senate Bill S1879A

Relates to the judicial diversion program for alcohol and substance abuse offenders

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 09 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO ALCOHOLISM AND DRUG ABUSE
  • 23 / Apr / 2013
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
  • 29 / May / 2013
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.788
  • 30 / May / 2013
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 03 / Jun / 2013
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 04 / Jun / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 04 / Jun / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 04 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO ALCOHOLISM AND DRUG ABUSE
  • 23 / Jan / 2014
    • AMEND (T) AND RECOMMIT TO ALCOHOLISM AND DRUG ABUSE
  • 23 / Jan / 2014
    • PRINT NUMBER 1879A
  • 06 / May / 2014
    • REPORTED AND COMMITTED TO FINANCE
  • 20 / May / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.832
  • 21 / May / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 28 / May / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Relates to the judicial diversion program for alcohol and substance abuse offenders; requires court to consider, review and document evidence relating to a defendant's propensity for violent conduct prior to ordering such defendant into a judicial diversion program; establishes the crime of unauthorized departure from a rehabilitation facility.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A1879
Versions:
S1879
S1879A
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Criminal Procedure Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §216.05, CP L; add §205.70, Pen L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Cycle:
S3349A

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S1879A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in
relation to the judicial diversion program for alcohol and substance
abuse offenders; and to amend the penal law, in relation to the crime
of unauthorized departure from a rehabilitation facility

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

To increase safety and security at alcohol and substance abuse
treatment facilities that are utilized for judicial diversion
programs.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section 1: Amends subdivision 4 of section 216.05 of the Criminal
Procedure Law to require that when the placement of an individual in a
judicial diversion program for drug and/or substance abuse is being
considered, the court must take into consideration the propensity of
the individual to engage in future violent conduct. This section also
amends subdivisions 5 and 8 as well as paragraph (a) of subdivision 9,
of section 216.05 of the Criminal Procedure Law, to allow for
defendants, at the sole discretion of the court, to make court
appearances by video conference.

Section 2: Amends section 216.05 of the Criminal Procedure Law by
adding two new subdivisions 5-a and 12. Subdivision 5-a requires that
when an authorized court determines that an eligible defendant should
be offered alcohol or substance abuse treatment, or when the parties
and the court agree to an eligible defendant's participation in
alcohol or substance abuse treatment, the court will transmit the
eligible defendant's arrest record and conviction statement to the
facility where the defendant is to receive treatment. Subdivision 12
requires that any facility treating a defendant in a judicial
diversion program shall notify the local police department of the
defendants placement and arrest record, and shall submit to the
Division of Criminal Justice Services a security plan which must be
updated every five years.

Section 3: Amends the Penal Law by adding a new section 205.70,
unauthorized departure from a rehabilitation facility, a class D
felony. A person is guilty of unauthorized departure from a
rehabilitation facility when an eligible defendant leaves, departs or
escapes from the treatment facility they were assigned to as part of
the judicial diversion program pursuant to section 216.05 of the
Criminal Procedure Law without the consent of the court or written
consent of the facility management.

Section 4: Effective date.

JUSTIFICATION:

This legislation would require a court to consider a defendant's
propensity for violence before assigning them to a judicial diversion
program for substance abuse and would require a greater level of
security at facilities that treat judicial diversion defendants.


LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

S.3349-A of 2012: Passed Senate, Died in Assembly Codes
S.3349 of 2011: Passed Senate, Died in Assembly Codes

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

Minimal to State

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 1879--A

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen. BONACIC -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Alcoholism and Drug  Abuse
  --  recommitted  to  the  Committee  on  Alcoholism  and Drug Abuse in
  accordance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 --  committee  discharged,  bill
  amended,  ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit-
  tee

AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to the  judicial
  diversion  program  for  alcohol and substance abuse offenders; and to
  amend the penal law, in relation to the crime of  unauthorized  depar-
  ture from a rehabilitation facility

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1.  Subdivisions 4, 5, 8 and paragraph (a) of subdivision 9 of
section 216.05 of the criminal procedure law, as added by section  4  of
part  AAA of chapter 56 of the laws of 2009, subdivision 8 as amended by
chapter 347 of the laws of 2012, are amended to read as follows:
  4. When an authorized court, AFTER CONSIDERING THE UNDERLYING  CHARGES
AND THE PROPENSITY OR LACK THEREOF FOR VIOLENT CONDUCT OF THE DEFENDANT,
AND AFTER REVIEWING OR HEARING ONE OR MORE WRITTEN OR ORAL OPINIONS FROM
A  LICENSED  PSYCHOLOGIST  OR  PSYCHIATRIST  AS TO THE PROPENSITY OF THE
DEFENDANT FOR FUTURE VIOLENT CONDUCT, AND AFTER MAKING AN  ON-THE-RECORD
DETERMINATION  AS TO THE REASONS WHY, BASED ON ALL EVIDENCE, determines,
pursuant to paragraph (b) of subdivision three of this section, that  an
eligible  defendant  should be offered alcohol or substance abuse treat-
ment, or when the parties and the court agree to an eligible defendant's
participation in alcohol  or  substance  abuse  treatment,  an  eligible
defendant  may  be  allowed  to  participate  in  the judicial diversion
program offered by this article.  Prior to the court's issuing an  order
granting judicial diversion, the eligible defendant shall be required to

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02810-02-4

S. 1879--A                          2

enter a plea of guilty to the charge or charges; provided, however, that
no such guilty plea shall be required when:
  (a)  the  people  and  the court consent to the entry of such an order
without a plea of guilty; or
  (b) based on a finding of exceptional circumstances, the court  deter-
mines  that a plea of guilty shall not be required. For purposes of this
subdivision, exceptional circumstances exist  when,  regardless  of  the
ultimate disposition of the case, the entry of a plea of guilty is like-
ly to result in severe collateral consequences.
  5.  The  defendant shall agree on the record or in writing to abide by
the release conditions set by the court, which, shall  include:  partic-
ipation in a specified period of alcohol or substance abuse treatment at
a  specified  program  or  programs  identified  by the court, which may
include periods of detoxification, residential or outpatient  treatment,
or both, as determined after taking into account the views of the health
care  professional  who conducted the alcohol and substance abuse evalu-
ation and any health care professionals responsible for  providing  such
treatment  or monitoring the defendant's progress in such treatment; and
may include: (i) periodic court appearances, which may include  periodic
urinalysis,  PROVIDED,  HOWEVER,  THAT  DEFENDANTS  MAY  MAKE SUCH COURT
APPEARANCES BY VIDEO CONFERENCE, AT THE SOLE DISCRETION  OF  THE  COURT;
(ii)  a requirement that the defendant refrain from engaging in criminal
behaviors.
  8. During the period of a defendant's participation  in  the  judicial
diversion program, the court shall retain jurisdiction of the defendant,
provided,  however, that the court may allow such defendant to reside in
another jurisdiction while participating in a judicial diversion program
under conditions set by the court and agreed to by the defendant  pursu-
ant  to subdivisions five and six of this section. The court may require
the defendant to appear in court at any time  to  enable  the  court  to
monitor  the  defendant's  progress in alcohol or substance abuse treat-
ment. The court shall  provide  notice,  reasonable  under  the  circum-
stances,  to  the  people, the treatment provider, the defendant and the
defendant's counsel whenever it orders or otherwise requires the appear-
ance of the defendant in court. Failure to appear  as  required  without
reasonable cause therefor shall constitute a violation of the conditions
of  the court's agreement with the defendant.  AT THE SOLE DISCRETION OF
THE COURT, ANY COURT APPEARANCE REQUIRED PURSUANT  TO  THIS  SUBDIVISION
MAY BE MADE BY VIDEO CONFERENCE.
  (a)  If  at any time during the defendant's participation in the judi-
cial diversion program, the court has reasonable grounds to believe that
the defendant has violated a release condition or has failed  to  appear
before  the  court as requested, the court shall direct the defendant to
appear or issue a bench warrant to a police officer  or  an  appropriate
peace  officer  directing  him or her to take the defendant into custody
and bring the defendant before the court without unnecessary  delay.  AT
THE SOLE DISCRETION OF THE COURT, ANY COURT APPEARANCE REQUIRED PURSUANT
TO  THIS  SUBDIVISION MAY BE MADE BY VIDEO CONFERENCE. The provisions of
subdivision one of section 530.60 of this chapter relating to revocation
of recognizance or bail shall  apply  to  such  proceedings  under  this
subdivision.
  S 2. Section 216.05 of the criminal procedure law is amended by adding
two new subdivisions 5-a and 12 to read as follows:
  5-A. WHEN AN AUTHORIZED COURT DETERMINES, PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (B) OF
SUBDIVISION  THREE OF THIS SECTION, THAT AN ELIGIBLE DEFENDANT SHOULD BE
OFFERED ALCOHOL OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT, OR WHEN  THE  PARTIES  AND

S. 1879--A                          3

THE  COURT  AGREE TO AN ELIGIBLE DEFENDANT'S PARTICIPATION IN ALCOHOL OR
SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT, THE COURT SHALL TRANSMIT THE ELIGIBLE DEFEND-
ANT'S ARREST RECORD AND CONVICTION STATEMENT TO THE FACILITY  WHERE  THE
DEFENDANT IS TO RECEIVE TREATMENT.
  12.  A  FACILITY WHICH IS TREATING A DEFENDANT UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF
THIS SECTION SHALL NOTIFY THE LOCAL POLICE DEPARTMENT WHICH  HAS  JURIS-
DICTION  OVER  THE  MUNICIPALITY  WHERE  THE FACILITY IS LOCATED, OF THE
DEFENDANT'S PLACEMENT AND ARREST RECORD (OR IF  THERE  BE  NO  MUNICIPAL
POLICE  DEPARTMENT, THEN THE SHERIFF OF THE COUNTY IN WHICH THE FACILITY
IS LOCATED), WHICH SHALL BE PROVIDED TO FACILITY STAFF AT  THE  FACILITY
IN  A MANNER ORDERED BY THE COURT. THE FACILITY SHALL ALSO SUBMIT TO THE
DIVISION OF CRIMINAL  JUSTICE  SERVICES  A  SECURITY  PLAN  DESIGNED  TO
PROVIDE  FOR  THE  SAFETY  OF  STAFF,  RESIDENTS  AND THE COMMUNITY FROM
VIOLENT BEHAVIOR BY RESIDENTS. SUCH PLAN SHALL BE UPDATED AT LEAST EVERY
FIVE YEARS OR AS OTHERWISE DIRECTED BY THE COMMISSIONER OF THE  DIVISION
OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SERVICES.
  S  3.  The penal law is amended by adding a new section 205.70 to read
as follows:
S 205.70 UNAUTHORIZED DEPARTURE FROM A REHABILITATION FACILITY.
  A PERSON IS GUILTY OF UNAUTHORIZED  DEPARTURE  FROM  A  REHABILITATION
FACILITY  WHEN A COURT DETERMINES THAT AN ELIGIBLE DEFENDANT, AS DEFINED
BY SUBDIVISION ONE OF SECTION 216.00  OF  THE  CRIMINAL  PROCEDURE  LAW,
LEAVES,  DEPARTS  OR  ESCAPES  FROM THE TREATMENT FACILITY TO WHICH SUCH
PERSON WAS ASSIGNED FOR A PERIOD OF ALCOHOL OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT
AS PART OF THE JUDICIAL DIVERSION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO SECTION 216.05  OF
THE  CRIMINAL  PROCEDURE LAW WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE COURT OR WRITTEN
CONSENT OF THE FACILITY MANAGEMENT.
  UNAUTHORIZED DEPARTURE FROM A REHABILITATION FACILITY  IS  A  CLASS  D
FELONY.
  S 4. This act shall take effect immediately.

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