senate Bill S1818

Permits tenants heat repair expense to be set off against rent

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO HOUSING, CONSTRUCTION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO HOUSING, CONSTRUCTION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

Summary

Allows tenants the right to offset rent with payments made for the repair or service maintenance of an oil fired or other heating device where reasonable efforts were made to notify the landlord of the heating failure, the agency used is reasonably engaged in the business of making such repairs and an itemized bill for such service is provided.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A696
Versions:
S1818
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Housing, Construction And Community Development
Law Section:
Multiple Dwelling Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §302-c, Mult Dwell L; amd §305-c, Mult Res L; amd §235, RP L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S3120, A1461
2009-2010: A4510, A4510
2007-2008: A7415, A7415

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S1818

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the multiple dwelling law, the multiple residence law and
the real property law, in
relation to tenant's right to set off against rent for payments made
due to landlord's failure to
supply heat in certain cases

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
The purpose of this bill is to enable tenants throughout New York
State to have their oil fired or other heating devices repaired or
maintained when their landlord fails to do so.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Under existing law, tenants are allowed to offset part of their rent
to purchase fuel oil because of an owner's failure to supply this
oil. This bill would extend these provisions to allow tenants to
contract for the repair and maintenance of oil fired or other heating
devices. Tenants would be eligible to contract with a repair and
maintenance service agency, and would obtain documentation of work
done from such agency to back up any rent withholding claim. The
Department which enforces these provisions must:

1) maintain a monthly index reflecting the range of prices charged for
emergency repair and maintenance of oil-fired and other heating
devices, in addition to the cost of parts, equipment and labor; and

2) maintain and update a list of service agencies that have agreed to
provide services in such circumstances.

EFFECTS OF PRESENT LAW WHICH THIS BILL WOULD ALTER:
Amends Section 302-c of the Multiple Dwelling Law; 305-c of the
Multiple Residence Law and Section 235 of the Real Property Law.

JUSTIFICATION:
The Multiple Dwelling Law and the New York City Housing Maintenance
Code already contain minimum heating requirements for the cold
weather months, and existing law provides tenants with the power to
act in place of a negligent landlord who fails to keep up the heating
oil supply.

This bill would give similar and parallel protection against landlords
who fail to respond quickly to a breakdown in their heating system,
and give tenants the power to protect themselves from the threat to
life and health such breakdowns can cause, particularly among the
aged, infirm, and young children. Furthermore, buildings are often
abandoned and destroyed when pipes freeze and burst due to lack of
heat.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2007: 7415 Referred to Housing
2006: 7010 Assembly Third Reading Cal. 80
2005: 7010 Referred to Housing
2004: 4033 Referred to Housing


2003: 4033 Referred to Housing
2002: 4611 Ordered to Third Reading Rules Cal. 742
2001: 4611 Referred to Housing 2000: 1692 Referred to Housing
1999: 1692 Reported and Referred to Codes
1998: 870 Reported and Referred to Codes
1997: 870 Referred to Housing 1996: 2085 Housing
1995: 2085 Rules
1994: 2040 Assembly Calendar
1992: 1090 Housing
1990: 511 Third Reading Rules Cal.
1988: 1729-A Passed Assembly
1987: 1729 Passed Assembly
1986: 849 Passed Assembly
1985: 849 Passed Assembly
1984: 2890-A Ways & Means
1983: 2890 Rules

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
Immediately, with provisions.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1818

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  ESPAILLAT, HASSELL-THOMPSON, KRUEGER, MONTGOMERY,
  PERKINS -- read twice and ordered printed,  and  when  printed  to  be
  committed  to  the  Committee  on  Housing, Construction and Community
  Development

AN ACT to amend the multiple dwelling law, the  multiple  residence  law
  and  the  real  property law, in relation to tenant's right to set off
  against rent for payments made due to  landlord's  failure  to  supply
  heat in certain cases

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 302-c of the multiple dwelling  law,  as  added  by
chapter 85 of the laws of 1980, is amended to read as follows:
  S  302-c. Right of tenant to offset payments for heat failure; certain
cases. 1. Any tenant acting alone or together with other  tenants  of  a
multiple  dwelling  employing  an  oil fired OR OTHER heating device for
which the owner is responsible and wherein there exists a lack  of  heat
due  to  the owner's failure TO REPAIR OR MAINTAIN THE HEATING DEVICE OR
to have oil supplied to the premises,  may  contract  and  pay  for  the
delivery of such oil OR SUCH MAINTENANCE OR REPAIRS, AS THE CASE MAY BE,
in  accordance  with the provisions of this section. Any payment so made
shall  be  deductible  from  rent  [providing]  PROVIDED  the  following
provisions  have been substantially complied with by the tenant or some-
one acting on his behalf:
  a. Reasonable efforts were made to contact the owner or his  agent  to
inform  the  owner  of  such  failure  TO REPAIR OR MAINTAIN THE HEATING
DEVICE OR to supply oil.
  b. Reasonable efforts were made to have the normal REPAIR AND  MAINTE-
NANCE  SERVICE  AGENCY  UNDERTAKE  THE  SAME  OR TO HAVE THE NORMAL fuel
supplier to the premises deliver the requested fuel, AS THE CASE MAY BE.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02022-01-3

S. 1818                             2

  c. Delivery of fuel oil to the premises, IF  THAT  BE  THE  CASE,  was
secured  from  a  fuel  supplier regularly engaged in such business at a
price within the range of prices listed by the department in  the  index
provided for in subdivision three of this section.
  d.  REPAIRS OR MAINTENANCE, IF THAT BE THE CASE, TO THE HEATING DEVICE
WAS  SECURED FROM A SERVICE AGENCY REGULARLY ENGAGED IN SUCH BUSINESS AT
A PRICE SUBSTANTIALLY SIMILAR TO THE PRICES LISTED BY THE DEPARTMENT  IN
THE INDEX PROVIDED FOR IN SUBDIVISION FOUR OF THIS SECTION.
  E.  The  REPAIR  AND  MAINTENANCE SERVICE AGENCY OR fuel supplier from
whom SERVICE OR oil is secured provided a written  statement  containing
the following:
  (1)  The  name  of  the  person or persons who requested the REPAIR OR
MAINTENANCE SERVICE OR delivery; and
  (2) The date, time of and premises to which THE REPAIR OR  MAINTENANCE
SERVICE OR delivery was made; and
  (3)  [The]  IF  OIL  WAS DELIVERED, amount, grade and price of the oil
[delivered]; and
  (4) [A] IF OIL WAS  DELIVERED,  certification  that  the  usable  fuel
supply before the delivery was exhausted; and
  (5) IF REPAIR OR MAINTENANCE SERVICE WAS PROVIDED, THE SEPARATE CHARG-
ES  FOR  EQUIPMENT AND PARTS USED AND LABOR EXPENDED, ITEMIZED AND SEPA-
RATELY STATED; AND
  (6) The charge, if any, for refiring the burner; and
  [(6)] (7) The amounts and from whom any payments were received.
  [e] F. AFTER SUCH REPAIR OR MAINTENANCE WORK HAS BEEN  UNDERTAKEN,  IF
THAT  BE THE CASE, REASONABLE EFFORTS WERE MADE BY THE TENANT OR TENANTS
TO NOTIFY ALL OTHER TENANTS THAT SUCH WORK HAS BEEN UNDERTAKEN,  INCLUD-
ING  POSTING  A  NOTICE IN A PUBLIC AREA OF THE BUILDING WHICH LISTS THE
DATE, TIME AND EXTENT OF SUCH WORK.  A tenant shall not be  required  to
comply  with  the provisions of paragraph a or b hereof unless the owner
has continuously kept posted in a conspicuous place at  the  premises  a
notice  containing his name, address and telephone number or that of his
agent and the name, address and telephone number of the REPAIR AND MAIN-
TENANCE SERVICE AGENCY FOR THE HEATING DEVICE OR THE  fuel  supplier  to
the premises AS THE CASE MAY BE.
  [f]  G.  For  purposes  of  this section, a multiple dwelling shall be
considered to lack heat if, during the months between October first  and
May  thirty-first,  while  ITS  HEATING  DEVICE  IS INOPERATIVE DUE TO A
BREAKDOWN OR MALFUNCTION OR WHILE its usable fuel supply was  exhausted,
the  outdoor temperature fell below fifty-five degrees Fahrenheit at any
time during the hours between six o'clock in the morning and ten o'clock
in the evening.
  2. The deduction from rent allowed by this section shall also  include
a  reasonable  charge, if any, made by the supplier for refiring the oil
burner at the premises.
  3. The department charged with the enforcement of laws, ordinances and
regulations in relation to multiple dwellings shall:
  a. Maintain and, to the extent practicable, update at least  bi-weekly
an  index  reflecting the range of prices of fuel oil according to grade
and quantity paid per gallon on deliveries within  the  jurisdiction  of
the  department during the last two week period for which statistics are
available; and
  b. Maintain and keep current and available a list of  suppliers  which
have  agreed to make deliveries of fuel oil in the circumstances, and to
render such assistance as [is] MAY otherwise  BE  required  [hereby]  to
enable tenants to obtain the benefits[,] contemplated by this section.

S. 1818                             3

  4.    THE  DEPARTMENT CHARGED WITH THE ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS, ORDINANCES
AND REGULATIONS IN RELATION TO MULTIPLE DWELLINGS SHALL:
  A.   TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE MAINTAIN AND UPDATE AT LEAST MONTHLY AN
INDEX REFLECTING THE RANGE OF PRICES CHARGED FOR  EMERGENCY  REPAIR  AND
MAINTENANCE  OF  OIL  FIRED  AND  OTHER  HEATING DEVICES INCLUDING USUAL
CHARGES FOR EQUIPMENT, PARTS AND LABOR  COMMONLY  USED  OR  EXPENDED  IN
EFFECTING SUCH REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE; AND
  B.  MAINTAIN AND KEEP CURRENT AND AVAILABLE A LIST OF REPAIR AND MAIN-
TENANCE  SERVICE  AGENCIES WHICH HAVE AGREED TO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES IN
SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES AND TO RENDER SUCH ASSISTANCE  AS  MAY  OTHERWISE  BE
REASONABLY  REQUIRED  TO  ENABLE  TENANTS TO OBTAIN THE BENEFITS CONTEM-
PLATED BY THIS SECTION.
  5. The payment FOR REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE OR for fuel oil at a  price
within  the range of prices permitted by paragraph c OR D of subdivision
one of this section, AS THE CASE MAY BE, shall be conclusively  presumed
to have been a reasonable price.
  [5]  6.  The introduction into evidence in any action or proceeding of
any statement rendered in compliance with the  provisions  of  paragraph
[d]  E  of  subdivision  one of this section shall be presumptive of the
facts stated therein.  Sufficient  foundation  for  the  allowance  into
evidence  of  such  statement shall consist of the oral testimony of any
person named as a payer of all or part of the amount  indicated  thereon
relating  the  facts  and  circumstances  in  which  the  statement  was
rendered.
  [6] 7. Any tenant who has in good faith secured and paid for  REPAIRS,
MAINTENANCE  OR fuel oil otherwise in conformance with the provisions of
this section and  against  whom  an  action  or  proceeding  to  recover
possession of the premises for nonpayment of rent or any other action or
proceeding attributable at least in part to the tenant seeking or taking
a  deduction  from rent as allowed by this section shall, in addition to
any other amounts, be entitled to recover reasonable  costs  and  attor-
ney's fees against an owner bringing such action or proceeding.
  [7]  8.  No owner or agent shall be entitled to recover any amounts in
damages from any REPAIR AND  MAINTENANCE  SERVICE  AGENCY  OR  fuel  oil
supplier  OR AN AGENT OR EMPLOYEE THEREOF who attempts in good faith and
acts reasonably to carry out  the  intendment  of  this  section  except
damages arising out of gross negligence.
  [8]  9. The remedy provided in this section shall not be exclusive and
a court may provide such other relief as may be just and proper  in  the
circumstances.  Nothing  in  this section shall be construed to limit or
deny any existing constitutional, statutory,  administrative  or  common
law  right  of a tenant to contract and pay for the delivery of fuel oil
for the multiple dwelling in which he resides or to pay for the cost  of
any  other  goods  and services for such multiple dwelling. This section
shall not be construed to preclude any defense, counterclaim or cause of
action asserted by a tenant that may otherwise exist with respect to  an
owner's failure to provide heat or any other service.
  [9]  10.  Any agreement by a tenant of a dwelling waiving or modifying
his rights as set forth in this section shall be  void  as  contrary  to
public policy.
  [10]  11.  The provisions of this section shall be liberally construed
so as to give effect to the purposes set forth herein.
  S 2. Subdivision 11 of section 302-c of the multiple dwelling law,  as
added by chapter 893 of the laws of 1982, is renumbered subdivision 12.
  S  3. Section 305-c of the multiple residence law, as added by chapter
85 of the laws of 1980, is amended to read as follows:

S. 1818                             4

  S 305-c. Right of tenant to offset payments for heat failure;  certain
cases.  1.  Any  tenant acting alone or together with other tenants of a
multiple dwelling employing an oil fired OR  OTHER  heating  device  for
which  the  owner is responsible and wherein there exists a lack of heat
due  to  the owner's failure TO REPAIR OR MAINTAIN THE HEATING DEVICE OR
to have oil supplied to the premises,  may  contract  and  pay  for  the
delivery of such oil OR SUCH MAINTENANCE OR REPAIRS, AS THE CASE MAY BE,
in  accordance  with the provisions of this section. Any payment so made
shall  be  deductible  from  rent  [providing]  PROVIDED  the  following
provisions  have been substantially complied with by the tenant or some-
one acting on his behalf:
  a. Reasonable efforts were made to contact the owner or his  agent  to
inform  the  owner  of  such  failure  TO REPAIR OR MAINTAIN THE HEATING
DEVICE OR to supply oil.
  b. Reasonable efforts were made to have the normal REPAIR AND  MAINTE-
NANCE  SERVICE  AGENCY  UNDERTAKE  THE  SAME  OR TO HAVE THE NORMAL fuel
supplier to the premises deliver the requested fuel, AS THE CASE MAY BE.
  c. Delivery of fuel oil to the premises, IF  THAT  BE  THE  CASE,  was
secured  from  a  fuel  supplier regularly engaged in such business at a
price within the range of prices listed by the department in  the  index
provided for in subdivision three of this section.
  d.  REPAIRS OR MAINTENANCE, IF THAT BE THE CASE, TO THE HEATING DEVICE
WAS  SECURED FROM A SERVICE AGENCY REGULARLY ENGAGED IN SUCH BUSINESS AT
A PRICE SUBSTANTIALLY SIMILAR TO THE PRICES LISTED BY THE DEPARTMENT  IN
THE INDEX PROVIDED FOR IN SUBDIVISION FOUR OF THIS SECTION.
  E.  The  REPAIR  AND  MAINTENANCE SERVICE AGENCY OR fuel supplier from
whom SERVICE OR oil is secured provided a written  statement  containing
the following:
  (1)  The  name  of  the  person or persons who requested the REPAIR OR
MAINTENANCE SERVICE OR delivery; and
  (2) The date, time of and premises to which THE REPAIR OR  MAINTENANCE
SERVICE OR delivery was made; and
  (3)  [The]  IF  OIL  WAS DELIVERED, amount, grade and price of the oil
[delivered]; and
  (4) [A] IF OIL WAS  DELIVERED,  certification  that  the  usable  fuel
supply before the delivery was exhausted; and
  (5) IF REPAIR OR MAINTENANCE SERVICE WAS PROVIDED, THE SEPARATE CHARG-
ES  FOR  EQUIPMENT AND PARTS USED AND LABOR EXPENDED, ITEMIZED AND SEPA-
RATELY STATED; AND
  (6) The charge, if any, for refiring the burner; and
  [(6)] (7) The amounts and from whom any payments were received.
  [e] F. AFTER SUCH REPAIR OR MAINTENANCE WORK HAS BEEN  UNDERTAKEN,  IF
THAT  BE THE CASE, REASONABLE EFFORTS WERE MADE BY THE TENANT OR TENANTS
TO NOTIFY ALL OTHER TENANTS THAT SUCH WORK HAS BEEN UNDERTAKEN,  INCLUD-
ING  POSTING  A  NOTICE IN A PUBLIC AREA OF THE BUILDING WHICH LISTS THE
DATE, TIME AND EXTENT OF SUCH WORK.  A tenant shall not be  required  to
comply  with  the provisions of paragraph a or b hereof unless the owner
has continuously kept posted in a conspicuous place at  the  premises  a
notice  containing his name, address and telephone number or that of his
agent and the name, address and telephone number of the REPAIR AND MAIN-
TENANCE SERVICE AGENCY FOR THE HEATING DEVICE OR THE  fuel  supplier  to
the premises AS THE CASE MAY BE.
  [f]  G.  For  purposes  of  this section, a multiple dwelling shall be
considered to lack heat if, during the months between October first  and
May  thirty-first,  while  ITS  HEATING  DEVICE  IS INOPERATIVE DUE TO A
BREAKDOWN OR MALFUNCTION OR WHILE its usable fuel supply was  exhausted,

S. 1818                             5

the  outdoor temperature fell below fifty-five degrees Fahrenheit at any
time during the hours between six o'clock in the morning and ten o'clock
in the evening.
  2.  The deduction from rent allowed by this section shall also include
a reasonable charge, if any, made by the supplier for refiring  the  oil
burner at the premises.
  3. The department charged with the enforcement of laws, ordinances and
regulations in relation to multiple dwellings shall:
  a.  Maintain and, to the extent practicable, update at least bi-weekly
an index reflecting the range of prices of fuel oil according  to  grade
and  quantity  paid  per gallon on deliveries within the jurisdiction of
the department during the last two week period for which statistics  are
available; and
  b.  Maintain  and keep current and available a list of suppliers which
have agreed to make deliveries of fuel oil in the circumstances, and  to
render  such  assistance  as  [is] MAY otherwise BE required [hereby] to
enable tenants to obtain the benefits[,] contemplated by this section.
  4.  THE DEPARTMENT CHARGED WITH THE ENFORCEMENT  OF  LAWS,  ORDINANCES
AND REGULATIONS IN RELATION TO MULTIPLE DWELLINGS SHALL:
  A.   TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE MAINTAIN AND UPDATE AT LEAST MONTHLY AN
INDEX REFLECTING THE RANGE OF PRICES CHARGED FOR  EMERGENCY  REPAIR  AND
MAINTENANCE  OF  OIL  FIRED  AND  OTHER  HEATING DEVICES INCLUDING USUAL
CHARGES FOR EQUIPMENT, PARTS AND LABOR  COMMONLY  USED  OR  EXPENDED  IN
EFFECTING SUCH REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE; AND
  B.  MAINTAIN AND KEEP CURRENT AND AVAILABLE A LIST OF REPAIR AND MAIN-
TENANCE  SERVICE  AGENCIES WHICH HAVE AGREED TO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES IN
SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES AND TO RENDER SUCH ASSISTANCE  AS  MAY  OTHERWISE  BE
REASONABLY  REQUIRED  TO  ENABLE  TENANTS TO OBTAIN THE BENEFITS CONTEM-
PLATED BY THIS SECTION.
  5. The payment FOR REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE OR for fuel oil at a  price
within  the range of prices permitted by paragraph c OR D of subdivision
one of this section, AS THE CASE MAY BE, shall be conclusively  presumed
to have been a reasonable price.
  [5]  6.  The introduction into evidence in any action or proceeding of
any statement rendered in compliance with the  provisions  of  paragraph
[d]  E  of  subdivision  one of this section shall be presumptive of the
facts stated therein.  Sufficient  foundation  for  the  allowance  into
evidence  of  such statement shall consist [in] OF the oral testimony of
any person named as a payer of all or part of the amount indicated ther-
eon relating the facts and circumstances  in  which  the  statement  was
rendered.
  [6]  7. Any tenant who has in good faith secured and paid for REPAIRS,
MAINTENANCE OR fuel oil otherwise in conformance with the provisions  of
this  section  and  against  whom  an  action  or  proceeding to recover
possession of the premises for nonpayment of rent or any other action or
proceeding attributable at least in part to the tenant seeking or taking
a deduction from rent as allowed by this section shall, in  addition  to
any  other  amounts,  be entitled to recover reasonable costs and attor-
ney's fees against an owner bringing such action or proceeding.
  [7] 8. No owner or agent shall be entitled to recover any  amounts  in
damages  from  any  REPAIR  AND  MAINTENANCE  SERVICE AGENCY OR fuel oil
supplier OR AN AGENT OR EMPLOYEE THEREOF who attempts in good faith  and
acts  reasonably  to  carry  out  the  intendment of this section except
damages arising out of gross negligence.
  [8] 9. The remedy provided in this section shall not be exclusive  and
a  court  may provide such other relief as may be just and proper in the

S. 1818                             6

circumstances. Nothing in this section shall be construed  to  limit  or
deny  any  existing  constitutional, statutory, administrative or common
law right of a tenant to contract and pay for the delivery of  fuel  oil
for  the multiple dwelling in which he resides or to pay for the cost of
any other goods and services for such multiple  dwelling.  This  section
shall not be construed to preclude any defense, counterclaim or cause of
action  ASSERTED BY A TENANT that may otherwise exist with respect to an
owner's failure to provide heat or any other service.
  [9] 10. Any agreement by a tenant of a dwelling waiving  or  modifying
his  rights  as  set  forth in this section shall be void as contrary to
public policy.
  [10] 11. The provisions of this section shall be  liberally  construed
so as to give effect to the purposes set forth herein.
  S 4. Subdivision 11 of section 305-c of the multiple residence law, as
added by chapter 893 of the laws of 1982, is renumbered subdivision 12.
  S 5. Section 235 of the real property law, as amended by chapter 85 of
the laws of 1980, is amended to read as follows:
  S  235.  Wilful violations. 1. Any lessor, agent, manager, superinten-
dent or janitor of any building, or part thereof, the  lease  or  rental
agreement  whereof  by  its  terms,  expressed  or implied, requires the
furnishing of hot or cold water, heat, light, power,  elevator  service,
telephone  service  or  any other service or facility to any occupant of
said building, who wilfully  or  intentionally  fails  to  furnish  such
water,  heat, light, power, elevator service, telephone service or other
service or facility at any time when the same are necessary to the prop-
er or customary use of such building, or part thereof,  or  any  lessor,
agent, manager, superintendent or janitor who wilfully and intentionally
interferes with the quiet enjoyment of the leased premises by such occu-
pant, is guilty of a violation.
  2. Any lessor, agent, manager, superintendent or janitor of any build-
ing,  or  part thereof, who wilfully or intentionally acts to prevent or
obstruct the PROVISION OF REPAIRS OR MAINTENANCE  TO  AN  OIL  FIRED  OR
OTHER  HEATING  DEVICE OR THE delivery of fuel oil ordered in compliance
with either section three hundred two-c of the multiple dwelling law  or
section three hundred five-c of the multiple residence law or the refir-
ing of an oil burner after such [a] PROVISION OF SERVICE OR  delivery OF
OIL shall be guilty of a violation.
  S  6.  This  act shall take effect immediately, provided that sections
two and four of this act shall take effect on the same date  as  chapter
471    of  the  laws of 1978 takes effect pursuant to chapter 893 of the
laws of 1982.

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