    committee.  

21                 And I want to thank our Korean War 

22    veterans for being with us today.

23                 And, you know, it's a great way to 

24    demonstrate our remembrance and our commitment to 

25    have these veterans come in and share their 


 1    stories and their experiences.  Because right 

 2    now, in our country and our state, I sometimes 

 3    get the sense that public service has kind of 

 4    lost its shine.  

 5                 And when you hear about some of 

 6    these experiences that these veterans went 

 7    through, like Paul O'Keefe -- and 

 8    Anthony Rabasco, who was at the Battle of Inchon, 

 9    40,000 infantry.  And you hear the stories of 

10    the -- we think it's cold outside today.  We wish 

11    that spring would come a little sooner.  To hear 

12    what these veterans went through -- and then they 

13    came home and they continued to give back.  

14                 These hardships last a lifetime 

15    inside their memories, and yet they continue to 

16    sacrifice on our behalf.  And they come here 

17    today to share these stories with us.  And it's 

18    something that I feel our younger generation 

19    should hear every single day.  Because despite 

20    the polarization, despite the divide that we 

21    have, we continue to have men and women who are 

22    willing to step forward and potentially lay down 

23    their lives for our country, just for the 

24    opportunity for us to come together, not tear 

25    ourselves apart.  


 1                 So I want to thank our veterans and 

 2    their families, in particular our Vietnam and our 

 3    Korean War veterans, especially today, for coming 

 4    here and reminding us what we stand for.

 5                 Thank you, Madam President.

 6                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

 7    Senator Ashby.

 8                 Senator May on the resolution.

 9                 SENATOR MAY:   Thank you, 

10    Madam President.  

11                 I also want to thank the sponsor of 

12    this resolution.  And as the proud daughter of a 

13    Korean War veteran, I just thank you all for your 

14    service and for being here today.

15                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

16    Kennedy on the resolution.

17                 SENATOR KENNEDY:   Thank you, 

18    Madam President.

19                 First let me start by thanking our 

20    Majority Leader for bringing this resolution to 

21    the floor, for our resolution sponsor, 

22    Senator Scarcella-Spanton, for Senator Harckham 

23    and Senator Mayer for their efforts in bringing 

24    these heroes here with us today, these veterans 

25    of the Korean War, what we've all been taught in 


 1    my generation was referred to as "the forgotten 

 2    war."  

 3                 I want you all to know I think what 

 4    we are demonstrating here today is the sacrifice 

 5    that you made, the sacrifice your families made, 

 6    and the sacrifice of over 36,000 United States 

 7    military men and women who paid the ultimate 

 8    sacrifice.  The sacrifice they made will never be 

 9    forgotten.  

10                 Our generation, our country, our 

11    world is better off today -- and it always was -- 

12    because of the sacrifice you made to put on that 

13    military uniform for our great country and go to 

14    serve in a far-off, distant land that many of you 

15    at that time -- if any of you at the time knew 

16    much about.  

17                 And you did it because our country 

18    called on you to do so, and you did it with pride 

19    and you did it with dignity and you did it with 

20    great honor.  

21                 And we honor you all here today.  I 

22    want to take this moment also to join my 

23    colleagues in thanking you for your service.  

24                 I also want to recognize a great 

25    friend of ours who's no longer with us.  His soul 


 1    is looking over us.  He was a dear friend of not 

 2    just mine, but I know Senator Gallivan and my 

 3    colleagues out in Buffalo, Western New York.  

 4    Former Erie County Sheriff Tom Higgins, who spent 

 5    his entire adult life after returning from Korea 

 6    making sure that the world knew about the heroes 

 7    that he served with during that difficult time in 

 8    global history.

 9                 And while he's not with us any 

10    longer, his legacy lives on.  He championed the 

11    Korean War Memorial in downtown Buffalo at the 

12    Buffalo and Erie County Naval and Military Park.  

13    And I was proud to know him.  I was proud to 

14    learn about the sacrifices of so many of you and 

15    so many others on behalf of this great nation.

16                 So once again, thank you.  

17    Madam President, I'm proud to support this 

18    resolution.  God bless you all.

19                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

20    Senator Kennedy.

21                 Senator Canzoneri-Fitzpatrick on the 

22    resolution.


24    Thank you, Madam President.  

25                 Thank you to the sponsor for 


 1    bringing this to the floor.  It's a great day 

 2    anytime we're thinking of our veterans who have 

 3    given so much and sacrificed so much, and their 

 4    families, to protect our rights, our freedoms, 

 5    our liberties that we hold so dear.  

 6                 And I want to thank all of the 

 7    veterans who are here today and give a shout out 

 8    to my favorite Korean veteran, my dad, 90 years 

 9    young, Joseph Canzoneri, who served in the 

10    Coast Guard and was part of Operation 

11    Deep Freeze.  And I'm so proud of him.  He 

12    continues to be my role model and shows us about 

13    service to community.  

14                 So thank you, Madam President, for 

15    that opportunity to speak.

16                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you.

17                 Senator Tedisco on the resolution.

18                 SENATOR TEDISCO:   Thank you, 

19    Madam President.  

20                 Like my colleagues, I want to thank 

21    our Korean veterans for their sacrifice, for 

22    their service, for their contributions to this 

23    great nation.  And, by extension, thank all 

24    veterans -- past, present and future.  

25                 You know, we have a saying sometimes 


 1    when people do us a favor, our neighbor brings us 

 2    over a pie, we say "Thank you for everything." 

 3    Takes our kids to school or gives them a ride, 

 4    "Thank you for everything."  

 5                 When we say that to the veterans, 

 6    our Korean veterans and all of our veterans, and 

 7    the sacrifice they make, it truly rings through.  

 8    We truly thank you for everything we hold dear.  

 9    Because you took an oath of office to sacrifice 

10    everything you hold dear so we could have that as 

11    a nation.

12                 You know, we had some great founding 

13    fathers.  They created this document.  It's the 

14    Constitution of the United States of America.  I 

15    carry it with me every day.  And it's a wonderful 

16    document.  Unprecedented, I think.  But they 

17    don't maintain and this document doesn't maintain 

18    and keep us as the greatest nation in the world.  

19    We were born into this world with inalienable 

20    rights.  Not only us, every citizen from every 

21    part of the world.  But you know what?  Those 

22    inalienable rights that we were given when we 

23    were born don't make us and don't keep us the 

24    greatest nation in the world.  

25                 We're the greatest nation in the 


 1    world for one reason.  Thank you for everything.  

 2    Because the men and women who did, have, 

 3    sacrifice everything keep us the greatest nation 

 4    in terms of liberty and freedom.  We get to live 

 5    those liberties and freedoms at the highest level 

 6    of any group of citizens around the world.  

 7                 If you look at the citizenship, 

 8    children, adults, families, any part of the 

 9    world -- they don't have what we have here in 

10    this nation.  And we maintain it because there 

11    are men and women who are willing to wear the 

12    uniforms that our Korean veterans have in the 

13    past, that all our veterans have in the past.  

14                 So today I say to you:  Thank you 

15    for your supreme willingness to sacrifice 

16    everything for us, along with your families.  And 

17    thank you for making us and keeping us the one 

18    group in the whole world -- past, present and I 

19    know in the future -- will keep us the greatest 

20    nation in the world.

21                 And that's because we get to live 

22    those freedoms and liberties at the highest level 

23    of any group around this world of citizens.

24                 I thank the leadership for that, the 

25    sponsor of this.  Our ranker, Senator Ashby.  All 


 1    the committee people on that.  And all my 

 2    colleagues for being willing to take this day -- 

 3    something we should wake up every morning, and 

 4    before we put our feet outside of the bed we're 

 5    in, say a nice prayer of thanks for everything 

 6    you've done and sacrificed.  So we can say to 

 7    you, in the true way, thank you for everything we 

 8    hold dear.

 9                 Thank you, Madam President.

10                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

11    Senator Tedisco.

12                 Senator Mattera on the resolution.

13                 SENATOR MATTERA:   Thank you, 

14    Madam President.  

15                 This is a very, very special day.  

16    And I just want to thank Senator 

17    Scarcella-Spanton for this special resolution for 

18    Korean War Veterans Day.

19                 I just want to thank all of our 

20    Korean War veterans that are here today, that 

21    actually made it up here today, and to thank you 

22    for keeping us from harm's way and protecting us.  

23                 We even had our Vietnam veterans 

24    also too that was down at the breakfast this 

25    morning.  And it was just a beautiful, beautiful 


 1    breakfast.  And Senator, thank you so much for 

 2    taking your time and making it very, very special 

 3    for everybody to come up here today.

 4                 They are true heroes, true 

 5    Americans, all of our veterans.  I'm from the 

 6    Second Senate district, and we have somebody here 

 7    today also too, Paul Fitzsimmons that is 

 8    attending here today, that I met, from Northport 

 9    and East Northport.  And, you know, we had a 

10    special conversation today.  

11                 And one thing that I've been proud 

12    of is that any time -- especially being a union 

13    leader, and we got calls that the VFW halls and 

14    all of our American Legion halls needed help.  

15    This chamber, we need to help.  The money should 

16    be there so we can go and fix up their buildings 

17    and make sure that they have a beautiful home to 

18    go to to tell their stories.  

19                 And that's one thing that I'm so 

20    proud of with the trades, with the union trades, 

21    that we went, we donated money, especially over 

22    in the Smithtown area at the VFW Hall and to go 

23    fix a roof, a roof that was leaking for years.  

24    And you know what?  We all got together and we 

25    did this.  


 1                 And one thing that's special to me 

 2    is that when I go to a store, when I go even to 

 3    my 7/11 and I see -- we see those hats and we see 

 4    the veteran hats, no matter what war it is, I 

 5    always say:  Thank you so much for your service.  

 6    Thank you for protecting us from harm's way.  And 

 7    can I please buy you that cup of coffee and that 

 8    roll.

 9                 And so to my special -- like I said 

10    this last year also, to my Uncle Louie, I have an 

11    Uncle Louie Maters.  Right now he's at the Vets 

12    Home at Stony Brook.  And he's the mayor, I will 

13    tell you.  He's the mayor there, and he's still 

14    -- he's 92 years old, feisty like you wouldn't 

15    believe, goes around, he has an electric chair 

16    that he goes -- but I that's -- I think the 

17    electric chair is actually ran on green hydrogen.  

18    But -- 

19                 (Laughter.)

20                 SENATOR MATTERA:   To my 

21    Senator Krueger.  

22                 (Laughter.)

23                 SENATOR MATTERA:   So there's my 

24    Uncle Louie, he goes with that electric chair all 

25    over the place.  And he's the mayor, he just 


 1    makes everybody feel good.  Yeah, he did have a 

 2    little fight with one of his roommates, but we 

 3    won't get --

 4                 (Laughter.)

 5                 SENATOR MATTERA:   We won't discuss 

 6    that today.  You know, him being the Marine.  

 7                 But him being a somebody that I 

 8    looked up to, a mentor to me, that I looked up 

 9    to.  And you know what, when Uncle Louie spoke, 

10    you listened.  And I'm very, very proud.

11                 But, you know, there's a gentleman 

12    named Fred Sganga that's the director at the 

13    state's home over at Stony Brook that does an 

14    amazing job.  It should be the model to all state 

15    homes and to all homes for anybody.  

16                 The VA Home at Northport, with Joe 

17    Sledge doing a great job, and how proud I am that 

18    we go there Thanksgiving, giving out turkeys and 

19    how proud, you know, with all of our veterans.

20                 But today, this is about our 

21    Korean War veterans that protected us, that were 

22    there, true Americans.  And I just want to say 

23    God bless every single one of you.  God bless 

24    every veteran.  God bless our military.  And 

25    especially God bless the United States of 


 1    America.

 2                 Thank you.

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

 4    Senator Mattera.

 5                 Senator Krueger on the resolution.

 6                 SENATOR KRUEGER:   Thank you very 

 7    much, Madam President.  

 8                 I'm so appreciative of this day 

 9    because it's reminding me of my deceased uncle 

10    Stuart Krueger, who was a Korean War veteran.  

11    And I know that he would have loved the 

12    opportunity to come here with you if we had 

13    started this a few years earlier.  But 

14    unfortunately that was not to be.  

15                 And since he lived on Long Island, 

16    he would tell my dear friend Senator Mattera he's 

17    very worried about climate change --

18                 (Laughter.)

19                 SENATOR KRUEGER:   -- and the 

20    destruction to Long Island, because we're not 

21    doing enough fast enough.  So a green hydrogen 

22    electric chair might be a start, but it isn't the 

23    end.  

24                 So thank you very much.  And thank 

25    you all for your service to this country.


 1                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

 2    Senator Krueger.

 3                 Senator Rolison on the resolution.

 4                 SENATOR ROLISON:   Thank you, 

 5    Madam President.  

 6                 And thank you to the sponsor for 

 7    bringing this forward.  

 8                 Last year I was honored to rise to 

 9    thank this body for honoring our Korean War 

10    veterans, and it gave me, you know, the 

11    opportunity to remember my dad, who served during 

12    the Korean War.  My uncle Bill Sherry, my 

13    godfather, my dad's best friend -- they went to 

14    Providence College and were roommates together, 

15    they served together, and lifelong friends.  

16                 And during our time together, which 

17    was many, many years, we -- I didn't ask anything 

18    about the Korean War.  I only knew that my dad 

19    had some unit medals or insignias that I would 

20    play with as a kid.  And I also said last year 

21    that my Uncle Bill and my dad were the best of 

22    friends who spent so much time together.  Every 

23    Friday night they'd be over at the house or 

24    they'd be at Uncle Bill's playing bridge.  I 

25    never heard them talk about it either.  


 1                 So this morning I was at the Well, 

 2    and I heard stories, stories that I never heard 

 3    from my father or my godfather.  And as Senator 

 4    Ashby said, those are important stories.  And we 

 5    say, so often and importantly -- and I'm glad 

 6    that we do, and I'm glad that I have the 

 7    opportunity to do it too, thanking our veterans.  

 8    But behind every veteran is a story.  And these 

 9    stories are not known as well as they should be 

10    to educate others, including ourselves, on how 

11    important your service was, the service is, and 

12    will be going forward.

13                 Because as has been said many times 

14    in this room, without that service and without 

15    that sacrifice of our veterans and our men and 

16    women who are serving today, someplace in this 

17    world, we would not be standing here.  We would 

18    not have those freedoms.

19                 So again, thank you.  Thank you to 

20    the sponsor for once again giving me the 

21    opportunity just to get up here and think about 

22    two individuals in my life, my dad and my 

23    Uncle Bill, but to every single veteran that 

24    has served.

25                 Thank you, Madam President.  


 1                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

 2    Senator Rolison.

 3                 Senator Weber on the resolution.

 4                 SENATOR WEBER:   Thank you, 

 5    Madam President.  

 6                 And I rise in support of this very 

 7    important resolution as well.  And I thank the 

 8    sponsor.  I thank the Majority Leader for 

 9    allowing this to come to the floor today.  

10                 And I thank our Korean War veterans 

11    that are here today, that are at home in my 

12    district in Rockland County, for your bravery and 

13    for everything that you did for us, for our 

14    generation.  

15                 You know, as mentioned earlier, the 

16    Korean War was always referred to as "the 

17    forgotten war," but you're not forgotten.  You're 

18    remembered every single day by not only everyone 

19    in this chamber but everyone, especially in my 

20    district and I know in all of my colleagues' 

21    districts.  

22                 You know, I'd like to -- and I'd be 

23    remiss not to mention and remember someone who 

24    was very important to this chamber, Lieutenant 

25    Colonel Bill Larkin -- World War II, Korean War 


 1    veteran, someone who spent many years in war and 

 2    spent many years in distinguished service of this 

 3    State Senate, someone who respected Haverstraw, a 

 4    section of my district, North Rockland section of 

 5    this district, someone who I looked up to as 

 6    someone, you know, rising through and thinking 

 7    about politics, someone who I think really led me 

 8    to want to get into public service as well, and I 

 9    know someone who worked well with everyone in 

10    this chamber on both sides of the aisle.  

11                 So I'd like to just remember him as 

12    well today on this day.  

13                 So thank you, Madam President.  And 

14    I vote aye.

15                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

16    Senator Weber.

17                 Senator Weik on the resolution.

18                 SENATOR WEIK:   Thank you, 

19    Madam President.  

20                 I just want to say welcome to all of 

21    our Korean War veterans who are here today.  I 

22    thank you so much for making the trip up to share 

23    your stories with us and to be here with us.  

24                 I thank you for your service to our 

25    country.  I thank you for your dedication to all 


 1    of our communities and to the veterans who 

 2    followed after you.  Thank you so much for 

 3    everything.  

 4                 May God bless you all.

 5                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

 6    Senator Weik.

 7                 Senator Ortt, Minority Leader Ortt, 

 8    on the resolution.

 9                 SENATOR ORTT:   Thank you, 

10    Madam President.  

11                 I do want to thank and echo the 

12    comments of colleagues.  I want to thank the 

13    Majority, I want to thank the sponsor for 

14    bringing this resolution to the floor.

15                 As was mentioned, the Korean 

16    conflict often is -- is sometimes referred to as 

17    "the forgotten war."  And maybe in some ways, you 

18    know, not surprising.  It's sandwiched between 

19    World War II, which literally was fought for the 

20    preservation of liberty and freedom across the 

21    globe, and then the Vietnam War, which divided 

22    America as never before.

23                 And just last week we recognized our 

24    Vietnam veterans and we talked a lot about how 

25    they were treated when they got home and how we 


 1    endeavor every day to make sure that never 

 2    happens again, that veterans never are treated 

 3    that way when they return.  Because for that 

 4    generation, that's their hallmark.  That's the 

 5    scar that they bore after the conflict.  

 6                 But I think something even worse 

 7    than being maybe treated poorly or maybe not 

 8    fully recognized is to be forgotten.  And 

 9    especially when you put your life on the line, 

10    especially when you know people who died in that 

11    conflict, to be forgotten I think is something 

12    that all of us would never want, and certainly 

13    for our veterans.

14                 I think it is important that we 

15    recognize all of our veterans, but obviously each 

16    individual conflict.  But each individual 

17    conflict is unique.  Each individual conflict has 

18    certain unique hallmarks for that generation, for 

19    those veterans, whether they were young men or 

20    women or whether they were battle-hardened 

21    veterans out of World War II who then also fought 

22    in Korea, where I know many did.

23                 I remember taking a group of 

24    veterans to Washington, D.C., to see the 

25    monuments.  And we went to World War II -- we 


 1    took the World War II veterans to the 

 2    World War II Monument, we took Vietnam veterans 

 3    of course to the Wall.  The Korean Monument is a 

 4    really ghostly and unforgettable monument in 

 5    Washington, D.C.  The sculptures of soldiers 

 6    marching through -- you know, through what would 

 7    be Korea in their gear from that time and their 

 8    ponchos and their K-Pots.  

 9                 It is a ghostly feeling.  You almost 

10    feel like you're looking at real visages of 

11    human beings, of veterans, of soldiers right 

12    there in the Mall in Washington, D.C. 

13                 And I know the Korean War veterans 

14    who attended that, who laid a wreath at that 

15    monument, I think, I hope it brought them some 

16    measure of closure.  And I hope that these kinds 

17    of recognitions bring them not only some closure, 

18    but the understanding that it is not forgotten.  

19                 And of course we know that the -- 

20    the echoes of that conflict are still with us 

21    today.  There are still 38,000 U.S. servicemen 

22    and -women who are in Korea today at the DMZ, 

23    protecting our ally South Korea, but also 

24    protecting the hard-fought gains that American 

25    servicemen and -women died for back in 1951 to 


 1    '53.  That's what they're there to do, to protect 

 2    South Korea but to also protect what I would 

 3    consider hallowed ground where American 

 4    servicemembers spilled their blood.  

 5                 And again, we know the very real 

 6    dangers posed by a regime like North Korea.  And 

 7    we hope and I think we work towards hopefully 

 8    making sure that we never have to send hundreds 

 9    of thousands of U.S. servicemembers back to 

10    Korea.  And that would be the real reason to 

11    remember their service, is to make sure that 

12    their grandkids or their great-grandkids don't 

13    have to go back and die at Inchon or somewhere 

14    else over on the Korean peninsula.

15                 So again, thank you to the sponsor.  

16    Thank you to all my colleagues for supporting 

17    this resolution.  

18                 Madam President, thank you for your 

19    indulgence.

20                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

21    Senator Ortt.

22                 Majority Leader Andrea 

23    Stewart-Cousins on the resolution.

24                 SENATOR STEWART-COUSINS:   Thank you 

25    so much, Madam President.  


 1                 And of course I rise to pay tribute 

 2    to our heroes, our Korean War heroes.  And I know 

 3    I have Vietnam veteran heroes as well.  

 4                 We talk about this not being a 

 5    forgotten war.  And it can't be, not with 37,000 

 6    who were lost, paid the ultimate sacrifice.  Not 

 7    with over 90,000 wounded, 8,000 missing.  It 

 8    could not be forgotten.

 9                 But as always, actions speak louder 

10    than words.  We say we didn't forget, but we did 

11    not have this moment to honor you in this chamber 

12    before two years ago.  And so this action I hope 

13    permeates not only the Capitol, but allows you to 

14    know that, like you -- certainly not on the level 

15    that you took action -- but we are willing to 

16    back up our words with action.

17                 I do want to thank Chet Edwards, who 

18    brought this to the attention of you, 

19    Madam President, Senator Mayer, who then brought 

20    everyone to our office.  And the very, very 

21    moment that we realized that we could do 

22    something meaningful, we resolved to do it.

23                 Last time we did our celebration, it 

24    was with West Point Day.  And it was quite 

25    extraordinary, because the new soldiers had a 


 1    chance also to join us in honoring you.  And they 

 2    were inspired by you.  And I know brand-new 

 3    Senator Scarcella-Spanton, who took over the 

 4    committee, was trying to figure out how this 

 5    would be juggled.  And it was juggled so 

 6    beautifully, as it was this year, by honoring you 

 7    in the morning and then all of you that 

 8    afternoon.  It is something we will never, ever 

 9    forget.  

10                 You are also sitting next to State 

11    Troopers, who I'm sure are in awe of you as we 

12    begin to elevate a superintendent historically in 

13    this chamber.

14                 So every time you're here, something 

15    extraordinary happens, and we all benefit from 

16    your presence.  We all grow in our understanding 

17    of your sacrifice.  And we all get a chance to 

18    spend as many, many moments, hours, as necessary 

19    to tell you you're not forgotten, we honor you, 

20    we honor your service, we will never forget.  

21                 And I am so proud to be in a house 

22    where, you know, we have a lot of different 

23    conversations, a lot of complexities, a lot of 

24    things we agree to disagree on.  No one disagrees 

25    with the honor that you have brought to us and 


 1    the recognition that you deserve today and 

 2    every day.

 3                 Thank you for honoring us.  Thank 

 4    you for coming up to spend the day with us.  I'm 

 5    sorry I didn't do better with the weather; I will 

 6    not take responsibility for the snow.  But 

 7    despite that, you're here anyway, the way you 

 8    would be any time you're called to be of service.  

 9    You represent so many.  

10                 And again, God bless you.  God bless 

11    America and our state.  Thank you.

12                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

13    Leader Stewart-Cousins.

14                 To our guests, our Korean War 

15    veterans, especially Anthony Rabasco, a Korean 

16    War veteran from my district who's over there.  I 

17    welcome you on behalf of the Senate.  We extend 

18    to you the privileges of the house.  We're so 

19    very pleased to have you here today.  Please rise 

20    and be recognized.  

21                 (Lengthy standing ovation.)

22                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

23    resolution was previously adopted on April 3rd.

24                 Senator Gianaris.

25                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Madam President, 


 1    there's a report of the Finance Committee at the 

 2    desk.  Can we take that up, please.  

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

 4    Secretary will read.

 5                 THE SECRETARY:   Senator Krueger, 

 6    from the Committee on Finance, reports the 

 7    following nomination:  

 8                 As Superintendent of the Division of 

 9    State Police, Steven G. James.

10                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Move to accept 

11    the report of the Finance Committee and ask that 

12    you recognize Leader Stewart-Cousins on the 

13    nomination.

14                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   All those 

15    in favor of accepting the report of the 

16    Finance Committee signify by saying aye.

17                 (Response of "Aye.")

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Opposed, 

19    nay.

20                 (No response.)

21                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The report 

22    of the Finance Committee is accepted.  

23                 Leader Stewart-Cousins on the 

24    nomination.

25                 SENATOR STEWART-COUSINS:   Thank you 


 1    so much, Madam President.  

 2                 I could not help but somehow weave 

 3    the service into the conversation.  I wanted our 

 4    vets to know that they are here on a historic 

 5    day.  And I wanted them to also know that the 

 6    reason why so many were here in uniform was 

 7    because there is more service to be applauded, 

 8    and certainly a day where we have the honor of 

 9    elevating one of the New York State Troopers' 

10    finest to the position of superintendent.

11                 I got a call from the Governor 

12    before the announcement was made, and the 

13    Governor said:  "I have an announcement of the 

14    superintendent of the State Police tomorrow.  

15    And, you know, he's amazing, and you're going to 

16    be thrilled."  And because I am who I am, I said, 

17    What's his name?  Who is he?  She told me the 

18    name.  And I said okay, let's see.  

19                 During the next day, week, I spent 

20    my time doing my homework and finding out who 

21    Steven James is and who he was to the State 

22    Police.  

23                 Thirty-two years of service.  And in 

24    the conversation I had with everyone, there was 

25    no one who had anything but glowing reviews about 


 1    his and your service.  From courage to integrity 

 2    to being willing to do everything possible to 

 3    uphold the values of not only the state but the 

 4    Troopers, everyone applauded the Governor's 

 5    nominee.  

 6                 It's so incredibly refreshing to 

 7    know that you've come up through the ranks and 

 8    somehow, in 32 years, you didn't make anybody 

 9    angry.  

10                 (Laughter.)

11                 SENATOR STEWART-COUSINS:   I don't 

12    know how you did that.  And if you did, nobody's 

13    talking.

14                 And then to have been retired for 

15    four years -- and we talked about that.  I got a 

16    chance to spend some time with him, because he 

17    did come to the office -- and decompress, think 

18    about what you've done.  I'm sure you thought 

19    you'd be spending life on the beach until you got 

20    that phone call and recognized that what he had 

21    to bring to this moment during this, again, 

22    complex time was something that not only was rare 

23    but very much needed.

24                 And despite the fact that you have 

25    all the options that you should be afforded, 


 1    having invested so much time in service and the 

 2    protection of your fellow citizens in the state, 

 3    you've returned to take on the mantle of 

 4    leadership of this very important and prestigious 

 5    organization of Troopers.  And you are making 

 6    history as the first African-American 

 7    superintendent.  

 8                 I am so honored to be able to stand 

 9    here and congratulate you, to thank you for not 

10    only your past service but the service that you 

11    continue to bring.  

12                 And I just want you to know that 

13    this body -- and I'm sure if the Assembly had the 

14    privilege of being able to vote on your elevation 

15    as well, they would join me in saying you have 

16    partners in these legislative bodies.  We can 

17    work together to make sure that the safety and 

18    the integrity of the work that we all do inures 

19    to the benefit of all New Yorkers.

20                 I want to congratulate you.  I thank 

21    you again for your service.  And again, I look 

22    forward to working with you.

23                 Thank you so much, Madam President.

24                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

25    Majority Leader.


 1                 Senator Krueger on the nomination.

 2                 SENATOR KRUEGER:   Thank you very 

 3    much, Madam President.  

 4                 And obviously the leader's words 

 5    pretty much cover everything.  I just wanted to 

 6    go on the record that the new commissioner -- 

 7    superintendent of State Police had a full meeting 

 8    with the Finance Committee and the Codes 

 9    Committee yesterday.  Very well attended, endless 

10    questions.  And I'm not sure we've ever seen a 

11    candidate go through so smoothly and with I 

12    believe unanimous support.  

13                 So I also want to thank the Governor 

14    for finding us such an excellent nominee to move 

15    through to the floor.  And I want to thank him 

16    for his willingness to continue to serve.  And I 

17    know he will do all New Yorkers extremely proud 

18    in his new position.

19                 Thank you, Madam President.

20                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

21    Senator Krueger.

22                 Senator Gallivan on the nomination.

23                 SENATOR GALLIVAN:   Thank you, 

24    Madam President.  

25                 I rise to support the nomination of 


 1    Steven James as the next superintendent of State 

 2    Police.  I'm very proud to do so.  Many know I 

 3    was a State Trooper.  My father was.  My uncle 

 4    was.  And I of course have a special place in my 

 5    heart for the State Police -- not because of my 

 6    family or me personally, but because of what they 

 7    do and what they mean to the 19 million 

 8    New Yorkers that they serve.  

 9                 It's very unique.  A police agency 

10    like that is so many different things to the 

11    different people across the state.  But they're 

12    as important to somebody in the most rural of 

13    areas as they are in the biggest city in New York 

14    State.

15                 So the job of superintendent is very 

16    challenging.  And despite all the challenges that 

17    the State Police has had over the years, they 

18    remain one of the most -- if not the most -- 

19    respected law enforcement agencies in the 

20    country.  

21                 Certainly they have challenges in 

22    modern times.  And Steven James I believe is up 

23    to the challenge to lead this agency, having come 

24    up through the ranks.  I applaud the Governor for 

25    recognizing the importance of nominating somebody 


 1    to lead the agency that knows the agency.  He has 

 2    served in every single position, from trooper up 

 3    to deputy superintendent -- and now, of course, 

 4    superintendent.

 5                 So I look forward to working with 

 6    him -- I hope the rest of this body does as 

 7    well -- as we work to make New York State safer 

 8    and our communities safe throughout the state for 

 9    all of the citizens, and we deal with the 

10    challenges of modern times.

11                 So I congratulate the 

12    superintendent, the members of his new executive 

13    staff who are here today.  They have challenges 

14    ahead of them, but no doubt they're in good 

15    hands.  

16                 So congratulations, and I vote aye.

17                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

18    Senator Gallivan.

19                 The question is on the nomination.  

20                 Call the roll.

21                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

22                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

23    the results.

24                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 59.

25                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   I'd like 


 1    to announce that our nominee, Superintendent 

 2    Steven James, the new superintendent of the 

 3    State Police, is confirmed.

 4                 Please rise and be recognized.

 5                 (Standing ovation.)

 6                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

 7    Gianaris.

 8                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Thank you, 

 9    Madam President.  

10                 Returning to resolutions, can we 

11    take up previously adopted Resolution 2067, by 

12    Senator Ramos, read that resolution's title, and 

13    recognize Senator Ramos.

14                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

15    Secretary will read.

16                 THE SECRETARY:   Resolution 2067, by 

17    Senator Ramos, memorializing Governor 

18    Kathy Hochul to proclaim March 31, 2024, as 

19    Cesar Chavez Day in the State of New York.

20                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

21    Ramos on the resolution.

22                 SENATOR RAMOS:   Thank you, 

23    Madam President.  

24                 You know, Cesar Chavez Day was 

25    March 31st, but it is meaningful that this 


 1    resolution should fall on April 4th, today, which 

 2    is the anniversary of Dr. King's assassination.  

 3    It provides this body, and our state as a whole, 

 4    with an opportunity to reflect on how change 

 5    exactly comes to be.  

 6                 Dr. King and Cesar Chavez were both 

 7    championing the rights of the essential working 

 8    people our country many times took for granted.  

 9    At the time of his assassination, Dr. King was in 

10    Memphis visiting striking sanitation workers, and 

11    Chavez was leading Mexican and Chicano 

12    farmworkers against the grape growers of 

13    California, inspired by Filipino strikers.  

14                 Though on opposite coasts, their 

15    voices were one.  They would resist oppression, 

16    degradation, and disrespect through nonviolence.  

17    The boycott, the strike, the blocking of bridges 

18    and highways, and the push for fair and free 

19    elections were their tools.  

20                 Chavez famously said his organizing 

21    was never really about grapes.  Similarly, for 

22    Dr. King, it was not about lunch counters or 

23    buses.  They demanded that the country built by 

24    the blood and sweat of Black and brown people be 

25    recognized.


 1                 The American tradition of civil 

 2    disobedience should not be dismissed.  The same 

 3    peaceful tactics of withholding your labor and 

 4    your pocketbook, sitting in the way and 

 5    disrupting the flow of commerce, were used to win 

 6    the right to vote, the right to a day off, the 

 7    rate to work safely, and the end of child labor.  

 8                 In 1990 Cesar Chavez again invoked 

 9    Dr. King when talking about the dangerous use of 

10    pesticides in the fields worked by his union 

11    members at UFW.  He said the same inhumanity 

12    displayed at Selma, in Birmingham, and so many of 

13    Dr. King's battlegrounds is displayed every day 

14    in the vineyards of California.  

15                 Even today, efforts to roll back the 

16    rights of farmworkers have a home right here in 

17    the vineyards of New York State.  And so as 

18    employers fight to take away hard-won rights from 

19    the workers who make their harvest possible, I'll 

20    share my favorite quote from Cesar Chavez:  

21                 "Once social change begins, it 

22    cannot be reversed.  You cannot uneducate the 

23    person who has learned to read.  You cannot 

24    humiliate the person who feels pride.  You cannot 

25    oppress the people who are not afraid anymore.  


 1    We have seen the future, and the future is ours."

 2                 Thank you.

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Thank you, 

 4    Senator Ramos.

 5                 The resolution was previously 

 6    adopted on April 3rd.

 7                 Senator Gianaris.

 8                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Madam President, 

 9    the resolutions' sponsors would like to open them 

10    up for cosponsorship.  

11                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

12    resolutions are open for cosponsorship.  Should 

13    you choose not to be a cosponsor, please notify 

14    the desk.

15                 Senator Gianaris.

16                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Please take up 

17    the calendar.

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The 

19    Secretary will read.

20                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

21    118, Senate Print 5724, by Senator Kennedy, an 

22    act to amend the Highway Law.

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

24    last section.

25                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 3.  This 


 1    act shall take effect immediately.

 2                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

 3    roll.

 4                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

 5                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

 6    the results.

 7                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 59.

 8                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

 9    is passed.  

10                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

11    232, Senate Print 3052, by Senator Stavisky, an 

12    act to amend the Education Law.

13                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

14    last section.

15                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

16    act shall take effect on the first of July.

17                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

18    roll.

19                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

20                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

21    the results.  

22                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 59.

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

24    is passed.

25                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 


 1    240, Senate Print 5554, by Senator Comrie, an act 

 2    to amend the General Municipal Law.

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

 4    last section.

 5                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 4.  This 

 6    act shall take effect immediately.

 7                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

 8    roll.

 9                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

10                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

11    the results.

12                 THE SECRETARY:   In relation to 

13    Calendar 240, those Senators voting in the 

14    negative are Senators Borrello, Brisport, 

15    Gallivan, Griffo, Murray, Oberacker, O'Mara, 

16    Ortt, Stec and Tedisco.  Also Senator Weber.

17                 Ayes, 48.  Nays, 11.

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

19    is passed.

20                 THE SECRETARY:   Forgive me.  Also 

21    Senator Rolison as well.

22                 Ayes, 47.  Nays, 12.

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

24    is passed.

25                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 


 1    331, Senate Print 5169, by Senator Mannion, an 

 2    act to amend the State Law.

 3                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

 4    last section.

 5                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

 6    act shall take effect immediately.

 7                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

 8    roll.

 9                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

10                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

11    the results.

12                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 59.

13                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

14    is passed.

15                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

16    398, Senate Print 3531A, by Senator Skoufis, an 

17    act to amend the Executive Law.

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

19    last section.

20                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 4.  This 

21    act shall take effect immediately.

22                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

23    roll.

24                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

25                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 


 1    the results.

 2                 THE SECRETARY:   In relation to 

 3    Calendar 398, those Senators voting in the 

 4    negative are Senators Borrello, 

 5    Canzoneri-Fitzpatrick, Griffo, Helming, Mattera, 

 6    Murray, Oberacker, O'Mara, Ortt, Palumbo, Rhoads, 

 7    Rolison, Stec, Tedisco, Weber and Weik.

 8                 Ayes, 43.  Nays, 16.

 9                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

10    is passed.

11                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

12    438, Senate Print 6635, by Senator Ramos, an act 

13    to amend the Workers' Compensation Law.

14                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

15    last section.

16                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

17    act shall take effect on the first of January.

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

19    roll.

20                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

21                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

22    the results.

23                 THE SECRETARY:   In relation to 

24    Calendar 438, those Senators voting in the 

25    negative are Senators Ashby, Borrello, 


 1    Canzoneri-Fitzpatrick, Gallivan, Griffo, Helming, 

 2    Lanza, Mattera, Murray, Oberacker, O'Mara, Ortt, 

 3    Palumbo, Rhoads, Rolison, Stec, Tedisco, Weber 

 4    and Weik.

 5                 Ayes, 40.  Nays, 19.

 6                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

 7    is passed.

 8                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

 9    528, Senate Print 2924, by Senator Cleare, an act 

10    to establish the Marshall Plan for Moms 

11    Interagency Task Force.

12                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

13    last section.

14                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 6.  This 

15    act shall take effect immediately.

16                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

17    roll.

18                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

19                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

20    Cleare to explain her vote.

21                 SENATOR CLEARE:   Thank you, 

22    Madam President.

23                 We call this bill the Marshall Plan 

24    for Moms, and it recognizes a key principle.  The 

25    COVID pandemic, which was declared in this state 


 1    over four years ago and which killed over 

 2    1.2 million people in the United States alone, 

 3    had a disproportionate impact on mothers.  

 4    Mothers were often the first who had to quit or 

 5    leave their job, the first who had to deal with 

 6    childcare, the first who had to tend to ailing 

 7    friends or family.  

 8                 And all these statements rang true 

 9    in the time that preceded the pandemic.  In fact, 

10    the unique needs that women and mothers face as 

11    caregivers was recently extensively researched by 

12    AARP, who concluded that the state needs to step 

13    up in a multidisciplinary way to empower these 

14    superwomen.  

15                 Mothers need thoughtful and targeted 

16    assistance.  They have a real job to do -- 

17    oftentimes multiple jobs -- and they need our 

18    support.  

19                 I am grateful that the AFL-CIO has 

20    indicated support for this bill.  

21                 I urge an aye vote, and I proudly 

22    vote aye.

23                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

24    Cleare to be recorded in the affirmative.

25                 Announce the results.


 1                 THE SECRETARY:   In relation to 

 2    Calendar 528, those Senators voting in the 

 3    negative are Senators Borrello, Gallivan, Griffo, 

 4    Helming, Lanza, Mattera, Murray, Oberacker, 

 5    O'Mara, Ortt, Stec, Tedisco and Weber.

 6                 Ayes, 46.  Nays, 13.

 7                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

 8    is passed.

 9                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

10    712, Senate Print 3582, by Senator Hinchey, an 

11    act to amend the Tax Law.

12                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

13    last section.

14                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

15    act shall take effect immediately.

16                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

17    roll.

18                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

19                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

20    the results.

21                 THE SECRETARY:   Ayes, 59.

22                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

23    is passed.

24                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

25    731, Senate Print 2376A, by Senator Persaud, an 


 1    act to amend the Penal Law.

 2                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

 3    last section.

 4                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 7.  This 

 5    act shall take effect on the 90th day after it 

 6    shall have become a law.

 7                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

 8    Brisport to explain his vote.

 9                 SENATOR BRISPORT:   Thank you, 

10    Madam President.  

11                 I rise to vote no on this 

12    legislation, respectfully, as I voted no in years 

13    past.  But I feel compelled to speak on it today 

14    because today is yet another day and another year 

15    in which we have not passed the New York Health 

16    Act.  

17                 And while this bill addresses the 

18    crime of stealing of health insurance, it does 

19    not address the much greater crime of denying 

20    health insurance to over 1 million New Yorkers.  

21    And New York State, with our $2 trillion 

22    economy -- on par with Canada, which has 

23    universal health insurance -- our $2 trillion 

24    economy, larger than many industrialized nations 

25    which guarantee universal healthcare, we choose 


 1    not to make sure every single person in this 

 2    state has health insurance.

 3                 And this bill now puts uninsured and 

 4    underinsured New Yorkers in an impossible 

 5    situation where, if you don't have health 

 6    insurance, you can go into crippling medical debt 

 7    if you're sick, or you can face jail time for 

 8    stealing health insurance.  

 9                 And it is our fault that they are 

10    uninsured.  It is our fault they are 

11    underinsured.  We have the money to guarantee 

12    health insurance to every single person in the 

13    state.  We have the power to do it.  We cannot 

14    blame the federal government.  We have no one to 

15    blame but ourselves.  

16                 So I urge this body to pass the 

17    New York Health Act.  I urge us to think 

18    differently about how we approach the uninsured 

19    and underinsured.  And I respectfully vote no.

20                 Thank you.  

21                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

22    roll.

23                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

24                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Senator 

25    Brisport to be recorded in the negative.


 1                 Announce the results.

 2                 THE SECRETARY:   In relation to 

 3    Calendar 731, Senator Brisport in the negative.  

 4                 Ayes, 58.  Nays, 1.

 5                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

 6    is passed.

 7                 THE SECRETARY:   Calendar Number 

 8    738, Senate Print 252, by Senator Serrano, an act 

 9    to amend the Parks, Recreation and Historic 

10    Preservation Law.

11                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Read the 

12    last section.

13                 THE SECRETARY:   Section 2.  This 

14    act shall take effect on the first of January.

15                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Call the 

16    roll.

17                 (The Secretary called the roll.)

18                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   Announce 

19    the results.

20                 THE SECRETARY:   In relation to 

21    Calendar 738, voting in the negative:  

22    Senator Helming.  

23                 Ayes, 58.  Nays, 1.

24                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   The bill 

25    is passed.


 1                 Senator Gianaris, that completes the 

 2    reading of the calendar.

 3                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   Is there any 

 4    further business at the desk?

 5                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   There is 

 6    no further business at the desk.

 7                 SENATOR GIANARIS:   I move to 

 8    adjourn until Monday, April 8th, at 11:00 a.m., 

 9    with the intervening days being legislative days.

10                 ACTING PRESIDENT MAYER:   On motion, 

11    the Senate stands adjourned until Monday, 

12    April 8th, at 11:00 a.m., with the intervening 

13    days being legislative days.

14                 (Whereupon, at 1:18 p.m., the Senate 

15    adjourned.)