senate Bill S4987
(R) 4th Senate District
- In Committee
- On Floor Calendar
- Passed Senate
- Passed Assembly
- Delivered to Governor
- Signed/Vetoed by Governor
Pertains to confinement of certain animals for food producing purposes; prohibits any person to tether or confine any pig during pregnancy or calf raised for veal for all or the majority of any day in a manner that prevents such animal from lying down, standing up and fully extending its limbs and turning around freely; establishes that commission of such crime shall constitute a class A misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for a period not to exceed one year and/or fine not to exceed $1,000.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the agriculture and markets law, in
relation to the confinement of certain animals for food producing
This bill will phase out pig gestation crates and veal crate cages by
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 subdivision one amends the agriculture and markets law by
adding a new section 353-f that defines the terms employed for the
purposes of this bill. Subdivision two would make it unlawful for any
person to confine any covered animal in a manner that prevents them
from lying down, standing up and fully extending its limbs and turning
around freely. Subdivision 3 lists exemptions to the rules set forth
in the previous subdivision, Subdivision 4 would make any violation of
the provisions of this section a Class A misdemeanor. Subdivision 5
provides that nothing contained in this section shall conflict with
humane local laws. Subdivision 6 stipulates that nothing in this
section shall reduce the protection afforded to animals or the
enforcement of such protection. Subdivision 7 sets out the enforcement
mechanism for this section.
Section 2 sets out the effective date.
Harsh confinement within confinement crates and cages deprives calves
and pigs of the ability to engage in natural behavior. Animals
confined in such circumstances experience extensive and significant
physical and psychological trauma.
Nationwide, about 1 million calves raised for veal and 6 million
breeding sows (female pigs) suffer nearly their entire lives inside
tiny crates so small the animals can't even turn around. According the
Humane Society of the United States, veal factory farmers separate
calves from their mothers within the first few days of birth and cram
them into individual crates or stalls, tethered by their necks. Inside
these enclosures, the calves can barely move.
Breeding sows suffer under similar circumstances. Gestation crates
board pregnant pigs for nearly their entire four-month pregnancy,
These tiny metal crates are not even large enough for the pig to move
or perform natural behaviors such as cleaning themselves or simply
Veal and pork producers nationally are already in the process of
phasing out veal and gestation crates. All veal producers have set a
deadline of 2017 for themselves to phase out veal crates. In January
2007, Smithfield, the nation's largest pork producer, announced that
they would phase out the confinement of pigs over the next decade and
Cargill, the nation's eighth biggest pork producer, has also stated
that it is working on phasing out confinement.
Bans on gestation crates are not without precedent. In 2002, Florida
voters banned gestation crates in a 55% - 45% vote. In 2006, Arizona
voters banned both gestation crates and veal crates. In 2007, the
Oregon legislature banned gestation crates and in 2008, the Colorado
legislature banned both gestation crates and veal crates. Finally,
this past November, California voters passed Proposition 2 which
banned gestation crates, veal crates and battery cages. The entire
European Union has also banned both veal crates and gestation crates,
effective 2007 and 2013, respectively.
This act shall take effect January 1, 2017.
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