senate Bill S7594

Signed By Governor
2011-2012 Legislative Session

Prohibits prison inmates from accessing, collecting or performing data processing of personal identifying information pertaining to New York state residents

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Archive: Last Bill Status Via A8375 - Signed by Governor


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Aug 14, 2012 signed chap.371
Aug 06, 2012 delivered to governor
Jun 14, 2012 returned to assembly
passed senate
3rd reading cal.1260
substituted for s7594
Jun 14, 2012 substituted by a8375a
ordered to third reading cal.1260
committee discharged and committed to rules
Jun 06, 2012 referred to consumer protection

Votes

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Co-Sponsors

S7594 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A8375A
Law Section:
General Business Law
Laws Affected:
Amd §399-dd, Gen Bus L; amd §170, Cor L

S7594 - Bill Texts

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Prohibits prison inmates from accessing, collecting or performing data processing of personal identifying information pertaining to New York State residents.

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BILL NUMBER:S7594

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the general business law and the correction law, in relation to
the processing of personal identifying information

PURPOSE:
The purpose of this bill is to prohibit prison inmates from
accessing, collecting or performing data processing of Social
Security account numbers pertaining to New York State residents.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 of the bill would prohibit any person from knowingly using
the labor or time of or employ any inmate in any capacity that
involves obtaining access to, collecting or processing social
security account numbers of other individuals.

Section 2 would amend section 170 of the Correction Law to clarify
that the existing prohibition on contracting out any labor or time of
any inmate in any State or local correctional facility shall apply to
inmates employed or assigned to engage in any activity that involves
obtaining access to, collecting or processing social security account
numbers of other individuals.

JUSTIFICATION:
Advancements in computer science are having
revolutionary impacts on our lives. The information revolution has
created exciting opportunities for all of us. However, while instant
access to more information can have positive effects, this technology
can also be manipulated by those who want to take advantage of the
unsuspecting. Individuals are losing control over sensitive personal
identifying information.

Most people are unaware of the fact that information concerning their
private lives and public records may pass through the fingers of
inmates. Some data companies, information brokers and others have
used prison inmates to compile and enter sensitive identifying
information into databases. Prisoner access to Social Security
account numbers posses potentially dangerous consequences, including
the promotion of identity theft and other criminal activities.

The public is making it increasingly clear that they are worried about
the wide distribution of personal information and what, ultimately,
others may do with this information. Several studies
and surveys have revealed that consumers are very concerned about
privacy and the security of their Social Security account numbers.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
New Bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
90 days following enactment.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  7594

                            I N  S E N A T E

                              June 6, 2012
                               ___________

Introduced by Sens. FUSCHILLO, NOZZOLIO -- read twice and ordered print-
  ed,  and  when  printed  to  be committed to the Committee on Consumer
  Protection

AN ACT to amend the general business law  and  the  correction  law,  in
  relation to the processing of personal identifying information

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Section 399-dd of the general business  law,  as  added  by
chapter  676  of  the  laws  of 2006, paragraph (f) of subdivision 2 and
subdivision 6 as added and subdivision 7 as renumbered by chapter 279 of
the laws of 2008, is amended to read as follows:
  S [399-dd] 399-DDD. Confidentiality of social security account number.
Beginning on and after January first, two thousand eight:
  1. (A) As used in this section "social security account number"  shall
include  the number issued by the federal social security administration
and any number derived from such number. Such term shall not include any
number that has been encrypted.
  (B) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE TERM  "INMATE"  MEANS  A  PERSON
CONFINED  IN  ANY  LOCAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITY AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION
SIXTEEN OF SECTION TWO OF THE CORRECTION  LAW  OR  IN  ANY  CORRECTIONAL
FACILITY  AS DEFINED IN PARAGRAPH (A) OF SUBDIVISION FOUR OF SECTION TWO
OF THE CORRECTION LAW PURSUANT TO SUCH PERSON'S CONVICTION OF A CRIMINAL
OFFENSE.
  2. No person,  firm,  partnership,  association  or  corporation,  not
including  the  state or its political subdivisions, shall do any of the
following:
  (a) Intentionally communicate to the general public or otherwise  make
available  to  the  general  public in any manner an individual's social
security account number. This paragraph shall not apply to any  individ-
ual  intentionally  communicating  to  the  general  public or otherwise
making available to the  general  public  his  or  her  social  security
account number.
  (b)  Print  an individual's social security account number on any card
or tag required for the individual to access products, services or bene-

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD13110-04-2

S. 7594                             2

fits provided by the person, firm, partnership,  association  or  corpo-
ration.
  (c)  Require  an  individual  to  transmit  his or her social security
account number over the internet, unless the connection is secure or the
social security account number is encrypted.
  (d) Require an individual to use his or her  social  security  account
number  to  access  an  internet  web  site, unless a password or unique
personal identification number or other authentication  device  is  also
required to access the internet website.
  (e)  Print an individual's social security account number on any mate-
rials that are mailed to the individual, unless  state  or  federal  law
requires  the social security account number to be on the document to be
mailed. Notwithstanding this paragraph, social security account  numbers
may  be included in applications and forms sent by mail, including docu-
ments sent as part of an application or enrollment process, or to estab-
lish, amend or terminate an account, contract or policy, or  to  confirm
the  accuracy  of  the social security account number. A social security
account number that is permitted to be mailed under this section may not
be printed, in whole or part, on a postcard or other mailer not  requir-
ing  an  envelope,  or  visible  on the envelope or without the envelope
having been opened.
  (f) Encode or embed a social security number in or on a card or  docu-
ment,  including,  but  not limited to, using a bar code, chip, magnetic
strip, or other technology, in place of  removing  the  social  security
number as required by this section.
  (G)  KNOWINGLY  USE  THE LABOR OR TIME OF OR EMPLOY ANY INMATE IN THIS
STATE, OR IN ANY OTHER  JURISDICTION,  IN  ANY  CAPACITY  THAT  INVOLVES
OBTAINING  ACCESS  TO,  COLLECTING OR PROCESSING SOCIAL SECURITY ACCOUNT
NUMBERS OF OTHER INDIVIDUALS.
  3. This section does not prevent the collection, use, or release of  a
social  security account number as required by state or federal law, the
use of a social security account number for internal verification, fraud
investigation or administrative purposes or for  any  business  function
specifically authorized by 15 U.S.C. 6802.
  4.  Any  person,  firm, partnership, association or corporation having
possession of the social  security  account  number  of  any  individual
shall,  to  the extent that such number is maintained for the conduct of
business or trade, take reasonable measures to ensure that no officer or
employee has access to such number for any  purpose  other  than  for  a
legitimate  or necessary purpose related to the conduct of such business
or trade and provide safeguards necessary  or  appropriate  to  preclude
unauthorized access to the social security account number and to protect
the confidentiality of such number.
  5.  Any waiver of the provisions of this section is contrary to public
policy, and is void and unenforceable.
  6. No person may file any document  available  for  public  inspection
with  any  state  agency, political subdivision, or in any court of this
state that contains a  social  security  account  number  of  any  other
person,  unless such other person is a dependent child, or has consented
to such filing, except as required by federal  or  state  law  or  regu-
lation, or by court rule.
  7.  Whenever  there  shall be a violation of this section, application
may be made by the attorney general in the name of  the  people  of  the
state of New York to a court or justice having jurisdiction by a special
proceeding  to  issue an injunction, and upon notice to the defendant of
not less than five days, to enjoin and restrain the continuance of  such

S. 7594                             3

violations;  and  if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the court or
justice that the defendant has,  in  fact,  violated  this  section,  an
injunction  may  be  issued  by  such  court  or  justice, enjoining and
restraining  any  further  violation,  without  requiring proof that any
person has, in fact, been  injured  or  damaged  thereby.  In  any  such
proceeding,  the  court  may  make allowances to the attorney general as
provided in paragraph six of subdivision  (a)  of  section  eighty-three
hundred  three  of the civil practice law and rules, and direct restitu-
tion. In connection with any such  proposed  application,  the  attorney
general  is  authorized  to  take  proof and make a determination of the
relevant facts and to issue subpoenas in accordance with the civil prac-
tice law and rules. Whenever the court shall determine that a  violation
of  subdivision two of this section has occurred, the court may impose a
civil penalty of not  more  than  one  thousand  dollars  for  a  single
violation  and  not  more than one hundred thousand dollars for multiple
violations resulting from a single act or incident. The second violation
and any violation committed thereafter shall be punishable  by  a  civil
penalty  of  not  more than five thousand dollars for a single violation
and not more than  two  hundred  fifty  thousand  dollars  for  multiple
violations  resulting  from  a  single act or incident. No person, firm,
partnership, association or corporation shall be deemed to have violated
the provisions of this section if such person, firm, partnership,  asso-
ciation  or  corporation shows, by a preponderance of the evidence, that
the violation was not intentional and resulted from a  bona  fide  error
made notwithstanding the maintenance of procedures reasonably adopted to
avoid such error.
  S 2. Subdivision 1 of section 170 of the correction law, as amended by
section  23 of subpart A of part C of chapter 62 of the laws of 2011, is
amended to read as follows:
  1. The commissioner shall not, nor shall any other authority whatsoev-
er, make any contract by which the labor or time of any  inmate  in  any
state  or  local  correctional facility in this state, or the product or
profit of his work, shall be contracted, let, farmed out, given or  sold
to any person, firm, association or corporation; except that the inmates
in  said  correctional  institutions  may  work for, and the products of
their labor may be disposed of to, the state or any  political  subdivi-
sion  thereof, any public institution owned or managed and controlled by
the state, or any political subdivision thereof, PROVIDED THAT NO INMATE
SHALL BE EMPLOYED OR ASSIGNED TO ENGAGE IN ANY  ACTIVITY  THAT  INVOLVES
OBTAINING  ACCESS  TO,  COLLECTING OR PROCESSING SOCIAL SECURITY ACCOUNT
NUMBERS OF OTHER INDIVIDUALS.
  S 3. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day  after  it  shall
have become a law.

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