senate Bill S5875

Relates to unlawful discriminatory practices because of familial status

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Bill Status


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor
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actions

  • 18 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO RULES
  • 21 / Jun / 2013
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.1584
  • 21 / Jun / 2013
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 21 / Jun / 2013
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 21 / Jun / 2013
    • REFERRED TO CODES
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • DIED IN ASSEMBLY
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • RETURNED TO SENATE
  • 08 / Jan / 2014
    • REFERRED TO RULES
  • 16 / Jun / 2014
    • ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.1390
  • 16 / Jun / 2014
    • PASSED SENATE
  • 16 / Jun / 2014
    • DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • 16 / Jun / 2014
    • REFERRED TO CODES

Summary

Relates to unlawful discriminatory practices because of familial status.

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Bill Details

Versions:
S5875
Legislative Cycle:
2013-2014
Current Committee:
Assembly Codes
Law Section:
Executive Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §296, Exec L

Sponsor Memo

BILL NUMBER:S5875 REVISED 6/26/13

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the executive law, in relation to the
unlawful discriminatory practice because of familial status

Purpose:

This bill would enact part of the New York Women's Agenda, which would
break down barriers that perpetuate discrimination and inequality
based on gender New York State has a proud history and tradition of
leading the nation in progressive ideals and reforms. This is
especially so with respect to women's rights. In 1848, the women's
suffrage movement was born at the first Women's Rights Convention in
Seneca Falls, New York. From that moment in time and continuing
through today, the state has been the home of female leaders and
visionaries, from Elizabeth Cady Stanton who initiated the first
organized women's rights and women's suffrage movements; to Andre
Lorde, a leading African-American poet and essayist who gave voice to
women's issues, and Gloria Steinem, the journalist, author and
activist. These New Yorkers have served as role models for not only
their generation but for every generation to come.

Over the years, New York has fallen behind in its role as a
progressive leader on women's rights. Today, statistics clearly show
that women in New York State are not treated equally to men. Study
after study shows gender inequality in our communities where women
face discrimination in the workplace based on familial status and
pregnancy.

The New York Women's Agenda will' break down barriers that perpetuate
discrimination and inequality based on gender. New York has served as
a model for equality and fairness on several issues including women's
rights. The New York Women's Agenda will return the State to its
rightful place as a leader on women's equality.

Summary of Bills:

4) Familial Status Discrimination

This bill would amend Exec. L § 296 law to prohibit discrimination in
employment based on familial status.

Existing Law: This bill would impact existing protections that are
available under the Executive Law.

Statement in Support:

* Ending Familial Status Discrimination

Women with children are less likely to be recommended for hire and
promoted, and, in most cases, are offered less in salary than
similarly situated men. This type of discrimination impacts those who
are perhaps most in need-70% of children living with single mothers
are poor or low income. Currently, State law protects against familial
status discrimination in housing, but not employment. This bill would
prohibit employers from denying work or promotions to workers simply
based on their familial status.


Budget Implications: This bill has no budget implications for the
State.

Effective Date: This bill would take effect 90 days after enactment.

view bill text
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  5875

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                              June 18, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  LITTLE, ROBACH -- (at request of the Governor) --
  read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to  be  committed  to
  the Committee on Rules

AN ACT to amend the executive law, in relation to the unlawful discrimi-
  natory practice because of familial status

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 296 of the executive law,
as amended by chapter 803 of the laws of 1975, paragraph (a) of subdivi-
sion 1 as amended by chapter 80 of the laws of 2009, paragraphs (b), (c)
and (d) of subdivision 1 as amended by chapter 75 of the laws  of  2005,
paragraph  (e) of subdivision 1 as amended by chapter 166 of the laws of
2000, paragraph (g) of subdivision 1 as added by chapter 98 of the  laws
of 1984 and paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of subdivision 1-a as amended by
chapter 106 of the laws of 2003, are amended to read as follows:
  1. It shall be an unlawful discriminatory practice:
  (a)  For  an  employer or licensing agency, because of an individual's
age, race, creed, color, national origin, sexual  orientation,  military
status,  sex, disability, predisposing genetic characteristics, FAMILIAL
STATUS, marital status, or domestic violence victim status, to refuse to
hire or employ or to bar or to discharge from employment such individual
or to discriminate against such individual in compensation or in  terms,
conditions or privileges of employment.
  (b)  For  an  employment agency to discriminate against any individual
because of age, race, creed, color, national origin, sexual orientation,
military status, sex, disability, predisposing genetic  characteristics,
FAMILIAL STATUS, or marital status, in receiving, classifying, disposing
or  otherwise  acting upon applications for its services or in referring
an applicant or applicants to an employer or employers.
  (c) For a labor organization, because of the age, race, creed,  color,
national  origin,  sexual orientation, military status, sex, disability,

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD12053-01-3

S. 5875                             2

predisposing genetic characteristics, FAMILIAL STATUS, or marital status
of any individual, to exclude or to expel from its membership such indi-
vidual or to discriminate in any way  against  any  of  its  members  or
against any employer or any individual employed by an employer.
  (d)  For  any  employer  or employment agency to print or circulate or
cause to be printed or circulated any statement, advertisement or publi-
cation, or to use any form of application for employment or to make  any
inquiry  in  connection  with  prospective  employment,  which expresses
directly or indirectly, any limitation, specification or  discrimination
as  to  age,  race,  creed,  color, national origin, sexual orientation,
military status, sex, disability, predisposing genetic  characteristics,
FAMILIAL STATUS, or marital status, or any intent to make any such limi-
tation,  specification  or discrimination, unless based upon a bona fide
occupational qualification; provided, however, that neither  this  para-
graph  nor any provision of this chapter or other law shall be construed
to prohibit the department of civil service or the department of person-
nel of any city containing more than one county from requesting informa-
tion from applicants for civil service examinations  concerning  any  of
the  aforementioned  characteristics, other than sexual orientation, for
the purpose of conducting studies to identify and resolve possible prob-
lems in recruitment and testing of members of minority groups to  insure
the fairest possible and equal opportunities for employment in the civil
service for all persons, regardless of age, race, creed, color, national
origin, sexual orientation, military status, sex, disability, predispos-
ing genetic characteristics, FAMILIAL STATUS, or marital status.
  (e)  For  any  employer,  labor  organization  or employment agency to
discharge, expel or otherwise discriminate against any person because he
or she has opposed any practices forbidden under this article or because
he or she has filed a complaint, testified or assisted in any proceeding
under this article.
  (f) Nothing in this subdivision shall affect any restrictions upon the
activities of persons  licensed  by  the  state  liquor  authority  with
respect to persons under twenty-one years of age.
  (g)  For  an  employer to compel an employee who is pregnant to take a
leave of absence, unless the employee is  prevented  by  such  pregnancy
from  performing  the  activities involved in the job or occupation in a
reasonable manner.
  1-a. It shall be an unlawful discriminatory practice for an  employer,
labor  organization,  employment  agency  or  any joint labor-management
committee controlling apprentice training programs:
  (a) To select persons for an apprentice  training  program  registered
with the state of New York on any basis other than their qualifications,
as determined by objective criteria which permit review;
  (b)  To  deny  to  or withhold from any person because of race, creed,
color, national origin, sexual orientation, military status,  sex,  age,
disability, FAMILIAL STATUS, or marital status, the right to be admitted
to  or  participate  in  a  guidance program, an apprenticeship training
program, on-the-job training program,  executive  training  program,  or
other occupational training or retraining program;
  (c)  To  discriminate against any person in his or her pursuit of such
programs or to discriminate against such a person in the  terms,  condi-
tions  or  privileges  of  such  programs because of race, creed, color,
national origin, sexual orientation, military status, sex, age, disabil-
ity, FAMILIAL STATUS or marital status;
  (d) To print or circulate or cause to be  printed  or  circulated  any
statement,  advertisement or publication, or to use any form of applica-

S. 5875                             3

tion for such programs or to make any inquiry in  connection  with  such
program  which  expresses, directly or indirectly, any limitation, spec-
ification or discrimination as to race, creed, color,  national  origin,
sexual  orientation,  military  status,  sex,  age, disability, FAMILIAL
STATUS or marital status, or any intention to make any such  limitation,
specification  or  discrimination,  unless  based on a bona fide occupa-
tional qualification.
  S 2. Subdivision 3 of section 296 of the executive law is  amended  by
adding a new paragraph (d) to read as follows:
  (D)  NOTHING  IN THIS SUBDIVISION REGARDING "REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION"
OR IN THE CHAPTER OF THE LAWS OF TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN WHICH ADDED  THIS
PARAGRAPH  SHALL  ALTER, DIMINISH, INCREASE, OR CREATE NEW OR ADDITIONAL
REQUIREMENTS TO ACCOMMODATE PROTECTED CLASSES PURSUANT TO  THIS  ARTICLE
OTHER  THAN  THE ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS AS EXPLICITLY SET FORTH IN SUCH
CHAPTER OF THE LAWS OF TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN.
  S 3. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 9 of section 296  of  the  executive
law,  as  amended by chapter 106 of the laws of 2003, is amended to read
as follows:
  (a) It shall be an  unlawful  discriminatory  practice  for  any  fire
department or fire company therein, through any member or members there-
of, officers, board of fire commissioners or other body or office having
power  of appointment of volunteer firefighters, directly or indirectly,
by ritualistic practice, constitutional or by-law prescription, by tacit
agreement among its members, or otherwise, to  deny  to  any  individual
membership  in any volunteer fire department or fire company therein, or
to expel or discriminate against any volunteer member of a fire  depart-
ment  or  fire  company  therein,  because  of  the  race, creed, color,
national origin, sexual orientation, military status, sex [or],  marital
status, OR FAMILIAL STATUS, of such individual.
  S 4. Subdivision 13 of section 296 of the executive law, as amended by
chapter 196 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows:
  13. It shall be an unlawful discriminatory practice (i) for any person
to  boycott  or  blacklist,  or  to refuse to buy from, sell to or trade
with, or otherwise discriminate against any person, because of the race,
creed, color, national origin, sexual orientation, military status, sex,
[or] disability, OR FAMILIAL STATUS, of such person, or of such person's
partners, members, stockholders, directors, officers,  managers,  super-
intendents, agents, employees, business associates, suppliers or custom-
ers, or (ii) for any person wilfully to do any act or refrain from doing
any act which enables any such person to take such action. This subdivi-
sion shall not apply to:
  (a) Boycotts connected with labor disputes; or
  (b) Boycotts to protest unlawful discriminatory practices.
  S 5. Severability clause. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivi-
sion, section or part of this act shall be adjudged by a court of compe-
tent  jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair
or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its opera-
tion to the clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision,  section  or  part
thereof  directly  involved  in  the  controversy in which such judgment
shall have been rendered. It is hereby declared to be the intent of  the
legislature  that  this act would have been enacted even if such invalid
provisions had not been included herein.
  S 6. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day  after  it  shall
have become a law.

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