senate Bill S142

Increases penalties for certain alcohol related driving convictions

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 05 / Jan / 2011
    • REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION

Summary

Increases penalties for repeat driving while ability impaired conviction committed within the preceding ten years or for a fourth conviction for a similar offense.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A2410
Versions:
S142
Legislative Cycle:
2011-2012
Current Committee:
Senate Transportation
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Amd ยง1193, V & T L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2009-2010: S1048, A867
2007-2008: A10009

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S142

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to increasing
penalties for certain alcohol related driving convictions

PURPOSE:
Creates a new Class E felony when a person is convicted of a fourth
violation of Driving While Ability Impaired under vehicle and traffic
law section 1192, subdivision one.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section one amends section 1193 of the vehicle and traffic law to
provide that a conviction of Driving While Ability Impaired (DWAI)
under section 1192 subdivision one, after three prior offenses under
section 1192 within 10 years is a Class E felony offense and is
punishable by a fine of $1,000 to $5,000 and/or imprisonment from 1
to 3 years minimum, The bill also amends section 1193 of the vehicle
and traffic law by adding DWAI as a misdemeanor or DWAI as a felony
to the list of felony offenses as depicted in this list of sanctions.

JUSTIFICATION:
Under current law, section 1193(1) (c), imposes a felony offense for
a second conviction of DWI or DWAI-drugs, This legislation would
create a new felony offense for the conviction of DWAI after three
prior convictions for offenses under section 1192 of the vehicle and
traffic law as well as a mandatory one year's driver's license
suspension, Driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs can
lead to serious injuries or death of not only the drivers but also
passengers, pedestrians and occupants of other motor vehicles. The
potential serious consequences of such action dictate that the law
must reflect that multiple offenses are unacceptable. Therefore, this
legislation seeks to create a new felony offense for DWAI after three
prior convictions for DWAI.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
1997: S.405 -- Passed Senate; 1998: S.405 -- Senate Alcoholism and
Drug Abuse Committee; 1999 & 2000: S.4613 -- Passed Senate both years
S.1897 of 2001 and 2002; Passed Senate S.729B of 2003/2004; Passed
Senate S.203 of 2005 and 2006; Passed Senate; Passed Senate S.43 of
2007 and 2008 Passed Senate. S.1048 of 2009-2010; Referred to
Transportation

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
November 1st next succeeding the date on which it shall have become law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   142

                       2011-2012 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 5, 2011
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  MAZIARZ,  ALESI,  DeFRANCISCO, FLANAGAN, JOHNSON,
  LANZA, SALAND, SEWARD -- read twice  and  ordered  printed,  and  when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation

AN  ACT  to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to increasing
  penalties for certain alcohol related driving convictions

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 1193 of the vehi-
cle and traffic law is amended by adding a new subparagraph (iv) to read
as follows:
  (IV)  A  PERSON WHO OPERATES A VEHICLE IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION ONE
OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS ARTICLE AFTER  HAVING  BEEN
CONVICTED  THREE  TIMES  PREVIOUSLY OF A VIOLATION OF ANY SUBDIVISION OF
SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS ARTICLE, WITHIN THE  PRECEDING
TEN YEARS, SHALL BE GUILTY OF A CLASS E FELONY, AND SHALL BE PUNISHED BY
A FINE OF NOT LESS THAN ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN FIVE THOUSAND
DOLLARS  OR BY A PERIOD OF IMPRISONMENT AS PROVIDED IN THE PENAL LAW, OR
BY BOTH SUCH FINE AND IMPRISONMENT.
  S 2.  Paragraph (a) of subdivision 1 of section 1193  of  the  vehicle
and  traffic  law,  as  amended  by  chapter  75 of the laws of 1994, is
amended to read as follows:
  (a) Driving while ability impaired. A violation of subdivision one  of
section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two  of this article shall be a traffic
infraction and shall be punishable by a fine  of  not  less  than  three
hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or by imprisonment in
a penitentiary or county jail for not more than fifteen days, or by both
such fine and imprisonment. A person who operates a vehicle in violation
of  such  subdivision  after having been convicted of a violation of any
subdivision of section eleven hundred ninety-two of this article  within
the  preceding  five  years shall be punished by a fine of not less than

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD01439-01-1

S. 142                              2

five hundred dollars nor more than seven hundred fifty  dollars,  or  by
imprisonment  of  not  more than thirty days in a penitentiary or county
jail or by both such fine and imprisonment.  A  person  who  operates  a
vehicle in violation of such subdivision after having been convicted two
[or  more]  times  of  a  violation of any subdivision of section eleven
hundred ninety-two of this article within the preceding ten years  shall
be  guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less
than seven hundred fifty dollars nor more than fifteen hundred  dollars,
or  by  imprisonment of not more than one hundred eighty days in a peni-
tentiary or county jail or by both such fine and imprisonment.
  S 3. Subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of paragraph (c) of subdivision  1  of
section  1193  of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter 496
of the laws of 2009, are amended to read as follows:
  (i) A person who operates a vehicle (A) in  violation  of  subdivision
two,  two-a,  three, four or four-a of section eleven hundred ninety-two
of this article after having been convicted of a violation  of  subdivi-
sion  two,  two-a,  three, four or four-a of such section, OR OF DRIVING
WHILE ABILITY IMPAIRED AS A MISDEMEANOR PURSUANT  TO  PARAGRAPH  (A)  OF
THIS SUBDIVISION, or of vehicular assault in the second or first degree,
as  defined,  respectively, in sections 120.03 and 120.04 and aggravated
vehicular assault as defined in section 120.04-a of the penal law or  of
vehicular  manslaughter  in  the  second  or  first  degree, as defined,
respectively, in sections 125.12 and  125.13  and  aggravated  vehicular
homicide  as defined in section 125.14 of such law, within the preceding
ten years, or (B) in violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision two-a  of
section  eleven  hundred ninety-two of this article shall be guilty of a
class E felony, and shall be punished by a fine of  not  less  than  one
thousand  dollars  nor more than five thousand dollars or by a period of
imprisonment as provided in the penal law, or  by  both  such  fine  and
imprisonment.
  (ii)  A person who operates a vehicle in violation of subdivision two,
two-a, three, four or four-a of section  eleven  hundred  ninety-two  of
this  article  after having been convicted of a violation of subdivision
two, two-a, three, four or four-a of such section, OR OF  DRIVING  WHILE
ABILITY  IMPAIRED  AS  A  FELONY  PURSUANT TO SUBPARAGRAPH (III) OF THIS
PARAGRAPH or of vehicular assault in the  second  or  first  degree,  as
defined,  respectively,  in  sections  120.03  and 120.04 and aggravated
vehicular assault as defined in section 120.04-a of the penal law or  of
vehicular  manslaughter  in  the  second  or  first  degree, as defined,
respectively, in sections 125.12 and  125.13  and  aggravated  vehicular
homicide  as  defined  in  section  125.14 of such law, twice within the
preceding ten years, shall be guilty of a class D felony, and  shall  be
punished  by  a fine of not less than two thousand dollars nor more than
ten thousand dollars or by a period of imprisonment as provided  in  the
penal law, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
  S 4. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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