senate Bill S198A

2013-2014 Legislative Session

Authorizes a photo radar demonstration program in N.Y. city imposing civil liability upon vehicle owners for violations of maximum speed limits

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Archive: Last Bill Status - In Committee


  • Introduced
  • In Committee
  • On Floor Calendar
    • Passed Senate
    • Passed Assembly
  • Delivered to Governor
  • Signed/Vetoed by Governor

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Assembly Actions - Lowercase
Senate Actions - UPPERCASE
Mar 28, 2014 print number 198a
amend and recommit to transportation
Jan 08, 2014 referred to transportation
Jan 09, 2013 referred to transportation

Bill Amendments

Original
A (Active)
Original
A (Active)

S198 - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A1580A
Current Committee:
Senate Transportation
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §1180-c, V & T L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Session:
S7856, A10556A

S198 - Bill Texts

view summary

Authorizes a photo radar demonstration program in cities of one million or more imposing civil liability upon vehicle owners for maximum speed limit violations; authorizes such program to install a photo radar device on McGuinness Boulevard in the borough of Brooklyn; provides for the repeal of such demonstration program after three years.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S198

TITLE OF BILL:
An act
to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to civil liability of
vehicle owners for maximum speed limit violations and providing for the
repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
This bill authorizes a photo radar demonstration program in New York
City imposing civil liability upon vehicle owners for violations of
maximum speed limits.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
The vehicle and Traffic law is amended by adding a new section 1160-b.
Owner liability for failure of operator to comply with maximum speed
limits.

JUSTIFICATION:
This measure authorizes the City of New York to install and operate
photo radar devices on McGuiness Boulevard. McGuiness Boulevard is a
North/South Four-Lane Arterial Street stretching over one mile
through the heart of Greenpoint, Brooklyn. It is a notorious corridor
for motor vehicles traveling at extremely dangerous speeds, leading
to numerous severe injuries and deaths. According to data from the
New York State Department of Transportation, from 2005-2009 there
were 57 crashes involving motorists crashing into pedestrians or
bicyclists, an average of nearly one crash per month. Of the 57
crashes, 44 involved pedestrians--resulting in one pedestrian death.
The remaining 13 crashes involved bicyclists and resulted in three
bicyclist deaths.

In the Pedestrian Safety Study and Action Plan released in August
2010, the New York City Department of Transportation found that
pedestrian fatalities occur disproportionately along multi-lane
streets and avenues, like McGuiness Boulevard, and that speeding,
driver inattention and failure to yield are the underlying factors
behind the vast majority of pedestrian fatalities or serious injury.

A study recently conducted by Transportation Alternatives demonstrated
that 66 percent of drivers traveling McGuiness Boulevard exceeded
the 30-mph city speed limit. As the neighborhood's population
continues to grow, increased pedestrian and bicyclist traffic will
only exacerbate the problem It is imperative that measures be taken
immediately to slow traffic along this corridor if we are to prevent
future injuries and deaths.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

EFFECTIVE DATE:


This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall have
become a law.

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                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                   198

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sen. SQUADRON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation

AN ACT to amend the vehicle  and  traffic  law,  in  relation  to  civil
  liability  of  vehicle  owners  for maximum speed limit violations and
  providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND  ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section  1.  The  vehicle  and  traffic law is amended by adding a new
section 1180-b to read as follows:
  S 1180-B. OWNER LIABILITY FOR FAILURE OF OPERATOR TO COMPLY WITH MAXI-
MUM SPEED LIMITS. (A) NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF  LAW,  EACH
CITY  WITH  A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE IS HEREBY AUTHORIZED AND
EMPOWERED TO ADOPT AND AMEND A LOCAL LAW  OR  ORDINANCE  ESTABLISHING  A
DEMONSTRATION  PROGRAM  IMPOSING  MONETARY  LIABILITY  ON THE OWNER OF A
VEHICLE FOR FAILURE OF AN OPERATOR THEREOF TO COMPLY WITH MAXIMUM  SPEED
LIMITS  IN  SUCH CITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION.
SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SHALL EMPOWER THE CITY OF NEW YORK TO INSTALL
AND OPERATE A PHOTO RADAR DEVICE ON MCGUINNESS BOULEVARD IN THE  BOROUGH
OF BROOKLYN WITHIN SUCH CITY.
  (B) IN ANY CITY WHICH HAS ADOPTED A LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE PURSUANT TO
SUBDIVISION  (A) OF THIS SECTION, THE OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE LIABLE
FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IF SUCH VEHICLE WAS  USED
OR  OPERATED  WITH  THE  PERMISSION OF THE OWNER, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IN
VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED  EIGHTY  OF  THIS
ARTICLE,  AND SUCH VIOLATION IS EVIDENCED BY INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM A
PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM; PROVIDED HOWEVER THAT NO OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE
LIABLE FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION WHERE THE OPERATOR
OF SUCH VEHICLE HAS BEEN CONVICTED OF THE UNDERLYING VIOLATION OF SUBDI-
VISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE.

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00280-01-3

S. 198                              2

  (C) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS  SECTION,  "OWNER"  SHALL  HAVE  THE  MEANING
PROVIDED IN ARTICLE TWO-B OF THIS CHAPTER. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,
"PHOTO  RADAR  SYSTEM"  SHALL  MEAN  A SPEED CAMERA INSTALLED TO WORK IN
CONJUNCTION WITH DOPPLER RADAR AND A COMPUTER  MONITORING  SYSTEM  WHICH
AUTOMATICALLY  PRODUCES TWO OR MORE PHOTOGRAPHS, TWO OR MORE MICROPHOTO-
GRAPHS, A VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES OF EACH VEHICLE AT THE TIME
IT IS USED OR OPERATED IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN
HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE.
  (D) A CERTIFICATE, SWORN TO OR AFFIRMED BY A  TECHNICIAN  EMPLOYED  BY
THE  CITY IN WHICH THE CHARGED VIOLATION OCCURRED, OR A FACSIMILE THERE-
OF, BASED UPON INSPECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR
OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY A PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM, SHALL  BE  PRIMA
FACIE  EVIDENCE  OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN. ANY PHOTOGRAPHS, MICRO-
PHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE  OR  OTHER  RECORDED  IMAGES  EVIDENCING  SUCH  A
VIOLATION SHALL BE AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION IN ANY PROCEEDING TO ADJUDI-
CATE  THE  LIABILITY FOR SUCH VIOLATION PURSUANT TO A LOCAL LAW OR ORDI-
NANCE ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION.
  (E) AN OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION  OF  SUBDIVISION  (D)  OF  SECTION
ELEVEN  HUNDRED  EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO A LOCAL LAW OR ORDI-
NANCE ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION  SHALL  BE  LIABLE  FOR  MONETARY
PENALTIES IN ACCORDANCE WITH A SCHEDULE OF FINES AND PENALTIES TO BE SET
FORTH  IN  SUCH  LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE, EXCEPT THAT IN A CITY WHICH, BY
LOCAL LAW, HAS AUTHORIZED THE ADJUDICATION OF SUCH OWNER LIABILITY BY  A
PARKING  VIOLATIONS  BUREAU,  SUCH SCHEDULE SHALL BE PROMULGATED BY SUCH
BUREAU.  THE LIABILITY OF THE OWNER PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION  SHALL  NOT
EXCEED  ONE  HUNDRED DOLLARS FOR EACH VIOLATION; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT
SUCH LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE MAY PROVIDE FOR AN ADDITIONAL PENALTY NOT IN
EXCESS OF TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS FOR EACH  VIOLATION  FOR  THE  FAILURE  TO
RESPOND TO A NOTICE OF LIABILITY WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME PERIOD.
  (F)  AN IMPOSITION OF LIABILITY UNDER A LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE ADOPTED
PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A CONVICTION AS AN OPERATOR
AND SHALL NOT BE MADE PART OF THE OPERATING RECORD OF  THE  PERSON  UPON
WHOM  SUCH  LIABILITY  IS  IMPOSED  NOR  SHALL  IT BE USED FOR INSURANCE
PURPOSES IN THE PROVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLE INSURANCE COVERAGE.
  (G) 1. A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE SENT BY FIRST CLASS MAIL TO EACH
PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION  OF  SUBDIVISION
(D)  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS
SECTION. PERSONAL DELIVERY ON THE OWNER SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED. A  MANUAL
OR  AUTOMATIC RECORD OF MAILING PREPARED IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSI-
NESS SHALL BE PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN.
  2. A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL CONTAIN THE NAME  AND  ADDRESS  OF  THE
PERSON  ALLEGED  TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION
(D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE  PURSUANT  TO  THIS
SECTION,  THE  REGISTRATION  NUMBER  OF  THE  VEHICLE  INVOLVED  IN SUCH
VIOLATION, THE LOCATION WHERE SUCH VIOLATION TOOK PLACE,  THE  DATE  AND
TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION AND THE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE CAMERA WHICH
RECORDED THE VIOLATION OR OTHER DOCUMENT LOCATOR NUMBER.
  3.  THE  NOTICE  OF  LIABILITY  SHALL CONTAIN INFORMATION ADVISING THE
PERSON CHARGED OF THE MANNER AND THE TIME IN WHICH HE OR SHE MAY CONTEST
THE LIABILITY ALLEGED IN THE NOTICE. SUCH NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL ALSO
CONTAIN A WARNING TO ADVISE THE PERSONS CHARGED THAT FAILURE TO  CONTEST
IN  THE MANNER AND TIME PROVIDED SHALL BE DEEMED AN ADMISSION OF LIABIL-
ITY AND THAT A DEFAULT JUDGMENT MAY BE ENTERED THEREON.
  4. THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE PREPARED AND MAILED  BY  THE  CITY
HAVING  JURISDICTION OVER THE INTERSECTION WHERE THE VIOLATION OCCURRED,

S. 198                              3

OR BY ANY OTHER ENTITY AUTHORIZED BY THE CITY TO PREPARE AND  MAIL  SUCH
NOTIFICATION OF VIOLATION.
  (H)  ADJUDICATION OF THE LIABILITY IMPOSED UPON OWNERS BY THIS SECTION
SHALL BE BY A TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO  SECTION
THREE HUNDRED SEVENTY OF THE GENERAL MUNICIPAL LAW OR, IF THERE BE NONE,
BY  THE  COURT HAVING JURISDICTION OVER TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS, EXCEPT THAT
ANY CITY WHICH HAS ESTABLISHED AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL  TO  HEAR  AND
DETERMINE COMPLAINTS OF TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS CONSTITUTING PARKING, STAND-
ING  OR  STOPPING  VIOLATIONS  MAY, BY LOCAL LAW, AUTHORIZE SUCH ADJUDI-
CATION BY SUCH TRIBUNAL.
  (I) IF AN OWNER RECEIVES  A  NOTICE  OF  LIABILITY  PURSUANT  TO  THIS
SECTION FOR ANY TIME PERIOD DURING WHICH THE VEHICLE WAS REPORTED TO THE
POLICE  DEPARTMENT AS HAVING BEEN STOLEN, IT SHALL BE A VALID DEFENSE TO
AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION
ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION THAT  THE
VEHICLE  HAD BEEN REPORTED TO THE POLICE AS STOLEN PRIOR TO THE TIME THE
VIOLATION OCCURRED AND HAD NOT BEEN RECOVERED BY SUCH TIME. FOR PURPOSES
OF ASSERTING THE DEFENSE PROVIDED BY THIS SUBDIVISION IT SHALL BE SUFFI-
CIENT THAT A CERTIFIED COPY OF THE POLICE REPORT ON THE  STOLEN  VEHICLE
BE  SENT  BY  FIRST  CLASS  MAIL TO THE TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU, COURT
HAVING JURISDICTION OR PARKING VIOLATIONS BUREAU.
  (J) 1. IN A CITY WHERE THE  ADJUDICATION  OF  LIABILITY  IMPOSED  UPON
OWNERS  PURSUANT  TO THIS SECTION IS BY A TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU OR A
COURT HAVING JURISDICTION, AN OWNER WHO IS A  LESSOR  OF  A  VEHICLE  TO
WHICH  A  NOTICE  OF LIABILITY WAS ISSUED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF
THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF
SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED THAT HE  OR  SHE
SENDS  TO  THE  TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU OR COURT HAVING JURISDICTION A
COPY OF THE RENTAL, LEASE OR OTHER SUCH CONTRACT DOCUMENT COVERING  SUCH
VEHICLE  ON  THE DATE OF THE VIOLATION, WITH THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE
LESSEE CLEARLY LEGIBLE, WITHIN THIRTY-SEVEN DAYS AFTER RECEIVING  NOTICE
FROM THE BUREAU OR COURT OF THE DATE AND TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION, TOGETH-
ER  WITH  THE  OTHER  INFORMATION  CONTAINED  IN  THE ORIGINAL NOTICE OF
LIABILITY. FAILURE TO SEND SUCH INFORMATION WITHIN SUCH THIRTY-SEVEN DAY
TIME PERIOD SHALL RENDER THE OWNER LIABLE FOR THE PENALTY PRESCRIBED  BY
THIS  SECTION.  WHERE  THE  LESSOR  COMPLIES WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS
PARAGRAPH, THE LESSEE OF SUCH VEHICLE ON  THE  DATE  OF  SUCH  VIOLATION
SHALL  BE  DEEMED  TO  BE THE OWNER OF SUCH VEHICLE FOR PURPOSES OF THIS
SECTION, SHALL BE SUBJECT TO LIABILITY FOR THE VIOLATION OF  SUBDIVISION
(D)  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS
SECTION AND SHALL BE SENT A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO  SUBDIVISION
(G) OF THIS SECTION.
  2.  (I) IN A CITY WHICH, BY LOCAL LAW, HAS AUTHORIZED THE ADJUDICATION
OF LIABILITY IMPOSED UPON OWNERS BY THIS SECTION BY A PARKING VIOLATIONS
BUREAU, AN OWNER WHO IS A LESSOR OF A  VEHICLE  TO  WHICH  A  NOTICE  OF
LIABILITY  WAS  ISSUED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF THIS SECTION SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION  (D)  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN
HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED THAT:
  (A)  PRIOR  TO  THE VIOLATION, THE LESSOR HAS FILED WITH THE BUREAU IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION  TWO  HUNDRED  THIRTY-NINE  OF
THIS CHAPTER; AND
  (B) WITHIN THIRTY-SEVEN DAYS AFTER RECEIVING NOTICE FROM THE BUREAU OF
THE  DATE  AND  TIME OF A LIABILITY, TOGETHER WITH THE OTHER INFORMATION
CONTAINED IN THE ORIGINAL NOTICE OF LIABILITY, THE LESSOR SUBMITS TO THE
BUREAU THE CORRECT NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE LESSEE OF THE VEHICLE IDENTI-
FIED IN THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY AT THE TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION,  TOGETHER

S. 198                              4

WITH SUCH OTHER ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE RENTAL, LEASE OR
OTHER  CONTRACT  DOCUMENT,  AS  MAY BE REASONABLY REQUIRED BY THE BUREAU
PURSUANT TO REGULATIONS THAT MAY BE PROMULGATED FOR SUCH PURPOSE.
  (II)  FAILURE  TO  COMPLY  WITH CLAUSE (B) OF SUBPARAGRAPH (I) OF THIS
PARAGRAPH SHALL RENDER THE OWNER LIABLE FOR THE  PENALTY  PRESCRIBED  IN
THIS SECTION.
  (III) WHERE THE LESSOR COMPLIES WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH,
THE LESSEE OF SUCH VEHICLE ON THE DATE OF SUCH VIOLATION SHALL BE DEEMED
TO  BE  THE OWNER OF SUCH VEHICLE FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, SHALL BE
SUBJECT TO LIABILITY FOR SUCH VIOLATION PURSUANT  TO  THIS  SECTION  AND
SHALL  BE SENT A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF THIS
SECTION.
  (K) IF THE OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF  SECTION
ELEVEN  HUNDRED  EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION WAS NOT
THE OPERATOR OF THE VEHICLE AT THE TIME OF THE VIOLATION, THE OWNER  MAY
MAINTAIN AN ACTION FOR INDEMNIFICATION AGAINST THE OPERATOR.
  (L)  NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO LIMIT THE LIABILITY
OF AN OPERATOR OF A VEHICLE FOR ANY  VIOLATION  OF  SUBDIVISION  (D)  OF
SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE.
  (M)  THE  PHOTO  RADAR  DEVICES INSTALLED AND OPERATED PURSUANT TO THE
DEMONSTRATION  PROGRAM,  ESTABLISHED  UNDER  SUBDIVISION  (A)  OF   THIS
SECTION,  SHALL  BE  USED  SOLELY  FOR  THE  PURPOSES  OF  CARRYING  OUT
PHOTO-MONITORING FOR SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
  (N) ANY CITY WHICH ADOPTS A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO SUBDIVI-
SION (A) OF THIS SECTION SHALL SUBMIT A REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF THE USE
OF A PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM TO THE GOVERNOR, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF  THE
SENATE  AND  THE  SPEAKER  OF  THE ASSEMBLY BY MARCH FIRST, TWO THOUSAND
FOURTEEN.  SUCH REPORT SHALL INCLUDE, BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO:
  1. A DESCRIPTION OF THE LOCATIONS WHERE PHOTO RADAR SYSTEMS WERE USED;
  2. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED AT EACH SUCH LOCATION AND IN  THE
AGGREGATE ON A DAILY, WEEKLY AND MONTHLY BASIS;
  3. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF NOTICES OF LIABILITY ISSUED;
  4.  THE  NUMBER  OF  FINES  AND TOTAL AMOUNT OF FINES PAID AFTER FIRST
NOTICE OF LIABILITY;
  5. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS ADJUDICATED AND RESULTS  OF  SUCH  ADJUDI-
CATIONS INCLUDING BREAKDOWNS OF DISPOSITIONS MADE;
  6. THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF REVENUE REALIZED BY SUCH CITY; AND
  7. QUALITY OF THE ADJUDICATION PROCESS AND ITS RESULTS.
  S  2.  This  act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall
have become a law and shall remain in full force and  effect  for  three
years  after  such  effective date when upon such date the provisions of
this act shall be deemed repealed; provided,  however,  any  such  local
laws  as  may be enacted pursuant to this act shall remain in full force
and effect only until the expiration of three years from such  effective
date.

S198A (ACTIVE) - Bill Details

See Assembly Version of this Bill:
A1580A
Current Committee:
Senate Transportation
Law Section:
Vehicle and Traffic Law
Laws Affected:
Add §1180-c, V & T L
Versions Introduced in 2011-2012 Legislative Session:
S7856, A10556A

S198A (ACTIVE) - Bill Texts

view summary

Authorizes a photo radar demonstration program in cities of one million or more imposing civil liability upon vehicle owners for maximum speed limit violations; authorizes such program to install a photo radar device on McGuinness Boulevard in the borough of Brooklyn; provides for the repeal of such demonstration program after three years.

view sponsor memo
BILL NUMBER:S198A

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in
relation to civil liability of vehicle owners for maximum speed limit
violations and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon
expiration thereof

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This bill authorizes a photo radar
demonstration program in New York City imposing civil liability upon
vehicle owners for violations of maximum speed limits.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: The vehicle and Traffic law is
amended by adding a new section 1180-c. Owner liability for failure
of operator to comply with maximum speed limits.

JUSTIFICATION: This measure authorizes the City of New York to
install and operate photo radar devices on McGuiness Boulevard.
McGuiness Boulevard is a North/South Four-Lane Arterial Street
stretching over one mile through the heart of Greenpoint, Brooklyn. It
is a notorious corridor for motor vehicles traveling at extremely
dangerous speeds, leading to numerous severe injuries and deaths.
According to data from the New York State Department of
Transportation, from 2005-2009 there were 57 crashes involving
motorists crashing into pedestrians or bicyclists, an average of
nearly one crash per month. Of the 57 crashes, 44 involved
pedestrians--resulting in one pedestrian death. The remaining 13
crashes involved bicyclists and resulted in three bicyclist deaths.

In the Pedestrian Safety Study and Action Plan released in August
2010, the New York City Department of Transportation found that
pedestrian fatalities occur disproportionately along multi-lane
streets and avenues, like McGuiness Boulevard, and that speeding,
driver inattention and failure to yield are the underlying factors
behind the vast majority of pedestrian fatalities or serious injury.

A study recently conducted by Transportation Alternatives demonstrated
that 66 percent of drivers traveling McGuiness Boulevard exceeded the
30-mph city speed limit. As the neighborhood's population continues to
grow, increased pedestrian and bicyclist traffic will only exacerbate
the problem It is imperative that measures be taken immediately to
slow traffic along this corridor if we are to prevent future injuries
and deaths.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: None.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after
it shall have become a law.

view full text
download pdf
                    S T A T E   O F   N E W   Y O R K
________________________________________________________________________

                                 198--A

                       2013-2014 Regular Sessions

                            I N  S E N A T E

                               (PREFILED)

                             January 9, 2013
                               ___________

Introduced  by Sen. SQUADRON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when
  printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation  --  recom-
  mitted  to  the  Committee on Transportation in accordance with Senate
  Rule  6,  sec.  8  --  committee  discharged,  bill  amended,  ordered
  reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee

AN  ACT  to  amend  the  vehicle  and  traffic law, in relation to civil
  liability of vehicle owners for maximum  speed  limit  violations  and
  providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

  THE  PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM-
BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  Section 1. The vehicle and traffic law is  amended  by  adding  a  new
section 1180-c to read as follows:
  S 1180-C. OWNER LIABILITY FOR FAILURE OF OPERATOR TO COMPLY WITH MAXI-
MUM  SPEED  LIMITS. (A) NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW, EACH
CITY WITH A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE IS HEREBY  AUTHORIZED  AND
EMPOWERED  TO  ADOPT  AND  AMEND A LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE ESTABLISHING A
DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM IMPOSING MONETARY LIABILITY  ON  THE  OWNER  OF  A
VEHICLE  FOR FAILURE OF AN OPERATOR THEREOF TO COMPLY WITH MAXIMUM SPEED
LIMITS IN SUCH CITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF  THIS  SECTION.
SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SHALL EMPOWER THE CITY OF NEW YORK TO INSTALL
AND  OPERATE A PHOTO RADAR DEVICE ON MCGUINNESS BOULEVARD IN THE BOROUGH
OF BROOKLYN WITHIN SUCH CITY.
  (B) IN ANY CITY WHICH HAS ADOPTED A LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE PURSUANT TO
SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION, THE OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE  LIABLE
FOR  A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IF SUCH VEHICLE WAS USED
OR OPERATED WITH THE PERMISSION OF THE OWNER,  EXPRESS  OR  IMPLIED,  IN
VIOLATION  OF  SUBDIVISION  (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS
ARTICLE, AND SUCH VIOLATION IS EVIDENCED BY INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM  A
PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM; PROVIDED HOWEVER THAT NO OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE
LIABLE FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION WHERE THE OPERATOR

 EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                      [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                           LBD00280-02-4

S. 198--A                           2

OF SUCH VEHICLE HAS BEEN CONVICTED OF THE UNDERLYING VIOLATION OF SUBDI-
VISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE.
  (C)  FOR  PURPOSES  OF  THIS  SECTION,  "OWNER" SHALL HAVE THE MEANING
PROVIDED IN ARTICLE TWO-B OF THIS CHAPTER. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,
"PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM" SHALL MEAN A SPEED  CAMERA  INSTALLED  TO  WORK  IN
CONJUNCTION  WITH  DOPPLER  RADAR AND A COMPUTER MONITORING SYSTEM WHICH
AUTOMATICALLY PRODUCES TWO OR MORE PHOTOGRAPHS, TWO OR MORE  MICROPHOTO-
GRAPHS, A VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES OF EACH VEHICLE AT THE TIME
IT IS USED OR OPERATED IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN
HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE.
  (D)  A  CERTIFICATE,  SWORN TO OR AFFIRMED BY A TECHNICIAN EMPLOYED BY
THE CITY IN WHICH THE CHARGED VIOLATION OCCURRED, OR A FACSIMILE  THERE-
OF, BASED UPON INSPECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR
OTHER  RECORDED  IMAGES PRODUCED BY A PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM, SHALL BE PRIMA
FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN. ANY  PHOTOGRAPHS,  MICRO-
PHOTOGRAPHS,  VIDEOTAPE  OR  OTHER  RECORDED  IMAGES  EVIDENCING  SUCH A
VIOLATION SHALL BE AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION IN ANY PROCEEDING TO ADJUDI-
CATE THE LIABILITY FOR SUCH VIOLATION PURSUANT TO A LOCAL LAW  OR  ORDI-
NANCE ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION.
  (E)  AN  OWNER  LIABLE  FOR  A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION
ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO A LOCAL LAW  OR  ORDI-
NANCE  ADOPTED  PURSUANT  TO  THIS  SECTION SHALL BE LIABLE FOR MONETARY
PENALTIES IN ACCORDANCE WITH A SCHEDULE OF FINES AND PENALTIES TO BE SET
FORTH IN SUCH LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE, EXCEPT THAT IN A  CITY  WHICH,  BY
LOCAL  LAW, HAS AUTHORIZED THE ADJUDICATION OF SUCH OWNER LIABILITY BY A
PARKING VIOLATIONS BUREAU, SUCH SCHEDULE SHALL BE  PROMULGATED  BY  SUCH
BUREAU.    THE LIABILITY OF THE OWNER PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL NOT
EXCEED ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS FOR EACH VIOLATION; PROVIDED,  HOWEVER,  THAT
SUCH LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE MAY PROVIDE FOR AN ADDITIONAL PENALTY NOT IN
EXCESS  OF  TWENTY-FIVE  DOLLARS  FOR  EACH VIOLATION FOR THE FAILURE TO
RESPOND TO A NOTICE OF LIABILITY WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME PERIOD.
  (F) AN IMPOSITION OF LIABILITY UNDER A LOCAL LAW OR ORDINANCE  ADOPTED
PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A CONVICTION AS AN OPERATOR
AND  SHALL  NOT  BE MADE PART OF THE OPERATING RECORD OF THE PERSON UPON
WHOM SUCH LIABILITY IS IMPOSED  NOR  SHALL  IT  BE  USED  FOR  INSURANCE
PURPOSES IN THE PROVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLE INSURANCE COVERAGE.
  (G) 1. A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE SENT BY FIRST CLASS MAIL TO EACH
PERSON  ALLEGED  TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION
(D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE  PURSUANT  TO  THIS
SECTION.  PERSONAL DELIVERY ON THE OWNER SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED. A MANUAL
OR AUTOMATIC RECORD OF MAILING PREPARED IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF  BUSI-
NESS SHALL BE PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN.
  2.  A  NOTICE  OF  LIABILITY SHALL CONTAIN THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE
PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION  OF  SUBDIVISION
(D)  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS
SECTION, THE  REGISTRATION  NUMBER  OF  THE  VEHICLE  INVOLVED  IN  SUCH
VIOLATION,  THE  LOCATION  WHERE SUCH VIOLATION TOOK PLACE, THE DATE AND
TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION AND THE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE CAMERA WHICH
RECORDED THE VIOLATION OR OTHER DOCUMENT LOCATOR NUMBER.
  3. THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY  SHALL  CONTAIN  INFORMATION  ADVISING  THE
PERSON CHARGED OF THE MANNER AND THE TIME IN WHICH HE OR SHE MAY CONTEST
THE LIABILITY ALLEGED IN THE NOTICE. SUCH NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL ALSO
CONTAIN  A WARNING TO ADVISE THE PERSONS CHARGED THAT FAILURE TO CONTEST
IN THE MANNER AND TIME PROVIDED SHALL BE DEEMED AN ADMISSION OF  LIABIL-
ITY AND THAT A DEFAULT JUDGMENT MAY BE ENTERED THEREON.

S. 198--A                           3

  4.  THE  NOTICE  OF LIABILITY SHALL BE PREPARED AND MAILED BY THE CITY
HAVING JURISDICTION OVER THE INTERSECTION WHERE THE VIOLATION  OCCURRED,
OR  BY  ANY OTHER ENTITY AUTHORIZED BY THE CITY TO PREPARE AND MAIL SUCH
NOTIFICATION OF VIOLATION.
  (H)  ADJUDICATION OF THE LIABILITY IMPOSED UPON OWNERS BY THIS SECTION
SHALL BE BY A TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO  SECTION
THREE HUNDRED SEVENTY OF THE GENERAL MUNICIPAL LAW OR, IF THERE BE NONE,
BY  THE  COURT HAVING JURISDICTION OVER TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS, EXCEPT THAT
ANY CITY WHICH HAS ESTABLISHED AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL  TO  HEAR  AND
DETERMINE COMPLAINTS OF TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS CONSTITUTING PARKING, STAND-
ING  OR  STOPPING  VIOLATIONS  MAY, BY LOCAL LAW, AUTHORIZE SUCH ADJUDI-
CATION BY SUCH TRIBUNAL.
  (I) IF AN OWNER RECEIVES  A  NOTICE  OF  LIABILITY  PURSUANT  TO  THIS
SECTION FOR ANY TIME PERIOD DURING WHICH THE VEHICLE WAS REPORTED TO THE
POLICE  DEPARTMENT AS HAVING BEEN STOLEN, IT SHALL BE A VALID DEFENSE TO
AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION
ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION THAT  THE
VEHICLE  HAD BEEN REPORTED TO THE POLICE AS STOLEN PRIOR TO THE TIME THE
VIOLATION OCCURRED AND HAD NOT BEEN RECOVERED BY SUCH TIME. FOR PURPOSES
OF ASSERTING THE DEFENSE PROVIDED BY THIS SUBDIVISION IT SHALL BE SUFFI-
CIENT THAT A CERTIFIED COPY OF THE POLICE REPORT ON THE  STOLEN  VEHICLE
BE  SENT  BY  FIRST  CLASS  MAIL TO THE TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU, COURT
HAVING JURISDICTION OR PARKING VIOLATIONS BUREAU.
  (J) 1. IN A CITY WHERE THE  ADJUDICATION  OF  LIABILITY  IMPOSED  UPON
OWNERS  PURSUANT  TO THIS SECTION IS BY A TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU OR A
COURT HAVING JURISDICTION, AN OWNER WHO IS A  LESSOR  OF  A  VEHICLE  TO
WHICH  A  NOTICE  OF LIABILITY WAS ISSUED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF
THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF
SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED THAT HE  OR  SHE
SENDS  TO  THE  TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS BUREAU OR COURT HAVING JURISDICTION A
COPY OF THE RENTAL, LEASE OR OTHER SUCH CONTRACT DOCUMENT COVERING  SUCH
VEHICLE  ON  THE DATE OF THE VIOLATION, WITH THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE
LESSEE CLEARLY LEGIBLE, WITHIN THIRTY-SEVEN DAYS AFTER RECEIVING  NOTICE
FROM THE BUREAU OR COURT OF THE DATE AND TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION, TOGETH-
ER  WITH  THE  OTHER  INFORMATION  CONTAINED  IN  THE ORIGINAL NOTICE OF
LIABILITY. FAILURE TO SEND SUCH INFORMATION WITHIN SUCH THIRTY-SEVEN DAY
TIME PERIOD SHALL RENDER THE OWNER LIABLE FOR THE PENALTY PRESCRIBED  BY
THIS  SECTION.  WHERE  THE  LESSOR  COMPLIES WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS
PARAGRAPH, THE LESSEE OF SUCH VEHICLE ON  THE  DATE  OF  SUCH  VIOLATION
SHALL  BE  DEEMED  TO  BE THE OWNER OF SUCH VEHICLE FOR PURPOSES OF THIS
SECTION, SHALL BE SUBJECT TO LIABILITY FOR THE VIOLATION OF  SUBDIVISION
(D)  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS
SECTION AND SHALL BE SENT A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO  SUBDIVISION
(G) OF THIS SECTION.
  2.  (I) IN A CITY WHICH, BY LOCAL LAW, HAS AUTHORIZED THE ADJUDICATION
OF LIABILITY IMPOSED UPON OWNERS BY THIS SECTION BY A PARKING VIOLATIONS
BUREAU, AN OWNER WHO IS A LESSOR OF A  VEHICLE  TO  WHICH  A  NOTICE  OF
LIABILITY  WAS  ISSUED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF THIS SECTION SHALL
NOT BE LIABLE FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION  (D)  OF  SECTION  ELEVEN
HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED THAT:
  (A)  PRIOR  TO  THE VIOLATION, THE LESSOR HAS FILED WITH THE BUREAU IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION  TWO  HUNDRED  THIRTY-NINE  OF
THIS CHAPTER; AND
  (B) WITHIN THIRTY-SEVEN DAYS AFTER RECEIVING NOTICE FROM THE BUREAU OF
THE  DATE  AND  TIME OF A LIABILITY, TOGETHER WITH THE OTHER INFORMATION
CONTAINED IN THE ORIGINAL NOTICE OF LIABILITY, THE LESSOR SUBMITS TO THE

S. 198--A                           4

BUREAU THE CORRECT NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE LESSEE OF THE VEHICLE IDENTI-
FIED IN THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY AT THE TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION,  TOGETHER
WITH SUCH OTHER ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE RENTAL, LEASE OR
OTHER  CONTRACT  DOCUMENT,  AS  MAY BE REASONABLY REQUIRED BY THE BUREAU
PURSUANT TO REGULATIONS THAT MAY BE PROMULGATED FOR SUCH PURPOSE.
  (II) FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH CLAUSE (B) OF  SUBPARAGRAPH  (I)  OF  THIS
PARAGRAPH  SHALL  RENDER  THE OWNER LIABLE FOR THE PENALTY PRESCRIBED IN
THIS SECTION.
  (III) WHERE THE LESSOR COMPLIES WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH,
THE LESSEE OF SUCH VEHICLE ON THE DATE OF SUCH VIOLATION SHALL BE DEEMED
TO BE THE OWNER OF SUCH VEHICLE FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,  SHALL  BE
SUBJECT  TO  LIABILITY  FOR  SUCH VIOLATION PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION AND
SHALL BE SENT A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF  THIS
SECTION.
  (K)  IF THE OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION
ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION  WAS  NOT
THE  OPERATOR OF THE VEHICLE AT THE TIME OF THE VIOLATION, THE OWNER MAY
MAINTAIN AN ACTION FOR INDEMNIFICATION AGAINST THE OPERATOR.
  (L) NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO LIMIT THE  LIABILITY
OF  AN  OPERATOR  OF  A  VEHICLE FOR ANY VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF
SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE.
  (M) THE PHOTO RADAR DEVICES INSTALLED AND  OPERATED  PURSUANT  TO  THE
DEMONSTRATION   PROGRAM,  ESTABLISHED  UNDER  SUBDIVISION  (A)  OF  THIS
SECTION,  SHALL  BE  USED  SOLELY  FOR  THE  PURPOSES  OF  CARRYING  OUT
PHOTO-MONITORING FOR SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
  (N) ANY CITY WHICH ADOPTS A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO SUBDIVI-
SION (A) OF THIS SECTION SHALL SUBMIT A REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF THE USE
OF  A PHOTO RADAR SYSTEM TO THE GOVERNOR, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE
SENATE AND THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY  BY  MARCH  FIRST,  TWO  THOUSAND
FIFTEEN.  SUCH REPORT SHALL INCLUDE, BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO:
  1. A DESCRIPTION OF THE LOCATIONS WHERE PHOTO RADAR SYSTEMS WERE USED;
  2.  THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED AT EACH SUCH LOCATION AND IN THE
AGGREGATE ON A DAILY, WEEKLY AND MONTHLY BASIS;
  3. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF NOTICES OF LIABILITY ISSUED;
  4. THE NUMBER OF FINES AND TOTAL AMOUNT  OF  FINES  PAID  AFTER  FIRST
NOTICE OF LIABILITY;
  5.  THE  NUMBER  OF VIOLATIONS ADJUDICATED AND RESULTS OF SUCH ADJUDI-
CATIONS INCLUDING BREAKDOWNS OF DISPOSITIONS MADE;
  6. THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF REVENUE REALIZED BY SUCH CITY; AND
  7. QUALITY OF THE ADJUDICATION PROCESS AND ITS RESULTS.
  S 2. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day  after  it  shall
have  become  a  law and shall remain in full force and effect for three
years after such effective date when upon such date  the  provisions  of
this  act  shall  be  deemed repealed; provided, however, any such local
laws as may be enacted pursuant to this act shall remain in  full  force
and  effect only until the expiration of three years from such effective
date.

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