senate Bill S1276

Authorizes the use of closed-circuit television for the taking of testimony from a witness who is determined to be adverse

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Authorizes the use of closed-circuit television for the taking of testimony from a witness who is determined to be adverse; a witness is adverse when he or she is called to testify in a criminal proceeding against a defendant, where such witness has previously had a restraining order issued against such defendant.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S1276
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Codes
Law Section:
Criminal Procedure Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 66 §§66.00 - 66.30, CP L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S2411
2009-2010: S1142

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S1276

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to authorizing the use
of closed-circuit
televisions for witnesses who are determined to be adverse
due to domestic violence disputes

PURPOSE:
To permit the use of closed circuit television for testimony of
victims of alleged domestic violence, where the court determines that
the witness will suffer severe mental anguish or emotional harm if
required to testify in person.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Amends the Criminal Procedure Law by adding a new Article 66 to permit
the use of closed circuit television for testimony of victims of
alleged domestic violence. Closed-circuit television will be used to
permit an "adverse witness" to provide testimony.

A witness shall be declared adverse when the court determines that the
witness will suffer severe mental or emotional harm if required to
testify at a criminal proceeding without the use of live, two-way
closed circuit television, or where the presence of such witness in
the court will cause one or more of the parties involved to become
unruly and unmanageable.

JUSTIFICATION:
Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women, resulting
in more injuries than auto accidents, muggings and rapes combined.
Over 20% of hospital emergency room visits by women are due to
domestic violence. Domestic violence accounts for 52% of adult female
homicide victims and one third of homicides among teenage girls.
Every year 2,000 to 4,000 women are killed as a result of domestic
violence and 3 to 6 million are injured.

It often takes great courage for a victim of domestic violence to
report the crime and to press charges against their abuser. This
legislation will provide protection for victims of domestic violence
from further emotional and mental abuse by allowing them to testify
in a court hearing via a closed circuit television.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2011-12: S.2411 - Referred to Codes
2009-10: S.1142 - Referred to Codes
2007-08: S.2929 - Referred to Codes
2005-06: S.1341 - Referred to Codes
2003-04: S.2239 - Referred to Codes
2001-02: S.6376 - Referred to Codes

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
To be determined.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
Immediately.


view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1276

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  PERKINS, DIAZ, HASSELL-THOMPSON, KRUEGER, SAVINO,
  SERRANO -- read twice and ordered printed,  and  when  printed  to  be
  committed to the Committee on Codes

AN  ACT  to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to authorizing
  the use of closed-circuit televisions for witnesses who are determined
  to be adverse due to domestic violence disputes

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The criminal procedure law is amended by adding a new arti-
cle 66 to read as follows:

                               ARTICLE 66
                  USE OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION FOR
                     CERTAIN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CASES

SECTION 66.00 DEFINITIONS.
        66.10 CLOSED-CIRCUIT  TELEVISION;  GENERAL  RULE; DECLARATION OF
                ADVERSITY.
        66.20 CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION; PROCEDURE FOR  APPLICATION  AND
                GROUNDS FOR DETERMINATION.
        66.30 CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION; SPECIAL TESTIMONIAL PROCEDURES.
S 66.00 DEFINITIONS.
  AS USED IN THIS ARTICLE:
  1. "ADVERSE WITNESS" MEANS A PERSON WHO WILL BE CALLED TO TESTIFY IN A
CRIMINAL  PROCEEDING,  OTHER THAN A GRAND JURY PROCEEDING, CONCERNING AN
OFFENSE DEFINED IN TITLE G, H, I OR J OF THE  PENAL  LAW  WHICH  IS  THE
SUBJECT  OF  SUCH  CRIMINAL  PROCEEDING  WHERE  SUCH  WITNESS  HAS HAD A
RESTRAINING ORDER ISSUED AGAINST THE ALLEGED DEFENDANT.
  2. "TESTIMONIAL ROOM" MEANS ANY ROOM,  SEPARATE  AND  APART  FROM  THE
COURTROOM,  WHICH  IS  FURNISHED  COMFORTABLY  AND  LESS FORMALLY THAN A

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD04142-01-3

S. 1276                             2

COURTROOM AND FROM WHICH THE TESTIMONY OF  AN  ADVERSE  WITNESS  CAN  BE
TRANSMITTED  TO  THE  COURTROOM BY MEANS OF LIVE, TWO-WAY CLOSED-CIRCUIT
TELEVISION.
  3.  "LIVE,  TWO-WAY  CLOSED-CIRCUIT  TELEVISION"  MEANS A SIMULTANEOUS
TRANSMISSION, BY CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION, OR OTHER  ELECTRONIC  MEANS,
BETWEEN  THE  COURTROOM  AND THE TESTIMONIAL ROOM IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
PROVISIONS OF SECTION 66.30 OF THIS ARTICLE.
  4. "OPERATOR" MEANS THE INDIVIDUAL AUTHORIZED BY THE COURT TO  OPERATE
THE  CLOSED-CIRCUIT  TELEVISION  EQUIPMENT  USED  IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE
PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE.
S 66.10 CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION; GENERAL RULE; DECLARATION  OF  ADVER-
              SITY.
  1.  A  WITNESS SHALL BE DECLARED ADVERSE WHEN THE COURT, IN ACCORDANCE
WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 66.20  OF  THIS  ARTICLE,  DETERMINES  BY
CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE THAT IT IS LIKELY, AS A RESULT OF EXTRAOR-
DINARY CIRCUMSTANCES, THAT:
  (A)  SUCH  WITNESS  WILL  SUFFER  SEVERE  MENTAL  OR EMOTIONAL HARM IF
REQUIRED TO TESTIFY AT A CRIMINAL PROCEEDING WITHOUT THE  USE  OF  LIVE,
TWO-WAY CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION AND THAT THE USE OF SUCH LIVE, TWO-WAY
CLOSED-CIRCUIT  TELEVISION WILL HELP PREVENT, OR DIMINISH THE LIKELIHOOD
OR EXTENT OF, SUCH HARM; OR
  (B) THE PRESENCE OF SUCH WITNESS IN THE COURT WILL CAUSE ONE  OR  MORE
OF THE PARTIES INVOLVED TO BECOME UNRULY AND UNMANAGEABLE.
  2.  WHEN  THE COURT DECLARES A WITNESS TO BE ADVERSE, IT SHALL, EXCEPT
AS PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION  FOUR  OF  SECTION  66.30  OF  THIS  ARTICLE,
AUTHORIZE  THE  TAKING  OF THE TESTIMONY OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS FROM THE
TESTIMONIAL ROOM BY MEANS OF LIVE,  TWO-WAY  CLOSED-CIRCUIT  TELEVISION.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE BE CONSTRUED
TO  AUTHORIZE  A CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION SYSTEM BY WHICH EVENTS IN THE
COURTROOM ARE NOT TRANSMITTED TO THE TESTIMONIAL ROOM DURING THE  TESTI-
MONY OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS.
  3.  NOTHING HEREIN SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO PRECLUDE THE COURT FROM EXER-
CISING ITS POWER TO CLOSE THE COURTROOM OR FROM EXERCISING ANY AUTHORITY
IT OTHERWISE MAY HAVE TO PROTECT THE WELL-BEING OF  A  WITNESS  AND  THE
RIGHTS OF THE DEFENDANT.
S 66.20 CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION; PROCEDURE FOR APPLICATION AND GROUNDS
          FOR DETERMINATION.
  1.  PRIOR  TO  THE COMMENCEMENT OF A CRIMINAL PROCEEDING; OTHER THAN A
GRAND JURY PROCEEDING, EITHER PARTY MAY APPLY TO THE COURT FOR AN  ORDER
DECLARING THAT A WITNESS IS ADVERSE.
  2.  A  MOTION PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION MUST BE MADE
IN WRITING AT LEAST EIGHT DAYS BEFORE THE COMMENCEMENT OF TRIAL OR OTHER
CRIMINAL PROCEEDING UPON REASONABLE NOTICE TO THE OTHER PARTY  AND  WITH
AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE HEARD.
  3.  THE  MOTION  PAPERS  MUST  STATE THE BASIS FOR THE MOTION AND MUST
CONTAIN SWORN ALLEGATIONS OF FACT WHICH, IF TRUE, WOULD SUPPORT A DETER-
MINATION BY THE COURT THAT THE WITNESS IS ADVERSE. SUCH ALLEGATIONS  MAY
BE BASED UPON THE PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE DEPONENT OR UPON INFORMATION
AND  BELIEF,  PROVIDED  THAT,  IN  THE LATTER EVENT, THE SOURCES OF SUCH
INFORMATION AND THE GROUNDS FOR SUCH BELIEF ARE STATED.
  4. THE ANSWERING PAPERS MAY ADMIT OR DENY ANY OF THE ALLEGED FACTS AND
MAY, IN ADDITION, CONTAIN SWORN ALLEGATIONS  OF  FACT  RELEVANT  TO  THE
MOTION,  INCLUDING  THE RIGHTS OF THE DEFENDANT, THE NEED TO PROTECT THE
WITNESS AND THE INTEGRITY OF THE TRUTH-FINDING FUNCTION OF THE TRIER  OF
FACT.

S. 1276                             3

  5.  UNLESS  ALL  MATERIAL  FACTS ALLEGED IN SUPPORT OF THE MOTION MADE
PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS  SECTION  ARE  CONCEDED,  THE  COURT
SHALL,  IN  ADDITION  TO EXAMINING THE PAPERS AND HEARING ORAL ARGUMENT,
CONDUCT AN APPROPRIATE HEARING FOR THE PURPOSE  OF  MAKING  FINDINGS  OF
FACT ESSENTIAL TO THE DETERMINATION OF THE MOTION. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN
SUBDIVISION  SIX  OF  THIS  SECTION, IT MAY SUBPOENA OR CALL AND EXAMINE
WITNESSES, WHO MUST TESTIFY UNDER OATH.
  6. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF  LAW,  THE  WITNESS  WHO  IS
ALLEGED TO BE ADVERSE MAY NOT BE COMPELLED TO TESTIFY AT SUCH HEARING OR
TO  SUBMIT  TO ANY PSYCHOLOGICAL OR PSYCHIATRIC EXAMINATION. THE FAILURE
OF THE WITNESS TO TESTIFY AT SUCH HEARING SHALL  NOT  BE  A  GROUND  FOR
DENYING A MOTION MADE PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION. PRIOR
STATEMENTS  MADE  BY  THE WITNESS RELATING TO ANY ALLEGATIONS OF CONDUCT
CONSTITUTING AN OFFENSE DEFINED IN TITLE G, H, I OR J OF THE  PENAL  LAW
OR  TO  ANY  ALLEGATION  OF  WORDS OR CONDUCT CONSTITUTING AN ATTEMPT TO
PREVENT, IMPEDE OR DETER THE WITNESS FROM COOPERATING  IN  THE  INVESTI-
GATION  OR  PROSECUTION OF THE OFFENSE SHALL BE ADMISSIBLE AT SUCH HEAR-
ING, PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT A DECLARATION THAT A WITNESS IS ADVERSE MAY
NOT BE BASED SOLELY UPON SUCH PRIOR STATEMENTS.
  7. (A) NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OF THE PROVISIONS OF ARTICLE FORTY-FIVE  OF
THE CIVIL PRACTICE LAW AND RULES, ANY PHYSICIAN, PSYCHOLOGIST, NURSE, OR
POLICE  OFFICER WHO HAS HAD AN ENCOUNTER WITH THE WITNESS MAY TESTIFY AT
A HEARING  CONDUCTED  PURSUANT  TO  SUBDIVISION  FIVE  OF  THIS  SECTION
CONCERNING  THE  EVENTS  SURROUNDING  THE ENCOUNTER WITH SUCH WITNESS AS
SUCH ENCOUNTER RELATES TO THE ISSUE PRESENTED AT THE  HEARING,  PROVIDED
THAT  ANY  OTHERWISE APPLICABLE STATUTORY PRIVILEGES CONCERNING COMMUNI-
CATIONS BETWEEN THE WITNESS AND SUCH PHYSICIAN, PSYCHOLOGIST,  NURSE  OR
POLICE  OFFICER  IN  CONNECTION  WITH SUCH ENCOUNTER SHALL NOT BE DEEMED
WAIVED BY SUCH TESTIMONY ALONE, EXCEPT TO THE LIMITED EXTENT OF  PERMIT-
TING THE COURT ALONE TO EXAMINE IN CAMERA REPORTS, RECORDS OR DOCUMENTS,
IF  ANY, PREPARED BY SUCH PHYSICIAN, PSYCHOLOGIST, NURSE OR POLICE OFFI-
CER. IF UPON SUCH EXAMINATION THE COURT DETERMINES  THAT  SUCH  REPORTS,
RECORDS OR DOCUMENTS, OR ANY ONE OR PORTION THEREOF, CONTAIN INFORMATION
MATERIAL  AND RELEVANT TO THE ISSUE OF WHETHER THE WITNESS IS AN ADVERSE
WITNESS, THE COURT SHALL DISCLOSE SUCH INFORMATION TO BOTH THE  ATTORNEY
FOR THE DEFENDANT AND THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY.
  (B)  AT  ANY TIME AFTER A MOTION HAS BEEN MADE PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION
ONE OF THIS SECTION, UPON THE DEMAND OF THE OTHER PARTY THE MOVING PARTY
MUST FURNISH THE DEMANDING PARTY WITH A COPY OF  ANY  AND  ALL  OF  SUCH
RECORDS,  REPORTS  OR  OTHER  DOCUMENTS  IN THE POSSESSION OF SUCH OTHER
PARTY AND MUST, IN ADDITION, SUPPLY THE COURT WITH A COPY  OF  ALL  SUCH
REPORTS, RECORDS OR OTHER DOCUMENTS WHICH ARE THE SUBJECT OF THE DEMAND.
AT ANY TIME AFTER A DEMAND HAS BEEN MADE PURSUANT TO THIS PARAGRAPH, THE
MOVING  PARTY  MAY DEMAND THAT PROPERTY OF THE SAME KIND OR CHARACTER IN
POSSESSION OF THE PARTY THAT ORIGINALLY MADE SUCH DEMAND BE FURNISHED TO
THE MOVING PARTY AND, IF SO FURNISHED, BE SUPPLIED, IN ADDITION, TO  THE
COURT.
  8.  (A) PRIOR TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE HEARING CONDUCTED PURSUANT TO
SUBDIVISION FIVE OF THIS SECTION, THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY  SHALL,  SUBJECT
TO  A PROTECTIVE ORDER, COMPLY WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISION ONE OF
SECTION 240.45 OF THIS CHAPTER AS THEY  CONCERN  ANY  WITNESS  WHOM  THE
DISTRICT  ATTORNEY  INTENDS  TO  CALL  AT  THE  HEARING  AND THE ADVERSE
WITNESS.
  (B) BEFORE A DEFENDANT CALLS A WITNESS AT  SUCH  HEARING,  HE  OR  SHE
MUST,  SUBJECT  TO  A  PROTECTIVE  ORDER,  COMPLY WITH THE PROVISIONS OF

S. 1276                             4

SUBDIVISION TWO OF SECTION 240.45 OF THIS CHAPTER AS  THEY  CONCERN  ALL
THE WITNESSES THE DEFENDANT INTENDS TO CALL AT SUCH HEARING.
  9.  THE  COURT  MAY  CONSIDER,  IN  DETERMINING WHETHER THERE ARE SUCH
EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES AS WOULD CAUSE THE WITNESS TO SUFFER  SEVERE
MENTAL  OR EMOTIONAL HARM, A FINDING THAT ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOW-
ING FACTORS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED BY CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE:
  (A) THE MANNER OF THE COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE OF WHICH THE DEFENDANT
IS ACCUSED WAS PARTICULARLY HEINOUS OR WAS CHARACTERIZED BY  AGGRAVATING
CIRCUMSTANCES.
  (B)  THE  WITNESS  IS  PARTICULARLY  SUBJECT  TO PSYCHOLOGICAL HARM ON
ACCOUNT OF A PHYSICAL OR  MENTAL  CONDITION  WHICH  EXISTED  BEFORE  THE
ALLEGED COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE.
  (C) AT THE TIME OF THE ALLEGED OFFENSE, THE DEFENDANT OCCUPIED A POSI-
TION OF AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO THE WITNESS.
  (D)  THE OFFENSE OR OFFENSES CHARGED WERE PART OF AN ONGOING COURSE OF
CONDUCT COMMITTED BY THE DEFENDANT AGAINST THE WITNESS OVER AN  EXTENDED
PERIOD OF TIME.
  (E)  A DEADLY WEAPON OR DANGEROUS INSTRUMENT WAS ALLEGEDLY USED DURING
THE COMMISSION OF THE CRIME.
  (F) THE DEFENDANT HAS  INFLICTED  SERIOUS  PHYSICAL  INJURY  UPON  THE
WITNESS.
  (G)  A  THREAT,  EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF PHYSICAL VIOLENCE TO THE CHILD
WITNESS OR A THIRD PERSON IF THE WITNESS WERE TO REPORT THE INCIDENT  TO
ANY  PERSON  OR  COMMUNICATE  INFORMATION  TO OR COOPERATE WITH A COURT,
GRAND JURY, PROSECUTOR, POLICE OFFICER OR PEACE OFFICER  CONCERNING  THE
INCIDENT HAS BEEN MADE BY OR ON BEHALF OF THE DEFENDANT.
  (H) A WITNESS OTHER THAN THE WITNESS HAS RECEIVED A THREAT OF PHYSICAL
VIOLENCE  DIRECTED  AT SUCH WITNESS OR TO A THIRD PERSON BY OR ON BEHALF
OF THE DEFENDANT.
  (I) THE DEFENDANT, AT THE TIME OF THE INQUIRY, (I) IS  LIVING  IN  THE
SAME HOUSEHOLD WITH THE WITNESS, (II) HAS READY ACCESS TO THE WITNESS OR
(III) IS PROVIDING SUBSTANTIAL FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR THE WITNESS.
  (J)  ACCORDING  TO EXPERT TESTIMONY, THE WITNESS WOULD BE PARTICULARLY
SUSCEPTIBLE TO PSYCHOLOGICAL HARM IF REQUIRED TO TESTIFY IN  OPEN  COURT
OR IN THE PHYSICAL PRESENCE OF THE DEFENDANT.
  10.  IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER A MOTION WAS MADE PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION
ONE OF THIS SECTION, THE COURT, AT THE REQUEST OF EITHER PARTY OR ON ITS
OWN MOTION, MAY DECIDE THAT A WITNESS MAY BE ADVERSE BASED  ON  ITS  OWN
OBSERVATIONS THAT A WITNESS WHO HAS BEEN CALLED TO TESTIFY AT A CRIMINAL
PROCEEDING IS SUFFERING SEVERE MENTAL OR EMOTIONAL HARM AND THEREFORE IS
PHYSICALLY  OR  MENTALLY  UNABLE TO TESTIFY OR TO CONTINUE TO TESTIFY IN
OPEN COURT OR IN THE PHYSICAL PRESENCE OF THE DEFENDANT AND THAT THE USE
OF LIVE, TWO-WAY CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION IS NECESSARY  TO  ENABLE  THE
WITNESS  TO  TESTIFY.  IF THE COURT SO DECIDES, IT MUST CONDUCT THE SAME
HEARING THAT SUBDIVISION FIVE OF THIS SECTION REQUIRES WHEN A MOTION  IS
MADE PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION, AND IT MUST MAKE FIND-
INGS  OF  FACT PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISIONS NINE AND ELEVEN OF THIS SECTION,
BEFORE DETERMINING THAT THE WITNESS IS ADVERSE.
  11. IN DECIDING WHETHER A WITNESS IS ADVERSE,  THE  COURT  SHALL  MAKE
FINDINGS  OF  FACT  WHICH  REFLECT  THE  CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE
EXISTENCE OF ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE FACTORS  SET  FORTH  IN  SUBDIVISION
NINE OF THIS SECTION OR OTHER RELEVANT FACTORS WHICH THE COURT FINDS ARE
ESTABLISHED  AND  THE DETERMINATION THAT THE WITNESS IS ADVERSE.  IF THE
COURT IS SATISFIED THAT THE WITNESS IS ADVERSE AND THAT, UNDER THE FACTS
AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE PARTICULAR CASE, THE DEFENDANT'S CONSTITUTIONAL
RIGHTS TO AN IMPARTIAL JURY OR OF CONFRONTATION WILL NOT BE IMPAIRED, IT

S. 1276                             5

MAY ENTER AN ORDER GRANTING THE APPLICATION FOR THE USE OF LIVE, TWO-WAY
CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION.
  12.  WHEN  THE  COURT  HAS  DETERMINED  THAT  A  WITNESS IS AN ADVERSE
WITNESS, IT SHALL MAKE A SPECIFIC FINDING  AS  TO  WHETHER  PLACING  THE
DEFENDANT  AND  THE WITNESS IN THE SAME ROOM DURING THE TESTIMONY OF THE
WITNESS WILL CONTRIBUTE TO THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THE WITNESS  WILL  SUFFER
SEVERE  MENTAL  OR  EMOTIONAL  HARM. IF THE COURT FINDS THAT PLACING THE
DEFENDANT AND THE WITNESS IN THE SAME ROOM DURING THE TESTIMONY  OF  THE
WITNESS  WILL  CONTRIBUTE TO THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THE WITNESS WILL SUFFER
SEVERE MENTAL OR EMOTIONAL HARM, THE ORDER ENTERED PURSUANT TO  SUBDIVI-
SION  ELEVEN  OF  THIS SECTION SHALL DIRECT THAT THE DEFENDANT REMAIN IN
THE COURTROOM DURING THE TESTIMONY OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS.
S 66.30 CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION; SPECIAL TESTIMONIAL PROCEDURES.
  1. WHEN THE COURT HAS ENTERED AN ORDER PURSUANT TO  SECTION  66.20  OF
THIS ARTICLE, THE TESTIMONY OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS SHALL BE TAKEN IN THE
TESTIMONIAL ROOM AND THE IMAGE AND VOICE OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS, AS WELL
AS THE IMAGE OF ALL OTHER PERSONS OTHER THAN THE OPERATOR PRESENT IN THE
TESTIMONIAL  ROOM,  SHALL BE TRANSMITTED LIVE BY MEANS OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT
TELEVISION TO THE COURTROOM. THE COURTROOM SHALL BE EQUIPPED WITH  MONI-
TORS  SUFFICIENT  TO  PERMIT THE JUDGE, JURY, DEFENDANT AND ATTORNEYS TO
OBSERVE THE DEMEANOR OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS DURING HIS OR HER TESTIMONY.
UNLESS THE COURTROOM HAS BEEN CLOSED PURSUANT TO COURT ORDER, THE PUBLIC
SHALL ALSO BE PERMITTED TO HEAR THE TESTIMONY AND VIEW THE IMAGE OF  THE
ADVERSE WITNESS.
  2.  IN  ALL  INSTANCES,  THE IMAGE OF THE JURY SHALL BE SIMULTANEOUSLY
TRANSMITTED TO THE ADVERSE WITNESS IN THE TESTIMONIAL ROOM. IF THE COURT
ORDER ISSUED PURSUANT TO SECTION 66.20 OF THIS  ARTICLE  SPECIFIES  THAT
THE  ADVERSE  WITNESS SHALL TESTIFY OUTSIDE THE PHYSICAL PRESENCE OF THE
DEFENDANT, THE IMAGE OF THE DEFENDANT AND THE IMAGE  AND  VOICE  OF  THE
PERSON EXAMINING THE ADVERSE WITNESS SHALL ALSO BE SIMULTANEOUSLY TRANS-
MITTED TO THE ADVERSE WITNESS IN THE TESTIMONIAL ROOM.
  3.  THE OPERATOR SHALL PLACE HERSELF OR HIMSELF AND THE CLOSED-CIRCUIT
TELEVISION EQUIPMENT IN A POSITION THAT PERMITS THE ENTIRE TESTIMONY  OF
THE  ADVERSE  WITNESS  TO BE TRANSMITTED TO THE COURTROOM BUT LIMITS THE
ABILITY OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS TO SEE OR HEAR THE OPERATOR OR THE EQUIP-
MENT.
  4. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY PROVISION OF THIS ARTICLE, IF THE  COURT  IN  A
PARTICULAR CASE INVOLVING AN ADVERSE WITNESS DETERMINES THAT THERE IS NO
LIVE, TWO-WAY CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE IN THE COURT
OR  ANOTHER COURT IN THE COUNTY OR WHICH CAN BE TRANSPORTED TO THE COURT
FROM ANOTHER COUNTY OR THAT SUCH EQUIPMENT, IF AVAILABLE, IS  TECHNOLOG-
ICALLY INADEQUATE TO PROTECT THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF THE DEFENDANT,
IT  SHALL NOT PERMIT THE USE OF THE CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION PROCEDURES
AUTHORIZED BY THIS ARTICLE.
  5. IF THE ORDER OF THE COURT ENTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 66.20 OF THIS
ARTICLE REQUIRES THAT THE DEFENDANT REMAIN IN THE COURTROOM, THE  ATTOR-
NEY FOR THE DEFENDANT AND THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY SHALL ALSO REMAIN IN THE
COURTROOM  UNLESS  THE  COURT  IS  SATISFIED  THAT THEIR PRESENCE IN THE
TESTIMONIAL ROOM WILL NOT IMPEDE FULL AND PRIVATE COMMUNICATION  BETWEEN
THE DEFENDANT AND HIS OR HER ATTORNEY AND WILL NOT ENCOURAGE THE JURY TO
DRAW AN INFERENCE ADVERSE TO THE INTEREST OF THE DEFENDANT.
  6.  UPON  REQUEST  OF THE DEFENDANT, THE COURT SHALL INSTRUCT THE JURY
THAT THEY ARE TO DRAW  NO  INFERENCE  FROM  THE  USE  OF  LIVE,  TWO-WAY
CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION IN THE EXAMINATION OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS.
  7.  THE ADVERSE WITNESS SHALL TESTIFY UNDER OATH.  THE EXAMINATION AND
CROSS-EXAMINATION OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS SHALL, IN ALL  OTHER  RESPECTS,

S. 1276                             6

BE  CONDUCTED IN THE SAME MANNER AS IF THE ADVERSE WITNESS HAD TESTIFIED
IN THE COURTROOM.
  8.  WHEN  THE TESTIMONY OF THE ADVERSE WITNESS IS TRANSMITTED FROM THE
TESTIMONIAL ROOM INTO THE COURTROOM, THE COURT STENOGRAPHER SHALL RECORD
THE TESTIMONY IN THE SAME MANNER AS IF THE ADVERSE WITNESS HAD TESTIFIED
IN THE COURTROOM.
  S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

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