senate Bill S2259

Includes individuals with a mental defect as a victim under sexual abuse in the first degree

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Sponsor

Co-Sponsors

Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 15 / Jan / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 14 / Jan / 2014
    • RECOMMIT, ENACTING CLAUSE STRICKEN

Summary

Includes individuals with a mental defect as a victim under sexual abuse in the first degree.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A1501A
Versions:
S2259
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Senate Codes
Law Section:
Penal Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §130.65, Pen L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S621A, A419A
2009-2010: S6285, A906
2007-2008: A11840, A11840

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S2259

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the penal law, in relation to
including individuals with a mental defect as a victim under sexual
abuse in the first degree

PURPOSE: The purpose of this legislation is to amend Sexual Abuse in
the First Degree to include a victim's mental disability as grounds
for this felony charge.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 adds a new subdivision 5 to Section 130.65 of the penal law,
as amended by chapter 26 of the laws of 2011. The new subdivision 5
reads: When the other person has a mental disease or defect. Section 2
sets the effective date to begin on the 90th day after becoming law.

EXISTING LAW: New York law does not sufficiently protect our mentally
disabled population with respect to sexual abuse. It is only a
misdemeanor to sexually abuse a mentally disabled person (Sexual Abuse
in the Second Degree, Penal Law § 130.60(1). The crime is only a
felony if the person is 1) less than eleven years old; 2) is
physically helpless; or 3) forcible compulsion is used. Rape in the
Second Degree, Penal Law

§ 130.30(2) makes it a felony to rape or engage in a criminal sexual
act with a mentally disabled individual and Criminal Sexual Act in the
second Degree, penal Law § 130.45(2). Both are only D felonies and the
penalties imposed for these crimes are inadequate.

JUSTIFICATION: In a recent court decision (NYS v Maclean) vacated the
jury's verdict of guilty on the felony forcible compulsion count Class
B Felony of Sexual Abuse 1st Degree on the issue of what constitutes
forcible compulsion when a twelve year old, severely handicapped and
disabled girl is sexually abused by an adult. The Penal Law Felony
sanctions and protection are not provided for by current law where the
child/infant does not resist and is incapable of articulating a fear
or threat of death or serious injury as required by the Penal Law
statutory definition of "physical compulsion."

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011-12: S.621, Referred to Codes 2009-10:
S.6285 (Klein) Referred to Codes 2007-08: S.8759 (Bonacic) Referred to
Rules

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: First day of November next succeeding its enactment.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  2259

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            January 15, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  KLEIN,  BONACIC,  RANZENHOFER  --  read twice and
  ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee  on
  Codes

AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to including individuals with
  a mental defect as a victim under sexual abuse in the first degree

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Subdivision 4 of  section  130.65  of  the  penal  law,  as
amended by chapter 26 of the laws of 2011, is amended and a new subdivi-
sion 5 is added to read as follows:
  4. When the other person is less than thirteen years old and the actor
is twenty-one years old or older[.]; OR
  5. WHEN THE OTHER PERSON HAS A MENTAL DISEASE OR DEFECT.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed-
ing the date on which it shall have become a law.






 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD02375-02-3

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