senate Bill S3769

Requires investigating officers to field test and test blood alcohol levels of all drivers involved in auto accidents where serious physical injury or death occur

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 14 / Feb / 2013
    • REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
  • 10 / Jun / 2013
    • COMMITTEE DISCHARGED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
  • 10 / Jun / 2013
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.1189
  • 11 / Jun / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 11 / Jun / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 11 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
  • 11 / Mar / 2014
    • 1ST REPORT CAL.273
  • 12 / Mar / 2014
    • 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • 13 / Mar / 2014
    • ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • 05 / May / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 05 / May / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 05 / May / 2014
    • REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION

Summary

Requires investigating officers to field test and test blood alcohol levels of all drivers involved in auto accidents where serious physical injury or death occur; imposes rebuttable presumption of guilt for refusals; requires hospital to conduct such test where trauma/injury is considered too severe.

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Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A9551
Versions:
S3769
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Transportation
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Amd ยง603-a, V & T L
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Cycles:
2011-2012: S562, A1895
2009-2010: S1091, A2092
2007-2008: A10531

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S3769

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to requiring breathalyzer tests of drivers involved in
accidents causing serious physical injury or death

PURPOSE: Requires investigating officers to field test and test blood
alcohol levels of all drivers involved in auto accidents where serious
physical injury or death occur.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Subdivision 1 of section 603-a of the vehicle
and traffic law is amended by adding paragraph (b) requiring an
investigation of an accident scene to include the administration of
field sobriety and a chemical test of blood alcohol level to all motor
vehicle drivers involved in such accident.

JUSTIFICATION: Oftentimes when an automobile accident occurs and
there is resulting serious physical injury, or even death, no test of
blood alcohol level is conducted. This can be very disconcerting for
the victim(s) and/or the victims' family who are left with many
lingering unanswered questions about the cause of the accident which
caused serious physical injury or death to a loved one -- and no
recourse. Not only does this create unending emotional pain for many
innocent people, but the integrity of the investigation is forever
under a cloud of doubt.

By requiring the testing of the blood alcohol level -after an auto
accident which causes serious physical injury or death many tormenting
doubts would be alleviated and the validity of the Investigation would
be intact.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011 REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION 2012 Passed
Senate

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after
it shall have become law.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  3769

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                            February 14, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sen.  ROBACH -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation

AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in  relation  to  requiring
  breathalyzer  tests  of  drivers involved in accidents causing serious
  physical injury or death

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Subdivision 1 of section 603-a of the vehicle and traffic
law, as added by chapter 408 of the laws of 2001, is amended to read  as
follows:
  1.  In  addition  to  the requirements of section six hundred three of
this article, whenever a motor vehicle accident results in serious phys-
ical injury or death to a person, and such accident either is discovered
by a police officer, or reported to a police officer  within  five  days
after  such accident occurred, the police shall conduct an investigation
of such accident.
  (A) Such investigation shall be conducted for the purposes of making a
determination of the following: the facts and circumstances of the acci-
dent; the type or types of vehicles involved, including passenger  motor
vehicles,  commercial  motor vehicles, motorcycles, limited use motorcy-
cles, off-highway motorcycles, and/or bicycles; whether pedestrians were
involved; the contributing factor or factors; whether it can  be  deter-
mined  if a violation or violations of this chapter occurred, and if so,
the specific provisions of this chapter which were violated and by whom;
and, the cause of such accident, where such cause can be determined.
  (B) SUCH INVESTIGATION OF AN ACCIDENT SCENE  SHALL  ALSO  INCLUDE  THE
ADMINISTRATION  OF  FIELD  SOBRIETY AND A CHEMICAL TEST OF BLOOD ALCOHOL
LEVEL TO ALL MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVERS INVOLVED IN SUCH ACCIDENT. THE INVES-
TIGATING POLICE  OFFICERS  MUST  INFORM  THE  DRIVERS  OF  SUCH  TESTING
REQUIREMENTS  AND  CONDUCT  THEM  IN  ACCORDANCE  WITH THE PROVISIONS OF
SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-FOUR  OF  THIS  CHAPTER.  THE  REFUSAL  TO

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD08607-01-3

S. 3769                             2

SUBMIT  TO  SUCH  TESTING  SHALL  CONSTITUTE A REBUTTABLE PRESUMPTION OF
GUILT AND SUCH REFUSAL  SHALL  BE  DOCUMENTED  IN  ACCORDANCE  WITH  THE
PROVISIONS  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN  HUNDRED NINETY-FOUR OF THIS CHAPTER. IF
PHYSICAL  INJURIES  DO  NOT PERMIT SUCH CHEMICAL TESTING AT THE ACCIDENT
SCENE, SUCH TESTS MUST BE ADMINISTERED AT THE HOSPITAL. THE  RESULTS  OF
SUCH  FIELD  SOBRIETY AND CHEMICAL TESTS OR REFUSALS OF SUCH TESTS SHALL
BE INCLUDED IN THE POLICE INVESTIGATION REPORT.
  (C) The police shall forward a copy of the investigation report to the
commissioner within five business days of the completion of such report.
  S 2. Paragraphs (a) and (b) of subdivision 2 of section 603-a  of  the
vehicle  and  traffic  law, as added by chapter 408 of the laws of 2001,
are amended, and two new paragraphs (c) and (d) are  added  to  read  as
follows:
  (a)  "commercial  motor  vehicle"  shall have the same meaning as such
term is defined in either subdivision four of section five hundred one-a
or subdivision one of section five hundred nine-p of this chapter; [and]
  (b) "serious physical injury" shall have the same meaning as such term
is defined in section 10.00 of the penal law[.];
  (C) "FIELD SOBRIETY TESTING" SHALL HAVE THE  SAME  MEANING  AS  "FIELD
TEST" OR "BREATH TEST" PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-FOUR OF
THIS CHAPTER; AND
  (D) "CHEMICAL TEST" OF BLOOD ALCOHOL LEVEL SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING
AS  SUCH  TERM  IS DEFINED IN SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-FOUR OF THIS
CHAPTER.
  S 3. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day  after  it  shall
have become a law.

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