senate Bill S1272

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Relates to acknowledging that the institution of slavery was an appalling tragedy in the history of this state

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Actions

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to investigations and government operations
Jan 09, 2013 referred to investigations and government operations

Co-Sponsors

S1272 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A2769
Current Committee:
Law Section:
Legislature
Laws Affected:
Add §XXXII-a, Chap 137 of 1817
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S1374, A2975
2009-2010: S5646, A1300

S1272 - Bill Texts

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Relates to acknowledging that the institution of slavery was an appalling tragedy in the history of this state.

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BILL NUMBER:S1272

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend chapter 137 of the laws of 1817 relating to slaves and
servants, in relation to acknowledging the tragedy of slavery in New
York state

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
This bill acknowledges the tragedy of slavery in New York state and
offers a formal apology from the State of New York for its role in
perpetuating slavery.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section 1. New York state government formally acknowledges and
apologizes for the legalization and perpetuation of slavery and the
slave trade in New York state.

JUSTIFICATION:
For more than two hundred years slavery existed in what became New
York state. New York state government not only legalized the
enslavement of Africans and their descendants, but also enacted
"slave codes," taxes on the sale of enslaved persons and fines
payable to the local government or poor house administrators for
violations of the "slave codes." In chapter 137 of the laws of 1 817,
for example, New York state government provided for the gradual
emancipation of enslaved persons by July 4, 1827. This statute
however, also provided penalties for harboring an enslaved person or
servant, and permitted an enslaved person to be abandoned at age 21
with certification by local government.

As the recently held World Conference Against Racism (Durban, South
Africa, 2002) proclaimed in its final document, "... slavery and the
slave trade are a crime against humanity and should always have been
so.. York apologize for New York's role in the enslavement of
Africans and their descendants.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2011 - S.1374, Referred to Investigations & Government Operations
2009 - S.5646, Referred to Investigations & Government Operations
2007 - A.273B
2005 - A.7327

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:
None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:
This bill is effective immediately.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1272

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens. PERKINS, PARKER -- read twice and ordered printed,
  and when printed to be committed to the  Committee  on  Investigations
  and Government Operations

AN  ACT  to amend chapter 137 of the laws of 1817 relating to slaves and
  servants, in relation to acknowledging the tragedy of slavery  in  New
  York state

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. Chapter 137 of the laws of  1817  relating  to  slaves  and
servants is amended by adding a new section XXXII-a to read as follows:
  S  XXXII-A.    ACKNOWLEDGES  THAT  SLAVERY,  THE TRANSATLANTIC AND THE
DOMESTIC SLAVE TRADE WERE APPALLING TRAGEDIES IN THE HISTORY OF NEW YORK
STATE NOT ONLY BECAUSE OF THEIR ABHORRENT BARBARISM BUT ALSO IN TERMS OF
THEIR MAGNITUDE, ORGANIZED NATURE AND ESPECIALLY THEIR NEGATION  OF  THE
HUMANITY OF THE ENSLAVED PERSON. THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
FURTHER  ACKNOWLEDGES  THAT  THE  INSTITUTIONS  OF SLAVERY AND THE SLAVE
TRADE IN ENSLAVED PERSONS ARE NOW AND SHOULD  ALWAYS  HAVE  BEEN  CRIMES
AGAINST THIS STATE AS WELL AS CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE  STATE  OF NEW YORK FORMALLY APOLOGIZES FOR ITS ROLE IN SANCTIONING,
EXPLOITING AND PERPETUATING SLAVERY  AND  ITS  VESTIGES,  INCLUDING  THE
ENACTMENT  OF  SLAVE  CODES  THAT  CREATED THE EXPLOITATION AND ABUSE OF
CHILDREN, AND THE DISSOLUTION OF THEIR FAMILIES AS  PERSONIFIED  BY  THE
LIFE AND LEGACY OF SOJOURNER TRUTH.
  S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.



 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00580-01-3

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