assembly Bill A3281C

2009-2010 Legislative Session

Establishes an instant runoff voting method for certain local elections

download bill text pdf

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Assembly Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

view actions (8)
Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
May 17, 2010 print number 3281c
May 17, 2010 amend and recommit to election law
Apr 15, 2010 print number 3281b
Apr 15, 2010 amend and recommit to election law
Jan 06, 2010 referred to election law
Mar 31, 2009 print number 3281a
Mar 31, 2009 amend (t) and recommit to election law
Jan 23, 2009 referred to election law

A3281 - Details

See Senate Version of this Bill:
S3584
Law Section:
Election Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 18 §§18-100 - 18-110, El L
Versions Introduced in Other Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: A6398, S421
2013-2014: A2109
2015-2016: A5744
2017-2018: A8613
2019-2020: A8073

A3281 - Summary

Establishes an instant runoff voting method for certain local elections for races with three or more candidates; insures majority support for elected officers.

A3281 - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  3281

                       2009-2010 Regular Sessions

                          I N  A S S E M B L Y

                            January 23, 2009
                               ___________

Introduced by M. of A. KAVANAGH -- read once and referred to the Commit-
  tee on Election Law

AN ACT to amend the election law, in relation to establishing an instant
  runoff voting method for certain local elections and providing for the
  repeal of certain provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Legislative findings. The current system  of  voting  often
results  in the election of a candidate that does not  have the majority
support of the electorate  when  there  are  three  or  more  candidates
running  for  an elective office. Further, where there are three or more
candidates for an elective office, voters often will not vote for  their
preferred  candidate to avoid "wasting" their vote on a "spoiler" candi-
date. Rather, they will vote against a candidate they dislike, by voting
for a leading candidate that they perceive as the lesser of  two  evils.
The  result  of  the  current system in multi-candidate races can be the
election of candidates that lack majority support.
  The instant runoff voting method provides for  the  majority  election
for  elective  offices. Instant runoff voting gives voters the option to
rank candidates according to the order of their choice. If no  candidate
obtains  a  majority of first-choice votes, then the candidate receiving
the fewest first-choice votes is eliminated.  Each  vote  cast  for  the
eliminated  candidate  shall be transferred to the candidate who was the
voter's next choice on the ballot. The  process  is  continued  until  a
candidate receives a majority of votes.
  There  are  several  potential  benefits  to the instant runoff voting
method. First, voters are free to mark their ballot  for  the  candidate
they  truly prefer without fear that their choice will  help elect their
least preferred candidate. Second, it insures that the elected candidate
has true majority support. In addition, the instant runoff voting method
will (1) promote  higher  voter  turnout,  and  (2)  encourage  positive

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00813-01-9

A3281A - Details

See Senate Version of this Bill:
S3584
Law Section:
Election Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 18 §§18-100 - 18-110, El L
Versions Introduced in Other Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: A6398, S421
2013-2014: A2109
2015-2016: A5744
2017-2018: A8613
2019-2020: A8073

A3281A - Summary

Establishes an instant runoff voting method for certain local elections for races with three or more candidates; insures majority support for elected officers.

A3281A - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 3281--A

                       2009-2010 Regular Sessions

                          I N  A S S E M B L Y

                            January 23, 2009
                               ___________

Introduced by M. of A. KAVANAGH -- read once and referred to the Commit-
  tee  on  Election  Law  -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered
  reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the election law, in relation to establishing an instant
  runoff voting method for certain local elections and providing for the
  repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Legislative  findings. The current system of voting often
results in the election of a candidate that does not  have the  majority
support  of  the  electorate  when  there  are  three or more candidates
running for an elective office. Further, where there are three  or  more
candidates  for an elective office, voters often will not vote for their
preferred candidate to avoid "wasting" their vote on a "spoiler"  candi-
date. Rather, they will vote against a candidate they dislike, by voting
for  a  leading candidate that they perceive as the lesser of two evils.
The result of the current system in multi-candidate  races  can  be  the
election of candidates that lack majority support.
  The  instant  runoff  voting method provides for the majority election
for elective offices. Instant runoff voting gives voters the  option  to
rank  candidates according to the order of their choice. If no candidate
obtains a majority of first-choice votes, then the  candidate  receiving
the  fewest  first-choice  votes  is  eliminated. Each vote cast for the
eliminated candidate shall be transferred to the candidate who  was  the
voter's  next  choice  on  the  ballot. The process is continued until a
candidate receives a majority of votes.
  There are several potential benefits  to  the  instant  runoff  voting
method.  First,  voters  are free to mark their ballot for the candidate
they truly prefer without fear that their choice will  help elect  their
least preferred candidate. Second, it insures that the elected candidate
has true majority support. In addition, the instant runoff voting method

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00813-03-9

Co-Sponsors

A3281B - Details

See Senate Version of this Bill:
S3584
Law Section:
Election Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 18 §§18-100 - 18-110, El L
Versions Introduced in Other Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: A6398, S421
2013-2014: A2109
2015-2016: A5744
2017-2018: A8613
2019-2020: A8073

A3281B - Summary

Establishes an instant runoff voting method for certain local elections for races with three or more candidates; insures majority support for elected officers.

A3281B - Sponsor Memo

A3281B - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 3281--B

                       2009-2010 Regular Sessions

                          I N  A S S E M B L Y

                            January 23, 2009
                               ___________

Introduced  by  M.  of A. KAVANAGH, LUPARDO -- read once and referred to
  the Committee on Election Law -- committee discharged,  bill  amended,
  ordered  reprinted  as  amended  and  recommitted to said committee --
  recommitted to the Committee on Election Law in accordance with Assem-
  bly Rule 3, sec. 2 --  committee  discharged,  bill  amended,  ordered
  reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the election law, in relation to establishing an instant
  runoff voting method for certain local elections and providing for the
  repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Legislative findings. The current system  of  voting  often
results  in the election of a candidate that does not  have the majority
support of the electorate  when  there  are  three  or  more  candidates
running  for  an elective office. Further, where there are three or more
candidates for an elective office, voters often will not vote for  their
preferred  candidate to avoid "wasting" their vote on a "spoiler" candi-
date. Rather, they will vote against a candidate they dislike, by voting
for a leading candidate that they perceive as the lesser of  two  evils.
The  result  of  the  current system in multi-candidate races can be the
election of candidates that lack majority support.
  The instant runoff voting method provides for  the  majority  election
for  elective  offices. Instant runoff voting gives voters the option to
rank candidates according to the order of their choice. If no  candidate
obtains  a  majority of first-choice votes, then the candidate receiving
the fewest first-choice votes is eliminated.  Each  vote  cast  for  the
eliminated  candidate  shall be transferred to the candidate who was the
voter's next choice on the ballot. The  process  is  continued  until  a
candidate receives a majority of votes.
  There  are  several  potential  benefits  to the instant runoff voting
method. First, voters are free to mark their ballot  for  the  candidate

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00813-05-0

Co-Sponsors

A3281C (ACTIVE) - Details

See Senate Version of this Bill:
S3584
Law Section:
Election Law
Laws Affected:
Add Art 18 §§18-100 - 18-110, El L
Versions Introduced in Other Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: A6398, S421
2013-2014: A2109
2015-2016: A5744
2017-2018: A8613
2019-2020: A8073

A3281C (ACTIVE) - Summary

Establishes an instant runoff voting method for certain local elections for races with three or more candidates; insures majority support for elected officers.

A3281C (ACTIVE) - Sponsor Memo

A3281C (ACTIVE) - Bill Text download pdf

                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 3281--C

                       2009-2010 Regular Sessions

                          I N  A S S E M B L Y

                            January 23, 2009
                               ___________

Introduced  by  M.  of  A.  KAVANAGH,  LUPARDO,  THIELE -- read once and
  referred to the Committee on Election  Law  --  committee  discharged,
  bill  amended,  ordered  reprinted  as amended and recommitted to said
  committee -- recommitted to the Committee on Election Law  in  accord-
  ance  with  Assembly  Rule  3,  sec.  2  -- committee discharged, bill
  amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said  commit-
  tee  --  again  reported  from said committee with amendments, ordered
  reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN ACT to amend the election law, in relation to establishing an instant
  runoff voting method for certain local elections and providing for the
  repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  Legislative  findings. The current system of voting often
results in the election of a candidate that does not  have the  majority
support  of  the  electorate  when  there  are  three or more candidates
running for an elective office. Further, where there are three  or  more
candidates  for an elective office, voters often will not vote for their
preferred candidate to avoid "wasting" their vote on a "spoiler"  candi-
date. Rather, they will vote against a candidate they dislike, by voting
for  a  leading candidate that they perceive as the lesser of two evils.
The result of the current system in multi-candidate  races  can  be  the
election of candidates that lack majority support.
  The  instant  runoff  voting method provides for the majority election
for elective offices. Instant runoff voting gives voters the  option  to
rank  candidates according to the order of their choice. If no candidate
obtains a majority of first-choice votes, then the  candidate  receiving
the  fewest  first-choice  votes  is  eliminated. Each vote cast for the
eliminated candidate shall be transferred to the candidate who  was  the
voter's  next  choice  on  the  ballot. The process is continued until a
candidate receives a majority of votes.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00813-08-0

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