senate Bill S2173A

Increases penalties for sale of controlled substances if it occurs on park grounds or playgrounds; defines park grounds or playgrounds

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 14 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 25 / Apr / 2013
    • AMEND AND RECOMMIT TO CODES
  • 25 / Apr / 2013
    • PRINT NUMBER 2173A
  • 20 / May / 2013
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.632
  • 21 / May / 2013
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 22 / May / 2013
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 23 / May / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 23 / May / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 23 / May / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 06 / May / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.575
  • 07 / May / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 12 / May / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 09 / Jun / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Adds "park grounds and playgrounds" to statute currently providing increased penalties for sale of controlled substances to certain persons if such sale occurs on or within 1,000 feet of school grounds; defines "park ground or playgrounds" to mean in, or within any building or structure or any fields, lands or grounds owned, leased or maintained by the state, any agency or municipality thereof, etc., for the purposes of recreation or leisure.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A2443A
Versions:
S2173
S2173A
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Penal Law
Laws Affected:
Amd ยงยง220.00, 220.34 & 220.44, Pen L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S1752, A1380
2009-2010: S1568, A5175
2007-2008: A3635

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S2173A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the penal law, in relation to increasing
the penalties for sale of controlled substances on park grounds or play-
grounds

PURPOSE: The purpose of this bill is to protect the safety of children
and their families by providing enhanced penalties for the sale of
controlled substances in playgrounds and park grounds.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section one of this bill adds a new subdivision 14-a to section 220 00
to the Penal Law to define "park grounds or playgrounds." This new defi-
nition includes open or enclosed grounds which are leased, owned or
maintained by the state or a municipality or a not for profit or other
similar entity for recreation or leisure.

Section two of this bill amends section 220.34 of the Penal Law, crimi-
nal sale of a controlled substance in the fourth degree, to add that a
person is guilty of the offense if he or she sells a controlled
substance on park grounds or' playgrounds when there is evidence that
the person knew that the sale was occurring on park grounds or a play-
ground. This amendment is added to the existing prohibition against such
sale on school grounds.

Section three of this bill amends section 220.44 of the Penal Law, crim-
inal sale of a controlled substance in or near school grounds, to
include park grounds or playgrounds.

Section four of this bill provides that this act shall take effect on
the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have
become a law.

EXISTING LAW: Current law penalizes persons who sell controlled
substances on the grounds of child day centers and educational facili-
ties, but not park grounds or playgrounds.

JUSTIFICATION: The State of New York has consistently recognized that
drug dealers who target children are especially dangerous to society
and, as such, should be subjected to stiffer penalties for breaking the
law in such fashion. This effort began with the "Drugs in School Law"
which targeted those who sell drugs on or near school grounds. Later,
this was expanded to include child day care or educational facilities.
This legislation would take an important next step by targeting those
drug dealers who lurk in public parks and playgrounds in an effort to
target our children.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011 - 2012: S.7152 - Referred to Codes 2009 -
2010: S.1568 - Referred to Codes 2007 - 2008: S.1777 - Passed Senate
both years 2005 - 2006: S.1197 - Passed Senate both years 2004: S.1504-A
- Passed Senate 2003: S.1504 - Passed Senate

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of November
next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 2173--A

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 14, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be  committed  to  the  Committee  on  Codes  --  committee
  discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted
  to said committee

AN  ACT  to amend the penal law, in relation to increasing the penalties
  for sale of controlled substances on park grounds or playgrounds

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1. Section 220.00 of the penal law is amended by adding a new
subdivision 14-a to read as follows:
  14-A.  "PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS" MEANS IN OR WITHIN ANY  BUILDING,
STRUCTURE, PLAYING FIELD, PLAYGROUND OR LAND CONTAINED WITHIN THE BOUND-
ARY  OF  LAND  OWNED, LEASED OR MAINTAINED BY THE STATE OR ANY AGENCY OR
MUNICIPALITY THEREOF OR BY ANY NOT-FOR-PROFIT CORPORATION  OR  ELEEMOSY-
NARY  INSTITUTION, CORPORATION OR ASSOCIATION WHICH IS USED ON A REGULAR
BASIS AS A RECREATION AREA AND IS SO DESIGNATED. FOR  PURPOSES  OF  THIS
DEFINITION,  THE  TERM  "PARK  GROUNDS  OR  PLAYGROUNDS"  ALSO MEANS AND
INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING WHICH HAS THE SAME OWNERSHIP AS THE  PARK  GROUND
OR PLAYGROUND:  ANY PARKING LOT, PARKING GARAGE, OR OTHER PARKING FACIL-
ITY,  MARINA,  BOAT LAUNCH OR OTHER SIMILAR FACILITY WHICH IS WITHIN ONE
THOUSAND FEET OF AND SERVES SUCH PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS  AND  WHICH
IS  SO DESIGNATED BY EASILY VISIBLE SIGNAGE AS SERVING SUCH PARK GROUNDS
OR PLAYGROUNDS.
  S 2. Section 220.34 of the penal law, as amended by chapter  280    of
the  laws  of 1986, subdivisions 2 and 4 as amended by chapter 75 of the
laws of 1995, subdivision 3 as amended by chapter 537  of  the  laws  of
1998,  subdivision  6-a  as  added  by  chapter 635 of the laws of 1997,
subdivision 7 as amended by chapter 436 of the laws of 2006 and subdivi-
sion 8 as amended and subdivision 9 as added by chapter 264 of the  laws
of 2003, is amended to read as follows:
S 220.34 Criminal sale of a controlled substance in the fourth degree.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD04522-02-3

S. 2173--A                          2

  A  person  is guilty of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the
fourth degree when he OR SHE knowingly and unlawfully sells:
  1. a narcotic preparation; or
  2. a dangerous depressant or a depressant and the dangerous depressant
weighs  ten ounces or more, or the depressant weighs two pounds or more;
or
  3. concentrated cannabis as defined in paragraph  (a)  of  subdivision
four of section thirty-three hundred two of the public health law; or
  4.  phencyclidine  and  the  phencyclidine  weighs fifty milligrams or
more; or
  5. methadone; or
  6. any amount of phencyclidine and has previously been convicted of an
offense defined in this article or the attempt or conspiracy  to  commit
any such offense; or
  6-a.  ketamine  and  said  ketamine weighs four thousand milligrams or
more[.]; OR
  7. a controlled substance in violation of section 220.31 of this arti-
cle, when such sale takes place upon school grounds or on a school  bus;
or
  8. a controlled substance in violation of section 220.31 of this arti-
cle,  when such sale takes place upon the grounds of a child day care or
educational facility, PARK GROUNDS OR  PLAYGROUNDS  under  circumstances
evincing  knowledge by the defendant that such sale is taking place upon
such grounds. As used in this subdivision, the phrase "the grounds of  a
child  day  care or educational facility" shall have the same meaning as
provided for in subdivision five of section 220.44 of this article,  AND
"PARK  GROUNDS  OR  PLAYGROUNDS" SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS PROVIDED
FOR IN SUBDIVISION FOURTEEN-A OF SECTION 220.00 OF THIS  ARTICLE.    For
the  purposes  of  this  subdivision,  a rebuttable presumption shall be
established that a person has knowledge that they are within the grounds
of a child day care or educational facility, PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS
when notice is conspicuously posted of the presence or proximity of such
facility; or
  9.  one  or  more  preparations,  compounds,  mixtures  or  substances
containing  gamma  hydroxybutyric  acid, as defined in paragraph four of
subdivision (e) of schedule I of section thirty-three hundred six of the
public  health  law,  and  said  preparations,  compounds,  mixtures  or
substances are of an aggregate weight of twenty-eight grams or more.
  Criminal  sale  of  a  controlled  substance in the fourth degree is a
class C felony.
  S 3. Section 220.44 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 289 of the
laws of 1998 and subdivisions 1 and 2 as amended by chapter 436  of  the
laws of 2006, is amended to read as follows:
S 220.44 Criminal  sale  of  a  controlled  substance  in or near school
           grounds, PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS.
  A person is guilty of criminal sale of a controlled  substance  in  or
near school grounds, PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS when he OR SHE knowing-
ly and unlawfully sells:
  1.  a controlled substance in violation of any one of subdivisions one
through six-a of section 220.34 of this article, when  such  sale  takes
place upon school grounds or on a school bus; or
  2.  a controlled substance in violation of any one of subdivisions one
through eight of section 220.39 of this article, when  such  sale  takes
place upon school grounds or on a school bus; or
  3.  a controlled substance in violation of any one of subdivisions one
through [six] SIX-A of section 220.34 of this article,  when  such  sale

S. 2173--A                          3

takes  place  upon  the  grounds  of  a  child  day  care or educational
facility, PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS under circumstances evincing know-
ledge by the defendant that such sale is taking place upon such grounds;
or
  4.  a controlled substance in violation of any one of subdivisions one
through eight of section 220.39 of this article, when  such  sale  takes
place upon the grounds of a child day care or educational facility, PARK
GROUNDS  OR  PLAYGROUNDS  under  circumstances evincing knowledge by the
defendant that such sale is taking place upon such grounds.
  5. For purposes of subdivisions three and four of this  section,  "the
grounds  of a child day care or educational facility" means (a) in or on
or within any building, structure, athletic playing field, a  playground
or  land contained within the real property boundary line of a public or
private child day care center as such term is defined in  paragraph  (c)
of  subdivision  one  of  section  three  hundred  ninety  of the social
services law, or nursery, pre-kindergarten or kindergarten, or  (b)  any
area  accessible  to  the public located within one thousand feet of the
real property boundary line comprising any such facility or  any  parked
automobile  or  other parked vehicle located within one thousand feet of
the real property boundary line comprising any such  facility.  For  the
purposes  of  this section an "area accessible to the public" shall mean
sidewalks, streets, parking lots, parks, playgrounds, stores and restau-
rants.  FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION "PARK GROUNDS  OR  PLAYGROUNDS"
SHALL  HAVE  THE  SAME MEANING AS SET FORTH IN SUBDIVISION FOURTEEN-A OF
SECTION 220.00 OF THIS ARTICLE.
  6. For the purposes of this section, a rebuttable presumption shall be
established that a person has knowledge that they are within the grounds
of a child day care or educational facility, PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS
when notice is conspicuously posted of the presence or proximity of such
facility.
  Criminal sale of a controlled substance in  or  near  school  grounds,
PARK GROUNDS OR PLAYGROUNDS is a class B felony.
  S 4. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.

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