S T A T E O F N E W Y O R K
I N S E N A T E
January 21, 2014
Introduced by Sen. KENNEDY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
printed to be committed to the Committee on Higher Education
AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to enacting the student
athlete bill of rights; and providing for the repeal of such
provisions upon expiration thereof
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:
Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "student
athlete bill of rights".
S 2. The Legislature finds and declares the following:
1. Meeting the educational needs of student athletes should be a
priority for intercollegiate athletic programs.
2. New York's institutions of higher education that participate in
Division I and Division II intercollegiate athletics collectively gener-
ate millions of dollars annually in media contracts, and this revenue
would not exist without the efforts of student athletes.
3. Student athletes generate large revenues for many athletic
programs, spend approximately forty hours per week participating in
their respective sports, and suffer current and historically low gradu-
4. Providing adequate health and safety protection for student
athletes can help prevent serious injury and death.
5. Current and former student athletes can be left to pay for medical
expenses incurred from injuries suffered while participating in inter-
6. Institutions of higher education should provide their student
athletes with the same due process protection afforded to students who
do not participate in athletics.
7. Athletic programs in this state are subject to federal gender equi-
ty requirements under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20
U.S.C. Sec. 1681 et seq.).
8. An institution of higher education should not punish any student
athlete for transferring to another institution of higher education.
EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
[ ] is old law to be omitted.
S. 6383 2
9. An institution of higher education should not use funds for
purposes of this part that are dedicated for the benefit of the general
S 3. The education law is amended by adding a new section 679-f to
read as follows:
S 679-F. COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC SCHOLARSHIP. 1. DEFINITIONS. AS USED IN
(A) "ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION" MEANS ANY ORGANIZATION THAT IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR GOVERNING INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC PROGRAMS.
(B) "ATHLETIC PROGRAM" MEANS AN INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC PROGRAM AT
ANY INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION WITHIN THE MEANING OF PARAGRAPH (D)
OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
(C) "GRADUATION SUCCESS RATE" MEANS THE PERCENTAGE OF STUDENT ATHLETES
WHO GRADUATE FROM THAT INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION WITHIN SIX YEARS
OF THEIR INITIAL ENROLLMENT, EXCLUDING OUTGOING TRANSFERS IN GOOD
ACADEMIC STANDING WITH ATHLETIC ELIGIBILITY REMAINING, AND INCLUDING
INCOMING TRANSFERS. THE RATE IS TO BE CALCULATED BY COMBINING THE RATES
OF THE FOUR MOST RECENT CLASSES THAT ARE AVAILABLE IN THE EXACT MANNER
AS THE RATE IS CALCULATED UNDER NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION
(D) "INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION" MEANS ANY CAMPUS OF THE STATE
UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, COMMUNITY
COLLEGES AS DEFINED IN SECTION SIXTY-THREE HUNDRED ONE OF THIS CHAPTER
AND ANY FOUR-YEAR PRIVATE UNIVERSITY LOCATED IN NEW YORK, THAT MAINTAINS
AN INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC PROGRAM.
(E) "MEDIA RIGHTS" MEANS THE RIGHTS TO MEDIA COVERAGE OF INTERCOLLEGI-
ATE ATHLETICS INCLUDED IN CONTRACTS THAT ARE ENTERED INTO BY INTERCOLLE-
GIATE ATHLETIC CONFERENCES AND TELEVISION NETWORKS AND THAT GENERATE
MONETARY PAYMENTS TO INDIVIDUAL INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
(F) "STUDENT ATHLETE" MEANS ANY COLLEGE STUDENT WHO PARTICIPATES IN AN
INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC PROGRAM OF AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION,
AND INCLUDES STUDENT ATHLETES WHO PARTICIPATE IN BASKETBALL, FOOTBALL,
AND OTHER INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS.
2. SCHOLARSHIP. COMMENCING WITH THE TWO THOUSAND FOURTEEN--TWO THOU-
SAND FIFTEEN ACADEMIC YEAR, AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL COMPLY WITH ALL OF
(A) (1) IF AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM DOES NOT RENEW AN ATHLETIC SCHOLARSHIP
OF A STUDENT ATHLETE WHO SUFFERS AN INCAPACITATING INJURY OR ILLNESS
RESULTING FROM HIS OR HER PARTICIPATION IN THE ATHLETIC PROGRAM, AND THE
INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION'S MEDICAL STAFF DETERMINES THAT HE OR
SHE IS MEDICALLY INELIGIBLE TO PARTICIPATE IN INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS,
THE INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION SHALL PROVIDE AN EQUIVALENT SCHOLAR-
SHIP THAT, COMBINED WITH THE TOTAL DURATION OF ANY PREVIOUS ATHLETIC
SCHOLARSHIP OR SCHOLARSHIPS RECEIVED BY THE STUDENT ATHLETE, WILL BE
PROVIDED FOR A TOTAL OF UP TO FIVE ACADEMIC YEARS OR UNTIL THE STUDENT
ATHLETE COMPLETES HIS OR HER UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE, WHICHEVER PERIOD IS
SHORTER. ADDITIONAL YEARS MAY BE PROVIDED AT THE DISCRETION OF THE
INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
(2) IF A STUDENT ATHLETE TAKES A TEMPORARY LEAVE OF ABSENCE FROM AN
INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION, THE DURATION OF THAT LEAVE OF ABSENCE
SHALL NOT COUNT AGAINST THE FIVE-YEAR LIMIT ON ELIGIBILITY FOR AN EQUIV-
ALENT SCHOLARSHIP AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH ONE OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
(3) AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL PROVIDE AN EQUIVALENT SCHOLARSHIP TO A
STUDENT ATHLETE WHO WAS ON AN ATHLETIC SCHOLARSHIP AND IS IN GOOD STAND-
ING, BUT HAS EXHAUSTED HIS OR HER ATHLETIC ELIGIBILITY, FOR UP TO ONE
YEAR OR UNTIL THE STUDENT ATHLETE COMPLETES HIS OR HER PRIMARY UNDER-
S. 6383 3
GRADUATE DEGREE, WHICHEVER IS SHORTER; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT AN
ATHLETIC PROGRAM WITH A GRADUATION SUCCESS RATE THAT IS ABOVE SIXTY
PERCENT, DISAGGREGATED BY TEAM, SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO THE REQUIREMENTS
OF THIS PARAGRAPH.
(4) A STUDENT ATHLETE WHOSE ATHLETIC SCHOLARSHIP IS NOT RENEWED FOR
CAUSE BY AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL RECEIVE NO BENEFITS UNDER THIS PART,
BUT MAY APPEAL THIS DECISION WITHIN THE INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION
ATTENDED BY THE STUDENT OR WITHIN THE ATHLETIC CONFERENCE OR ASSOCIATION
OF WHICH THAT INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION IS A MEMBER, AS APPROPRI-
3. FINANCIAL AND LIFE SKILLS COUNSELING. EACH ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL
CONDUCT A FINANCIAL AND LIFE SKILLS WORKSHOP FOR ALL OF ITS FIRST-YEAR
AND THIRD-YEAR STUDENT ATHLETES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ACADEMIC YEAR.
THIS WORKSHOP SHALL INCLUDE, BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO, INFORMATION CONCERN-
ING FINANCIAL AID, DEBT MANAGEMENT, AND A RECOMMENDED BUDGET FOR FULL-
AND PARTIAL-SCHOLARSHIP STUDENT ATHLETES LIVING ON OR OFF CAMPUS DURING
THE ACADEMIC YEAR AND THE SUMMER TERM BASED ON THE CURRENT ACADEMIC
YEAR'S COST OF ATTENDANCE. THE WORKSHOP SHALL ALSO INCLUDE INFORMATION
ON TIME MANAGEMENT SKILLS NECESSARY FOR SUCCESS AS A STUDENT ATHLETE,
AND ACADEMIC RESOURCES AVAILABLE ON CAMPUS.
4. DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS. AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION SHALL
GRANT A STUDENT ATHLETE THE SAME RIGHTS AS OTHER STUDENTS WITH REGARD TO
ANY AND ALL MATTERS RELATED TO POSSIBLE ADVERSE OR DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT NECESSARILY LIMITED TO, ACTIONS INVOLVING ATHLET-
ICALLY RELATED FINANCIAL AID.
5. REQUEST FOR TRANSFER. AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL RESPOND WITHIN
SEVEN BUSINESS DAYS WITH AN ANSWER TO A STUDENT ATHLETE'S WRITTEN
REQUEST TO TRANSFER TO ANOTHER INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
6. INSURANCE. (A) UNLESS A STUDENT ATHLETE DECLINES THE PAYMENT OF
PREMIUMS, AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PAYING THE PREMI-
UMS OF EACH STUDENT ATHLETE WHOSE HOUSEHOLD HAS AN INCOME AND ASSET
LEVEL THAT DOES NOT EXCEED THE FEDERAL POVERTY LEVEL, AS ADJUSTED ANNU-
ALLY, FOR INSURANCE COVERING CLAIMS RESULTING FROM THE STUDENT ATHLETE'S
PARTICIPATION IN THE ATHLETIC PROGRAM.
(B) AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR PAYING THE INSURANCE
DEDUCTIBLE AMOUNT APPLICABLE TO THE CLAIM OF ANY STUDENT ATHLETE WHO
SUFFERS AN INJURY RESULTING FROM HIS OR HER PARTICIPATION IN THE ATHLET-
IC PROGRAM AND MAKES A CLAIM RELATING TO THAT INJURY.
(C) IF A STUDENT ATHLETE SUFFERS AN INJURY RESULTING FROM HIS OR HER
PARTICIPATION IN THE ATHLETIC PROGRAM THAT REQUIRES ONGOING MEDICAL
TREATMENT, THE ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL PROVIDE, FOR A MINIMUM OF TWO
YEARS FOLLOWING THE STUDENT ATHLETE'S GRADUATION OR SEPARATION FROM THE
INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION, ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:
(1) ALL MEDICAL TREATMENT NECESSARY FOR TREATMENT OF THE STUDENT
ATHLETE'S INJURY OR CONDITION; OR
(2) HEALTH INSURANCE IN AN AMOUNT SUFFICIENT TO PROVIDE COVERAGE FOR
ALL MEDICAL TREATMENT NECESSARY FOR TREATMENT OF THE STUDENT ATHLETE'S
INJURY OR CONDITION, TOGETHER WITH ALL RESULTING DEDUCTIBLE AMOUNTS.
(D) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL NOT APPLY TO PRE-EXISTING
MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT PRE-DATE THE STUDENT ATHLETE'S PARTICIPATION IN
THE ATHLETIC PROGRAM.
7. GUIDELINES. AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT GUIDE-
LINES TO PREVENT, ASSESS, AND TREAT SPORTS-RELATED CONCUSSIONS AND DEHY-
DRATION. IN ADDITION, AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM SHALL ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT
EXERCISE AND SUPERVISION GUIDELINES FOR ANY STUDENT ATHLETE IDENTIFIED
S. 6383 4
WITH POTENTIALLY LIFE-THREATENING HEALTH CONDITIONS WHO PARTICIPATES IN
AN ATHLETIC PROGRAM.
8. APPLICABILITY. (A) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT APPLY
TO AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION THAT RECEIVES, AS AN AVERAGE, LESS
THAN TEN MILLION DOLLARS IN ANNUAL INCOME DERIVED FROM MEDIA RIGHTS FOR
(B) AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF
THIS SECTION SHALL RELY EXCLUSIVELY ON REVENUE DERIVED FROM MEDIA RIGHTS
FOR INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS TO DEFRAY ANY COSTS ACCRUED UNDER THIS
S 4. This act shall take effect immediately and shall expire and be
deemed repealed on June 30, 2024.