senate Bill S2443

Relates to hazardous toys and other articles intended for use by children

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 21 / Jan / 2011
    • REFERRED TO CONSUMER PROTECTION
  • 04 / Jan / 2012
    • REFERRED TO CONSUMER PROTECTION

Summary

Relates to hazardous toys and other articles intended for use by children.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A5711
Versions:
S2443
Legislative Cycle:
2011-2012
Current Committee:
Senate Consumer Protection
Law Section:
General Business Law
Laws Affected:
Amd ยง396-k, Gen Bus L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2009-2010: S7353, A10691
2007-2008: S6636, A10432

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S2443

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the general business law, in relation to
hazardous toys and other articles intended for use by children

PURPOSE:
Amends the current provisions of the hazardous toy prohibitions
currently contained in the general business law to include the
definition of a toy contaminated by a toxic substance in response to
the recent influx of lead tainted toys.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1: Amends section 396-k of the General business law to add new
subsection (1) (b-1) to define toy as an article or item designed for
the amusement of a child or for his or her use in play.

Also, adds new (1) (e) to define a toy contaminated with a toxic
substance as a toy: 1) coated with lead paint in excess of federal
regulations, or soluble compounds of antimony, arsenic, cadmium,
mercury, selenium or barium; 2) consisting in whole or part of a
diseased, contaminated, filthy or putrid substance; 3) produced,
prepared, packed or shipped under unsanitary conditions; 4) stuffed
or padded with toxic substances; or 5) stuffed toy that is not
securely wrapped or packaged.

Section 2: Effective date.

EXISTING LAW:
Section 396-k of the General Business Law currently only addresses
toys that are hazardous because they pose an electrical, mechanical
or thermal danger. The current statute does not address toys that are
contaminated with hazardous chemicals or materials.

JUSTIFICATION:
Recently, the outbreak of lead tainted toys has wreaked havoc on the
American public. For weeks, it appeared that a new toy recall was
issued every day. Concerned about the welfare of their children,
parents have called for stricter standards on imported products that
can effect our most vulnerable population, our youth.

Unfortunately, the current statute in New York does not address toys
tainted with contaminated substances but merely regulates toys that
pose an electrical, mechanical or thermal danger. To update the
statute to address some of the new dangers posed by toys contaminated
with dangerous substances such as lead paint, this bill would contain
a new section which defines and includes toys contaminated by toxic
substances within the prohibition and enforcement provisions of the
hazardous toy's law. This bill is based on the current statute
governing hazardous toys in California.

This bill is an important consumer protection measure which seeks to
stop the proliferation of toxic toys by including these tainted
products within the power of the Attorney General to bring civil suit
and enjoin illegal activity.


LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
S.6636 of 2008
S.7353 of 2010

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.

LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
Immediately.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  2443

                       2011-2012 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 21, 2011
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  ALESI  -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Consumer Protection

AN ACT to amend the general business law, in relation to hazardous  toys
  and other articles intended for use by children

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 396-k of the general  business  law,  as  added  by
chapter  754 of the laws of 1973, the section heading and subdivisions 1
and 4 as amended by chapter 358 of the laws of 1989 and such section  as
renumbered  by  chapter  432  of the laws of 1974, is amended to read as
follows:
  S 396-k. Hazardous toys and other articles intended primarily for  use
by  children;  prohibition  and  enforcement. 1. No person, firm, corpo-
ration, association or agent or employee thereof shall import,  manufac-
ture,  sell, hold for sale or distribute a toy or other article intended
for use by a child which presents an electrical, mechanical  or  thermal
hazard  OR  THAT IS CONTAMINATED WITH ANY TOXIC SUBSTANCE. The following
definitions are applicable to this section:
  (a) "Child" means any person less than fourteen years of age;
  (b) A toy or other article presents an electrical hazard if, in normal
use or when subjected to reasonably foreseeable  damage  or  abuse,  its
design or manufacture may cause personal injury or illness by electrical
shock or electrocution;
  (B-1)  "TOY" MEANS AN ARTICLE OR ITEM DESIGNED AND MADE FOR THE AMUSE-
MENT OF A CHILD OR FOR HIS OR HER USE IN PLAY;
  (c) A toy or other article presents a mechanical hazard if, in  normal
use  or  when  subjected  to reasonably foreseeable damage or abuse, its
design or manufacture presents an unreasonable risk of  personal  injury
or illness:
  (1) from fracture, fragmentation or disassembly of the article;
  (2) from propulsion of the article or any part or accessory thereof;

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD08284-01-1

S. 2443                             2

  (3)  from  points  or  other protrusions, surfaces, edges, openings or
closures;
  (4) from moving parts;
  (5) from lack or insufficiency of controls to reduce or stop motion;
  (6) as a result of self-adhering characteristics of the article;
  (7)  because the article or any part or accessory thereof may be aspi-
rated or ingested;
  (8) because of instability; OR
  (9) [from stuffing material which is not free of dangerous or  harmful
substances; or
  (10)]  because of any other aspect of the article's design or manufac-
ture.
  (d) A toy or other article presents a thermal hazard if, in normal use
or when subjected to reasonably foreseeable damage or abuse, its  design
or  manufacture  presents  an  unreasonable  risk  to personal injury or
illness because of heat as from heated parts, substances or surfaces[.];
AND
  (E) A TOY IS CONTAMINATED WITH A TOXIC SUBSTANCE IF IT IS ANY  OF  THE
FOLLOWING:
  (1) IS COATED WITH PAINTS AND LACQUERS CONTAINING COMPOUNDS OF LEAD OF
WHICH THE LEAD CONTENT (CALCULATED AS PB) IS IN EXCESS OF THAT PERMITTED
BY  FEDERAL  REGULATIONS CONTAINED IN SECTION 1500.17 OF TITLE 16 OF THE
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO  THE  FEDERAL  HAZARDOUS
SUBSTANCES ACT, CHAPTER 30 (COMMENCING WITH SECTION 1261) OF TITLE 15 OF
THE  UNITED  STATES  CODE,  OR  SOLUBLE  COMPOUNDS OF ANTIMONY, ARSENIC,
CADMIUM, MERCURY, SELENIUM OR  BARIUM,  INTRODUCED  AS  SUCH.  COMPOUNDS
SHALL  BE  CONSIDERED SOLUBLE IF QUANTITIES IN EXCESS OF 0.1 PERCENT ARE
DISSOLVED BY 5 PERCENT HYDROCHLORIC ACID AFTER STIRRING FOR  10  MINUTES
AT ROOM TEMPERATURE;
  (2)  CONSISTS IN WHOLE OR IN PART OF A DISEASED, CONTAMINATED, FILTHY,
PUTRID OR DECOMPOSED SUBSTANCE;
  (3) HAS BEEN PRODUCED, PREPARED, PACKED, SHIPPED, OR HELD UNDER UNSAN-
ITARY OR OTHER CONDITIONS WHEREBY IT MAY HAVE BECOME  CONTAMINATED  WITH
FILTH OR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OR OTHERWISE RENDERED INJURIOUS TO HEALTH;
  (4)  IS STUFFED, PADDED OR LINED WITH MATERIALS THAT ARE TOXIC OR THAT
WOULD OTHERWISE BE HAZARDOUS IF INGESTED, INHALED, OR CONTACTED; OR
  (5) IS A STUFFED, PADDED OR LINED TOY THAT IS NOT SECURELY WRAPPED  OR
PACKAGED.
  2. Whenever the attorney general shall believe from evidence satisfac-
tory  to  him that any person, firm, corporation or association or agent
or employee thereof has violated any provision of this section,  he  may
bring  an  action  in  the  supreme court of the state of New York for a
judgment enjoining the continuance of such violation  and  for  a  civil
penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each violation, except
that the court may impose a civil penalty of not more than four thousand
dollars  if  the violation is knowing and willful. If it shall appear to
the satisfaction of the court or justice that the defendant has violated
any provision of this section, no  proof  shall  be  required  that  any
person  has  been  injured  thereby  nor that the defendant knowingly or
intentionally violated such provision. In such action preliminary relief
may be granted under article sixty-three of the civil practice  law  and
rules.
  3.  Before any violation of this section is sought to be enjoined, the
attorney general shall be required to give the person against whom  such
proceeding  is  contemplated notice by certified mail and an opportunity
to show in writing within five business days after receipt of notice why

S. 2443                             3

proceedings should not be instituted against him,  unless  the  attorney
general  shall  find,  in any case in which he seeks preliminary relief,
that to give such notice and opportunity is not in the public interest.
  4.  In  any such action it shall be a complete defense that the toy or
other article sought to be enjoined either complies with, or  is  exempt
under,  the  federal  "Child  Protection and Toy Safety Act of 1969", as
amended, or the federal "Consumer Product Safety Act",  as  amended,  or
any  regulation  or  exemption promulgated under either act or any other
applicable federal law. In the case of children's [sleepware] SLEEPWEAR,
it shall be a complete defense that the article sought  to  be  enjoined
complies with any enforcement policy formally issued by a federal agency
having enforcement authority with respect thereto.
  5.  In  connection  with  any  such proposed application, the attorney
general is authorized to take  proof,  issue  subpoenas  and  administer
oaths in the manner provided in the civil practice law and rules.
  6.  If  any  provisions  of  this [chapter] SECTION or the application
thereof to any person or circumstances is  held  unconstitutional,  such
invalidity  shall  not  affect  other provisions or applications of this
[chapter]  SECTION  which  can  be  given  effect  without  the  invalid
provision  or application, and to this end the provisions of this [chap-
ter] SECTION are severable.
  S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

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