senate Bill S1684

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Sets forth notification requirements on abortions performed on minors

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Jan 08, 2014 referred to health
Jan 09, 2013 referred to health

Co-Sponsors

S1684 - Bill Details

Current Committee:
Law Section:
Public Health Law
Laws Affected:
Add §2507, Pub Health L; amd §213, add Art 10-D §§1097 - 1097-c, Fam Ct Act
Versions Introduced in Previous Legislative Sessions:
2011-2012: S4028
2009-2010: A2357

S1684 - Bill Texts

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Requires parental notice prior to the performance of an abortion upon an unemancipated minor; defines unemancipated minor as person less than eighteen years of age; allows for waiver of such notice in limited instances; establishes circumstances and procedures for proceedings to obtain an order waiving such parental notification.

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BILL NUMBER:S1684

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the public health law and the family court act, in relation
to notice of abortions performed on unemancipated minors

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This legislation
provides that at
least one parent ox legal guardian of unemancipated minors (under age
18), receive written notification from a physician of his/her agent
within 48 hours prior to the physician's performance of an abortion
on that unemancipated minor.

Notification is not necessary and is deemed waived under the following
conditions:

(a) When the attending physician certifies that a medical emergency
exists, based on the physician's good faith clinical judgment that an
abortion is necessary to prevent the death or substantial and
irreversible impairment of bodily function of the minor. (b) The
person(s) entitled to notification certifies that they have been
notified. (c) The minor objects to notification and obtains an order
from the Family Court dispensing with such notice. The court's
decision would be based
on a finding that (1) the minor is sufficiently informed about her
decision and therefore mature enough to make the decision without
parental notification; and (2) the abortion is in the best interest
of the minor.

This legislation provides for expeditious court proceedings and
protects the child's anonymity, as required by the United States
Supreme Court. Additionally, there are no fees required, court
appointed counsel is available, and if necessary there is an
expedited anonymous appeal.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: The Public Health Law is
amended by adding a
new section 2507; Section 213(a) of the Family Court Act is amended
by adding a new paragraph (ix).

This bill also creates a new Article 10-D of the Family Court Act,
defining the role of family court when judicial intervention is
necessary for a notification waiver.

JUSTIFICATION:
Parents have traditionally been recognized as having rights when it
comes to the rearing of their children. In New York State, parents
are required by law to give permission when their minor child has a
tooth drilled or bone x-rayed, but they do not even have to be
notified when their daughter is pregnant and considering the invasive

surgery of abortion. Surely, parents have a right to know of a
medical decision that could affect their daughter physically and
emotionally for the rest of her life.

Because over 83% of abortions in New York State occur in outpatient
clinics, a girl is unlikely to have the benefit of conferring with a
trusted family physician about hex decision. Parental notification
laws help to ensure that those who know her best talk to her about her
medical history, the risks of abortion, and available alternatives.

When parental notification laws are in effect, teens become more
sexually responsible. During the first five years that Minnesota's
law was operative, abortion rates dropped over 27%, birth rates fell
12.5%, and pregnancies dropped 20.5% for minors aged 10-17.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2011/12: S4028 -Referred to Health
2009/10: A.2357-Held in Health
2007/08: A.2560
2005/06: A.6439.
2003/04: S.3951-Referred to Health
2001/02: S.3277-Referred to Health/A.7685
1999/00: S.4145-Referred to Health
1997/98: S.3151-Referred to Health
1995/96: S.3342-B- Passed Senate
1993/94: S.3225-A/A.5581-A

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the
nineteenth day after
it shall have become a law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                  1684

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by  Sens.  ZELDIN, GOLDEN, LARKIN, MAZIARZ -- read twice and
  ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee  on
  Health

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  public  health law and the family court act, in
  relation to notice of abortions performed on unemancipated minors

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1. Legislative purpose and findings. It is the intent of this
legislature in enacting this parental notice provision  to  further  the
important  and  compelling  state interests of protecting minors against
their own immaturity, fostering the family structure and  preserving  it
as  a viable social unit, protecting the rights of parents to rear chil-
dren who are members of their household, and protecting  the  health  of
minor children.
  The  legislature  finds that immature minors often lack the ability to
make fully-informed choices that take  account  of  both  immediate  and
long-range  consequences  and that the medical, emotional and psycholog-
ical consequences of abortion are serious and can  be  lasting,  partic-
ularly  when the patient is immature. The legislature further finds that
the capacity to become pregnant and the  capacity  for  mature  judgment
concerning  the  wisdom  of an abortion are not necessarily related. The
legislature finds that parents ordinarily possess information  essential
to  a  physician's  exercise of his best medical judgment concerning the
child and, further, that parents who are aware that their minor daughter
has had an abortion may better ensure that she receives adequate medical
attention after her  abortion.  The  legislature  concludes  then,  that
parental  consultation  is usually desirable and in the best interest of
the minor.
  S 2. The public health law is amended by adding a new section 2507  to
read as follows:

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD01057-01-3

S. 1684                             2

  S  2507.  NOTIFICATION OF ABORTIONS ON UNEMANCIPATED MINORS.  1. DEFI-
NITIONS. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS  SECTION,  THE  FOLLOWING  DEFINITIONS
WILL APPLY:
  (A)  "UNEMANCIPATED MINOR" MEANS A PERSON WHO HAS NOT ATTAINED THE AGE
OF EIGHTEEN YEARS AND IS NOT AN EMANCIPATED MINOR AS  DEFINED  IN  PARA-
GRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION.
  (B)  "EMANCIPATED  MINOR"  MEANS  A  MINOR WHO IS OR HAS BEEN LAWFULLY
MARRIED OR HAS BY COURT ORDER OR OTHERWISE BEEN  FREED  FROM  THE  CARE,
CUSTODY AND CONTROL OF HER PARENTS.
  (C)  "ABORTION" MEANS THE USE OF ANY INSTRUMENT, MEDICINE, DRUG OR ANY
OTHER SUBSTANCE OR DEVICE WITH INTENT TO TERMINATE THE  PREGNANCY  OF  A
WOMAN KNOWN TO BE PREGNANT WITH INTENT OTHER THAN TO INCREASE THE PROBA-
BILITY  OF  A  LIVE  BIRTH,  TO PRESERVE THE LIFE OR HEALTH OF THE CHILD
AFTER LIVE BIRTH, OR TO REMOVE A DEAD FETUS.
  (D) "MEDICAL EMERGENCY" MEANS THAT CONDITION WHICH, ON  THE  BASIS  OF
THE PHYSICIAN'S GOOD FAITH CLINICAL JUDGMENT, SO COMPLICATES THE MEDICAL
CONDITION OF THE PREGNANT MINOR AS TO NECESSITATE THE IMMEDIATE ABORTION
OF HER PREGNANCY TO AVERT HER DEATH OR FOR WHICH DELAY WILL CREATE SERI-
OUS  RISK  OF  SUBSTANTIAL AND IRREVERSIBLE IMPAIRMENT OF A MAJOR BODILY
FUNCTION.
  2. NOTIFICATION  CONCERNING  ABORTION.  NO  PERSON  SHALL  PERFORM  AN
ABORTION  UPON  AN  UNEMANCIPATED  MINOR  UNLESS HE OR SHE OR HIS OR HER
AGENT HAS GIVEN AT LEAST FORTY-EIGHT HOURS WRITTEN NOTICE TO A CUSTODIAL
PARENT WITH WHOM THE MINOR RESIDES OR TO THE LEGAL GUARDIAN OF THE PREG-
NANT MINOR OF HIS OR HER INTENTION TO PERFORM THE ABORTION OR UNLESS  HE
OR  SHE  OR  HIS  OR  HER AGENT HAS RECEIVED A WRITTEN STATEMENT OR ORAL
COMMUNICATION, BY ANOTHER PHYSICIAN, HEREINAFTER CALLED  THE  "REFERRING
PHYSICIAN", CERTIFYING THAT THE REFERRING PHYSICIAN HAS EFFECTUATED SUCH
NOTICE.  IF THE MINOR'S PARENTS ARE DIVORCED OR LEGALLY SEPARATED, AND A
CUSTODIAL PARENT WITH WHOM THE MINOR RESIDES IS  NOT  AVAILABLE  TO  THE
PERSON  PERFORMING  THE ABORTION OR THE REFERRING PHYSICIAN IN A REASON-
ABLE TIME OR MANNER, THEN THE NOTICE TO A NON-CUSTODIAL PARENT OR TO THE
PARENT WHO IS AVAILABLE SHALL BE SUFFICIENT.
  (A) THE WRITTEN NOTICE SHALL BE ADDRESSED TO THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN AT
THE USUAL PLACE OF  ABODE  OF  THE  PARENT  OR  GUARDIAN  AND  DELIVERED
PERSONALLY TO THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN BY THE PHYSICIAN OR AN AGENT.
  (B) IN LIEU OF THE DELIVERY REQUIRED BY PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVI-
SION,  NOTICE SHALL BE MADE BY CERTIFIED MAIL ADDRESSED TO THE PARENT OR
GUARDIAN AT THE USUAL PLACE OF ABODE OF  THE  PARENT  OR  GUARDIAN  WITH
RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED WITH RESTRICTED DELIVERY TO THE ADDRESSEE. TIME
OF  DELIVERY SHALL BE DEEMED TO OCCUR AT 12:00 O'CLOCK NOON ON THE THIRD
DAY AFTER MAILING.
  3. WAIVER OF NOTICE. NO NOTICE SHALL BE REQUIRED  UNDER  THIS  SECTION
IF:
  (A)  THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN CERTIFIES IN THE PREGNANT MINOR'S MEDICAL
RECORD THAT A MEDICAL EMERGENCY EXISTS; OR
  (B) THE PERSON OR PERSONS WHO ARE ENTITLED TO NOTICE CERTIFY IN  WRIT-
ING THAT THEY HAVE BEEN NOTIFIED; OR
  (C)  THE MINOR OBJECTS TO NOTICE BEING GIVEN HER CUSTODIAL PARENT WITH
WHOM THE MINOR RESIDES OR LEGAL GUARDIAN AND OBTAINS AN ORDER ISSUED  BY
A  JUDGE  OF THE FAMILY COURT AS PROVIDED IN ARTICLE TEN-A OF THE FAMILY
COURT ACT, OR BY ANY OTHER JUDGE OR JUSTICE OF THIS STATE HAVING  JURIS-
DICTION, DISPENSING WITH SUCH NOTICE.
  4.  COERCION  PROHIBITED.  NO  PARENT,  GUARDIAN OR OTHER PERSON SHALL
COERCE A MINOR TO UNDERGO AN ABORTION. ANY MINOR WHO IS THREATENED  WITH
SUCH COERCION MAY APPLY TO A COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION FOR RELIEF.

S. 1684                             3

THE  COURT  SHALL  PROVIDE THE MINOR WITH COUNSEL, GIVE THE MATTER EXPE-
DITED CONSIDERATION AND GRANT SUCH RELIEF AS MAY BE NECESSARY TO PREVENT
SUCH COERCION. SHOULD A MINOR BE DENIED FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF HER PARENTS
BY REASON OF HER REFUSAL TO UNDERGO AN ABORTION, SHE SHALL BE CONSIDERED
EMANCIPATED FOR PURPOSES OF ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE BENEFITS.
  5.  PENALTIES.  ANY PERSON WHO INTENTIONALLY PERFORMS AN ABORTION WITH
KNOWLEDGE THAT, OR WITH RECKLESS DISREGARD AS  TO  WHETHER,  THE  PERSON
UPON WHOM THE ABORTION IS TO BE PERFORMED IS AN UNEMANCIPATED MINOR, AND
WHO INTENTIONALLY OR KNOWINGLY VIOLATES THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION
SHALL  BE  GUILTY OF A MISDEMEANOR. IN ADDITION, ANY PERSON WHO PERFORMS
AN ABORTION UPON ANOTHER IN VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION SHALL  BE  SUBJECT
TO  CIVIL  LIABILITY.  HOWEVER,  A PERSON SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE UNDER
THIS SECTION IF THE PERSON ESTABLISHES  BY  WRITTEN  EVIDENCE  THAT  THE
PERSON  RELIED  UPON EVIDENCE SUFFICIENT TO CONVINCE A REASONABLE PERSON
THAT THE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE  PREGNANT  MINOR  REGARDING  INFORMATION
NECESSARY  TO COMPLY WITH THIS SECTION ARE BONA FIDE AND TRUE, OR IF THE
PERSON HAS ATTEMPTED WITH REASONABLE DILIGENCE TO  DELIVER  NOTICE,  BUT
HAS BEEN UNABLE TO DO SO.
  S  3. Paragraph (viii) of subdivision (a) of section 213 of the family
court act, as amended by chapter 920 of the laws of 1982, is amended and
a new paragraph (ix) is added to read as follows:
  (viii) the number, nature and disposition  of  cases  involving  child
abuse  under  article  ten  of  this  act, including total number of new
cases, their nature, whether heard by the child abuse part, the age  and
sex  of  the  children  involved,  the type of petitioner, the number of
children temporarily removed both before and after the filing of a peti-
tion, the length of time and number of adjournments between  the  filing
of a petition and the fact-finding hearing, the number of cases that are
dismissed,  withdrawn, sustained and admitted to, the length of time and
number of adjournments between the fact-finding hearing and the disposi-
tional hearing, and the final disposition of such cases[.];
  (IX) THE NUMBER AND DISPOSITION OF CASES UNDER ARTICLE TEN-D  OF  THIS
ACT,  INCLUDING  THE  TOTAL  NUMBER  OF  NEW CASES, THE AGE OF THE MINOR
INVOLVED, WHETHER THE ORDERS  REGARDING  NOTIFICATION  WERE  BASED  UPON
FINDINGS  EITHER  THAT  THE  MINORS  WERE  MATURE  MINORS, AS DEFINED IN
SECTION ONE THOUSAND NINETY-SEVEN-B OF THIS ACT OR THAT  THE  ABORTIONS,
AS  DEFINED  IN  SECTION  TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED SEVEN OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH
LAW, WERE IN THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE MINORS.
  S 4. The family court act is amended by adding a new article  10-D  to
read as follows:
                              ARTICLE 10-D
             PROCEEDING TO OBTAIN AN ORDER WAIVING PARENTAL
                       NOTIFICATION OF AN ABORTION
SECTION 1097. PURPOSES.
        1097-A. DEFINITIONS.
        1097-B. JURISDICTION.
        1097-C. PROCEDURE.
  S  1097. PURPOSES. THIS ARTICLE IS INTENDED TO ESTABLISH PROCEDURES TO
IMPLEMENT THE PROVISIONS CONTAINED IN SECTION TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED  SEVEN
OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW.
  S  1097-A. DEFINITIONS. WHEN USED IN THIS ARTICLE, THE TERM "ABORTION"
SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS IS ASCRIBED TO IT  IN  PARAGRAPH  (C)  OF
SUBDIVISION  ONE  OF  SECTION  TWENTY-FIVE  HUNDRED  SEVEN OF THE PUBLIC
HEALTH LAW AND THE TERM "MATURE MINOR" SHALL MEAN A PERSON UNDER THE AGE
OF EIGHTEEN WHO HAS NOT BEEN EMANCIPATED AS DEFINED IN PARAGRAPH (B)  OF
SUBDIVISION  ONE  OF  SECTION  TWENTY-FIVE  HUNDRED  SEVEN OF THE PUBLIC

S. 1684                             4

HEALTH LAW AND WHO IS ABLE TO MAKE AN INFORMED, REASONED AND  CONSIDERED
JUDGMENT  IN  CONNECTION  WITH A DECISION WHETHER OR NOT TO PROCEED WITH
THE ABORTION.
  S 1097-B. JURISDICTION. THE FAMILY COURT HAS EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL JURIS-
DICTION  OVER  PROCEEDINGS UNDER THIS ARTICLE TO OBTAIN AN ORDER WAIVING
PARENTAL NOTIFICATION OF AN ABORTION.
  S 1097-C. PROCEDURE. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW:
  1. THE WAIVER OF PARENTAL NOTIFICATION TO AN ABORTION UPON OR WITH THE
RESPECT TO AN UNEMANCIPATED MINOR MAY BE OBTAINED BY ORDER OF A JUDGE OF
THE FAMILY COURT IN THE COUNTY WHERE SUCH PERSON RESIDES OR  IF  SHE  IS
NOT  A RESIDENT OF THIS STATE, IN THE COUNTY WHERE THE ABORTION IS TO BE
PERFORMED, ON APPLICATION BY SUCH PERSON OR BY A RELATIVE OF SUCH PERSON
OR OTHER INTERESTED PARTY.
  2. SUCH COURT PROCEEDINGS SHALL BE  COMMENCED  EX  PARTE  AND  MAY  BE
COMMENCED AND CONTINUED WITHOUT THE PAYMENT OF ANY FEES. THE COURT SHALL
ADVISE  THE  MINOR  THAT  SHE HAS A RIGHT TO COURT-APPOINTED COUNSEL AND
SHALL PROVIDE HER WITH SUCH COUNSEL UPON HER REQUEST.
  3. SUCH APPLICATION SHALL BE GIVEN IMMEDIATE CONSIDERATION AND A HEAR-
ING SHALL BE HELD IMMEDIATELY AT WHICH THE PERSON UPON OR  WITH  RESPECT
TO  WHOM  THE  ABORTION  IS  TO BE PERFORMED SHALL BE PRESENT. THE COURT
SHALL ISSUE WRITTEN AND SPECIFIC FACTUAL FINDINGS AND LEGAL  CONCLUSIONS
SUPPORTING  ITS  DECISION  AND SHALL ORDER THAT A CONFIDENTIAL RECORD OF
THE EVIDENCE BE MAINTAINED. ALL PROCEEDINGS WITH RESPECT TO SUCH  APPLI-
CATION,  INCLUDING  AN  APPEAL THEREFROM, SHALL PROTECT THE ANONYMITY OF
THE MINOR. SAID PROCEEDINGS SHALL BE SEALED,  AND  NO  PERSON  SHALL  BE
ALLOWED ACCESS TO SUCH SEALED RECORDS EXCEPT UPON AN ORDER OF A JUDGE OF
THE  COURT IN WHICH THE APPLICATION WAS PROCESSED OR OF A JUSTICE OF THE
SUPREME COURT OF THE JUDICIAL DISTRICT,  AND  NO  SUCH  ORDER  SHALL  BE
GRANTED EXCEPT ON GOOD CAUSE SHOWN.
  4.  AN  ORDER SHALL ISSUE ONLY UPON FINDING BY THE COURT (A) THAT SUCH
PERSON PRESENTLY DESIRES TO SUBMIT  TO  SUCH  ABORTION;  (B)  THAT  SUCH
PERSON  IS  EITHER  A  MATURE MINOR OR THAT SUCH ABORTION IS IN THE BEST
INTEREST OF SUCH PERSON; AND (C) THAT A PREVIOUS  APPLICATION  FOR  SUCH
ORDER  HAS  NOT BEEN MADE AND DENIED UPON THE SAME GROUNDS. IF THE COURT
SO FINDS, THE ORDER MUST ISSUE.
  5. IN THE EVENT THAT THE COURT SHALL  DENY  THE  APPLICATION  FOR  THE
ORDER,  AN  EXPEDITED ANONYMOUS APPEAL SHALL BE AVAILABLE TO SUCH APPLI-
CANT TO THE APPELLATE DIVISION OF THE  SUPREME  COURT  OF  THE  JUDICIAL
DEPARTMENT  IN  WHICH  THE COURT WHICH RENDERED THE DECISION IS LOCATED.
THE NOTICE OF INTENT TO APPEAL SHALL BE FILED WITHIN  TWENTY-FOUR  HOURS
FROM  THE  DATE  OF ISSUANCE OF THE ORDER. THE RECORD ON APPEAL SHALL BE
COMPLETED AND THE APPEAL SHALL BE PERFECTED WITHIN FIVE  DAYS  FROM  THE
FILING  OF  THE  NOTICE  TO APPEAL.   BECAUSE TIME MAY BE OF THE ESSENCE
REGARDING THE PERFORMANCE OF THE ABORTION, THE SUPREME COURT  SHALL,  BY
COURT  RULE,  PROVIDE  FOR  EXPEDITED APPELLATE REVIEW OF CASES APPEALED
UNDER THIS SECTION.
  6. THE SUPREME COURT SHALL PROMULGATE ANY RULES AND REGULATIONS NECES-
SARY TO ENSURE THAT PROCEEDINGS UNDER THIS SECTION  ARE  HANDLED  IN  AN
EXPEDITIOUS AND ANONYMOUS MANNER.
  7.  THE  SUPREME  COURT,  IN  ITS DISCRETION, MAY ISSUE SUCH OTHER AND
FURTHER LAWFUL ORDERS AS IT DEEMS NECESSARY TO PROTECT SUCH PERSON.
  S 5. Separability. If any clause, sentence, section or  part  of  this
act  shall  be  adjudged  by  any  court of competent jurisdiction to be
invalid, such judgment  shall  not  affect,  impair  or  invalidate  the
remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause,

S. 1684                             5

sentence,  paragraph,  section  or part thereof directly involved in the
controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
  S  6.  This  act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall
have become a law.

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